RXJava学习笔记(2)

变换操作

通过上篇的学习,我们知道了如何去创建一个Observable对象,通过subscribe将事件传递给Observer,但是仅仅知道这些是不够的,有些复杂的场景,需要我们对Observable进行一些转换来发射数据。那么我们就在这篇文章里来系统的学习一下吧

  • Buffer操作符
Observable.from(email).buffer(3).subscribe(new Action1<List<String>>() {
@Override
public void call(List<String> strings) {
    for (int i=0;i<strings.size();i++) {
        Log.d("SampleTransformingActiv", "strings:" + strings.get(i));
    }
    Log.d("SampleTransformingActiv", "==========================");
}
});

运行结果

com.renyu.rxdemo D/SampleTransformingActiv: strings:email1
com.renyu.rxdemo D/SampleTransformingActiv: strings:email2
com.renyu.rxdemo D/SampleTransformingActiv: strings:email3
com.renyu.rxdemo D/SampleTransformingActiv: ==========================
com.renyu.rxdemo D/SampleTransformingActiv: strings:email4
com.renyu.rxdemo D/SampleTransformingActiv: strings:email5
com.renyu.rxdemo D/SampleTransformingActiv: strings:email6
com.renyu.rxdemo D/SampleTransformingActiv: ==========================
com.renyu.rxdemo D/SampleTransformingActiv: strings:email7
com.renyu.rxdemo D/SampleTransformingActiv: strings:email8
com.renyu.rxdemo D/SampleTransformingActiv: strings:email9
com.renyu.rxdemo D/SampleTransformingActiv: ==========================
com.renyu.rxdemo D/SampleTransformingActiv: strings:email10
com.renyu.rxdemo D/SampleTransformingActiv: ==========================

buffer就是将数据按照规定的数量做一个缓存,达到这个数量之后再一次性全部发射出去,在本例中,就是每缓存3个之后再发射出去

再看下2个参数的方法

Observable.from(email).buffer(3, 5).subscribe(new Action1<List<String>>() {
    @Override
    public void call(List<String> strings) {
        for (int i=0;i<strings.size();i++) {
            Log.d("SampleTransformingActiv", "strings:" + strings.get(i));
        }
        Log.d("SampleTransformingActiv", "===========");
    }
});

运行结果

com.renyu.rxdemo D/SampleTransformingActiv: strings:email1
com.renyu.rxdemo D/SampleTransformingActiv: strings:email2
com.renyu.rxdemo D/SampleTransformingActiv: strings:email3
com.renyu.rxdemo D/SampleTransformingActiv: ===========
com.renyu.rxdemo D/SampleTransformingActiv: strings:email6
com.renyu.rxdemo D/SampleTransformingActiv: strings:email7
com.renyu.rxdemo D/SampleTransformingActiv: strings:email8
com.renyu.rxdemo D/SampleTransformingActiv: ===========

buffer(count, skip),代表每发射skip个数据用count数据作为缓存,再进行发射,如果count==skip,就是第一种情况了

buffer不仅在数量上可以缓存,时间上也同样可以控制缓存

subscription=Observable.create(new Observable.OnSubscribe<String>() {
    @Override
    public void call(Subscriber<? super String> subscriber) {
        if (!subscriber.isUnsubscribed()) {
            for (int i=0;i<email.length;i++) {
                subscriber.onNext(email[i]);
                try {
                    Thread.sleep(500);
                } catch (InterruptedException e) {
                    e.printStackTrace();
                }
            }
        }
    }
}).subscribeOn(Schedulers.newThread()).buffer(2, TimeUnit.SECONDS).subscribe(new Action1<List<String>>() {
    @Override
    public void call(List<String> strings) {
        for (int i=0;i<strings.size();i++) {
            Log.d("SampleTransformingActiv", "strings:" + strings.get(i));
        }
        Log.d("SampleTransformingActiv", "===========");
    }
});

