28定语从句

定语从句
含义:
一个句子做定语去修饰限定名词

案例:
(句子)那位同学
(定语从句)坐在窗户旁边穿红衣的女同学

分析:
在这里插入图片描述定语从句关系词对应主语表

先行词关系词
事/物which / that
who / whom / that
人/物(“某人的/某物的”)whose
时间when
地点where
原因why

关系词的几点注意:

  • 定语从句的关系词每一个都作成分,包括that。
  • whom指人,只能在作宾语时使用。
  • 关系词在定语从句中作宾语时,可以省略。

练习:
I have a class which / that begins at 8:00 am.
The lawyer that my brother called didn’t answer the phone.
My daughter asked me a question that I couldn’t answer.
Leo is the student whose bike was stolen.
Australia is one of the few countries where people drive on the left.
Sunday is the day when people usually don’t go to work.

I lost the book _____________________________
我弄丢了上周从图书馆借的书。
(which/that) I borrowed from the library last week

The woman _______________________________________ was feeding pigeons
我在公园看见那位女士正在喂鸽子。
(who/that/whom) I saw in the park

I cannot remember the day ____________________.
我记不起上一次我们是什么时候碰面的。
when we met last time

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