Android OpenGL ES 2.0学习研究 (一)

Android OpenGL ES 2.0学习研究 (一)

基于对 Google 的 Gallery 代码的研究和修改,对 OpenGL ES 2.0 在 Android 中的使用进行总结;

这一篇主要集中于四点进行简要介绍:GLRootView(base) + GLView(UI) + GLES20Canvas(canvas) + Texture;

关于OpenGL ES的基础知识可以参考:OpenGL ES 简明教程

概述:

目前,关于GLES的教程也有不少,但是基本上都是基础知识介绍,很零散;

Google官方的Gallery则对代码进行了封装,结构更加清晰灵活,非常适合学习研究GLES;

GLRootView(base)+ GLES20Canvas(canvas) + GLView(ui) + Texture:

  • GLRootView是一个GLSurfaceView,通过GLSurfaceView.Renderer的三大方法将GLView绘制到GLCanvas上:

    • GLSurfaceView:
      • 起到连接 OpenGL ES与Android 的 View 层次结构之间的桥梁作用。
      • 使得 Open GL ES 库适应于 Anndroid 系统的 Activity 生命周期。
      • 使得选择合适的 Frame buffer 像素格式变得容易。
      • 创建和管理单独绘图线程以达到平滑动画效果。
      • 提供了方便使用的调试工具来跟踪 OpenGL ES 函数调用以帮助检查错误。
      • public void setRenderer(GLSurfaceView.Renderer renderer)
    • GLSurfaceView.Renderer:

      • public void onSurfaceCreated(GL10 gl, EGLConfig config)
      • public void onDrawFrame(GL10 gl)
      • public void onSurfaceChanged(GL10 gl, int width, int height)
    • GLES20Canvas相当于Canvas,设置好Vertex shader和Fragment shader等参数,将GLView绘制出来:

    • GLES的使用都集中在这里处理,相当于从GLSurfaceView中抽离出来GLES的代码进行封装处理;
  • GLView是要绘制的UI,可以同时有多个,它处理触摸事件,通过GLRootView将其绘制在GLCanvas上:

    • GLView是整个UI的布局;
    • 可以在GLView基础上进行继承,充分自定义;
  • Texture则是绘制的画面,在GLES20Canvas上绘制出来:

    • 可以将其细分为ColorTexture、StringTexture、BitmapTexture分别绘制色块、字符串和图片;

接下来,看代码,具体说明看备注:

自定义一个GLRootView,继承GLSurfaceView并实现GLSurfaceView.Renderer接口(GLRoot为自定义接口)

//GLRoot为自定义接口
public class GLRootView extends GLSurfaceView
        implements GLSurfaceView.Renderer, GLRoot {

    public GLRootView(Context context) {
        this(context, null);
    }

    public GLRootView(Context context, AttributeSet attrs) {
        super(context, attrs);
        //进行初始化设置
        setBackgroundDrawable(null);
        setEGLContextClientVersion(2);
        setEGLConfigChooser(mEglConfigChooser);
        setRenderer(this);
        if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= VERSION_CODES.JELLY_BEAN) {
            getHolder().setFormat(PixelFormat.RGB_888);
        } else {
            getHolder().setFormat(PixelFormat.RGB_565);
        }
    }

    @Override
    public void onSurfaceCreated(GL10 gl1, EGLConfig config) {
        GL11 gl = (GL11) gl1;
        mRenderLock.lock();
        try {
            mGL = gl;

            //创建GLES20Canvas,创建的时候会自动加载shader
            mCanvas = new GLES20Canvas();

            BasicTexture.invalidateAllTextures();
        } finally {
            mRenderLock.unlock();
        }

        //设置渲染模式为 RENDERMODE_WHEN_DIRTY 以节约性能
        setRenderMode(GLSurfaceView.RENDERMODE_WHEN_DIRTY);
      //setRenderMode(GLSurfaceView.RENDERMODE_CONTINUOUSLY);
    }