运行结果

02-15 17:15:22.935 14127-14156/com.renyu.rxdemo D/SampleTransformingActiv: strings:email1
02-15 17:15:22.935 14127-14156/com.renyu.rxdemo D/SampleTransformingActiv: strings:email2
02-15 17:15:22.935 14127-14156/com.renyu.rxdemo D/SampleTransformingActiv: strings:email3
02-15 17:15:22.935 14127-14156/com.renyu.rxdemo D/SampleTransformingActiv: strings:email4
02-15 17:15:22.945 14127-14156/com.renyu.rxdemo D/SampleTransformingActiv: ===========
02-15 17:15:24.925 14127-14156/com.renyu.rxdemo D/SampleTransformingActiv: strings:email5
02-15 17:15:24.925 14127-14156/com.renyu.rxdemo D/SampleTransformingActiv: strings:email6
02-15 17:15:24.925 14127-14156/com.renyu.rxdemo D/SampleTransformingActiv: strings:email7
02-15 17:15:24.925 14127-14156/com.renyu.rxdemo D/SampleTransformingActiv: strings:email8
02-15 17:15:24.935 14127-14156/com.renyu.rxdemo D/SampleTransformingActiv: ===========
02-15 17:15:26.925 14127-14156/com.renyu.rxdemo D/SampleTransformingActiv: strings:email9
02-15 17:15:26.925 14127-14156/com.renyu.rxdemo D/SampleTransformingActiv: strings:email10
02-15 17:15:26.925 14127-14156/com.renyu.rxdemo D/SampleTransformingActiv: ===========
02-15 17:15:28.925 14127-14156/com.renyu.rxdemo D/SampleTransformingActiv: ===========
02-15 17:15:30.925 14127-14156/com.renyu.rxdemo D/SampleTransformingActiv: ===========
02-15 17:15:32.925 14127-14156/com.renyu.rxdemo D/SampleTransformingActiv: ===========

注意观察时间,这边就是每2秒去执行一次操作

  • FlatMap操作符
Observable.just("1", "2", "3", "4", "5", "6").flatMap(new Func1<String, Observable<String>>() {
    @Override
    public Observable<String> call(String s) {
        return Observable.just(s+"2");
    }
}).subscribe(new Action1<String>() {
    @Override
    public void call(String s) {
        Log.d("SampleTransformingActiv", s);
    }
});

运行结果

com.renyu.rxdemo D/SampleTransformingActiv: 12
com.renyu.rxdemo D/SampleTransformingActiv: 22
com.renyu.rxdemo D/SampleTransformingActiv: 32
com.renyu.rxdemo D/SampleTransformingActiv: 42
com.renyu.rxdemo D/SampleTransformingActiv: 52
com.renyu.rxdemo D/SampleTransformingActiv: 62

flatMap就是根据你的规则,将Observable转换之后再发射出去,注意最后的顺序很可能是错乱的,如果要保证顺序的一致性,要使用concatMap

  • SwitchMap操作符
Observable.just(10, 20, 30).switchMap(new Func1<Integer, Observable<Integer>>() {
    @Override
    public Observable<Integer> call(Integer integer) {
        //10的延迟执行时间为1000毫秒、20和30的延迟执行时间为50毫秒
        int delay = 1000;
        if (integer>10) {
            delay=50;
        }
        return Observable.just(integer).delay(delay, TimeUnit.MILLISECONDS);
    }
}).subscribe(new Action1<Integer>() {
    @Override
    public void call(Integer integer) {
        Log.d("SampleTransformingActiv", "integer:" + integer);
    }
});

运行结果

com.renyu.rxdemo D/SampleTransformingActiv: integer:30

switchmap的功能与flatMap应该说是类似,都是转换Observable,但是区别在于switchmap在产生新的Observable的同时,会摒弃旧的Observable,所以本例并不像之前flatmap一样会产生3个结果,而是直接最后一个Observable替代了之前2个

