M103: Basic Cluster Administration chapter 2 Replication学习记录

mongodb 同时被 2 个专栏收录
33 篇文章 1 订阅
25 篇文章 3 订阅

M103: Basic Cluster Administration chapter 2 Replication学习记录

运行环境

操作系统:windows 10 家庭中文版
Mongodb :Mongodb 3.4

Mongodb安装路径:E:>MongoDB\Server\3.4\bin\
Mongodb存储路径:E:>MongoDB\data

课后问题

lab - Initiate a Replica Set Locally

In this lab you will launch a replica set with three members from within your Vagrant environment. To secure this replica set, you will create a keyfile for your nodes to use when communicating with each other.

For this lab, you must place this keyfile in the /var/mongodb/pki directory and change the permissions so only the owner of the file can read it or write to it:

sudo mkdir -p /var/mongodb/pki
sudo chown vagrant:vagrant -R /var/mongodb
openssl rand -base64 741 > /var/mongodb/pki/m103-keyfile
chmod 600 /var/mongodb/pki/m103-keyfile

Your three mongod processes will each have their own configuration file, and now those config files can reference the keyfile you just made. These config files will be similar to the config file from the previous lab, but with the following adjustments:

typePRIMARYSECONDARYSECONDARY
col 3 isright-aligned$1600
config filenamemongod-repl-1.confmongod-repl-2.confmongod-repl-3.conf
port270012700227003
dbPath/var/mongodb/db/1/var/mongodb/db/2/var/mongodb/db/3
logPath/var/mongodb/db/mongod1.log/var/mongodb/db/mongod2.log/var/mongodb/db/mongod3.log
replSetm103-replm103-replm103-repl
keyFile/var/mongodb/pki/m103-keyfile/var/mongodb/pki/m103-keyfile/var/mongodb/pki/m103-keyfile
bindIPlocalhost,192.168.103.100localhost,192.168.103.100localhost,192.168.103.100

Note that the mongod does not automatically create the dbPath or logPath directories.

When your config files are complete, start a mongod process with the first config file (on port 27001). This mongod process will act as the primary node in your replica set (at least, until an election occurs).

Now use the mongo shell to connect to this node. On this node, and only this node, initiate your replica set with rs.initiate(). Remember that this will only work if you are connected from localhost.

Once you run rs.initiate(), the node automatically configures a default replication configuration and elects itself as a primary. Use rs.status() to check the status of the replica set. The shell prompt will read PRIMARY once the initiation process completes successfully.

Because the replica set uses a keyfile for internal authentication, clients must authenticate before performing any actions.

While still connected to the primary node, create an admin user for your cluster using the localhost exception. As a reminder, here are the requirements for this user:

  • Role: root on admin database
  • Username: m103-admin
  • Password: m103-pass

Now exit the mongo shell and start the other two mongod processes with their respective configuration files.

Next, you will reconnect to your primary node as m103-admin, and add the other two nodes to your replica set. Remember to use the IP address of the Vagrant box 192.168.103.100 when adding these nodes.

Once your other two members have been successfully added, run rs.status() to check that the members array has three nodes - one labeled PRIMARY and two labeled SECONDARY.

Now run the validation script and enter the validation key you receive below. If you receive an error, it should give you some idea of what went wrong.

validate_lab_initialize_local_replica_set

解答

启动vagrant容器,并进入box(参考M103: Basic Cluster Administration chapter 0 Introduction学习记录):

C:\Users\Shinelon>e:

E:\>cd e:\MongoDB\m103\chapter_0_introduction_setup\m103-vagrant-env

e:\MongoDB\m103\chapter_0_introduction_setup\m103-vagrant-env>vagrant up --provision

e:\MongoDB\m103\chapter_0_introduction_setup\m103-vagrant-env>vagrant ssh
Welcome to Ubuntu 14.04.5 LTS (GNU/Linux 3.13.0-144-generic x86_64)

 * Documentation:  https://help.ubuntu.com/

  System information as of Thu Apr 19 12:33:13 UTC 2018

  System load:  0.48              Processes:           107
  Usage of /:   6.8% of 39.34GB   Users logged in:     0
  Memory usage: 7%                IP address for eth0: 10.0.2.15
  Swap usage:   0%                IP address for eth1: 192.168.103.100

  Graph this data and manage this system at:
    https://landscape.canonical.com/

  Get cloud support with Ubuntu Advantage Cloud Guest:
    http://www.ubuntu.com/business/services/cloud

2 packages can be updated.
2 updates are security updates.


Last login: Tue Apr 17 07:26:40 2018 from 10.0.2.2
vagrant@m103:~$

根据题目需要执行脚本创建m103-keyfile文件并授权

vagrant@m103:~$ sudo mkdir -p /var/mongodb/pki
vagrant@m103:~$ sudo chown vagrant:vagrant -R /var/mongodb
vagrant@m103:~$ openssl rand -base64 741 > /var/mongodb/pki/m103-keyfile
vagrant@m103:~$ chmod 600 /var/mongodb/pki/m103-keyfile

创建dbpath路径(顺带创建了log路径)

vagrant@m103:~$ mkdir -p /var/mongodb/db/1
vagrant@m103:~$ mkdir -p /var/mongodb/db/2
vagrant@m103:~$ mkdir -p /var/mongodb/db/3

配置mongod-repl-1.conf文件:

vagrant@m103:~$ cp /etc/mongod.conf ./mongod-repl-1.conf
vagrant@m103:~$ vim mongod-repl-1.conf

# mongod.conf

# for documentation of all options, see:
#   http://docs.mongodb.org/manual/reference/configuration-options/

# Where and how to store data.
storage:
  dbPath: /var/mongodb/db/1
  journal:
    enabled: true
#  engine:
#  mmapv1:
#  wiredTiger:

