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XMLDOM及XMLHTTP学习手册

XMLDOM学习笔记

  XMLDOM是用来访问和操作XML文档的编程接口规范。

  1、简介
  XMLDOM被设计为可用于任何语言和任何操作系统。借助DOM,程序员可以创建XML文档、遍历其结构,增、改、删其元素。DOM将整个XML文档视作一棵树,文档级的元素是树的根。

  2、MS的XML解析,IE5.0以上。
  是一个COM组件,至少包含下列对象:
  (1)Micosoft.XMLDOM
  (2)Micosoft.XMLDOM.parseError,有如下属性:

Property Description
errorCode Returns a long integer error code
reason Returns a string explaining the reason for the error
line Returns a long integer representing the line number for the error
linePos Returns a long integer representing the line position for the error
srcText Returns a string containing the line that caused the error
url Returns the url pointing the loaded document
filePos Returns a long integer file position of the error

  (3)Microsoft.XMLHTTP,有如下属性:
Property Description
readyState Returns the state of the document
responseBody Returns the response as an array of unsigned bytes
responseStream Returns the response as an IStream
responseText Returns the response as a string
responseXML Returns the response as an xml document
status Returns the status code as a number
statusText Returns the status as a string
有如下方法:
Property Description
abort() Cancel the current http request
getAllResponseHeaders() Returns the value of the http headers
getResponseHeader(headerName) Returns the value of one specified http header
open(method, url, async, userid, password) Opens http request, and specifies the information
send() Send?the http request to the server
setRequestHeader(headerName,headerValue) Specifies the name of a http header

  (4)Node的类型
nodeType Named Constant nodeTypeString nodeName nodeValue
1 ELEMENT_NODE element tagName null
2 ATTRIBUTE_NODE attribute name value
3 TEXT_NODE text #text content of node
4 CDATA_SECTION_NODE cdatasection #cdata-section content of node
5 ENTITY_REFERENCE_NODE entityreference entity reference name null
6 ENTITY_NODE entity entity name null
7 PROCESSING_INSTRUCTION_NODE processinginstruction target content of node
8 COMMENT_NODE comment #comment comment text
9 DOCUMENT_NODE document #document null
10 DOCUMENT_TYPE_NODE documenttype doctype name null
11 DOCUMENT_FRAGMENT_NODE documentfragment #document fragment null
12 NOTATION_NODE notation notation name null

  W3C规定的属性:
Property Description
attributes Returns a NamedNodeMap containing all attributes for this node
childNodes Returns a NodeList containing all the child nodes for this node
firstChild Returns the first child node for this node
lastChild Returns the last child node for this node
nextSibling Returns the next sibling node. Two nodes are siblings if they have the same parent node
nodeName Returns the nodeName, depending on the type
nodeType Returns the nodeType as a number
nodeValue Returns, or sets, the value of this node, depending on the type
ownerDocument Returns the root node of the document
parentNode Returns the parent node for this node
previousSibling Returns the previous sibling node. Two nodes are siblings if they have the same parent node

  W3C规定的方法:
Method Description
appendChild(newChild) Appends the node newChild at the end of the child nodes for this node
cloneNode(boolean) Returns an exact clone of this node. If the boolean value is set to true, the cloned node contains all the child nodes as well
hasChildNodes() Returns true if this node has any child nodes
insertBefore(newNode,refNode) Inserts a new node, newNode, before the existing node, refNode
removeChild(nodeName) Removes the specified node, nodeName
replaceChild(newNode,oldNode) Replaces the oldNode, with the newNode

  (5)NodeList的W3C规定的属性和方法。

Property Description
length Returns the number of nodes in a nodeList

Method Description
item Returns a specific node in the nodeList
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