使用Quagga测试IPv4/IPv6 BGP双栈动态路由(by quqi99)

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作者:张华  发表于:2016-07-04
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( http://blog.csdn.net/quqi99 )


测试环境 

测试环境依然用上次测STT的两台物理机, 已有的网络环境如下:


node1, duduo.seg, 

  • eth0: 10.230.56.14,   1000Mb/s,  br-ex
  • eth6: 10.230.56.15,  10000Mb/s, out-off-band management
  • eth7: 192.168.122.2, 10000Mb/s, br-phy
sudo ovs-vsctl -- --may-exist add-br br-ex
sudo ovs-vsctl -- --may-exist add-port br-ex eth0
sudo ifconfig eth0 0.0.0.0 up
sudo ifconfig br-ex 10.230.56.233/21
sudo ovs-vsctl -- --may-exist add-br br-phy
sudo ovs-vsctl -- --may-exist add-port br-phy eth7
sudo ifconfig eth7 0.0.0.0 up
sudo ifconfig br-phy 192.168.122.2/24

node2, voltorb.seg,
  • eth0: 10.230.56.21,   1000Mb/s, out-off-band management
  • eth4: 192.168.122.3, 10000Mb/s, br-phy
sudo ovs-vsctl -- --may-exist add-br br-phy
sudo ovs-vsctl -- --may-exist add-port br-phy eth4
sudo ifconfig eth4 0.0.0.0 up
sudo ifconfig br-phy 192.168.122.3/24

这次BGP实验规划的新增的网络环境如下:
-------------------------------       -------------------------------
|   eth6: 10.230.56.15/21     |-------|   eth0: 10.230.56.21/21     |
|   eth6: 2001:db8:3::1/64    |       |   eth0: 2001:db8:3::2/64    |
|     AS: 100                 |       |     AS: 200                 |
| br-phy: 2001:db8:1::1/64    |-------| br-phy: 2001:db8:2::1/64    |       
| br-phy: 192.168.1.1/24      |       | br-phy: 192.168.2.1/24      |
-------------------------------       -------------------------------
sudo ip addr add 2001:db8:3::1/64 dev eth6
sudo ip addr add 2001:db8:1::1/64 dev br-phy
sudo ip addr add 192.168.1.1/24 dev br-phy

sudo ip addr add 2001:db8:3::2/64 dev eth0
sudo ip addr add 2001:db8:2::1/64 dev br-phy
sudo ip addr add 192.168.2.1/24 dev br-phy

Quagga安装及防火墙配置

sudo apt-get install quagga 
sudo chown quagga.quaggavty /etc/quagga/*.conf
sudo chmod 640 /etc/quagga/*.conf

echo "net.ipv4.conf.all.forwarding=1" | sudo tee -a /etc/sysctl.conf 
echo "net.ipv4.conf.default.forwarding=1" | sudo tee -a /etc/sysctl.conf 
sed 's/#net.ipv6.conf.all.forwarding=1/net.ipv6.conf.all.forwarding=1/g' /etc/sysctl.conf | sudo tee /etc/sysctl.conf
echo "net.ipv6.conf.default.forwarding=1" | sudo tee -a /etc/sysctl.conf 
sudo sysctl -p
sudo ip6tables -F

# BGP sessions
sudo iptables -A INPUT -p tcp --dport 179 -j ACCEPT
sudo iptables -A INPUT -p tcp --sport 179 -j ACCEPT
# Telnet session to zebra
sudo iptables -A INPUT -p tcp --dport 2601 -j ACCEPT
# Telnet session to quagga/bgpd
sudo iptables -A INPUT -p tcp --dport 2605 -j ACCEPT

Quagga配置文件

1, 两节点上的配置文件 /etc/quagga/zebra.conf
sudo cp /usr/share/doc/quagga/examples/zebra.conf.sample /etc/quagga/zebra.conf
ubuntu@duduo:~$ sudo cat /etc/quagga/zebra.conf
hostname duduo         #另一台节点修改为voltorb
password zebra
enable password zebra
log file /var/log/quagga/zebra.log

1, 两节点上的配置文件 /etc/quagga/daemons
ubuntu@duduo:~$ sudo cat /etc/quagga/daemons 
zebra=yes
bgpd=yes

ospfd=no
ospf6d=no
ripd=no
ripngd=no
isisd=no
babeld=no

3, 两节点上的配置文件 /etc/quagga/bgpd.conf如下:
ubuntu@duduo:~$ sudo cat /etc/quagga/bgpd.conf 
hostname duduo
password zebra
log file /var/log/quagga/bgpd.log
log stdout
!
router bgp 100 
no synchronization 
bgp router-id 10.230.56.15
network 192.168.1.0/24
neighbor 10.230.56.21 remote-as 200
neighbor 10.230.56.21 description test-v4
neighbor 2001:db8:3::2 remote-as 200
neighbor 2001:db8:3::2 description test-v6
no auto-summary
no neighbor 2001:db8:3::2 activate
!
address-family ipv6
network 2001:db8:1::/48
network 2001:db8:1::/56
network 2001:db8:1::/64
neighbor 2001:db8:3::2 activate
neighbor 2001:db8:3::2 route-map IPV6-OUT out
exit-address-family
!
ipv6 prefix-list pl-ipv6 seq 10 permit 2001:db8:1::/56 le 64
route-map IPV6-OUT permit 10
match ipv6 address prefix-list pl-ipv6
set ipv6 next-hop global 2001:db8:3::1
!
line vty
!
debug bgp events
debug bgp filters
!debug bgp fsm
!debug bgp keepalives
debug bgp updates