# where to write logging data.
systemLog:
  destination: file
  logAppend: true
  path: /var/mongodb/db/mongod1.log

# network interfaces
net:
  port: 27001
  bindIp: 192.168.103.100,localhost


# how the process runs
processManagement:
  timeZoneInfo: /usr/share/zoneinfo
  fork: true

#security:

#operationProfiling:

replication:
   replSetName: m103-repl


#sharding:

## Enterprise-Only Options:

#auditLog:

#snmp:

security:
  authorization: enabled
  keyFile: /var/mongodb/pki/m103-keyfile

根据配置文件启动mongod守护进程:

vagrant@m103:~$ mongod --config ./mongod-repl-1.conf

进入mongo shell:

vagrant@m103:~$ mongo --port 27001
MongoDB shell version v3.6.4-rc0
connecting to: mongodb://127.0.0.1:27001/
MongoDB server version: 3.6.4-rc0

初始化副本集:

MongoDB Enterprise > rs.initiate()
{
        "info2" : "no configuration specified. Using a default configuration for the set",
        "me" : "192.168.103.100:27001",
        "ok" : 1,
        "operationTime" : Timestamp(1524147561, 1),
        "$clusterTime" : {
                "clusterTime" : Timestamp(1524147561, 1),
                "signature" : {
                        "hash" : BinData(0,"AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA="),
                        "keyId" : NumberLong(0)
                }
        }
}

等待一段时间后查看副本集状态:

MongoDB Enterprise >  rs.status()
{
        "set" : "m103-repl",
        "date" : ISODate("2018-04-19T14:22:28.736Z"),
        "myState" : 1,
        "term" : NumberLong(1),
        "heartbeatIntervalMillis" : NumberLong(2000),
        "optimes" : {
                "lastCommittedOpTime" : {
                        "ts" : Timestamp(1524147742, 1),
                        "t" : NumberLong(1)
                },
                "readConcernMajorityOpTime" : {
                        "ts" : Timestamp(1524147742, 1),
                        "t" : NumberLong(1)
                },
                "appliedOpTime" : {
                        "ts" : Timestamp(1524147742, 1),
                        "t" : NumberLong(1)
                },
                "durableOpTime" : {
                        "ts" : Timestamp(1524147742, 1),
                        "t" : NumberLong(1)
                }
        },
        "members" : [
                {
                        "_id" : 0,
                        "name" : "192.168.103.100:27001",
                        "health" : 1,
                        "state" : 1,
                        "stateStr" : "PRIMARY",
                        "uptime" : 4913,
                        "optime" : {
                                "ts" : Timestamp(1524147742, 1),
                                "t" : NumberLong(1)
                        },
                        "optimeDate" : ISODate("2018-04-19T14:22:22Z"),
                        "electionTime" : Timestamp(1524147561, 2),
                        "electionDate" : ISODate("2018-04-19T14:19:21Z"),
                        "configVersion" : 1,
                        "self" : true
                }
        ],
        "ok" : 1,
        "operationTime" : Timestamp(1524147742, 1),
        "$clusterTime" : {
                "clusterTime" : Timestamp(1524147742, 1),
                "signature" : {
                        "hash" : BinData(0,"YShxth9DtvPuS2QaFmdHs1A4QXY="),
                        "keyId" : NumberLong("6546163933068132353")
                }
        }
}

状态已经变成了PRIMARY,根据题意创建管理用户:

MongoDB Enterprise > use admin
switched to db admin
MongoDB Enterprise > db.createUser({
... user: "m103-admin",
... pwd: "m103-pass",
... roles: [
...   {role: "root", db: "admin"}
... ]
... })
Successfully added user: {
        "user" : "m103-admin",
        "roles" : [
                {
                        "role" : "root",
                        "db" : "admin"
                }
        ]
}

退出mongo shell

MongoDB Enterprise > exit
bye

根据mongod-repl-1.conf分别创建mongod-repl-2.conf,mongod-repl-3.conf配置文件,并做对应修改:

vagrant@m103:~$ cp ./mongod-repl-1.conf mongod-repl-2.conf
vagrant@m103:~$ cp ./mongod-repl-1.conf mongod-repl-3.conf
vagrant@m103:~$ vim mongod-repl-2.conf
vagrant@m103:~$ vim mongod-repl-3.conf

启动2,3号mongod守护进程:

vagrant@m103:~$ mongod --config ./mongod-repl-2.conf
about to fork child process, waiting until server is ready for connections.
forked process: 6979
child process started successfully, parent exiting
vagrant@m103:~$ mongod --config ./mongod-repl-3.conf
about to fork child process, waiting until server is ready for connections.
forked process: 7008
child process started successfully, parent exiting

通过27001端口进入mongo shell:

vagrant@m103:~$ mongo --port 27001
MongoDB shell version v3.6.4-rc0
connecting to: mongodb://127.0.0.1:27001/
MongoDB server version: 3.6.4-rc0

再次确认副本集状态:

