# 图像处理常用算法GPU实现四：基于中值滤波的二值图像平滑

/********************************
*  Author: rabbit729
*  E-mail: wlq_729@163.com
*  Date:   2012-10-08
*  Description: 图像的平滑
********************************/
#include <d3dx9.h>

//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Desc: 全局变量
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
LPDIRECT3D9             g_pD3D                 = NULL;  //Direct3D对象
LPDIRECT3DDEVICE9       g_pd3dDevice           = NULL;  //Direct3D设备对象

LPDIRECT3DTEXTURE9      g_pTextureScreen        = NULL; //待处理图片

ID3DXEffect*            g_pEffect               = NULL;  //效果指针
//常量句柄
D3DXHANDLE              hTechScreen             = NULL;  //Effect句柄
D3DXHANDLE              hTexScreen              = NULL;  //纹理句柄
D3DXHANDLE              hViewPortWidthInv       = NULL;  //视口宽倒数句柄
D3DXHANDLE              hViewPortHeightInv      = NULL;  //视口高倒数句柄

const int WIDTH  = 465;
const int HEIGHT = 669;

#define D3DFVF_CUSTOMVERTEX (D3DFVF_XYZ | D3DFVF_TEX1)

struct Vertex
{
Vertex(){}
Vertex(float x, float y, float z, float w)
{
_x = x;   _y = y;   _z = z; _w = w;
}

float _x, _y, _z, _w;

static const DWORD FVF;
};
const DWORD Vertex::FVF = D3DFVF_XYZW;

//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Desc: 设置世界矩阵
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
VOID SetWorldMatrix()
{
//创建并设置世界矩阵
D3DXMATRIXA16 matWorld, matRotateX, matRotateY;
D3DXMATRIXA16 matScale;
D3DXMatrixIdentity(&matScale);
matScale._11 = matScale._22 = matScale._33 = 0.5f;

D3DXMatrixIdentity(&matWorld);
D3DXMatrixIdentity(&matRotateX);
D3DXMatrixIdentity(&matRotateY);
D3DXMatrixRotationX( &matRotateX, D3DX_PI / 3.0 );
D3DXMatrixRotationY( &matRotateY, -D3DX_PI / 8.0 );
D3DXMatrixMultiply(&matWorld, &matRotateX, &matRotateY);

D3DXMatrixMultiply(&matWorld, &matScale, &matWorld);
g_pd3dDevice->SetTransform( D3DTS_WORLD, &matWorld );
}

//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Desc: 设置观察矩阵和投影矩阵
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
VOID SetViewAndProjMatrix()
{
//创建并设置观察矩阵
D3DXVECTOR3 vEyePt( 0.0f, 0.0f,-250.0f );
D3DXVECTOR3 vLookatPt( 0.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f );
D3DXVECTOR3 vUpVec( 0.0f, 1.0f, 0.0f );
D3DXMATRIXA16 matView;
D3DXMatrixLookAtLH( &matView, &vEyePt, &vLookatPt, &vUpVec );
g_pd3dDevice->SetTransform( D3DTS_VIEW, &matView );

//创建并设置投影矩阵
D3DXMATRIXA16 matProj;
D3DXMatrixPerspectiveFovLH( &matProj, D3DX_PI/4, 1.0f, 1.0f, 1000.0f );
g_pd3dDevice->SetTransform( D3DTS_PROJECTION, &matProj );
}

//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Desc: 初始化Direct3D
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
HRESULT InitD3D( HWND hWnd )
{
//创建Direct3D对象, 该对象用于创建Direct3D设备对象
if( NULL == ( g_pD3D = Direct3DCreate9( D3D_SDK_VERSION ) ) )
return E_FAIL;

//设置D3DPRESENT_PARAMETERS结构, 准备创建Direct3D设备对象
D3DPRESENT_PARAMETERS d3dpp;
ZeroMemory( &d3dpp, sizeof(d3dpp) );
d3dpp.Windowed = TRUE;
d3dpp.BackBufferFormat = D3DFMT_A8R8G8B8;

