python之matplotlib 3.2.1之spines不显示右侧和顶端的坐标轴

不显示右侧和顶端的坐标轴是通过spines实现的,具体操作如下:

# 隐藏右侧和顶端的坐标轴
ax.spines['right'].set_visible(False)
ax.spines['top'].set_visible(False)

可以参照matplotlib官方文档之Ticks and spines下边的例子进行操作,其中Spines这个例子最基础,可以从这个例子看起。
为了方便阅读,把Spines这个例子搬运到这里:
在这里插入图片描述

import numpy as np
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt


x = np.linspace(0, 2 * np.pi, 100)
y = 2 * np.sin(x)

# Constrained layout makes sure the labels don't overlap the axes.
fig, (ax0, ax1, ax2) = plt.subplots(nrows=3, constrained_layout=True)

ax0.plot(x, y)
ax0.set_title('normal spines')

ax1.plot(x, y)
ax1.set_title('bottom-left spines')

# Hide the right and top spines
ax1.spines['right'].set_visible(False)
ax1.spines['top'].set_visible(False)
# Only show ticks on the left and bottom spines
ax1.yaxis.set_ticks_position('left')
ax1.xaxis.set_ticks_position('bottom')

ax2.plot(x, y)

# Only draw spine between the y-ticks
ax2.spines['left'].set_bounds(-1, 1)
# Hide the right and top spines
ax2.spines['right'].set_visible(False)
ax2.spines['top'].set_visible(False)
# Only show ticks on the left and bottom spines
ax2.yaxis.set_ticks_position('left')
ax2.xaxis.set_ticks_position('bottom')

plt.show()
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