MongoDB Enterprise m103-repl:PRIMARY> rs.status()
{
        "set" : "m103-repl",
        "date" : ISODate("2018-04-20T02:51:54.414Z"),
        "myState" : 1,
        "term" : NumberLong(1),
        "heartbeatIntervalMillis" : NumberLong(2000),
        "optimes" : {
                "lastCommittedOpTime" : {
                        "ts" : Timestamp(1524192708, 1),
                        "t" : NumberLong(1)
                },
                "readConcernMajorityOpTime" : {
                        "ts" : Timestamp(1524192708, 1),
                        "t" : NumberLong(1)
                },
                "appliedOpTime" : {
                        "ts" : Timestamp(1524192708, 1),
                        "t" : NumberLong(1)
                },
                "durableOpTime" : {
                        "ts" : Timestamp(1524192708, 1),
                        "t" : NumberLong(1)
                }
        },
        "members" : [
                {
                        "_id" : 0,
                        "name" : "192.168.103.100:27001",
                        "health" : 1,
                        "state" : 1,
                        "stateStr" : "PRIMARY",
                        "uptime" : 530,
                        "optime" : {
                                "ts" : Timestamp(1524192708, 1),
                                "t" : NumberLong(1)
                        },
                        "optimeDate" : ISODate("2018-04-20T02:51:48Z"),
                        "electionTime" : Timestamp(1524192276, 2),
                        "electionDate" : ISODate("2018-04-20T02:44:36Z"),
                        "configVersion" : 1,
                        "self" : true
                }
        ],
        "ok" : 1,
        "operationTime" : Timestamp(1524192708, 1),
        "$clusterTime" : {
                "clusterTime" : Timestamp(1524192708, 1),
                "signature" : {
                        "hash" : BinData(0,"3w15jmseCfffFYXGR5Do3wzYgOg="),
                        "keyId" : NumberLong("6546355982530772993")
                }
        }
}

将2,3号机添加进集群:

MongoDB Enterprise m103-repl:PRIMARY> rs.add("192.168.103.100:27002")
{
        "ok" : 1,
        "operationTime" : Timestamp(1524193032, 1),
        "$clusterTime" : {
                "clusterTime" : Timestamp(1524193032, 1),
                "signature" : {
                        "hash" : BinData(0,"zQy1x7sLBEiDiP4ZxJYMcmFX6IA="),
                        "keyId" : NumberLong("6546355982530772993")
                }
        }
}
MongoDB Enterprise m103-repl:PRIMARY> rs.add("192.168.103.100:27003")
{
        "ok" : 1,
        "operationTime" : Timestamp(1524193037, 1),
        "$clusterTime" : {
                "clusterTime" : Timestamp(1524193037, 1),
                "signature" : {
                        "hash" : BinData(0,"tZOPE14j++zl4+9FvCfvC/OxNhc="),
                        "keyId" : NumberLong("6546355982530772993")
                }
        }
}

再次查看集群状态:

MongoDB Enterprise m103-repl:PRIMARY> rs.status()
{
        "set" : "m103-repl",
        "date" : ISODate("2018-04-20T02:57:50.429Z"),
        "myState" : 1,
        "term" : NumberLong(1),
        "heartbeatIntervalMillis" : NumberLong(2000),
        "optimes" : {
                "lastCommittedOpTime" : {
                        "ts" : Timestamp(1524193068, 1),
                        "t" : NumberLong(1)
                },
                "readConcernMajorityOpTime" : {
                        "ts" : Timestamp(1524193068, 1),
                        "t" : NumberLong(1)
                },
                "appliedOpTime" : {
                        "ts" : Timestamp(1524193068, 1),
                        "t" : NumberLong(1)
                },
                "durableOpTime" : {
                        "ts" : Timestamp(1524193068, 1),
                        "t" : NumberLong(1)
                }
        },
        "members" : [
                {
                        "_id" : 0,
                        "name" : "192.168.103.100:27001",
                        "health" : 1,
                        "state" : 1,
                        "stateStr" : "PRIMARY",
                        "uptime" : 886,
                        "optime" : {
                                "ts" : Timestamp(1524193068, 1),
                                "t" : NumberLong(1)
                        },
                        "optimeDate" : ISODate("2018-04-20T02:57:48Z"),
                        "electionTime" : Timestamp(1524192276, 2),
                        "electionDate" : ISODate("2018-04-20T02:44:36Z"),
                        "configVersion" : 3,
                        "self" : true
                },
                {
                        "_id" : 1,
                        "name" : "192.168.103.100:27002",
                        "health" : 1,
                        "state" : 2,
                        "stateStr" : "SECONDARY",
                        "uptime" : 38,
                        "optime" : {
                                "ts" : Timestamp(1524193068, 1),
                                "t" : NumberLong(1)
                        },
                        "optimeDurable" : {
                                "ts" : Timestamp(1524193068, 1),
                                "t" : NumberLong(1)
                        },
                        "optimeDate" : ISODate("2018-04-20T02:57:48Z"),
                        "optimeDurableDate" : ISODate("2018-04-20T02:57:48Z"),
                        "lastHeartbeat" : ISODate("2018-04-20T02:57:49.692Z"),
                        "lastHeartbeatRecv" : ISODate("2018-04-20T02:57:50.207Z"),
                        "pingMs" : NumberLong(0),
                        "syncingTo" : "192.168.103.100:27001",
                        "configVersion" : 3
                },
                {
                        "_id" : 2,
                        "name" : "192.168.103.100:27003",
                        "health" : 1,
                        "state" : 2,
                        "stateStr" : "SECONDARY",
                        "uptime" : 32,
                        "optime" : {
                                "ts" : Timestamp(1524193068, 1),
                                "t" : NumberLong(1)
                        },
                        "optimeDurable" : {
                                "ts" : Timestamp(1524193068, 1),
                                "t" : NumberLong(1)
                        },
                        "optimeDate" : ISODate("2018-04-20T02:57:48Z"),
                        "optimeDurableDate" : ISODate("2018-04-20T02:57:48Z"),
                        "lastHeartbeat" : ISODate("2018-04-20T02:57:49.691Z"),
                        "lastHeartbeatRecv" : ISODate("2018-04-20T02:57:49.150Z"),
                        "pingMs" : NumberLong(0),
                        "syncingTo" : "192.168.103.100:27002",
                        "configVersion" : 3
                }
        ],
        "ok" : 1,
        "operationTime" : Timestamp(1524193068, 1),
        "$clusterTime" : {
                "clusterTime" : Timestamp(1524193068, 1),
                "signature" : {
                        "hash" : BinData(0,"bKC7oTmVF2q0EtCKk+gSrZJc7RU="),
                        "keyId" : NumberLong("6546355982530772993")
                }
        }
}

发现2,3号机器已经以SECONDARY身份添加入集群,退出集群,执行答案所给脚本:

MongoDB Enterprise m103-repl:PRIMARY> exit
bye
vagrant@m103:~$ validate_lab_initialize_local_replica_set
5a4d32f979235b109001c7bc

为所求。

lab - Remove and Re-Add a Node

In this lab, you will make your replica set even more secure. In the previous lab, you used a keyfile so individual nodes authenticate to one other. However, they were still connecting to each other using the external IP address of the Vagrant box, even though all three nodes were in the same box.

