linux内核线程唤醒函数wake_up_process()

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int wake_up_process(struct task_struct *p)
这个函数用于唤醒一个task。
其使用的例程如下:
static void cmtp_reset_ctr(struct capi_ctr *ctrl)
{
	struct cmtp_session *session = ctrl->driverdata;

	BT_DBG("ctrl %p", ctrl);

	capi_ctr_down(ctrl);

	atomic_inc(&session->terminate);
	wake_up_process(session->task);
}
例如这个例子中就通过wake_up_process 来唤醒session->task
其源码分析如下:
int wake_up_process(struct task_struct *p)
{
	return try_to_wake_up(p, TASK_NORMAL, 0);
}
唤醒p到TASK_NORMAL 状态
static int
try_to_wake_up(struct task_struct *p, unsigned int state, int wake_flags)
{
	unsigned long flags;
	int cpu, success = 0;

	/*
	 * If we are going to wake up a thread waiting for CONDITION we
	 * need to ensure that CONDITION=1 done by the caller can not be
	 * reordered with p->state check below. This pairs with mb() in
	 * set_current_state() the waiting thread does.
	 */
	smp_mb__before_spinlock();
	raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&p->pi_lock, flags);
#如果task的状态已经等于要设的状态了,就退出吧,从这里知道,调用wake_up_process 不一定非得是sleep的task.正常task
#也是可以的,只是不起作用而已,在这里就退出了.
	if (!(p->state & state))
		goto out;

	trace_sched_waking(p);

	/* We're going to change ->state: */
	success = 1;
#获得要wakeup 的task 原本是运行到哪个cpu上的
	cpu = task_cpu(p);

	/*
	 * Ensure we load p->on_rq _after_ p->state, otherwise it would
	 * be possible to, falsely, observe p->on_rq == 0 and get stuck
	 * in smp_cond_load_acquire() below.
	 *
	 * sched_ttwu_pending()                 try_to_wake_up()
	 *   [S] p->on_rq = 1;                  [L] P->state
	 *       UNLOCK rq->lock  -----.
	 *                              \
	 *				 +---   RMB
	 * schedule()                   /
	 *       LOCK rq->lock    -----'
	 *       UNLOCK rq->lock
	 *
	 * [task p]
	 *   [S] p->state = UNINTERRUPTIBLE     [L] p->on_rq
	 *
	 * Pairs with the UNLOCK+LOCK on rq->lock from the
	 * last wakeup of our task and the schedule that got our task
	 * current.
	 */
	smp_rmb();
#要唤醒的task 不在自己的rq上,也就是要唤醒其他rq上的task,所以这里会做remote wake up.
	if (p->on_rq && ttwu_remote(p, wake_flags))
		goto stat;

#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
	/*
	 * Ensure we load p->on_cpu _after_ p->on_rq, otherwise it would be
	 * possible to, falsely, observe p->on_cpu == 0.
	 *
	 * One must be running (->on_cpu == 1) in order to remove oneself
	 * from the runqueue.
	 *
	 *  [S] ->on_cpu = 1;	[L] ->on_rq
	 *      UNLOCK rq->lock
	 *			RMB
	 *      LOCK   rq->lock
	 *  [S] ->on_rq = 0;    [L] ->on_cpu
	 *
	 * Pairs with the full barrier implied in the UNLOCK+LOCK on rq->lock
	 * from the consecutive calls to schedule(); the first switching to our
	 * task, the second putting it to sleep.
	 */
	smp_rmb();

	/*
	 * If the owning (remote) CPU is still in the middle of schedule() with
	 * this task as prev, wait until its done referencing the task.
	 *
	 * Pairs with the smp_store_release() in finish_lock_switch().
	 *
	 * This ensures that tasks getting woken will be fully ordered against
	 * their previous state and preserve Program Order.
	 */
	smp_cond_load_acquire(&p->on_cpu, !VAL);

	p->sched_contributes_to_load = !!task_contributes_to_load(p);
#先将task的状态设置为TASK_WAKING
	p->state = TASK_WAKING;
#task 如果是在等待io的时候sleep。则先结束这次io 操作?
	if (p->in_iowait) {
		delayacct_blkio_end();
		atomic_dec(&task_rq(p)->nr_iowait);
	}
#根据wakup cpu选择要rq要运行到哪个cpu上
	cpu = select_task_rq(p, p->wake_cpu, SD_BALANCE_WAKE, wake_flags);
#如果wakeup后的cpu 和之前task 运行的cpu 不相等,则设置需要迁移的flag,方便以后进行迁移工作。并通过set_task_cpu将task 
#wakeup 后的cpu保存在task中
	if (task_cpu(p) != cpu) {
		wake_flags |= WF_MIGRATED;
		set_task_cpu(p, cpu);
	}

#else /* CONFIG_SMP */

	if (p->in_iowait) {
		delayacct_blkio_end();
		atomic_dec(&task_rq(p)->nr_iowait);
	}

#endif /* CONFIG_SMP */
#执行wakeup task 的操作
	ttwu_queue(p, cpu, wake_flags);
stat:
#更新rq中相关统计数据
	ttwu_stat(p, cpu, wake_flags);
out:
	raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&p->pi_lock, flags);

	return success;
}


原文链接:https://blog.csdn.net/tiantao2012/article/details/78872831 
 

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