//创建Direct3D设备对象
if( FAILED( g_pD3D->CreateDevice( D3DADAPTER_DEFAULT, D3DDEVTYPE_HAL, hWnd,
D3DCREATE_SOFTWARE_VERTEXPROCESSING,
&d3dpp, &g_pd3dDevice ) ) )
{
return E_FAIL;
}

//创建Effect
ID3DXBuffer* errBuffer = NULL;
{
if (errBuffer)
{
char* pErr = (char*)errBuffer->GetBufferPointer();
errBuffer->Release();
}
return E_FAIL;
}

//获取常量句柄
hTechScreen         = g_pEffect->GetTechniqueByName("Screen");
hTexScreen          = g_pEffect->GetParameterByName(0, "TexScreen");
hViewPortWidthInv   = g_pEffect->GetParameterByName(0, "viewport_inv_width");
hViewPortHeightInv  = g_pEffect->GetParameterByName(0, "viewport_inv_height");

//设置环境光
g_pd3dDevice->SetRenderState( D3DRS_AMBIENT, 0xffffffff );

//设置观察矩阵和投影矩阵
SetViewAndProjMatrix();

return S_OK;
}

//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Desc: 创建场景图形
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
HRESULT InitGeometry()
{
// 创建屏幕板
g_pd3dDevice->CreateVertexBuffer(
6 * sizeof(Vertex),
D3DUSAGE_WRITEONLY,
Vertex::FVF,
D3DPOOL_MANAGED,
0);

Vertex* vertices;

vertices[0] = Vertex(-1.0f, 1.0f, 0.5f, 1.0f);
vertices[1] = Vertex(1.0f,  1.0f, 0.5f, 1.0f);
vertices[2] = Vertex( 1.0f, -1.0f, 0.5f, 1.0f);
vertices[3] = Vertex(-1.0f, 1.0f, 0.5f, 1.0f);
vertices[4] = Vertex( 1.0f, -1.0f, 0.5f, 1.0f);
vertices[5] = Vertex( -1.0f, -1.0f, 0.5f, 1.0f);

//加载纹理
HRESULT hr = D3DXCreateTextureFromFile(g_pd3dDevice, L"meinv.jpg", &g_pTextureScreen);
if (FAILED(hr))
{
return E_FAIL;
}

return S_OK;
}

//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Desc: 释放创建的对象
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
VOID Cleanup()
{
{
}

if (g_pTextureScreen != NULL)
{
g_pTextureScreen->Release();
}

if (g_pEffect != NULL)
{
g_pEffect->Release();
}

//释放Direct3D设备对象
if( g_pd3dDevice != NULL )
g_pd3dDevice->Release();

//释放Direct3D对象
if( g_pD3D != NULL )
g_pD3D->Release();
}

VOID RenderScreen()
{
//将RenderTarget作为纹理
g_pEffect->SetTexture(hTexScreen, g_pTextureScreen);

float fWidthInv = 1.0f / WIDTH;
float fHeightInv = 1.0f / HEIGHT;
g_pEffect->SetFloat(hViewPortWidthInv, fWidthInv);
g_pEffect->SetFloat(hViewPortHeightInv, fHeightInv);

g_pd3dDevice->SetFVF(Vertex::FVF);

// 设置要使用的Technique
g_pEffect->SetTechnique(hTechScreen);

UINT numPasses = 0;
g_pEffect->Begin(&numPasses, 0);

for (int i = 0; i < numPasses; i++)
{
g_pEffect->BeginPass(i);

g_pd3dDevice->DrawPrimitive(D3DPT_TRIANGLELIST, 0, 2);

g_pEffect->EndPass();
}
g_pEffect->End();
}

//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Desc: 渲染场景
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
VOID Render()
{
// 获取backbuffer
LPDIRECT3DSURFACE9 pBackbuffer;
g_pd3dDevice->GetRenderTarget(0, &pBackbuffer);

//开始渲染场景
if( SUCCEEDED( g_pd3dDevice->BeginScene() ) )
{
//设回backbuffer
g_pd3dDevice->SetRenderTarget(0, pBackbuffer);
RenderScreen();

//场景渲染结束
g_pd3dDevice->EndScene();
}

//在屏幕上显示场景
g_pd3dDevice->Present( NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL );
}