You will modify the replica set so one of the nodes uses its local IP address instead of the external IP address of the Vagrant box. This way, all communication with that node will stay within the box.

m103 is an alias for localhost in this Vagrant box, but you must use this alias as the hostname because localhost is restricted.

To correctly reconfigure this node, you will have to remove the node from the replica set, and then add it back with the correct hostname. For this lab, you only need to do this for one of the nodes. You will not need to change the bindIP.

When you’re finished, run the validation script and enter the validation key you receive below. If you receive an error, it should give you some idea of what went wrong.

validate_lab_remove_readd_node

解答

确认hostname:

vagrant@m103:~$ hostname
m103

修改host配置(不修改ip的话怎么也连不通的):

vagrant@m103:~$ sudo vim /etc/hosts

192.168.103.100 m103.mongodb.university m103
127.0.0.1 localhost

# The following lines are desirable for IPv6 capable hosts
::1 ip6-localhost ip6-loopback
fe00::0 ip6-localnet
ff00::0 ip6-mcastprefix
ff02::1 ip6-allnodes
ff02::2 ip6-allrouters
ff02::3 ip6-allhosts

通过mongo shell进入集群:

vagrant@m103:~$ mongo --port 27001 -u m103-admin -p m103-pass admin
MongoDB shell version v3.6.4-rc0
connecting to: mongodb://127.0.0.1:27001/admin
MongoDB server version: 3.6.4-rc0
Server has startup warnings:
2018-04-20T02:43:04.649+0000 I STORAGE  [initandlisten]
2018-04-20T02:43:04.649+0000 I STORAGE  [initandlisten] ** WARNING: Using the XFS filesystem is strongly recommended with the WiredTiger storage engine
2018-04-20T02:43:04.649+0000 I STORAGE  [initandlisten] **          See http://dochub.mongodb.org/core/prodnotes-filesystem

确认集群状态:

MongoDB Enterprise m103-repl:PRIMARY> rs.status()
{
        "set" : "m103-repl",
        "date" : ISODate("2018-04-20T03:25:50.499Z"),
        "myState" : 1,
        "term" : NumberLong(1),
        "heartbeatIntervalMillis" : NumberLong(2000),
        "optimes" : {
                "lastCommittedOpTime" : {
                        "ts" : Timestamp(1524194748, 1),
                        "t" : NumberLong(1)
                },
                "readConcernMajorityOpTime" : {
                        "ts" : Timestamp(1524194748, 1),
                        "t" : NumberLong(1)
                },
                "appliedOpTime" : {
                        "ts" : Timestamp(1524194748, 1),
                        "t" : NumberLong(1)
                },
                "durableOpTime" : {
                        "ts" : Timestamp(1524194748, 1),
                        "t" : NumberLong(1)
                }
        },
        "members" : [
                {
                        "_id" : 0,
                        "name" : "192.168.103.100:27001",
                        "health" : 1,
                        "state" : 1,
                        "stateStr" : "PRIMARY",
                        "uptime" : 2566,
                        "optime" : {
                                "ts" : Timestamp(1524194748, 1),
                                "t" : NumberLong(1)
                        },
                        "optimeDate" : ISODate("2018-04-20T03:25:48Z"),
                        "electionTime" : Timestamp(1524192276, 2),
                        "electionDate" : ISODate("2018-04-20T02:44:36Z"),
                        "configVersion" : 3,
                        "self" : true
                },
                {
                        "_id" : 1,
                        "name" : "192.168.103.100:27002",
                        "health" : 1,
                        "state" : 2,
                        "stateStr" : "SECONDARY",
                        "uptime" : 1718,
                        "optime" : {
                                "ts" : Timestamp(1524194748, 1),
                                "t" : NumberLong(1)
                        },
                        "optimeDurable" : {
                                "ts" : Timestamp(1524194748, 1),
                                "t" : NumberLong(1)
                        },
                        "optimeDate" : ISODate("2018-04-20T03:25:48Z"),
                        "optimeDurableDate" : ISODate("2018-04-20T03:25:48Z"),
                        "lastHeartbeat" : ISODate("2018-04-20T03:25:48.928Z"),
                        "lastHeartbeatRecv" : ISODate("2018-04-20T03:25:49.158Z"),
                        "pingMs" : NumberLong(0),
                        "syncingTo" : "192.168.103.100:27001",
                        "configVersion" : 3
                },
                {
                        "_id" : 2,
                        "name" : "192.168.103.100:27003",
                        "health" : 1,
                        "state" : 2,
                        "stateStr" : "SECONDARY",
                        "uptime" : 1712,
                        "optime" : {
                                "ts" : Timestamp(1524194748, 1),
                                "t" : NumberLong(1)
                        },
                        "optimeDurable" : {
                                "ts" : Timestamp(1524194748, 1),
                                "t" : NumberLong(1)
                        },
                        "optimeDate" : ISODate("2018-04-20T03:25:48Z"),
                        "optimeDurableDate" : ISODate("2018-04-20T03:25:48Z"),
                        "lastHeartbeat" : ISODate("2018-04-20T03:25:48.899Z"),
                        "lastHeartbeatRecv" : ISODate("2018-04-20T03:25:50.270Z"),
                        "pingMs" : NumberLong(0),
                        "syncingTo" : "192.168.103.100:27002",
                        "configVersion" : 3
                }
        ],
        "ok" : 1,
        "operationTime" : Timestamp(1524194748, 1),
        "$clusterTime" : {
                "clusterTime" : Timestamp(1524194748, 1),
                "signature" : {
                        "hash" : BinData(0,"aV5AXhJ3cLOszc5/3+K/8sCpCUU="),
                        "keyId" : NumberLong("6546355982530772993")
                }
        }
}