    @Override
    public void onSurfaceChanged(GL10 gl1, int width, int height) {
        //设置线程
        Process.setThreadPriority(Process.THREAD_PRIORITY_DISPLAY);
        GalleryUtils.setRenderThread();

        GL11 gl = (GL11) gl1;
        Utils.assertTrue(mGL == gl);

        //重新设置GLES20Canvas的尺寸
        mCanvas.setSize(width, height);
    }

    @Override
    public void onDrawFrame(GL10 gl) {
        AnimationTime.update();
        mRenderLock.lock();

        try {
            //重点在这,具体的绘制操作
        } finally {
            mRenderLock.unlock();
        }

        //第一次绘制的时候放置一个黑色的背景,以防透明
        if (mFirstDraw) {
            mFirstDraw = false;
            post(new Runnable() {
                    @Override
                    public void run() {
                        View root = getRootView();
                        View cover = root.findViewById(R.id.gl_root_cover);
                        cover.setVisibility(GONE);
                    }
                });
        }
    }

    //处理触摸事件
    @Override
    public boolean dispatchTouchEvent(MotionEvent event) {
        if (!isEnabled()) return false;

        int action = event.getAction();
        if (action == MotionEvent.ACTION_CANCEL
                || action == MotionEvent.ACTION_UP) {
            mInDownState = false;
        } else if (!mInDownState && action != MotionEvent.ACTION_DOWN) {
            return false;
        }

        mRenderLock.lock();
        try {
            // If this has been detached from root, we don't need to handle event
            boolean handled = mContentView != null
                    && mContentView.dispatchTouchEvent(event);
            if (action == MotionEvent.ACTION_DOWN && handled) {
                mInDownState = true;
            }
            return handled;
        } finally {
            mRenderLock.unlock();
        }
    }
}

自定义GLES20Canvas


@SuppressLint("NewApi")
public class GLES20Canvas implements GLCanvas {

        private abstract static class ShaderParameter {
        public int handle;
        protected final String mName;

        public ShaderParameter(String name) {
            mName = name;
        }

        public abstract void loadHandle(int program);
    }

    //处理shader
    private static class UniformShaderParameter extends ShaderParameter {
        public UniformShaderParameter(String name) {
            super(name);
        }

        @Override
        public void loadHandle(int program) {
            handle = GLES20.glGetUniformLocation(program, mName);
            checkError();
        }
    }

    private static class AttributeShaderParameter extends ShaderParameter {
        public AttributeShaderParameter(String name) {
            super(name);
        }

        @Override
        public void loadHandle(int program) {
            handle = GLES20.glGetAttribLocation(program, mName);
            checkError();
        }
    }

    //初始化
    public GLES20Canvas() {
        Matrix.setIdentityM(mTempTextureMatrix, 0);
        Matrix.setIdentityM(mMatrices, mCurrentMatrixIndex);

        FloatBuffer boxBuffer = createBuffer(BOX_COORDINATES);
        mBoxCoordinates = uploadBuffer(boxBuffer);

        //创建的时候就加载shader
        int drawVertexShader = loadShader(GLES20.GL_VERTEX_SHADER, DRAW_VERTEX_SHADER);
        int textureVertexShader = loadShader(GLES20.GL_VERTEX_SHADER, TEXTURE_VERTEX_SHADER);
        int meshVertexShader = loadShader(GLES20.GL_VERTEX_SHADER, MESH_VERTEX_SHADER);
        int drawFragmentShader = loadShader(GLES20.GL_FRAGMENT_SHADER, DRAW_FRAGMENT_SHADER);
        int textureFragmentShader = loadShader(GLES20.GL_FRAGMENT_SHADER, TEXTURE_FRAGMENT_SHADER);
        int oesTextureFragmentShader = loadShader(GLES20.GL_FRAGMENT_SHADER,
                OES_TEXTURE_FRAGMENT_SHADER);

        mDrawProgram = assembleProgram(drawVertexShader, drawFragmentShader, mDrawParameters);
        mTextureProgram = assembleProgram(textureVertexShader, textureFragmentShader,
                mTextureParameters);
        mOesTextureProgram = assembleProgram(textureVertexShader, oesTextureFragmentShader,
                mOesTextureParameters);
        mMeshProgram = assembleProgram(meshVertexShader, textureFragmentShader, mMeshParameters);
        GLES20.glBlendFunc(GLES20.GL_ONE, GLES20.GL_ONE_MINUS_SRC_ALPHA);
        checkError();
    }

