Maven使用Cargo实现自动化部署

由于公司配置的垃圾台式机,根本就没法开发,开一个sts,跑一个内嵌的tomcat就卡出翔,测试每次想在我机器上测试,所以弄了下maven下使用Cargo实现自动化部署,这样就可以把本地的应用部署到远程服务器上去,省的垃圾电脑卡出翔。


先在settings.xml里面的pluginGroups节点增加<pluginGroup>org.codehaus.cargo</pluginGroup>以便命令行调用,然后增加server

<server>
	<id>tomcat7x</id>
	<username>admin</username>
	<password>password</password>
</server>

1.部署到本地Web容器

1.1 standalone模式

 在standalone模式,Cargo会从Web容器的安装目录复制一份配置到用户指定的目录,然后在此基础上部署应用,每次重新构建的时候,这个目录都会被清空,所有配置被重新生成

 <plugin>
	<groupId>org.codehaus.cargo</groupId>
	<artifactId>cargo-maven2-plugin</artifactId>
	<version>1.4.9</version>
	<configuration>
		<container>
			<containerId>tomcat7x</containerId>
			<home>/usr/local/devtools/apache-tomcat-7.0.55</home>
		</container>
		<configuration>
			<type>standalone</type>
			<home>${project.build.directory}/tomcat7x</home>
			<properties>
				<!-- 更改监听端口 -->
				<cargo.servlet.port>8088</cargo.servlet.port>
			</properties>
		</configuration>
	</configuration>
</plugin>

然后用mvn cargo:run启动,关于cargo:run于cargo:start有什么区别,后续会讲到。


1.2 existing模式

在existing模式下,用户需要指定现有的web容器配置目录,然后Cargo会直接使用这些配置并将应用部署到其对应的位置

<plugin>
	<groupId>org.codehaus.cargo</groupId>
	<artifactId>cargo-maven2-plugin</artifactId>
	<version>1.4.9</version>
	<configuration>
		<container>
			<containerId>tomcat7x</containerId>
			<home>/usr/local/devtools/apache-tomcat-7.0.55</home>
		</container>
		<configuration>
			<type>existing</type>
			<home>/usr/local/devtools/apache-tomcat-7.0.55</home>
		</configuration>
	</configuration>
</plugin>

然后运行cargo:run之后在对应的tomcat的webapps目录下能够看到被部署的应用


2.部署到远程Web容器

这里注意在远程部署模式下,container元素的type子元素的值必须为remote,如果不指定,Cargo会默认使用installed,并寻找对应的容器安装目录或者安装包,一般我们远程部署的服务器上都有设定好的web容器了,并不需要再区安装。

pom.xml

<!-- tomcat7 -->
<plugin>
	<groupId>org.apache.tomcat.maven</groupId>
	<artifactId>tomcat7-maven-plugin</artifactId>
	<version>2.2</version>
	<configuration>
		<url>http://localhost:8080/manager/text</url>
		<URIEncoding>UTF-8</URIEncoding>
		<server>tomcat7x</server>
		<username>admin</username>
		<password>password</password>
		<path>/${project.artifactId}</path>
	</configuration>
</plugin>

<plugin>
	<groupId>org.codehaus.cargo</groupId>
	<artifactId>cargo-maven2-plugin</artifactId>
	<version>1.4.9</version>
	<configuration>
		<container>
			<containerId>tomcat7x</containerId>
			<type>remote</type>
		</container>
		<configuration>
			<type>runtime</type>
			<properties>
				<cargo.tomcat.manager.url>http://localhost:8080/manager/text</cargo.tomcat.manager.url>
                <cargo.remote.username>admin</cargo.remote.username>
                <cargo.remote.password>password</cargo.remote.password>
            </properties>
		</configuration>
        <deployables>
            <deployable>          
                <groupId>io.steveguoshao</groupId>  
                <artifactId>webapp</artifactId>  
                <type>war</type>  
                <properties>  
                    <context>/${project.artifactId}</context>
                </properties>  
                <!-- 可选:验证是否部署成功 -->
                <pingURL>http://localhost:8080/webapp</pingURL>
                <!-- 可选:验证超时时间,默认是120000 毫秒-->
				<pingTimeout>60000</pingTimeout>
            </deployable>
        </deployables>
	</configuration>
	<executions>
		<execution>
			<id>verify-deployer</id>
			<phase>install</phase>
			<goals>
				<goal>deployer-redeploy</goal>
			</goals>
		</execution>
		<execution>
			<id>clean-deployer</id>
			<phase>clean</phase>
			<goals>
				<goal>deployer-undeploy</goal>
			</goals>
		</execution>  
	</executions>  
</plugin>


