hdu1711 Number Sequence(KMP算法)

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Number Sequence

Time Limit: 10000/5000 MS (Java/Others)    Memory Limit: 32768/32768 K (Java/Others)
Total Submission(s): 25812    Accepted Submission(s): 10909


Problem Description
Given two sequences of numbers : a[1], a[2], ...... , a[N], and b[1], b[2], ...... , b[M] (1 <= M <= 10000, 1 <= N <= 1000000). Your task is to find a number K which make a[K] = b[1], a[K + 1] = b[2], ...... , a[K + M - 1] = b[M]. If there are more than one K exist, output the smallest one.
 

Input
The first line of input is a number T which indicate the number of cases. Each case contains three lines. The first line is two numbers N and M (1 <= M <= 10000, 1 <= N <= 1000000). The second line contains N integers which indicate a[1], a[2], ...... , a[N]. The third line contains M integers which indicate b[1], b[2], ...... , b[M]. All integers are in the range of [-1000000, 1000000].
 

Output
For each test case, you should output one line which only contain K described above. If no such K exists, output -1 instead.
 

Sample Input
2 13 5 1 2 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 3 2 1 2 1 2 3 1 3 13 5 1 2 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 3 2 1 2 1 2 3 2 1
 

Sample Output
6 -1
 

Source
 

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直接套模版即可

#include <stdio.h>
int a[1000000+5];
int b[10000+5];
int next[10000+5];
int n,m;
void setnext()
{
    int i=-1;
    int j=0;
    next[0]=-1;
    while(j<m)
    {
        if(i==-1||a[i]==b[j])
        {
            i++;
            j++;
            next[j]=i;
        }
        else
        {
            i=next[i];
        }
    }
}
int kmp()
{
    int res=-1;
    setnext();
    int i=0,j=0;
    while(i<n)
    {
        if(j==-1||a[i]==b[j])
        {
            i++;
            j++;
        }
        else
        {
            j=next[j];
        }
        if(j==m)
        {
            res=i;
            break;
        }
    }
    if(res==-1)
    return -1;
    else
    return res-m+1;
}
int main()
{
    int t;
    scanf("%d",&t);
    while(t--)
    {
        scanf("%d %d",&n,&m);
        for(int i=0;i<n;i++)
        {
            scanf("%d",&a[i]);
        }
        for(int j=0;j<m;j++)
        {
            scanf("%d",&b[j]);
        }
        printf("%d\n",kmp());
    }
    return 0;
}


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