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整合freeBSD下nginx+php+mysql安装方案(ports安装)

  最近一直在研究freeBSD下nginx+php+mysql的安装,看了很多网上的资料收获不小,不过大部分都是编译安装,相对初学者来说比较复杂,不容易理解,所以我整合了一些ports安装的资料,都是经过自己验证后的,安装成功也比较容易理解,下面是两种成功的案例,其中有一个是Apache代替nginx的安装,希望对大家有所帮助。

安装前更新好ports:
       进入系统后,准备cvs更新:
1.         cd /usr/ports/net/cvsup-without-gui
2.         cp /usr/share/examples/cvsup/ports-supfile /etc/ports-supfile
3.         # vi /etc/ports-supfile
将其中的#*default host=CHANGE_THIS.FreeBSD.org一行改为
*default host=cvsup4.FreeBSDchina.org
4.         更新ports
    /usr/local/bin/cvsup -g -L 2 /etc/ports-supfile
       1,freeBSD下Apache+php+mysql安装
       
安装时必须用root用户或su方式登录后生效
安装配置apache
#cd /usr/ports/www/apache22/
#make config 将mysql勾上
#make install clean
#rehash
#ee /usr/local/etc/apache22/httpd.conf 修改以下配置
ServerAdmin James@xuwenhui.com
ServerName 192.168.1.1:80
DirectoryIndex index.html index.php
AddType application/x-httpd-php .php
AddType application/x-httpd-php-source .phps
#ee /boot/defaults/loader.conf 修改以下配置
accf_data_load="YES"
accf_http_load="YES"
#echo 'apache22_enable="YES"' >> /etc/rc.conf 启动时自动运行apache服务
如果不成功可以:ee /etc/rc.conf 里添加
apache22_enable="YES"

#apachectl start
输入地址看到It works!表示安装成功.
安装配置php5及php5-extensions
#cd /usr/ports/lang/php5
#make config apache一定要勾上,不然apache认不出php
#make install clean
#cd /usr/ports/lang/php5-extensions
#make config 选上需要支持的扩展
#make install clean
#cp /usr/local/etc/php.ini-dist /usr/local/etc/php.ini
#apachectl restart 重启apache后php就生效了
安装配置mysql
#cd /usr/ports/databases/mysql50-server
#make WITH_CHARSET=gbk WITH_XCHARSET=all WITH_PROC_SCOPE_PTH=yes BUILD_OPTIMIZED=yes BUILD_STATIC=yes SKIP_DNS_CHECK=yes WITHOUT_INNODB=yes install clean 由于这个版本不支持make config,我们只能用参数编译
#rehash
#cp /usr/local/share/mysql/my-medium.cnf /etc/my.cnf
#echo "default-character-set=utf8" >> /etc/my.cnf 修改数据库默认字符集为UTF-8
#chown -R mysql /var/db/mysql
#/usr/local/bin/mysql_install_db -u mysql
#/usr/local/bin/mysqld_safe & 如果没有报错就说明配置没有问题,接下来可以直接启动数据库
#/usr/local/etc/rc.d/mysql-server start
#mysql -u root -p 测试连接数据库
#echo 'mysql_enable="YES"' >> /etc/rc.conf 启动时自动运行mysql服务
可能遇到的问题
Mysql Server has gone away
意思就是mysql服务器倒掉了。

在freebsd最好采用ports安装mysql,一般没有问题的,我原来也运行过的。
不过现在换成了centos,我觉得更爽些。

以下在我原来在编译mysql时的笔记,有点乱,你看看可能对你有帮助。我想你的问题很可能出在这个地方。WITH_CHARSET=latin1 WITH_COLLATION=latin1_general_ci WITH_XCHARSET=all 建议你用我推荐的编译选项。latin1更适用的。
       2,freeBSD下nginx+php+mysql的安装

安装axel提高ports的安装速度

cd /usr/ports/ftp/axel
make install
#修改 /et/make.conf
ee /etc/make.conf
#加入以下内容
FETCH_CMD=axel
FETCH_BEFORE_ARGS= -n 10 -a
FETCH_AFTER_ARGS=
DISABLE_SIZE=yes
MASTER_SITE_OVERRIDE?=/
http://ports.hshh.org/${DIST_SUBDIR}//
http://ports.cn.freebsd.org/${DIST_SUBDIR}//
ftp://ftp.freeBSDchina.org/pub/FreeBSD/ports/distfiles/${DIST_SUBDIR}/
MASTER_SITE_OVERRIDE?=${MASTER_SITE_BACKUP}

