【POJ 2104】K-th Number

K-th Number
Time Limit: 20000MS   Memory Limit: 65536K
Total Submissions: 38927   Accepted: 12663
Case Time Limit: 2000MS

Description

You are working for Macrohard company in data structures department. After failing your previous task about key insertion you were asked to write a new data structure that would be able to return quickly k-th order statistics in the array segment. 
That is, given an array a[1...n] of different integer numbers, your program must answer a series of questions Q(i, j, k) in the form: "What would be the k-th number in a[i...j] segment, if this segment was sorted?" 
For example, consider the array a = (1, 5, 2, 6, 3, 7, 4). Let the question be Q(2, 5, 3). The segment a[2...5] is (5, 2, 6, 3). If we sort this segment, we get (2, 3, 5, 6), the third number is 5, and therefore the answer to the question is 5.

Input

The first line of the input file contains n --- the size of the array, and m --- the number of questions to answer (1 <= n <= 100 000, 1 <= m <= 5 000). 
The second line contains n different integer numbers not exceeding 109 by their absolute values --- the array for which the answers should be given. 
The following m lines contain question descriptions, each description consists of three numbers: i, j, and k (1 <= i <= j <= n, 1 <= k <= j - i + 1) and represents the question Q(i, j, k).

Output

For each question output the answer to it --- the k-th number in sorted a[i...j] segment.

Sample Input

7 3
1 5 2 6 3 7 4
2 5 3
4 4 1
1 7 3

Sample Output

5
6
3

Hint

This problem has huge input,so please use c-style input(scanf,printf),or you may got time limit exceed.

Source

Northeastern Europe 2004, Northern Subregion


主席树求区间第k大,注释见代码。


#include <iostream>
#include <algorithm>
#include <cstdio>
#include <cstring>
#include <cmath>
#include <string>
#include <cstdlib>
#define maxn 100005
using namespace std;
int b[maxn],t[maxn],n,m,size,v[maxn],tot=0;
struct chairtree
{
	int l,r,size;
}a[maxn*30];
int Build(int l,int r)
{
	int root=++tot;
	a[root].size=0;
	if (l==r) return root;
	int m=(l+r)>>1;
	a[root].l=Build(l,m);
	a[root].r=Build(m+1,r);
	return root;
}
int Update(int root,int x)
{
	int now=++tot;
	int tmp=now;
	a[tot].size=a[root].size+1;
	int l=1,r=size;
	while (l<r)
	{
		int m=(l+r)>>1;
		if (x<=m)
		{
			a[now].l=++tot;
			a[now].r=a[root].r;   //充分利用原来相同的结点
			root=a[root].l;
			now=tot;
			r=m;
		}
		else
		{
			a[now].l=a[root].l;
			a[now].r=++tot;
			root=a[root].r;
			now=tot;
			l=m+1;
		}
		a[now].size=a[root].size+1;
	}
	return tmp;
}
int Ask(int lx,int rx,int k)
{
	int l=1,r=size;
	while (l<r)
	{
		int m=(l+r)>>1;
		if (a[a[rx].l].size-a[a[lx].l].size>=k)
		{
			r=m;
			lx=a[lx].l;
			rx=a[rx].l;
		}
		else
		{
			l=m+1;
			k-=a[a[rx].l].size-a[a[lx].l].size;
			lx=a[lx].r;
			rx=a[rx].r;
		}
	}
	return l;
}
void Hash1()
{
	sort(b+1,b+1+n);
	size=unique(b+1,b+1+n)-b-1;  //求不相同的数有几个
}
int Hash(int x)
{
	return lower_bound(b+1,b+1+size,x)-b;   //找到x在排好序的序列中出现的位置,即离散化后的值
}
int main()
{
    while (scanf("%d%d",&n,&m)==2)
	{
		for (int i=1;i<=n;i++)
			scanf("%d",&v[i]),b[i]=v[i];
		Hash1();
		t[0]=Build(1,size);
		for (int i=1;i<=n;i++)   //建n棵线段树
			t[i]=Update(t[i-1],Hash(v[i]));
		while (m--)
		{
			int l,r,k;
			scanf("%d%d%d",&l,&r,&k);
			printf("%d\n",b[Ask(t[l-1],t[r],k)]);
		}
	}
	return 0;
}



注意:

1.unique函数中最后要-1,但还不知道原因。。以后再说。。


2.lower_bound中是+size而不是+all,记住。。


发布了315 篇原创文章 · 获赞 26 · 访问量 37万+
展开阅读全文

没有更多推荐了,返回首页

©️2019 CSDN 皮肤主题: 技术黑板 设计师: CSDN官方博客

分享到微信朋友圈

×

扫一扫,手机浏览