阿里云CentOS7挂载SSD云盘的方法

阿里云购买的第2块云盘默认是不自动挂载的,需要手动配置挂载上。


1.查看SSD云盘

sudo fdisk -l

Disk /dev/vda: 42.9 GB, 42949672960 bytes, 83886080 sectors
Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disk label type: dos
Disk identifier: 0x635e6c7d

   Device Boot      Start         End      Blocks   Id  System
/dev/vda1            2048    83886079    41942016   83  Linux

Disk /dev/vdb: 107.4 GB, 107374182400 bytes, 209715200 sectors
Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
可以看到SSD系统已经识别为/dev/vdb


2.格式化云盘

sudo mkfs.ext4 /dev/vdb 
mke2fs 1.42.9 (28-Dec-2013)
Filesystem label=
OS type: Linux
Block size=4096 (log=2)
Fragment size=4096 (log=2)
Stride=0 blocks, Stripe width=0 blocks
6553600 inodes, 26214400 blocks
1310720 blocks (5.00%) reserved for the super user
First data block=0
Maximum filesystem blocks=2174746624
800 block groups
32768 blocks per group, 32768 fragments per group
8192 inodes per group
Superblock backups stored on blocks: 
        32768, 98304, 163840, 229376, 294912, 819200, 884736, 1605632, 2654208, 
        4096000, 7962624, 11239424, 20480000, 23887872

Allocating group tables: done                            
Writing inode tables: done                            
Creating journal (32768 blocks): done
Writing superblocks and filesystem accounting information: done   

3.挂载

sudo mount /dev/vdb  /opt
将云盘挂载到/opt目录下。


4.配置开机自动挂载

修改/etc/fstab文件,文件末尾添加

/dev/vdb   /opt ext4    defaults    0  0


5.重启检查

使用

init 6
优雅的重启系统。

使用

sudo df -h
Filesystem      Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
/dev/vda1        40G  3.6G   34G  10% /
devtmpfs        1.9G     0  1.9G   0% /dev
tmpfs           1.9G     0  1.9G   0% /dev/shm
tmpfs           1.9G  8.4M  1.9G   1% /run
tmpfs           1.9G     0  1.9G   0% /sys/fs/cgroup
/dev/vdb         99G   61M   94G   1% /opt
tmpfs           380M     0  380M   0% /run/user/1000
可以看到系统已挂载了SSD云盘。







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