以3号机器做实验,先将其从集群中删除:

MongoDB Enterprise m103-repl:PRIMARY> rs.remove("192.168.103.100:27003")
{
        "ok" : 1,
        "operationTime" : Timestamp(1524194849, 1),
        "$clusterTime" : {
                "clusterTime" : Timestamp(1524194849, 1),
                "signature" : {
                        "hash" : BinData(0,"UbMR0ykOtM9hsfOaz1uLMfwIH3Y="),
                        "keyId" : NumberLong("6546355982530772993")
                }
        }
}

再将其以host名字加入到集群中:

MongoDB Enterprise m103-repl:PRIMARY> rs.add("m103:27003")
{
        "ok" : 1,
        "operationTime" : Timestamp(1524195318, 2),
        "$clusterTime" : {
                "clusterTime" : Timestamp(1524195318, 2),
                "signature" : {
                        "hash" : BinData(0,"0/hxt+8Cc60hyJzBwWe+rJDOzdM="),
                        "keyId" : NumberLong("6546355982530772993")
                }
        }
}

等待一段时间同步后,查看集群状态:

MongoDB Enterprise m103-repl:PRIMARY> rs.status()
{
        "set" : "m103-repl",
        "date" : ISODate("2018-04-20T03:35:25.425Z"),
        "myState" : 1,
        "term" : NumberLong(1),
        "heartbeatIntervalMillis" : NumberLong(2000),
        "optimes" : {
                "lastCommittedOpTime" : {
                        "ts" : Timestamp(1524195318, 2),
                        "t" : NumberLong(1)
                },
                "readConcernMajorityOpTime" : {
                        "ts" : Timestamp(1524195318, 2),
                        "t" : NumberLong(1)
                },
                "appliedOpTime" : {
                        "ts" : Timestamp(1524195318, 2),
                        "t" : NumberLong(1)
                },
                "durableOpTime" : {
                        "ts" : Timestamp(1524195318, 2),
                        "t" : NumberLong(1)
                }
        },
        "members" : [
                {
                        "_id" : 0,
                        "name" : "192.168.103.100:27001",
                        "health" : 1,
                        "state" : 1,
                        "stateStr" : "PRIMARY",
                        "uptime" : 3141,
                        "optime" : {
                                "ts" : Timestamp(1524195318, 2),
                                "t" : NumberLong(1)
                        },
                        "optimeDate" : ISODate("2018-04-20T03:35:18Z"),
                        "electionTime" : Timestamp(1524192276, 2),
                        "electionDate" : ISODate("2018-04-20T02:44:36Z"),
                        "configVersion" : 11,
                        "self" : true
                },
                {
                        "_id" : 1,
                        "name" : "192.168.103.100:27002",
                        "health" : 1,
                        "state" : 2,
                        "stateStr" : "SECONDARY",
                        "uptime" : 2293,
                        "optime" : {
                                "ts" : Timestamp(1524195318, 2),
                                "t" : NumberLong(1)
                        },
                        "optimeDurable" : {
                                "ts" : Timestamp(1524195318, 2),
                                "t" : NumberLong(1)
                        },
                        "optimeDate" : ISODate("2018-04-20T03:35:18Z"),
                        "optimeDurableDate" : ISODate("2018-04-20T03:35:18Z"),
                        "lastHeartbeat" : ISODate("2018-04-20T03:35:24.732Z"),
                        "lastHeartbeatRecv" : ISODate("2018-04-20T03:35:25.264Z"),
                        "pingMs" : NumberLong(0),
                        "configVersion" : 11
                },
                {
                        "_id" : 2,
                        "name" : "m103:27003",
                        "health" : 1,
                        "state" : 2,
                        "stateStr" : "SECONDARY",
                        "uptime" : 4,
                        "optime" : {
                                "ts" : Timestamp(1524195318, 2),
                                "t" : NumberLong(1)
                        },
                        "optimeDurable" : {
                                "ts" : Timestamp(1524195318, 2),
                                "t" : NumberLong(1)
                        },
                        "optimeDate" : ISODate("2018-04-20T03:35:18Z"),
                        "optimeDurableDate" : ISODate("2018-04-20T03:35:18Z"),
                        "lastHeartbeat" : ISODate("2018-04-20T03:35:24.737Z"),
                        "lastHeartbeatRecv" : ISODate("2018-04-20T03:35:25.094Z"),
                        "pingMs" : NumberLong(0),
                        "configVersion" : 11
                }
        ],
        "ok" : 1,
        "operationTime" : Timestamp(1524195318, 2),
        "$clusterTime" : {
                "clusterTime" : Timestamp(1524195318, 2),
                "signature" : {
                        "hash" : BinData(0,"0/hxt+8Cc60hyJzBwWe+rJDOzdM="),
                        "keyId" : NumberLong("6546355982530772993")
                }
        }
}

3号机器已经重新加入集群,退出集群,执行答案脚本:

MongoDB Enterprise m103-repl:PRIMARY> exit
bye
vagrant@m103:~$ validate_lab_remove_readd_node
5a4fff19c0324e9feb9f60b9

为所求。

lab - Writes with Failovers

In this lab, you will attempt to write data with a writeConcern to a replica set where one node has failed.