    @Override
    public void setSize(int width, int height) {
        mWidth = width;
        mHeight = height;
        GLES20.glViewport(0, 0, mWidth, mHeight);
        checkError();
        Matrix.setIdentityM(mMatrices, mCurrentMatrixIndex);
        Matrix.orthoM(mProjectionMatrix, 0, 0, width, 0, height, -1, 1);
        if (getTargetTexture() == null) {
            mScreenWidth = width;
            mScreenHeight = height;
            Matrix.translateM(mMatrices, mCurrentMatrixIndex, 0, height, 0);
            Matrix.scaleM(mMatrices, mCurrentMatrixIndex, 1, -1, 1);
        }
    }

    private void draw(int type, int offset, int count, float x, float y, float width, float height,
            int color, float lineWidth) {
        prepareDraw(offset, color, lineWidth);
        draw(mDrawParameters, type, count, x, y, width, height);
    }

    //设置背景颜色
    private void prepareDraw(int offset, int color, float lineWidth) {
        GLES20.glUseProgram(mDrawProgram);
        checkError();
        if (lineWidth > 0) {
            GLES20.glLineWidth(lineWidth);
            checkError();
        }
        float[] colorArray = getColor(color);
        boolean blendingEnabled = (colorArray[3] < 1f);
        enableBlending(blendingEnabled);
        if (blendingEnabled) {
            GLES20.glBlendColor(colorArray[0], colorArray[1], colorArray[2], colorArray[3]);
            checkError();
        }

        GLES20.glUniform4fv(mDrawParameters[INDEX_COLOR].handle, 1, colorArray, 0);
        setPosition(mDrawParameters, offset);
        checkError();
    }

    //绘制
    private void draw(ShaderParameter[] params, int type, int count, float x, float y, float width,
            float height) {
        setMatrix(params, x, y, width, height);
        int positionHandle = params[INDEX_POSITION].handle;
        GLES20.glEnableVertexAttribArray(positionHandle);
        checkError();
        GLES20.glDrawArrays(type, 0, count);
        checkError();
        GLES20.glDisableVertexAttribArray(positionHandle);
        checkError();
    }


    public static void checkError() {
        int error = GLES20.glGetError();
        if (error != 0) {
            Throwable t = new Throwable();
            Log.e(TAG, "GL error: " + error, t);
        }
    }


    //以下几个方法均为BitmapTexture调用
    @Override
    public void setTextureParameters(BasicTexture texture) {
        int target = texture.getTarget();
        GLES20.glBindTexture(target, texture.getId());
        checkError();
        GLES20.glTexParameteri(target, GLES20.GL_TEXTURE_WRAP_S, GLES20.GL_CLAMP_TO_EDGE);
        GLES20.glTexParameteri(target, GLES20.GL_TEXTURE_WRAP_T, GLES20.GL_CLAMP_TO_EDGE);
        GLES20.glTexParameterf(target, GLES20.GL_TEXTURE_MIN_FILTER, GLES20.GL_LINEAR);
        GLES20.glTexParameterf(target, GLES20.GL_TEXTURE_MAG_FILTER, GLES20.GL_LINEAR);
    }

    @Override
    public void initializeTextureSize(BasicTexture texture, int format, int type) {
        int target = texture.getTarget();
        GLES20.glBindTexture(target, texture.getId());
        checkError();
        int width = texture.getTextureWidth();
        int height = texture.getTextureHeight();
        GLES20.glTexImage2D(target, 0, format, width, height, 0, format, type, null);
    }