  • groupBy操作符
Observable.just("1", "2", "3", "4", "5", "6").groupBy(new Func1<String, Boolean>() {
    @Override
    public Boolean call(String s) {
        return Integer.parseInt(s)>3;
    }
}).subscribe(new Action1<GroupedObservable<Boolean, String>>() {
    @Override
    public void call(final GroupedObservable<Boolean, String> booleanStringGroupedObservable) {
        booleanStringGroupedObservable.subscribe(new Action1<String>() {
            @Override
            public void call(String s) {
                Log.d("SampleTransformingActiv", booleanStringGroupedObservable.getKey() + " " + s);
            }
        });
    }
});

运行结果

com.renyu.rxdemo D/SampleTransformingActiv: false 1
com.renyu.rxdemo D/SampleTransformingActiv: false 2
com.renyu.rxdemo D/SampleTransformingActiv: false 3
com.renyu.rxdemo D/SampleTransformingActiv: true 4
com.renyu.rxdemo D/SampleTransformingActiv: true 5
com.renyu.rxdemo D/SampleTransformingActiv: true 6

groupBy是通过key建立规则,通过这个规则进行分组发射

  • Map操作符
Observable.just("1", "2", "3", "4", "5", "6").map(new Func1<String, Integer>() {
    @Override
    public Integer call(String s) {
        return Integer.parseInt(s);
    }
}).subscribe(new Action1<Integer>() {
    @Override
    public void call(Integer integer) {
        Log.d("SampleTransformingActiv", "integer:" + integer);
    }
});

运行结果

com.renyu.rxdemo D/SampleTransformingActiv: integer:1
com.renyu.rxdemo D/SampleTransformingActiv: integer:2
com.renyu.rxdemo D/SampleTransformingActiv: integer:3
com.renyu.rxdemo D/SampleTransformingActiv: integer:4
com.renyu.rxdemo D/SampleTransformingActiv: integer:5
com.renyu.rxdemo D/SampleTransformingActiv: integer:6

map与flatmap在功能上是一致的,区别在于flatmap是通过中间Observable来进行,而map是直接执行

  • Cast操作符
Observable.just("1", "2", "3", "4", "5", "6").cast(String.class).subscribe(new Action1<String>() {
    @Override
    public void call(String integer) {
        Log.d("SampleTransformingActiv", "integer:" + integer);
    }
});

运行结果

com.renyu.rxdemo D/SampleTransformingActiv: integer:1
com.renyu.rxdemo D/SampleTransformingActiv: integer:2
com.renyu.rxdemo D/SampleTransformingActiv: integer:3
com.renyu.rxdemo D/SampleTransformingActiv: integer:4
com.renyu.rxdemo D/SampleTransformingActiv: integer:5
com.renyu.rxdemo D/SampleTransformingActiv: integer:6

cast用于直接强制转换

  • Scan
Observable.just(1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6).scan(new Func2<Integer, Integer, Integer>() {
    @Override
    public Integer call(Integer integer, Integer integer2) {
        return integer+integer2;
    }
}).subscribe(new Action1<Integer>() {
    @Override
    public void call(Integer integer) {
        Log.d("SampleTransformingActiv", "integer:" + integer);
    }
});

运行结果

com.renyu.rxdemo D/SampleTransformingActiv: integer:1
com.renyu.rxdemo D/SampleTransformingActiv: integer:3
com.renyu.rxdemo D/SampleTransformingActiv: integer:6
com.renyu.rxdemo D/SampleTransformingActiv: integer:10
com.renyu.rxdemo D/SampleTransformingActiv: integer:15
com.renyu.rxdemo D/SampleTransformingActiv: integer:21

scan类似递归操作,将这个函数的结果作为下一个数据的第一个参数,每次计算结果都会把结果给订阅者

  • Window
    window的作用与Buffer雷同,只不过他是返回一个Observable,而Buffer返回是一个list,这里就不再多说了

主要参考文章

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