In order to simulate a node failure within your replica set, you will connect to the node individually and shut it down. Connecting back to the replica set and running rs.status() should show the failing node with a description like this:

{
  "name" : "m103:27001",
  "health" : 0,
  "stateStr" : "(not reachable/healthy)",
  "lastHeartbeatMessage" : "Connection refused",
  "configVersion" : -1
}

With one of your nodes down, attempt to insert a document in your replica set by running the following commands:

use testDatabase
db.new_data.insert({"m103": "very fun"}, { writeConcern: { w: 3, wtimeout: 1000 }})

This will attempt to insert one record into a collection called testDatabase.new_data, while verifying that 3 nodes registered the write. It should return an error, because only 2 nodes are healthy.

Given the output of the insert command, and your knowledge of writeConcern, check all that apply:

Check all that apply:

  • The write operation will always return with an error,even if wtimeout is not specified.
  • When a writeConcernError occurs,the document is still written to the healthy nodes.
  • The unhealthy node will have the inserted document when it is brought back online.
  • w: “majority” would also cause this write operation to return with an error.

解答

按题目要求强制关闭1号库:

vagrant@m103:~$ ps -ef|grep mongod
vagrant   6865     1  0 02:43 ?        00:00:20 mongod --config ./mongod-repl-1.conf
vagrant   6979     1  0 02:50 ?        00:00:17 mongod --config ./mongod-repl-2.conf
vagrant   7008     1  0 02:50 ?        00:00:17 mongod --config ./mongod-repl-3.conf
vagrant   7442     1  0 03:18 ?        00:00:05 mongod --dbpath allbymyselfdb --syslog --fork
vagrant   7905  6548  0 03:52 pts/0    00:00:00 grep --color=auto mongod
vagrant@m103:~$ kill -9 6865

在2,3号机器中找到新的PRIMARY机器:

vagrant@m103:~$ mongo --port 27002 -u m103-admin -p m103-pass admin
MongoDB shell version v3.6.4-rc0
connecting to: mongodb://127.0.0.1:27002/admin
MongoDB server version: 3.6.4-rc0
Server has startup warnings:
2018-04-20T02:50:14.922+0000 I STORAGE  [initandlisten]
2018-04-20T02:50:14.922+0000 I STORAGE  [initandlisten] ** WARNING: Using the XFS filesystem is strongly recommended with the WiredTiger storage engine
2018-04-20T02:50:14.922+0000 I STORAGE  [initandlisten] **          See http://dochub.mongodb.org/core/prodnotes-filesystem
MongoDB Enterprise m103-repl:SECONDARY> exit
bye
vagrant@m103:~$ mongo --port 27003 -u m103-admin -p m103-pass admin
MongoDB shell version v3.6.4-rc0
connecting to: mongodb://127.0.0.1:27003/admin
MongoDB server version: 3.6.4-rc0
Server has startup warnings:
2018-04-20T02:50:18.795+0000 I STORAGE  [initandlisten]
2018-04-20T02:50:18.795+0000 I STORAGE  [initandlisten] ** WARNING: Using the XFS filesystem is strongly recommended with the WiredTiger storage engine
2018-04-20T02:50:18.795+0000 I STORAGE  [initandlisten] **          See http://dochub.mongodb.org/core/prodnotes-filesystem
MongoDB Enterprise m103-repl:PRIMARY>

确认集群状态状态:

MongoDB Enterprise m103-repl:PRIMARY> rs.status()
{
        "set" : "m103-repl",
        "date" : ISODate("2018-04-20T03:56:56.933Z"),
        "myState" : 1,
        "term" : NumberLong(2),
        "heartbeatIntervalMillis" : NumberLong(2000),
        "optimes" : {
                "lastCommittedOpTime" : {
                        "ts" : Timestamp(1524196613, 1),
                        "t" : NumberLong(2)
                },
                "readConcernMajorityOpTime" : {
                        "ts" : Timestamp(1524196613, 1),
                        "t" : NumberLong(2)
                },
                "appliedOpTime" : {
                        "ts" : Timestamp(1524196613, 1),
                        "t" : NumberLong(2)
                },
                "durableOpTime" : {
                        "ts" : Timestamp(1524196613, 1),
                        "t" : NumberLong(2)
                }
        },
        "members" : [
                {
                        "_id" : 0,
                        "name" : "192.168.103.100:27001",
                        "health" : 0,
                        "state" : 8,
                        "stateStr" : "(not reachable/healthy)",
                        "uptime" : 0,
                        "optime" : {
                                "ts" : Timestamp(0, 0),
                                "t" : NumberLong(-1)
                        },
                        "optimeDurable" : {
                                "ts" : Timestamp(0, 0),
                                "t" : NumberLong(-1)
                        },
                        "optimeDate" : ISODate("1970-01-01T00:00:00Z"),
                        "optimeDurableDate" : ISODate("1970-01-01T00:00:00Z"),
                        "lastHeartbeat" : ISODate("2018-04-20T03:56:55.998Z"),
                        "lastHeartbeatRecv" : ISODate("2018-04-20T03:53:11.418Z"),
                        "pingMs" : NumberLong(0),
                        "lastHeartbeatMessage" : "Connection refused",
                        "configVersion" : -1
                },
                {
                        "_id" : 1,
                        "name" : "192.168.103.100:27002",
                        "health" : 1,
                        "state" : 2,
                        "stateStr" : "SECONDARY",
                        "uptime" : 1298,
                        "optime" : {
                                "ts" : Timestamp(1524196613, 1),
                                "t" : NumberLong(2)
                        },
                        "optimeDurable" : {
                                "ts" : Timestamp(1524196613, 1),
                                "t" : NumberLong(2)
                        },
                        "optimeDate" : ISODate("2018-04-20T03:56:53Z"),
                        "optimeDurableDate" : ISODate("2018-04-20T03:56:53Z"),
                        "lastHeartbeat" : ISODate("2018-04-20T03:56:55.973Z"),
                        "lastHeartbeatRecv" : ISODate("2018-04-20T03:56:56.875Z"),
                        "pingMs" : NumberLong(0),
                        "syncingTo" : "m103:27003",
                        "configVersion" : 11
                },
                {
                        "_id" : 2,
                        "name" : "m103:27003",
                        "health" : 1,
                        "state" : 1,
                        "stateStr" : "PRIMARY",
                        "uptime" : 3998,
                        "optime" : {
                                "ts" : Timestamp(1524196613, 1),
                                "t" : NumberLong(2)
                        },
                        "optimeDate" : ISODate("2018-04-20T03:56:53Z"),
                        "electionTime" : Timestamp(1524196401, 1),
                        "electionDate" : ISODate("2018-04-20T03:53:21Z"),
                        "configVersion" : 11,
                        "self" : true
                }
        ],
        "ok" : 1,
        "operationTime" : Timestamp(1524196613, 1),
        "$clusterTime" : {
                "clusterTime" : Timestamp(1524196613, 1),
                "signature" : {
                        "hash" : BinData(0,"BkHE37/7BKET5gczThnKeqFB80I="),
                        "keyId" : NumberLong("6546355982530772993")
                }
        }
}