    @Override
    public void initializeTexture(BasicTexture texture, Bitmap bitmap) {
        int target = texture.getTarget();
        GLES20.glBindTexture(target, texture.getId());
        checkError();
        GLUtils.texImage2D(target, 0, bitmap, 0);
    }

    @Override
    public void texSubImage2D(BasicTexture texture, int xOffset, int yOffset, Bitmap bitmap,
            int format, int type) {
        int target = texture.getTarget();
        GLES20.glBindTexture(target, texture.getId());
        checkError();
        GLUtils.texSubImage2D(target, 0, xOffset, yOffset, bitmap, format, type);
    }
}

自定义GLView

public class GLView {

    public void startAnimation(CanvasAnimation animation) {
        GLRoot root = getGLRoot();
        if (root == null) throw new IllegalStateException();
        mAnimation = animation;
        if (mAnimation != null) {
            mAnimation.start();
            root.registerLaunchedAnimation(mAnimation);
        }
        invalidate();
    }

    // Sets the visiblity of this GLView (either GLView.VISIBLE or
    // GLView.INVISIBLE).
    public void setVisibility(int visibility) {
        if (visibility == getVisibility()) return;
        if (visibility == VISIBLE) {
            mViewFlags &= ~FLAG_INVISIBLE;
        } else {
            mViewFlags |= FLAG_INVISIBLE;
        }
        onVisibilityChanged(visibility);
        invalidate();
    }

    // Returns GLView.VISIBLE or GLView.INVISIBLE
    public int getVisibility() {
        return (mViewFlags & FLAG_INVISIBLE) == 0 ? VISIBLE : INVISIBLE;
    }

    // This should only be called on the content pane (the topmost GLView).
    public void attachToRoot(GLRoot root) {
        Utils.assertTrue(mParent == null && mRoot == null);
        onAttachToRoot(root);
    }

    // This should only be called on the content pane (the topmost GLView).
    public void detachFromRoot() {
        Utils.assertTrue(mParent == null && mRoot != null);
        onDetachFromRoot();
    }

    // Returns the number of children of the GLView.
    public int getComponentCount() {
        return mComponents == null ? 0 : mComponents.size();
    }

    // Returns the children for the given index.
    public GLView getComponent(int index) {
        if (mComponents == null) {
            throw new ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException(index);
        }
        return mComponents.get(index);
    }

    // Adds a child to this GLView.
    public void addComponent(GLView component) {
        // Make sure the component doesn't have a parent currently.
        if (component.mParent != null) throw new IllegalStateException();

        // Build parent-child links
        if (mComponents == null) {
            mComponents = new ArrayList<GLView>();
        }
        mComponents.add(component);
        component.mParent = this;

        // If this is added after we have a root, tell the component.
        if (mRoot != null) {
            component.onAttachToRoot(mRoot);
        }
    }

    // Removes a child from this GLView.
    public boolean removeComponent(GLView component) {
        if (mComponents == null) return false;
        if (mComponents.remove(component)) {
            removeOneComponent(component);
            return true;
        }
        return false;
    }

    // Removes all children of this GLView.
    public void removeAllComponents() {
        for (int i = 0, n = mComponents.size(); i < n; ++i) {
            removeOneComponent(mComponents.get(i));
        }
        mComponents.clear();
    }

    private void removeOneComponent(GLView component) {
        if (mMotionTarget == component) {
            long now = SystemClock.uptimeMillis();
            MotionEvent cancelEvent = MotionEvent.obtain(
                    now, now, MotionEvent.ACTION_CANCEL, 0, 0, 0);
            dispatchTouchEvent(cancelEvent);
            cancelEvent.recycle();
        }
        component.onDetachFromRoot();
        component.mParent = null;
    }

    public Rect bounds() {
        return mBounds;
    }

    public int getWidth() {
        return mBounds.right - mBounds.left;
    }

    public int getHeight() {
        return mBounds.bottom - mBounds.top;
    }

    public GLRoot getGLRoot() {
        return mRoot;
    }

    // Request re-rendering of the view hierarchy.
    // This is used for animation or when the contents changed.
    public void invalidate() {
        GLRoot root = getGLRoot();
        if (root != null) root.requestRender();
    }