安装 Mysql5.1.40

cd /usr/ports/databases/mysql51-server
make WITH_CHARSET=gbk WITH_XCHARSET=all WITH_PROC_SCOPE_PTH=yes BUILD_OPTIMIZED=yes BUILD_STATIC=yes SKIP_DNS_CHECK=yes WITHOUT_INNODB=yes install clean

#安装系统数据库
/usr/local/bin/mysql_install_db --user=mysql
cp /usr/local/share/mysql/my-medium.cnf /etc/my.cnf

#设置 mysql 开机启动
vi /etc/rc.conf
#添加以下内容
mysql_enable="YES"

#启动mysql
/usr/local/etc/rc.d/mysql-server start

安装 Nginx

安装 pcre8.00

pcre 是Nginx 所需的 Perl兼容正则表达式库
cd /usr/ports/devel/pcre
make install

安装 Nginx0.8.24

cd /usr/ports/www/nginx
make install
#配置编译参数
[ ] DEBUG                     Enable nginx debugging
[ ] IPV6                      Enable IPv6
[ ] GOOGLE_PERFTOOLS          Enable google perftools module
[X] HTTP_MODULE               Enable HTTP module
[ ] HTTP_ADDITION_MODULE      Enable http_addition module
[X] HTTP_CACHE_MODULE         Enable http_cache module
[ ] HTTP_DAV_MODULE           Enable http_webdav module
[ ] HTTP_FLV_MODULE           Enable http_flv module
[X] HTTP_GZIP_STATIC_MODULE   Enable http_gzip_static module
[ ] HTTP_IMAGE_FILTER_MODULE  Enable http_image_filter module
[ ] HTTP_PERL_MODULE          Enable http_perl module
[ ] HTTP_RANDOM_INDEX_MODULE  Enable http_random_index module
[ ] HTTP_REALIP_MODULE        Enable http_realip module
[X] HTTP_REWRITE_MODULE       Enable http_rewrite module
[ ] HTTP_SECURE_LINK_MODULE   Enable http_secure_link module
[ ] HTTP_SSL_MODULE           Enable http_ssl module
[X] HTTP_STATUS_MODULE        Enable http_stub_status module
[ ] HTTP_SUB_MODULE           Enable http_sub module
[ ] HTTP_XSLT_MODULE          Enable http_xslt module
[ ] MAIL_MODULE               Enable IMAP4/POP3/SMTP proxy module
[ ] MAIL_IMAP_MODULE          Enable IMAP4 proxy module
[ ] MAIL_POP3_MODULE          Enable POP3 proxy module
[ ] MAIL_SMTP_MODULE          Enable SMTP proxy module
[ ] MAIL_SSL_MODULE           Enable mail_ssl module
[ ] WWW                       Enable html sample files
[ ] HTTP_ACCESSKEY_MODULE     3rd party http_accesskey module
[ ] HTTP_EVAL_MODULE          3rd party eval module
[ ] HTTP_FANCYINDEX_MODULE    3rd party http_fancyindex module
[ ] HTTP_MOGILEFS_MODULE      3rd party mogilefs module
[ ] HTTP_MP4_H264_MODULE      3rd party mp4/h264 module
[ ] HTTP_NOTICE_MODULE        3rd party notice module
[ ] HTTP_REDIS_MODULE         3rd party http_redis module
[ ] HTTP_RESPONSE_MODULE      3rd party http_response module
[ ] HTTP_UPLOAD_MODULE        3rd party upload module
[ ] HTTP_UPLOAD_PROGRESS      3rd party upload_progress module
[ ] HTTP_UPSTREAM_FAIR        3rd party upstream fair module
[ ] HTTP_UPSTREAM_KEEPALIVE   3rd party upstream keepalive module
[ ] HTTP_ZIP_MODULE           3rd party http_zip module
[ ] PASSENGER_MODULE          3rd party passenger module
#修改 nginx 配置文件
vi /usr/local/etc/nginx/nginx.conf
修改配置文件请参考http://wiki.nginx.org/NginxChsFullExample2(来自官方网站)
#设置 mysql 开机启动
vi /etc/rc.conf
#添加以下内容
mysql_enable="YES"
#启动nginx /usr/local/etc/rc.d/nginx start