ubuntu@voltorb:~$ sudo cat /etc/quagga/bgpd.conf
hostname voltorb
password zebra
log file /var/log/quagga/bgpd.log
log stdout
!
router bgp 200
no synchronization
bgp router-id 10.230.56.21
network 192.168.2.0/24
neighbor 10.230.56.15 remote-as 100
neighbor 10.230.56.15 description test-v4
neighbor 2001:db8:3::1 remote-as 100
neighbor 2001:db8:3::1 description test-v6
no auto-summary
no neighbor 2001:db8:3::1 activate
!
address-family ipv6
network 2001:db8:2::/48
network 2001:db8:2::/56
network 2001:db8:2::/64
neighbor 2001:db8:3::1 activate
neighbor 2001:db8:3::1 route-map IPV6-OUT out
exit-address-family
!
ipv6 prefix-list pl-ipv6 seq 10 permit 2001:db8:2::/56 le 64
route-map IPV6-OUT permit 10
match ipv6 address prefix-list pl-ipv6
set ipv6 next-hop global 2001:db8:3::2
!
line vty
!
debug bgp events
debug bgp filters
!debug bgp fsm
!debug bgp keepalives
debug bgp updates


验证结果

两节点上重启quagga进程(sudo service quagga restart)后观察到的邻居信息如下:

ubuntu@duduo:~$ sudo vtysh

Hello, this is Quagga (version 0.99.22.4).
Copyright 1996-2005 Kunihiro Ishiguro, et al.

duduo# show bgp summary
BGP router identifier 10.230.56.15, local AS number 100
RIB entries 6, using 672 bytes of memory
Peers 2, using 9120 bytes of memory

Neighbor        V    AS MsgRcvd MsgSent   TblVer  InQ OutQ Up/Down  State/PfxRcd
2001:db8:3::2   4   200      10      11        0    0    0 00:06:30        2

Total number of neighbors 1


ubuntu@voltorb:~$ sudo vtysh

Hello, this is Quagga (version 0.99.22.4).
Copyright 1996-2005 Kunihiro Ishiguro, et al.

voltorb# show bgp summary
BGP router identifier 10.230.56.21, local AS number 200
RIB entries 6, using 672 bytes of memory
Peers 2, using 9120 bytes of memory

Neighbor        V    AS MsgRcvd MsgSent   TblVer  InQ OutQ Up/Down  State/PfxRcd
2001:db8:3::1   4   100      11      14        0    0    0 00:08:22        2

Total number of neighbors 1


两节点观察到的日志分别如下:

2016/07/04 09:29:46 BGP: BGPd 0.99.22.4 starting: vty@2605, bgp@<all>:179
2016/07/04 09:29:46 BGP: Import timer expired.
2016/07/04 09:29:49 BGP: [Event] BGP connection from host 2001:db8:3::2
2016/07/04 09:29:49 BGP: [Event] BGP connection IP address 2001:db8:3::2 is Idle state
2016/07/04 09:29:50 BGP: 2001:db8:3::2 [Event] Connect start to 2001:db8:3::2 fd 13
2016/07/04 09:29:51 BGP: 2001:db8:3::2 send UPDATE 2001:db8:1::/56
2016/07/04 09:29:51 BGP: 2001:db8:3::2 send UPDATE 2001:db8:1::/64
2016/07/04 09:29:51 BGP: 2001:db8:3::2 rcvd UPDATE w/ attr: , origin i, mp_nexthop 2001:db8:3::2(fe80::3ea8:2aff:fe21:9908), metric 0, path 200
2016/07/04 09:29:51 BGP: 2001:db8:3::2 rcvd 2001:db8:2::/56
2016/07/04 09:29:51 BGP: 2001:db8:3::2 rcvd UPDATE w/ attr: , origin i, mp_nexthop 2001:db8:3::2(fe80::3ea8:2aff:fe21:9908), metric 0, path 200
2016/07/04 09:29:51 BGP: 2001:db8:3::2 rcvd 2001:db8:2::/64
2016/07/04 09:29:53 BGP: 10.230.56.21 [Event] Connect start to 10.230.56.21 fd 14
2016/07/04 09:29:54 BGP: 10.230.56.21 send UPDATE 192.168.1.0/24
2016/07/04 09:29:54 BGP: 10.230.56.21 rcvd UPDATE w/ attr: nexthop 10.230.56.21, origin i, metric 0, path 200
2016/07/04 09:29:54 BGP: 10.230.56.21 rcvd 192.168.2.0/24