    // Request re-layout of the view hierarchy.
    public void requestLayout() {
        mViewFlags |= FLAG_LAYOUT_REQUESTED;
        mLastHeightSpec = -1;
        mLastWidthSpec = -1;
        if (mParent != null) {
            mParent.requestLayout();
        } else {
            // Is this a content pane ?
            GLRoot root = getGLRoot();
            if (root != null) root.requestLayoutContentPane();
        }
    }

    protected void render(GLCanvas canvas) {
        boolean transitionActive = false;
        if (mTransition != null && mTransition.calculate(AnimationTime.get())) {
            invalidate();
            transitionActive = mTransition.isActive();
        }
        renderBackground(canvas);
        canvas.save();
        if (transitionActive) {
            mTransition.applyContentTransform(this, canvas);
        }
        for (int i = 0, n = getComponentCount(); i < n; ++i) {
            renderChild(canvas, getComponent(i));
        }
        canvas.restore();
        if (transitionActive) {
            mTransition.applyOverlay(this, canvas);
        }
    }

    public void setIntroAnimation(StateTransitionAnimation intro) {
        mTransition = intro;
        if (mTransition != null) mTransition.start();
    }

    public float [] getBackgroundColor() {
        return mBackgroundColor;
    }

    public void setBackgroundColor(float [] color) {
        mBackgroundColor = color;
    }

    protected void renderBackground(GLCanvas view) {
        if (mBackgroundColor != null) {
            view.clearBuffer(mBackgroundColor);
        }
        if (mTransition != null && mTransition.isActive()) {
            mTransition.applyBackground(this, view);
            return;
        }
    }

    protected void renderChild(GLCanvas canvas, GLView component) {
        if (component.getVisibility() != GLView.VISIBLE
                && component.mAnimation == null) return;

        int xoffset = component.mBounds.left - mScrollX;
        int yoffset = component.mBounds.top - mScrollY;

        canvas.translate(xoffset, yoffset);

        CanvasAnimation anim = component.mAnimation;
        if (anim != null) {
            canvas.save(anim.getCanvasSaveFlags());
            if (anim.calculate(AnimationTime.get())) {
                invalidate();
            } else {
                component.mAnimation = null;
            }
            anim.apply(canvas);
        }
        component.render(canvas);
        if (anim != null) canvas.restore();
        canvas.translate(-xoffset, -yoffset);
    }

    protected boolean onTouch(MotionEvent event) {
        return false;
    }

    protected boolean dispatchTouchEvent(MotionEvent event,
            int x, int y, GLView component, boolean checkBounds) {
        Rect rect = component.mBounds;
        int left = rect.left;
        int top = rect.top;
        if (!checkBounds || rect.contains(x, y)) {
            event.offsetLocation(-left, -top);
            if (component.dispatchTouchEvent(event)) {
                event.offsetLocation(left, top);
                return true;
            }
            event.offsetLocation(left, top);
        }
        return false;
    }

    protected boolean dispatchTouchEvent(MotionEvent event) {
        int x = (int) event.getX();
        int y = (int) event.getY();
        int action = event.getAction();
        if (mMotionTarget != null) {
            if (action == MotionEvent.ACTION_DOWN) {
                MotionEvent cancel = MotionEvent.obtain(event);
                cancel.setAction(MotionEvent.ACTION_CANCEL);
                dispatchTouchEvent(cancel, x, y, mMotionTarget, false);
                mMotionTarget = null;
            } else {
                dispatchTouchEvent(event, x, y, mMotionTarget, false);
                if (action == MotionEvent.ACTION_CANCEL
                        || action == MotionEvent.ACTION_UP) {
                    mMotionTarget = null;
                }
                return true;
            }
        }
        if (action == MotionEvent.ACTION_DOWN) {
            // in the reverse rendering order
            for (int i = getComponentCount() - 1; i >= 0; --i) {
                GLView component = getComponent(i);
                if (component.getVisibility() != GLView.VISIBLE) continue;
                if (dispatchTouchEvent(event, x, y, component, true)) {
                    mMotionTarget = component;
                    return true;
                }
            }
        }
        return onTouch(event);
    }