安装 libxml2-2.7.6

cd /usr/ports/textproc/libxml2
make install

安装 GD

安装 libpng1.2.40

cd /usr/ports/graphics/png
make install

安装 jpeg v7

cd /usr/ports/graphics/jpeg
make install

安装 freetype2.3.11

cd /usr/ports/print/freetype2
make install

安装 gd2.0.35

cd /usr/ports/graphics/gd
make install
#配置编译参数
[ ] X11         X11 support
[ ] XPM         XPM color bitmap loading support (requires X11)
[ ] FONTCONFIG  fontconfig library support (requires X11)
[X] ICONV       iconv support

安装 PHP

安装 php5.2.11(FastCGI模式)

cd /usr/ports/lang/php5
make install clean
#配置编译参数
[X] CLI        Build CLI version
[X] CGI        Build CGI version
[ ] APACHE     Build Apache module
[ ] DEBUG      Enable debug
[X] SUHOSIN    Enable Suhosin protection system (not for jails)
[ ] MULTIBYTE  Enable zend multibyte support
[ ] IPV6       Enable ipv6 support
[ ] MAILHEAD   Enable mail header patch
[ ] REDIRECT   Enable force-cgi-redirect support (CGI only)
[ ] DISCARD    Enable discard-path support (CGI only)
[X] FASTCGI    Enable fastcgi support (CGI only)
[X] PATHINFO   Enable path-info-check support (CGI only)
#安装 php5-extensions
cd /usr/ports/lang/php5-extensions
make install clean
#配置编译参数
[ ] BCMATH      bc style precision math functions
[ ] BZ2         bzip2 library support
[ ] CALENDAR    calendar conversion support
[X] CTYPE       ctype functions
[X] CURL        CURL support
[ ] DBA         dba support
[ ] DBASE       dBase library support
[X] DOM         DOM support
[ ] EXIF        EXIF support
[ ] FILEINFO    fileinfo support
[X] FILTER      input filter support
[ ] FRIBIDI     FriBidi support
[ ] FTP         FTP support
[X] GD          GD library support
[ ] GETTEXT     gettext library support
[ ] GMP         GNU MP support
[X] HASH        HASH Message Digest Framework
[X] ICONV       iconv support
[ ] IMAP        IMAP support
[ ] INTERBASE   Interbase 6 database support (Firebird)
[X] JSON        JavaScript Object Serialization support
[ ] LDAP        OpenLDAP support
[X] MBSTRING    multibyte string support
[ ] MCRYPT      Encryption support
[ ] MHASH       Crypto-hashing support
[ ] MING        ming shockwave flash support
[ ] MSSQL       MS-SQL database support
[X] MYSQL       MySQL database support
[ ] MYSQLI      MySQLi database support
[ ] NCURSES     ncurses support (CLI only)
[ ] ODBC        unixODBC support
[ ] OPENSSL     OpenSSL support
[ ] PCNTL       pcntl support (CLI only)
[X] PCRE        Perl Compatible Regular Expression support
[ ] PDF         PDFlib support (implies GD)
[X] PDO         PHP Data Objects Interface (PDO)
[X] PDO_SQLITE  PDO sqlite driver
[ ] PGSQL       PostgreSQL database support
[X] POSIX       POSIX-like functions
[ ] PSPELL      pspell support
[ ] READLINE    readline support (CLI only)
[ ] RECODE      recode support
[X] SESSION     session support
[ ] SHMOP       shmop support
[X] SIMPLEXML   simplexml support
[ ] SNMP        SNMP support
[ ] SOAP        SOAP support
[ ] SOCKETS     sockets support
[X] SPL         Standard PHP Library
[ ] SQLITE      sqlite support
[ ] SYBASE_CT   Sybase database support
[ ] SYSVMSG     System V message support
[ ] SYSVSEM     System V semaphore support
[ ] SYSVSHM     System V shared memory support
[ ] TIDY        TIDY support
[X] TOKENIZER   tokenizer support
[ ] WDDX        WDDX support (implies XML)
[X] XML         XML support
[X] XMLREADER   XMLReader support
[ ] XMLRPC      XMLRPC-EPI support
[X] XMLWRITER   XMLWriter support
[ ] XSL         XSL support (Implies DOM)
[ ] YAZ         YAZ support (ANSI/NISO Z39.50)
[ ] ZIP         ZIP support
[X] ZLIB        ZLIB support
#安装过程中遇到的软件配置编译参数默认选择即可

安装 ZendOptimizer3.3.9

whereis ZendOptimizer
cd /usr/ports/devel/ZendOptimizer
make install clean
本人是新手,中间有错误的地方还请大家见谅,欢迎留言互相学习。
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