2016/07/04 09:29:11 BGP: 2001:db8:3::1 [Event] Connect start to 2001:db8:3::1 fd 13
2016/07/04 09:29:11 BGP: stream_read_try: read failed on fd 13: Connection reset by peer
2016/07/04 09:29:11 BGP: 2001:db8:3::1 [Error] bgp_read_packet error: Connection reset by peer
2016/07/04 09:29:12 BGP: [Event] BGP connection from host 2001:db8:3::1
2016/07/04 09:29:12 BGP: [Event] Make dummy peer structure until read Open packet
2016/07/04 09:29:12 BGP: 2001:db8:3::1 [Event] Transfer accept BGP peer to real (state Active)
2016/07/04 09:29:12 BGP: 2001:db8:3::1 [Event] Accepting BGP peer delete
2016/07/04 09:29:13 BGP: 2001:db8:3::1 send UPDATE 2001:db8:2::/56
2016/07/04 09:29:13 BGP: 2001:db8:3::1 send UPDATE 2001:db8:2::/64
2016/07/04 09:29:13 BGP: 2001:db8:3::1 rcvd UPDATE w/ attr: , origin i, mp_nexthop 2001:db8:3::1(fe80::8edc:d4ff:feb3:9c3c), metric 0, path 100
2016/07/04 09:29:13 BGP: 2001:db8:3::1 rcvd 2001:db8:1::/56
2016/07/04 09:29:13 BGP: 2001:db8:3::1 rcvd UPDATE w/ attr: , origin i, mp_nexthop 2001:db8:3::1(fe80::8edc:d4ff:feb3:9c3c), metric 0, path 100
2016/07/04 09:29:13 BGP: 2001:db8:3::1 rcvd 2001:db8:1::/64
2016/07/04 09:29:15 BGP: [Event] BGP connection from host 10.230.56.15
2016/07/04 09:29:15 BGP: [Event] Make dummy peer structure until read Open packet
2016/07/04 09:29:15 BGP: 10.230.56.15 [Event] Transfer accept BGP peer to real (state Active)
2016/07/04 09:29:15 BGP: 10.230.56.15 [Event] Accepting BGP peer delete
2016/07/04 09:29:16 BGP: 10.230.56.15 send UPDATE 192.168.2.0/24
2016/07/04 09:29:16 BGP: 10.230.56.15 rcvd UPDATE w/ attr: nexthop 10.230.56.15, origin i, metric 0, path 100
2016/07/04 09:29:16 BGP: 10.230.56.15 rcvd 192.168.1.0/24

路由变化如下:

ubuntu@duduo:~$ route -n
Kernel IP routing table
Destination     Gateway         Genmask         Flags Metric Ref    Use Iface
0.0.0.0         10.230.56.1     0.0.0.0         UG    0      0        0 eth6
10.230.56.0     0.0.0.0         255.255.248.0   U     0      0        0 eth6
10.230.56.0     0.0.0.0         255.255.248.0   U     0      0        0 br-ex
10.230.56.0     0.0.0.0         255.255.248.0   U     0      0        0 eth0
192.168.1.0     0.0.0.0         255.255.255.0   U     0      0        0 br-phy
192.168.2.0     10.230.56.21    255.255.255.0   UG    0      0        0 eth6
192.168.122.0   0.0.0.0         255.255.255.0   U     0      0        0 br-phy
ubuntu@duduo:~$ route -n |grep 192.168.2
192.168.2.0     10.230.56.21    255.255.255.0   UG    0      0        0 eth6
ubuntu@duduo:~$ ping -c 1 192.168.2.1
PING 192.168.2.1 (192.168.2.1) 56(84) bytes of data.
64 bytes from 192.168.2.1: icmp_seq=1 ttl=64 time=0.232 ms

--- 192.168.2.1 ping statistics ---
1 packets transmitted, 1 received, 0% packet loss, time 0ms
rtt min/avg/max/mdev = 0.232/0.232/0.232/0.000 ms
ubuntu@duduo:~$ ping6 -c 1 2001:db8:2::1
PING 2001:db8:2::1(2001:db8:2::1) 56 data bytes
64 bytes from 2001:db8:2::1: icmp_seq=1 ttl=64 time=0.287 ms

--- 2001:db8:2::1 ping statistics ---
1 packets transmitted, 1 received, 0% packet loss, time 0ms
rtt min/avg/max/mdev = 0.287/0.287/0.287/0.000 ms

ubuntu@duduo:~$ route -n -6 |grep 2001:db8:2
2001:db8:2::/64                fe80::3ea8:2aff:fe21:9908  UG   1024 1     0 eth6
2001:db8:2::/56                fe80::3ea8:2aff:fe21:9908  UG   1024 0     0 eth6



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