//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Desc: 窗口过程, 处理消息
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
LRESULT WINAPI MsgProc( HWND hWnd, UINT msg, WPARAM wParam, LPARAM lParam )
{
switch( msg )
{
case WM_DESTROY:
Cleanup();
PostQuitMessage( 0 );
return 0;
}

return DefWindowProc( hWnd, msg, wParam, lParam );
}

//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Desc: 入口函数
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
INT WINAPI WinMain( HINSTANCE hInst, HINSTANCE, LPSTR, INT )
{
//注册窗口类
WNDCLASSEX wc = { sizeof(WNDCLASSEX), CS_CLASSDC, MsgProc, 0L, 0L,
GetModuleHandle(NULL), NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL,
L"ClassName", NULL };
RegisterClassEx( &wc );

//创建窗口
HWND hWnd = CreateWindow( L"ClassName", L"图像平滑",
WS_OVERLAPPEDWINDOW, 200, 100, WIDTH, HEIGHT,
GetDesktopWindow(), NULL, wc.hInstance, NULL );

//初始化Direct3D
if( SUCCEEDED( InitD3D( hWnd ) ) )
{
//创建场景图形
if( SUCCEEDED( InitGeometry() ) )
{
//显示窗口
ShowWindow( hWnd, SW_SHOWDEFAULT );
UpdateWindow( hWnd );

//进入消息循环
MSG msg;
ZeroMemory( &msg, sizeof(msg) );
while( msg.message!=WM_QUIT )
{
if( PeekMessage( &msg, NULL, 0, 0, PM_REMOVE ) )
{
TranslateMessage( &msg );
DispatchMessage( &msg );
}
else
{
Render();  //渲染场景
}
}
}
}

UnregisterClass( L"ClassName", wc.hInstance );
return 0;
}

Effect代码：

/********************************
*  Author: rabbit729
*  E-mail: wlq_729@163.com
*  Date:   2011-10-08
********************************/

//------------------------------
//  顶点着色器
//------------------------------

float viewport_inv_width;
float viewport_inv_height;
struct VS_OUTPUTSCREEN {
float4 Pos: POSITION;
float2 texCoord: TEXCOORD0;
};

VS_OUTPUTSCREEN vs_mainPassScreen(float4 Pos: POSITION){
VS_OUTPUTSCREEN Out;

Out.Pos = float4(Pos.xy, 0, 1);

Out.texCoord.x = 0.5 * (1 + Pos.x - viewport_inv_width);
Out.texCoord.y = 0.5 * (1 - Pos.y - viewport_inv_height);

return Out;
}

//------------------------------
//  像素着色器
//------------------------------

Texture2D TexScreen;

sampler2D TexMapScreen {
Texture = <TexScreen>;
};

const float4 samples[9] = {
-1.0, -1.0, 0.0, 1.0,
0.0, -1.0, 0.0, 1.0,
1.0, 1.0, 0.0, 1.0,
-1.0, 0.0, 0.0, 1.0,
0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 1.0,
1.0, 0.0, 0.0, 1.0,
-1.0, 1.0, 0.0, 1.0,
0.0, 1.0, 0.0, 1.0,
1.0, 1.0, 0.0, 1.0
};

float4 ps_mainPassScreen(float2 texCoord: TEXCOORD0) : COLOR
{
//return float4(Intensity.xxx,col.a);
float4 col = float4(0, 0, 0, 0);

float fArr[9];
for(int i = 0; i < 9; i++)
{
fArr[i] = tex2D(TexMapScreen, texCoord + float2(samples[i].x*viewport_inv_width, samples[i].y*viewport_inv_height));
}

//冒泡排序
for(int j = 0; j < 8; j++)
{
for(int k = 0; k < 9 - j - 1; k++)
{
if(fArr[k] > fArr[k + 1])
{
float fTemp;
fTemp = fArr[k];
fArr[k] = fArr[k + 1];
fArr[k + 1] = fTemp;
}
}
}

return fArr[4];
}

//------------------------------
//  效果框架
//------------------------------

technique Screen
{
pass P0
{
}
}

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