在tomcat7的conf/tomcat-users.xml中增加角色和用户, 不然会报403,没法访问

<role rolename="manager-gui"/>
<role rolename="manager-script"/>
<role rolename="manager-jmx"/>  
<role rolename="manager-status"/>
<role rolename="admin-gui"/>
<user username="admin" password="password" roles="admin-gui,manager-gui,manager-script,manager-status"/>

另外还有一点要注意的是url,tomcat7是
http://localhost:8080/manager/text

而tomcat6是
http://localhost:8080/manager/html

配置好之后就可以运行mvn cargo:redeploy 来部署应用了(必须保证tomcat是running状态,否则没法部署),如果容器中已经部署的当前应用,Cargo会先卸载掉原来的应用,然后再重新部署。

为什么在配置了

<goal>deployer-undeploy</goal>

的时候,明明刚刚install的时候已经生成了,但是却每次clean都报找不到target目录下war包呢?


3.Cargo插件中各个命令的之间的异同

Goals

Description

cargo:start

Start a container. That goal will:

Note: A container that's started with cargo:start will automatically shut down as soon as the parent Maven instance quits (i.e., you see a BUILD SUCCESSFUL or BUILD FAILED message). If you want to start a container and perform manual testing, see our next goal cargo:run.

cargo:run

Start a container and wait for the user to press CTRL + C to stop. That goal will:

cargo:stop

Stop a container.

cargo:restart

Stop and start again a container. If the container was not running before calling cargo:restart, it will simply be started.

cargo:configure

Create the configuration for a local container, without starting it. Note that the cargo:start and cargo:run goals will also install the container automatically (but will not call cargo:install).

cargo:package

Package the local container.

cargo:daemon-start

Start a container via the daemon. Read more on: Cargo Daemon

Note: The daemon:start goal is actually equivalent to a restart in CARGO's terms; in the case a container with the same cargo.daemon.handleid already exists then it will be stopped first before your container is started. This also implies that in the case the new container fails to start, the old one will not be restarted.

cargo:daemon-stop Stop a container via the daemon. Read more on: Cargo Daemon

cargo:deployer-deploy (aliased to cargo:deploy)

Deploy a deployable to a running container.

Note: The cargo:start and cargo:run do already deploy the deployables specified in the configuration to the container; as a result calling cargo:deploy for a container which has been started by CARGO in the same Maven2/Maven3 project will most likely cause a second deployment of the same deployables (and might even fail).

cargo:deployer-undeploy(aliased to cargo:undeploy)

Undeploy a deployable from a running container.

cargo:deployer-start

Start a deployable already installed in a running container.

cargo:deployer-stop

Stop a deployed deployable without undeploying it.

cargo:deployer-redeploy(aliased to cargo:redeploy)

Undeploy and deploy again a deployable. If the deployable was not deployed before calling cargo:deployer-redeploy (or its alias cargo:redeploy) it will simply be deployed.

cargo:uberwar

Merge several WAR files into one.

cargo:install

Installs a container distribution on the file system. Note that the cargo:start goal will also install the container automatically (but will not call cargo:install).

cargo:help

Get help (list of available goals, available options, etc.).



从上面可以看出,cargo:start于cargo:run的不同之处了吧?cargo:start的生命周期依赖于maven实例的生命周期,也就是说,maven构建成功或者失败之后,cargo插件的生命周期也自动停止了;而cargo:run不同,不管maven是否构建成功或者失败,都必须手工去按Ctrl + C来停止。


参考资料:

1.徐文斌的《Maven实战》

2.http://cargo.codehaus.org/Maven2+Plugin+Reference+Guide

3.http://cargo.codehaus.org/Maven2+plugin

4.http://cargo.codehaus.org/Deploying+to+a+running+container

发布了64 篇原创文章 · 获赞 64 · 访问量 119万+
展开阅读全文

没有更多推荐了,返回首页

©️2019 CSDN 皮肤主题: 大白 设计师: CSDN官方博客

分享到微信朋友圈

×

扫一扫,手机浏览