11. Spring MVC4.1-全局异常处理

11.1 全局异常处理

  • 使用@ControllerAdvice注解来实现全局异常处理;
  • 使用@ControllerAdvice的属性缩小处理范围

11.2 演示

  • 演示控制器
  • package com.wisely.web;
    
    import org.springframework.stereotype.Controller;
    import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
    
    @Controller
    public class AdviceController {
        @RequestMapping("/advice")
        public String getSomething(){
            throw new IllegalArgumentException("不好意思,参数错了");
        }
    
    }
    
    • @ControllerAdvice配置
    package com.wisely.web;
    
    import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.ControllerAdvice;
    import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.ExceptionHandler;
    import org.springframework.web.context.request.WebRequest;
    import org.springframework.web.servlet.ModelAndView;
    
    @ControllerAdvice
    public class ExceptionHandlerAdvice {
    
        @ExceptionHandler(value=Exception.class)
        public ModelAndView exception(Exception exception,WebRequest request){
            ModelAndView modelAndView = new ModelAndView("error");//error页面
            modelAndView.addObject("errorMessage",exception.getMessage());
            return modelAndView;
    
        }
    }
    
    • 错误展示页面webapp/WEB-INF/views/error.jsp
    <%@ taglib uri="http://java.sun.com/jsp/jstl/core" prefix="c" %>
    <%@ page language="java" contentType="text/html; charset=UTF-8"
        pageEncoding="UTF-8"%>
    <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/html4/loose.dtd">
    <html>
    <head>
    <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=UTF-8">
    <title>Insert title here</title>
    </head>
    <body>
    ${errorMessage}
    </body>
    </html>
    • 访问http://localhost:8080/testSpringMVC/advice

    • 页面显示不好意思,参数错了

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