    public Rect getPaddings() {
        return mPaddings;
    }

    public void layout(int left, int top, int right, int bottom) {
        boolean sizeChanged = setBounds(left, top, right, bottom);
        mViewFlags &= ~FLAG_LAYOUT_REQUESTED;
        // We call onLayout no matter sizeChanged is true or not because the
        // orientation may change without changing the size of the View (for
        // example, rotate the device by 180 degrees), and we want to handle
        // orientation change in onLayout.
        onLayout(sizeChanged, left, top, right, bottom);
    }

    private boolean setBounds(int left, int top, int right, int bottom) {
        boolean sizeChanged = (right - left) != (mBounds.right - mBounds.left)
                || (bottom - top) != (mBounds.bottom - mBounds.top);
        mBounds.set(left, top, right, bottom);
        return sizeChanged;
    }

    public void measure(int widthSpec, int heightSpec) {
        if (widthSpec == mLastWidthSpec && heightSpec == mLastHeightSpec
                && (mViewFlags & FLAG_LAYOUT_REQUESTED) == 0) {
            return;
        }

        mLastWidthSpec = widthSpec;
        mLastHeightSpec = heightSpec;

        mViewFlags &= ~FLAG_SET_MEASURED_SIZE;
        onMeasure(widthSpec, heightSpec);
        if ((mViewFlags & FLAG_SET_MEASURED_SIZE) == 0) {
            throw new IllegalStateException(getClass().getName()
                    + " should call setMeasuredSize() in onMeasure()");
        }
    }

    protected void onMeasure(int widthSpec, int heightSpec) {
    }

    protected void setMeasuredSize(int width, int height) {
        mViewFlags |= FLAG_SET_MEASURED_SIZE;
        mMeasuredWidth = width;
        mMeasuredHeight = height;
    }

    public int getMeasuredWidth() {
        return mMeasuredWidth;
    }

    public int getMeasuredHeight() {
        return mMeasuredHeight;
    }

    protected void onLayout(
            boolean changeSize, int left, int top, int right, int bottom) {
    }

    /**
     * Gets the bounds of the given descendant that relative to this view.
     */
    public boolean getBoundsOf(GLView descendant, Rect out) {
        int xoffset = 0;
        int yoffset = 0;
        GLView view = descendant;
        while (view != this) {
            if (view == null) return false;
            Rect bounds = view.mBounds;
            xoffset += bounds.left;
            yoffset += bounds.top;
            view = view.mParent;
        }
        out.set(xoffset, yoffset, xoffset + descendant.getWidth(),
                yoffset + descendant.getHeight());
        return true;
    }

    protected void onVisibilityChanged(int visibility) {
        for (int i = 0, n = getComponentCount(); i < n; ++i) {
            GLView child = getComponent(i);
            if (child.getVisibility() == GLView.VISIBLE) {
                child.onVisibilityChanged(visibility);
            }
        }
    }

    protected void onAttachToRoot(GLRoot root) {
        mRoot = root;
        for (int i = 0, n = getComponentCount(); i < n; ++i) {
            getComponent(i).onAttachToRoot(root);
        }
    }

    protected void onDetachFromRoot() {
        for (int i = 0, n = getComponentCount(); i < n; ++i) {
            getComponent(i).onDetachFromRoot();
        }
        mRoot = null;
    }

    public void lockRendering() {
        if (mRoot != null) {
            mRoot.lockRenderThread();
        }
    }

    public void unlockRendering() {
        if (mRoot != null) {
            mRoot.unlockRenderThread();
        }
    }
}

