ASLR和PIE的区别

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总结:
ASLR 不负责代码段以及数据段的随机化工作,这项工作由 PIE 负责。但是只有在开启 ASLR 之后,PIE 才会生效。

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pie

10-20

DescriptionnMy birthday is coming up and traditionally I'm serving pie. Not just one pie, no, I have a number N of them, of various tastes and of various sizes. F of my friends are coming to my party and each of them gets a piece of pie. This should be one piece of one pie, not several small pieces since that looks messy. This piece can be one whole pie though. nnMy friends are very annoying and if one of them gets a bigger piece than the others, they start complaining. Therefore all of them should get equally sized (but not necessarily equally shaped) pieces, even if this leads to some pie getting spoiled (which is better than spoiling the party). Of course, I want a piece of pie for myself too, and that piece should also be of the same size. nnWhat is the largest possible piece size all of us can get? All the pies are cylindrical in shape and they all have the same height 1, but the radii of the pies can be different. n nInputnOne line with a positive integer: the number of test cases. Then for each test case: n---One line with two integers N and F with 1 <= N, F <= 10 000: the number of pies and the number of friends. n---One line with N integers ri with 1 <= ri <= 10 000: the radii of the pies. n nOutputnFor each test case, output one line with the largest possible volume V such that me and my friends can all get a pie piece of size V. The answer should be given as a floating point number with an absolute error of at most 10^(-3).n nSample Inputn3n3 3n4 3 3n1 24n5n10 5n1 4 2 3 4 5 6 5 4 2n nSample Outputn25.1327n3.1416n50.2655 问答

Pie

11-12

Problem DescriptionnMy birthday is coming up and traditionally I'm serving pie. Not just one pie, no, I have a number N of them, of various tastes and of various sizes. F of my friends are coming to my party and each of them gets a piece of pie. This should be one piece of one pie, not several small pieces since that looks messy. This piece can be one whole pie though.nnMy friends are very annoying and if one of them gets a bigger piece than the others, they start complaining. Therefore all of them should get equally sized (but not necessarily equally shaped) pieces, even if this leads to some pie getting spoiled (which is better than spoiling the party). Of course, I want a piece of pie for myself too, and that piece should also be of the same size. nnWhat is the largest possible piece size all of us can get? All the pies are cylindrical in shape and they all have the same height 1, but the radii of the pies can be different.nInputnOne line with a positive integer: the number of test cases. Then for each test case:n---One line with two integers N and F with 1 <= N, F <= 10 000: the number of pies and the number of friends.n---One line with N integers ri with 1 <= ri <= 10 000: the radii of the pies.nOutputnFor each test case, output one line with the largest possible volume V such that me and my friends can all get a pie piece of size V. The answer should be given as a floating point number with an absolute error of at most 10^(-3).nSample Inputn3n3 3n4 3 3n1 24n5n10 5n1 4 2 3 4 5 6 5 4 2nSample Outputn25.1327n3.1416n50.2655 问答

Pie Bridge

08-23

It is the Valentine's day! Yue Lao decides to have a meeting for the magpies to construct the pie bridge(magpie bridge). There are N magpies in the sky. In order to hold a meeting, Yue Lao should make all the magpies at the same place in the same time.nnA magpie can be consider as a dot in the 2d-plane. Initially, all the magpies stay still in some place. The only instruction Yue Lao can do is to push a magpie. Yue Lao can push a magpie in any direction. After Yue Lao pushs a magpie, the magpie starts moving in that direction with a constant speed. Yue Lao's power is limited, so there is a limit for the speed of the magpie: the horizontal speed can't exceed vx and the vertical speed can't exceed vy.nnYue Lao can push a magpie at most once. Besides, Yue Lao can't push magpies too often. After a push, he needs to rest at least t seconds for the next push. When two magpies meet at the same point, they will not collide with each other and will stay moving or stay still.nnNow the question is, what is the minumum time it needs to take for Yue Lao to achieve his goal (make all the magpies moves to the same place at the same time)?nnInputnnThere are multiple test cases. There are two parts for each case. The first part is one line with four integers N, vx, vy and t (2 <= N <= 9, 0 < vx, vy <= 100, 0 <= t <= 100), represent the number of magpies, the horizontal speed limit, the vertical speed limit, and the time interval Yue Lao needs to rest between two pushes. The second part consists with N lines. Each line consists of two integers xi and yi (-1000000 <= xi, yi <= 1000000), represent the coordinate for the ith magpie. There will not be two different magpies in the same point initially.nnOutputnnThe output of each test case should be a single line, the minimum time for Yue Lao to achieve his goal. All result that have relative or absolute error less than 1E-6 will be accepted.nnSample Inputnn2 1 1 1n0 0n0 7nSample Outputnn4.000000000000000 问答

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