Java通过URL 从web服务端获取数据

1、Java 通过HttpURLConnection Post方式提交json,并从服务端返回json数据

package Demo.Test;

import java.io.ByteArrayOutputStream;
import java.io.InputStream;
import java.io.OutputStream;
import java.net.HttpURLConnection;
import java.net.URL;

public class App {
    
    public static void readParse(String urlPath,String str) throws Exception {
        System.out.println(str);
        
        ByteArrayOutputStream outStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
        byte[] data = new byte[1024];
        int len = 0;

        URL url = new URL(urlPath);
        HttpURLConnection conn = (HttpURLConnection) url.openConnection();
        // 设置传递方式
        conn.setRequestMethod("POST");
        //代理
        conn.addRequestProperty("User-Agent", "Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 5.0; Windows NT; DigExt)");
        
        conn.setRequestProperty("Content-Type", "application/json");
        conn.setDoOutput(true);
        conn.setDoInput(true);
        // 设置不用缓存
        conn.setUseCaches(false);
        //权限
        conn.setRequestProperty("Authorization", " Bearer fc58be57c46b32f9a2c32e5393684ac0");
        
         // 开始连接请求
        conn.connect();
        OutputStream  out = conn.getOutputStream();     
        // 写入请求的字符串
        out.write((str).getBytes());
        out.flush();
        out.close();
        
        // 请求返回的状态
        if (conn.getResponseCode() == 200) {
            System.out.println("连接成功");
            // 请求返回的数据
            InputStream in = conn.getInputStream();
            String a = null;
            try {
                byte[] data1 = new byte[in.available()];
                in.read(data1);
                // 转成字符串
                a = new String(data1);
                System.out.println(a);
            } catch (Exception e1) {
                // TODO Auto-generated catch block
                e1.printStackTrace();
            }
        } else {
            System.out.println(conn.getResponseCode()+":no++");
        }

    }
    public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {//地址
        String url = "http://...";
        //查询参数
        String str = "{\"ids\":[15410,15402]}";
        readParse(url,str);
    }
}

注:如果你的代码报错:java.io.IOException: Server returned HTTP response code: 403 for URL https://...... 访问被拒绝

  你需要在代码中加入请求头信息

// 设置允许输出
conn.setDoOutput(true);

conn.setDoInput(true);

// 设置不用缓存
conn.setUseCaches(false);
// 设置传递方式
conn.setRequestMethod("POST");
// 设置维持长连接
conn.setRequestProperty("Connection", "Keep-Alive");
// 设置文件字符集:
conn.setRequestProperty("Charset", "UTF-8");

// 设置文件长度
conn.setRequestProperty("Content-Length", String.valueOf(data.length));

// 设置文件类型:
conn.setRequestProperty("contentType", "application/json");
//代理
conn.addRequestProperty("User-Agent", "Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 5.0; Windows NT; DigExt)");
//权限---需要根据自己情况进行修改
conn.setRequestProperty("Authorization", " Bearer fc58be57c46b32f9a2c32e5393684ac0");

 GET方式访问weatherAPI接口实例

import java.io.InputStream;
import java.net.URL;
import java.net.URLConnection;

public class WeatherAPI {

    public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
        // TODO Auto-generated method stub
        WeatherAPI.json("北京");
        //3秒后继续执行
        Thread.sleep(3000); 
        WeatherAPI.xml("东京");
    }
    public static void json(String strcity) throws Exception{
        //参数url化
        String city = java.net.URLEncoder.encode(strcity, "utf-8");
        //拼地址
        String apiUrl = String.format("https://www.sojson.com/open/api/weather/json.shtml?city=%s",city);
        //开始请求
        URL url= new URL(apiUrl);
        URLConnection open = url.openConnection();
        InputStream input = open.getInputStream();
        //这里转换为String,带上包名,怕你们引错包
        String result = org.apache.commons.io.IOUtils.toString(input,"utf-8");
        //输出
        System.out.println(result);
    }

    public static void xml(String strcity) throws Exception{
        //参数url化
        String city = java.net.URLEncoder.encode(strcity, "utf-8");
        //拼地址
        String apiUrl = String.format("https://www.sojson.com/open/api/weather/xml.shtml?city=%s",city);
        //开始请求
        URL url= new URL(apiUrl);
        URLConnection open = url.openConnection();
        InputStream input = open.getInputStream();
        //这里转换为String,带上包名,怕你们引错包
        String result = org.apache.commons.io.IOUtils.toString(input,"utf-8");
        //输出
        System.out.println(result);
    }
}

参考出处:https://www.cnblogs.com/brokencolor/p/8575440.html

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