OpenCV的Rect矩形类用法

转载来自:http://www.voidcn.com/blog/kh1445291129/article/p-5775101.html

大笑

<span class="hljs-comment" style="border: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; font-weight: inherit; font-style: italic; font-family: inherit; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(64, 128, 128); background: transparent;">//如果创建一个Rect对象rect(100, 50, 50, 100),那么rect会有以下几个功能:</span>
rect.area();     <span class="hljs-comment" style="border: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; font-weight: inherit; font-style: italic; font-family: inherit; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(64, 128, 128); background: transparent;">//返回rect的面积 5000</span>
rect.size();     <span class="hljs-comment" style="border: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; font-weight: inherit; font-style: italic; font-family: inherit; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(64, 128, 128); background: transparent;">//返回rect的尺寸 [50 × 100]</span>
rect.tl();       <span class="hljs-comment" style="border: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; font-weight: inherit; font-style: italic; font-family: inherit; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(64, 128, 128); background: transparent;">//返回rect的左上顶点的坐标 [100, 50]</span>
rect.br();       <span class="hljs-comment" style="border: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; font-weight: inherit; font-style: italic; font-family: inherit; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(64, 128, 128); background: transparent;">//返回rect的右下顶点的坐标 [150, 150]</span>
rect.width();    <span class="hljs-comment" style="border: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; font-weight: inherit; font-style: italic; font-family: inherit; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(64, 128, 128); background: transparent;">//返回rect的宽度 50</span>
rect.height();   <span class="hljs-comment" style="border: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; font-weight: inherit; font-style: italic; font-family: inherit; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(64, 128, 128); background: transparent;">//返回rect的高度 100</span>
rect.contains(Point(x, y));  <span class="hljs-comment" style="border: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; font-weight: inherit; font-style: italic; font-family: inherit; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(64, 128, 128); background: transparent;">//返回布尔变量,判断rect是否包含Point(x, y)点</span>

<span class="hljs-comment" style="border: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; font-weight: inherit; font-style: italic; font-family: inherit; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(64, 128, 128); background: transparent;">//还可以求两个矩形的交集和并集</span>
rect = rect1 & rect2;
rect = rect1 | rect2;

<span class="hljs-comment" style="border: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; font-weight: inherit; font-style: italic; font-family: inherit; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(64, 128, 128); background: transparent;">//还可以对矩形进行平移和缩放  </span>
rect = rect + Point(-<span class="hljs-number" style="border: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; font-weight: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-family: inherit; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(64, 160, 112); background: transparent;">100</span>, <span class="hljs-number" style="border: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; font-weight: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-family: inherit; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(64, 160, 112); background: transparent;">100</span>);	<span class="hljs-comment" style="border: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; font-weight: inherit; font-style: italic; font-family: inherit; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(64, 128, 128); background: transparent;">//平移,也就是左上顶点的x坐标-100,y坐标+100</span>
rect = rect + Size(-<span class="hljs-number" style="border: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; font-weight: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-family: inherit; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(64, 160, 112); background: transparent;">100</span>, <span class="hljs-number" style="border: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; font-weight: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-family: inherit; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(64, 160, 112); background: transparent;">100</span>);	<span class="hljs-comment" style="border: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; font-weight: inherit; font-style: italic; font-family: inherit; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(64, 128, 128); background: transparent;">//缩放,左上顶点不变,宽度-100,高度+100</span>

<span class="hljs-comment" style="border: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; font-weight: inherit; font-style: italic; font-family: inherit; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(64, 128, 128); background: transparent;">//还可以对矩形进行对比,返回布尔变量</span>
rect1 == rect2;
rect1 != rect2;

<span class="hljs-comment" style="border: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; font-weight: inherit; font-style: italic; font-family: inherit; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(64, 128, 128); background: transparent;">//OpenCV里貌似没有判断rect1是否在rect2里面的功能,所以自己写一个吧</span>
<span class="hljs-function" style="border: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; font-weight: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-family: inherit; vertical-align: baseline; background: transparent;"><span class="hljs-keyword" style="border: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; font-weight: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-family: inherit; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(149, 65, 33); background: transparent;">bool</span> <span class="hljs-title" style="border: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; font-weight: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-family: inherit; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(25, 70, 157); background: transparent;">isInside</span><span class="hljs-params" style="border: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; font-weight: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-family: inherit; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(0, 0, 255); background: transparent;">(Rect rect1, Rect rect2)</span>
</span>{
	<span class="hljs-keyword" style="border: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; font-weight: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-family: inherit; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(149, 65, 33); background: transparent;">return</span> (rect1 == (rect1&rect2));
}

<span class="hljs-comment" style="border: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; font-weight: inherit; font-style: italic; font-family: inherit; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(64, 128, 128); background: transparent;">//OpenCV貌似也没有获取矩形中心点的功能,还是自己写一个</span>
<span class="hljs-function" style="border: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; font-weight: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-family: inherit; vertical-align: baseline; background: transparent;">Point <span class="hljs-title" style="border: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; font-weight: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-family: inherit; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(25, 70, 157); background: transparent;">getCenterPoint</span><span class="hljs-params" style="border: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; font-weight: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-family: inherit; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(0, 0, 255); background: transparent;">(Rect rect)</span>
</span>{
	Point cpt;
	cpt.x = rect.x + cvRound(rect.width/<span class="hljs-number" style="border: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; font-weight: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-family: inherit; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(64, 160, 112); background: transparent;">2.0</span>);
	cpt.y = rect.y + cvRound(rect.height/<span class="hljs-number" style="border: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; font-weight: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-family: inherit; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(64, 160, 112); background: transparent;">2.0</span>);
	<span class="hljs-keyword" style="border: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; font-weight: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-family: inherit; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(149, 65, 33); background: transparent;">return</span> cpt;
}

<span class="hljs-comment" style="border: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; font-weight: inherit; font-style: italic; font-family: inherit; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(64, 128, 128); background: transparent;">//围绕矩形中心缩放</span>
<span class="hljs-function" style="border: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; font-weight: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-family: inherit; vertical-align: baseline; background: transparent;">Rect <span class="hljs-title" style="border: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; font-weight: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-family: inherit; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(25, 70, 157); background: transparent;">rectCenterScale</span><span class="hljs-params" style="border: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; font-weight: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-family: inherit; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(0, 0, 255); background: transparent;">(Rect rect, Size size)</span>
</span>{
	rect = rect + size;	
	Point pt;
	pt.x = cvRound(size.width/<span class="hljs-number" style="border: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; font-weight: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-family: inherit; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(64, 160, 112); background: transparent;">2.0</span>);
	pt.y = cvRound(size.height/<span class="hljs-number" style="border: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; font-weight: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-family: inherit; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(64, 160, 112); background: transparent;">2.0</span>);
	<span class="hljs-keyword" style="border: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; font-weight: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-family: inherit; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(149, 65, 33); background: transparent;">return</span> (rect-pt);
}


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