脑残的设计--- 视图(view)里面包含order by

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2015/05/26 更新 今天又遇到了类似问题。。。尼玛无语了 编码规范啊 !!!


今天有个兄弟跟我说sql跑得太慢了,让我看看。sql如下:

 SELECT  rownum          row_num,
             pv.vendor_name,
             pha.segment1    po_num,
             prh.preparer_id,
             pha.Org_Id,
             pha.po_header_id,
             wo.department_code,
             wo.description oper_seq_desc,
            to_char(pha.creation_date, 'RRRR-MM-DD HH24:MI:SS') enter_date,
             to_char(pha.approved_date, 'RRRR-MM-DD HH24:MI:SS') approved_date,
             --cux_public_pkg.get_item_no(wdj.primary_item_id) item_no,
             we.wip_entity_name
        FROM PO.po_headers_all             pha,
             APPS.po_vendors                 pv,
             PO.po_lines_all               pla,
             PO.po_line_locations_all      pll,
             PO.po_distributions_all       pld, 
             PO.po_requisition_headers_all prh,
             PO.po_requisition_lines_all   prl,
             PO.po_req_distributions_all   prd, 
             WIP.wip_discrete_jobs          wdj,
             APPS.BOM_STANDARD_OPERATIONS_V  bso,
             APPS.wip_operations_v           wo,
             WIP.wip_entities               we
       WHERE 1 = 1
         AND prl.wip_entity_id = we.wip_entity_id
         AND pha.po_header_id = pla.po_header_id
         AND pha.vendor_id = pv.vendor_id
         AND pll.po_line_id = pla.po_line_id
         AND pll.po_header_id = pha.po_header_id
         AND pll.line_location_id = pld.line_location_id 
         AND prd.requisition_line_id = prl.requisition_line_id 
         AND pld.req_distribution_id = prd.distribution_id 
         AND prl.requisition_header_id = prh.requisition_header_id
         AND prl.wip_entity_id = wdj.wip_entity_id
         AND prl.wip_entity_id = wo.wip_entity_id
         AND prl.wip_operation_seq_num = wo.operation_seq_num
         AND wo.standard_operation_id = bso.STANDARD_OPERATION_ID
         AND wdj.Organization_Id = /*p_organization_id*/83
         AND pha.segment1 >= /*nvl(p_po_num_f, pha.segment1)*/'621337540'
         AND pha.segment1 <= /*nvl(p_po_num_t, pha.segment1)*/ '621337540'
         AND nvl(pha.approved_date, SYSDATE + 9999) >= nvl(pha.approved_date, SYSDATE + 9999)
         AND nvl(pha.approved_date, SYSDATE + 9999) <=nvl(pha.approved_date, SYSDATE + 9999)
      ORDER BY pha.segment1, pla.line_num;


快速的运用sql三段分拆方法(分享过的)  扫描一下,发现没问题 (如果不知道的哥们,请自己百度 落落 sql 三段分拆方法)

SQL里面有个视图wo 视图代码如下:

/*CREATE OR REPLACE VIEW WIP_OPERATIONS_V
(row_id, wip_entity_id, operation_seq_num, organization_id, repetitive_schedule_id, last_update_date, last_updated_by, creation_date, created_by, last_update_login, request_id, program_application_id, program_id, program_update_date, operation_sequence_id, standard_operation_id, operation_code, department_id, department_code, location_id, description, scheduled_quantity, quantity_in_queue, quantity_running, quantity_waiting_to_move, quantity_rejected, quantity_scrapped, quantity_completed, first_unit_start_date, first_unit_completion_date, last_unit_start_date, last_unit_completion_date, previous_operation_seq_num, next_operation_seq_num, count_point_type, count_point_flag, autocharge_flag, backflush_flag, minimum_transfer_quantity, date_last_moved, attribute_category, attribute1, attribute2, attribute3, attribute4, attribute5, attribute6, attribute7, attribute8, attribute9, attribute10, attribute11, attribute12, attribute13, attribute14, attribute15, operation_yield, cumulative_scrap_quantity, operation_yield_enabled, operation_completed, shutdown_type, shutdown_type_disp, x_pos, y_pos, long_description, disable_date, recommended, progress_percentage, wsm_bonus_quantity, actual_start_date, actual_completion_date, employee_id, employee_name, lowest_acceptable_yield, check_skill)
AS*/
SELECT WO.ROWID ROW_ID,
       WO.WIP_ENTITY_ID,
       WO.OPERATION_SEQ_NUM,
       WO.ORGANIZATION_ID,
       WO.REPETITIVE_SCHEDULE_ID,
       WO.LAST_UPDATE_DATE,
       WO.LAST_UPDATED_BY,
       WO.CREATION_DATE,
       WO.CREATED_BY,
       WO.LAST_UPDATE_LOGIN,
       WO.REQUEST_ID,
       WO.PROGRAM_APPLICATION_ID,
       WO.PROGRAM_ID,
       WO.PROGRAM_UPDATE_DATE,
       WO.OPERATION_SEQUENCE_ID,
       WO.STANDARD_OPERATION_ID,
       BSO.OPERATION_CODE,
       WO.DEPARTMENT_ID,
       BD.DEPARTMENT_CODE,
       BD.LOCATION_ID,
       WO.DESCRIPTION,
       WO.SCHEDULED_QUANTITY,
       DECODE(WO.QUANTITY_IN_QUEUE, 0, NULL, WO.QUANTITY_IN_QUEUE),
       DECODE(WO.QUANTITY_RUNNING, 0, NULL, WO.QUANTITY_RUNNING),
       DECODE(WO.QUANTITY_WAITING_TO_MOVE,
              0,
              NULL,
              WO.QUANTITY_WAITING_TO_MOVE),
       DECODE(WO.QUANTITY_REJECTED, 0, NULL, WO.QUANTITY_REJECTED),
       DECODE(WO.QUANTITY_SCRAPPED, 0, NULL, WO.QUANTITY_SCRAPPED),
       DECODE(WO.QUANTITY_COMPLETED, 0, NULL, WO.QUANTITY_COMPLETED),
       WO.FIRST_UNIT_START_DATE,
       WO.FIRST_UNIT_COMPLETION_DATE,
       WO.LAST_UNIT_START_DATE,
       WO.LAST_UNIT_COMPLETION_DATE,
       WO.PREVIOUS_OPERATION_SEQ_NUM,
       WO.NEXT_OPERATION_SEQ_NUM,
       WO.COUNT_POINT_TYPE,
       DECODE(WO.COUNT_POINT_TYPE, 1, 1, 2) "COUNT_POINT_FLAG",
       DECODE(WO.COUNT_POINT_TYPE, 3, 2, 1) "AUTOCHARGE_FLAG",
       WO.BACKFLUSH_FLAG,
       WO.MINIMUM_TRANSFER_QUANTITY,
       WO.DATE_LAST_MOVED,
       WO.ATTRIBUTE_CATEGORY,
       WO.ATTRIBUTE1,
       WO.ATTRIBUTE2,
       WO.ATTRIBUTE3,
       WO.ATTRIBUTE4,
       WO.ATTRIBUTE5,
       WO.ATTRIBUTE6,
       WO.ATTRIBUTE7,
       WO.ATTRIBUTE8,
       WO.ATTRIBUTE9,
       WO.ATTRIBUTE10,
       WO.ATTRIBUTE11,
       WO.ATTRIBUTE12,
       WO.ATTRIBUTE13,
       WO.ATTRIBUTE14,
       WO.ATTRIBUTE15,
       WO.OPERATION_YIELD,
       WO.CUMULATIVE_SCRAP_QUANTITY,
       WO.OPERATION_YIELD_ENABLED,
       NVL(WO.OPERATION_COMPLETED, 'N'),
       WO.SHUTDOWN_TYPE,
       LU1.MEANING,
       WO.X_POS,
       WO.Y_POS,
       WO.LONG_DESCRIPTION,
       WO.DISABLE_DATE,
       WO.RECOMMENDED,
       WO.PROGRESS_PERCENTAGE,
       WO.WSM_BONUS_QUANTITY,
       WO.ACTUAL_START_DATE,
       WO.ACTUAL_COMPLETION_DATE,
       WO.EMPLOYEE_ID,
       PAP.FULL_NAME,
       WO.LOWEST_ACCEPTABLE_YIELD,
       nvl(wo.CHECK_SKILL, 2) CHECK_SKILL
  FROM BOM_DEPARTMENTS         BD,
       BOM_STANDARD_OPERATIONS BSO,
       WIP_OPERATIONS          WO,
       MFG_LOOKUPS             LU1,
       PER_ALL_PEOPLE_F        PAP
 WHERE BD.DEPARTMENT_ID = WO.DEPARTMENT_ID
   AND BSO.STANDARD_OPERATION_ID(+) = WO.STANDARD_OPERATION_ID
   AND NVL(BSO.OPERATION_TYPE, 1) = 1
   AND BSO.LINE_ID IS NULL
   AND LU1.LOOKUP_TYPE(+) = 'BOM_EAM_SHUTDOWN_TYPE'
   AND LU1.LOOKUP_CODE(+) = WO.SHUTDOWN_TYPE
   AND WO.EMPLOYEE_ID = PAP.PERSON_ID(+)
 ORDER BY WO.OPERATION_SEQ_NUM;


我靠视图里面有 ORDER BY ...... 这不是脑残吗? 视图里面你搞ORDER BY 干嘛呢,直接在 视图外面写order by 呀。

select .... from a, v_b where a.id=b.id; 

a 是一个表, v_b 是一个视图。 v_b 里面有order by 那么 v_b 是有序的, v_b 里面没order by 那么v_b 是无序的。

但是最终的 sql 返回结果 有没有顺序 是 在 最外面 搞 order by 对吧。


所以让 那哥们把视图里面的order by 给去掉 ,结果里面返回结果了。 执行计划就不 贴了,视图里面有 order by  会干扰执行计划的。

别在视图里面搞ORDER BY ,如果有需要 ,请在 外面sql 进行order by。

想要跟我学SQL优化的,请点击这里

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