自定义Texture

ColorTexture


// ColorTexture 就是一个填充特定颜色的色块,代码很简单,包括颜色和尺寸,已经绘制的方法;
public class ColorTexture implements Texture {

    private final int mColor;
    private int mWidth;
    private int mHeight;

    public ColorTexture(int color) {
        mColor = color;
        mWidth = 1;
        mHeight = 1;
    }

    @Override
    public void draw(GLCanvas canvas, int x, int y) {
        draw(canvas, x, y, mWidth, mHeight);
    }

    @Override
    public void draw(GLCanvas canvas, int x, int y, int w, int h) {
        canvas.fillRect(x, y, w, h, mColor);
    }

    @Override
    public boolean isOpaque() {
        return Utils.isOpaque(mColor);
    }

    public void setSize(int width, int height) {
        mWidth = width;
        mHeight = height;
    }

    @Override
    public int getWidth() {
        return mWidth;
    }

    @Override
    public int getHeight() {
        return mHeight;
    }
}

StringTexture


// StringTexture 提供了文本内容的绘制方法,可以设置文本内容、字体大小,颜色,也很简单;
public class StringTexture extends CanvasTexture {
    private final String mText;
    private final TextPaint mPaint;
    private final FontMetricsInt mMetrics;

    private StringTexture(String text, TextPaint paint,
            FontMetricsInt metrics, int width, int height) {
        super(width, height);
        mText = text;
        mPaint = paint;
        mMetrics = metrics;
    }

    public static TextPaint getDefaultPaint(float textSize, int color) {
        TextPaint paint = new TextPaint();
        paint.setTextSize(textSize);
        paint.setAntiAlias(true);
        paint.setColor(color);
        paint.setShadowLayer(2f, 0f, 0f, Color.BLACK);
        return paint;
    }

    public static StringTexture newInstance(
            String text, float textSize, int color) {
        return newInstance(text, getDefaultPaint(textSize, color));
    }

    public static StringTexture newInstance(
            String text, float textSize, int color,
            float lengthLimit, boolean isBold) {
        TextPaint paint = getDefaultPaint(textSize, color);
        if (isBold) {
            paint.setTypeface(Typeface.defaultFromStyle(Typeface.BOLD));
        }
        if (lengthLimit > 0) {
            text = TextUtils.ellipsize(
                    text, paint, lengthLimit, TextUtils.TruncateAt.END).toString();
        }
        return newInstance(text, paint);
    }

    private static StringTexture newInstance(String text, TextPaint paint) {
        FontMetricsInt metrics = paint.getFontMetricsInt();
        int width = (int) Math.ceil(paint.measureText(text));
        int height = metrics.bottom - metrics.top;
        // The texture size needs to be at least 1x1.
        if (width <= 0) width = 1;
        if (height <= 0) height = 1;
        return new StringTexture(text, paint, metrics, width, height);
    }

    @Override
    protected void onDraw(Canvas canvas, Bitmap backing) {
        canvas.translate(0, -mMetrics.ascent);
        canvas.drawText(mText, 0, 0, mPaint);
    }
}

BitmapTexture


// BitmapTexture 提供了图片的绘制方法,细节都在UploadedTexture里,这是处理起来最麻烦的Texture了
public class BitmapTexture extends UploadedTexture {
    protected Bitmap mContentBitmap;

    public BitmapTexture(Bitmap bitmap) {
        this(bitmap, false);
    }

    public BitmapTexture(Bitmap bitmap, boolean hasBorder) {
        super(hasBorder);
        Assert.assertTrue(bitmap != null && !bitmap.isRecycled());
        mContentBitmap = bitmap;
    }

    @Override
    protected void onFreeBitmap(Bitmap bitmap) {
        if (!inFinalizer()) {
            bitmap.recycle();
        }
    }

    @Override
    protected Bitmap onGetBitmap() {
        return mContentBitmap;
    }

    public Bitmap getBitmap() {
        return mContentBitmap;
    }
}

说明

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