发现1号机状态已经是not reachable/healthy

在主机端执行插入脚本:

MongoDB Enterprise m103-repl:PRIMARY> use testDatabase
switched to db testDatabase
MongoDB Enterprise m103-repl:PRIMARY> db.new_data.insert({"m103": "very fun"}, { writeConcern: { w: 3, wtimeout: 1000 }})
WriteResult({
        "nInserted" : 1,
        "writeConcernError" : {
                "code" : 64,
                "codeName" : "WriteConcernFailed",
                "errInfo" : {
                        "wtimeout" : true
                },
                "errmsg" : "waiting for replication timed out"
        }
})

爆出错误,再查看数据是否写入:

MongoDB Enterprise m103-repl:PRIMARY> db.new_data.find().count()
1

说明数据成功写入,选项

  • When a writeConcernError occurs,the document is still written to the healthy nodes.正确

尝试去掉wtimeout,执行插入语句:

MongoDB Enterprise m103-repl:PRIMARY> db.new_data.insert({"m103": "very fun"}, { writeConcern: { w: 3 }})

语句将卡死,不返回错误,选项

  • The write operation will always return with an error,even if wtimeout is not specified.错误

使用w: “majority”插入数据:

MongoDB Enterprise m103-repl:PRIMARY> db.new_data.insert({"m103": "very fun"}, { writeConcern: { w:"majority" , wtimeout: 1000 }})
WriteResult({ "nInserted" : 1 })

不会返回错误,且数据成功插入,选项

  • w: “majority” would also cause this write operation to return with an error错误

重新开启一号机器:

vagrant@m103:~$ mongod --config ./mongod-repl-1.conf
about to fork child process, waiting until server is ready for connections.
forked process: 7961
child process started successfully, parent exiting

从三号机器进入集群:

vagrant@m103:~$ mongo --port 27003 -u m103-admin -p m103-pass admin
MongoDB shell version v3.6.4-rc0
connecting to: mongodb://127.0.0.1:27003/admin
MongoDB server version: 3.6.4-rc0
Server has startup warnings:
2018-04-20T02:50:18.795+0000 I STORAGE  [initandlisten]
2018-04-20T02:50:18.795+0000 I STORAGE  [initandlisten] ** WARNING: Using the XFS filesystem is strongly recommended with the WiredTiger storage engine
2018-04-20T02:50:18.795+0000 I STORAGE  [initandlisten] **          See http://dochub.mongodb.org/core/prodnotes-filesystem
MongoDB Enterprise m103-repl:PRIMARY>

查看集群状态:

MongoDB Enterprise m103-repl:PRIMARY> rs.status()
{
        "set" : "m103-repl",
        "date" : ISODate("2018-04-20T04:06:54.853Z"),
        "myState" : 1,
        "term" : NumberLong(2),
        "heartbeatIntervalMillis" : NumberLong(2000),
        "optimes" : {
                "lastCommittedOpTime" : {
                        "ts" : Timestamp(1524197213, 1),
                        "t" : NumberLong(2)
                },
                "readConcernMajorityOpTime" : {
                        "ts" : Timestamp(1524197213, 1),
                        "t" : NumberLong(2)
                },
                "appliedOpTime" : {
                        "ts" : Timestamp(1524197213, 1),
                        "t" : NumberLong(2)
                },
                "durableOpTime" : {
                        "ts" : Timestamp(1524197213, 1),
                        "t" : NumberLong(2)
                }
        },
        "members" : [
                {
                        "_id" : 0,
                        "name" : "192.168.103.100:27001",
                        "health" : 1,
                        "state" : 2,
                        "stateStr" : "SECONDARY",
                        "uptime" : 48,
                        "optime" : {
                                "ts" : Timestamp(1524197213, 1),
                                "t" : NumberLong(2)
                        },
                        "optimeDurable" : {
                                "ts" : Timestamp(1524197213, 1),
                                "t" : NumberLong(2)
                        },
                        "optimeDate" : ISODate("2018-04-20T04:06:53Z"),
                        "optimeDurableDate" : ISODate("2018-04-20T04:06:53Z"),
                        "lastHeartbeat" : ISODate("2018-04-20T04:06:54.559Z"),
                        "lastHeartbeatRecv" : ISODate("2018-04-20T04:06:53.392Z"),
                        "pingMs" : NumberLong(0),
                        "syncingTo" : "m103:27003",
                        "configVersion" : 11
                },
                {
                        "_id" : 1,
                        "name" : "192.168.103.100:27002",
                        "health" : 1,
                        "state" : 2,
                        "stateStr" : "SECONDARY",
                        "uptime" : 1896,
                        "optime" : {
                                "ts" : Timestamp(1524197213, 1),
                                "t" : NumberLong(2)
                        },
                        "optimeDurable" : {
                                "ts" : Timestamp(1524197213, 1),
                                "t" : NumberLong(2)
                        },
                        "optimeDate" : ISODate("2018-04-20T04:06:53Z"),
                        "optimeDurableDate" : ISODate("2018-04-20T04:06:53Z"),
                        "lastHeartbeat" : ISODate("2018-04-20T04:06:54.281Z"),
                        "lastHeartbeatRecv" : ISODate("2018-04-20T04:06:53.245Z"),
                        "pingMs" : NumberLong(0),
                        "syncingTo" : "m103:27003",
                        "configVersion" : 11
                },
                {
                        "_id" : 2,
                        "name" : "m103:27003",
                        "health" : 1,
                        "state" : 1,
                        "stateStr" : "PRIMARY",
                        "uptime" : 4596,
                        "optime" : {
                                "ts" : Timestamp(1524197213, 1),
                                "t" : NumberLong(2)
                        },
                        "optimeDate" : ISODate("2018-04-20T04:06:53Z"),
                        "electionTime" : Timestamp(1524196401, 1),
                        "electionDate" : ISODate("2018-04-20T03:53:21Z"),
                        "configVersion" : 11,
                        "self" : true
                }
        ],
        "ok" : 1,
        "operationTime" : Timestamp(1524197213, 1),
        "$clusterTime" : {
                "clusterTime" : Timestamp(1524197213, 1),
                "signature" : {
                        "hash" : BinData(0,"O5tBbe39awz9HjPpztVMcsNDVoU="),
                        "keyId" : NumberLong("6546355982530772993")
                }
        }
}

发现一号机器已经以SECONDARY身份自动加入了集群,切换进入1号机:

MongoDB Enterprise m103-repl:PRIMARY> exit
bye
vagrant@m103:~$ mongo --port 27001 -u m103-admin -p m103-pass admin
MongoDB shell version v3.6.4-rc0
connecting to: mongodb://127.0.0.1:27001/admin
MongoDB server version: 3.6.4-rc0
Server has startup warnings:
2018-04-20T04:06:05.331+0000 I STORAGE  [initandlisten]
2018-04-20T04:06:05.331+0000 I STORAGE  [initandlisten] ** WARNING: Using the XFS filesystem is strongly recommended with the WiredTiger storage engine
2018-04-20T04:06:05.331+0000 I STORAGE  [initandlisten] **          See http://dochub.mongodb.org/core/prodnotes-filesystem
MongoDB Enterprise m103-repl:SECONDARY> 

开启可读:

MongoDB Enterprise m103-repl:SECONDARY> rs.slaveOk()

查看数据是否同步:

MongoDB Enterprise m103-repl:SECONDARY> use testDatabase
switched to db testDatabase
MongoDB Enterprise m103-repl:SECONDARY> db.new_data.find().count()
3

证明数据同步了,选项

  • The unhealthy node will have the inserted document when it is brought back online.正确

所以答案为:

  • When a writeConcernError occurs,the document is still written to the healthy nodes.
  • The unhealthy node will have the inserted document when it is brought back online.

lab - Read Concern and Read Preferences

In this lab, you will take advantage of different read preferences to increase the availability of your replica set.

To begin, load the dataset in your Vagrant box into your replica set:

mongoimport --drop \
--host m103-repl/192.168.103.100:27002,192.168.103.100:27001,192.168.103.100:27003 \
-u "m103-admin" -p "m103-pass" --authenticationDatabase "admin" \
--db applicationData --collection products /dataset/products.json

You can check that you’ve loaded the entire dataset by verifying that there are exactly 516784 documents in the applicationData.products collection:

use applicationData
db.products.count()

Once the dataset is fully imported into your replica set, you will simulate a node failure. This is similar to the previous lab, but this time you will shut down two nodes.

When two of your nodes are unresponsive, you will not be able to connect to the replica set. You will have to connect to the third node, which should be the only healthy node in the cluster.

Which of these readPreferences will allow you to read data from this node?

Check all that apply:

  • secondaryPreferred
  • primary
  • primaryPreferred
  • secondary
  • nearest

解答

先确认脚本:

vagrant@m103:~$ ls /dataset/
products.json

执行题目给出的语句:

vagrant@m103:~$ mongoimport --drop \
> --host m103-repl/192.168.103.100:27002,192.168.103.100:27001,192.168.103.100:27003 \
> -u "m103-admin" -p "m103-pass" --authenticationDatabase "admin" \
> --db applicationData --collection products /dataset/products.json
2018-04-20T06:39:02.031+0000    connected to: m103-repl/192.168.103.100:27002,192.168.103.100:27001,192.168.103.100:27003
2018-04-20T06:39:02.033+0000    dropping: applicationData.products
2018-04-20T06:39:05.018+0000    [#.......................] applicationData.products     6.43MB/87.9MB (7.3%)
2018-04-20T06:39:08.018+0000    [###.....................] applicationData.products     13.4MB/87.9MB (15.2%)
2018-04-20T06:39:11.019+0000    [#####...................] applicationData.products     19.4MB/87.9MB (22.0%)
2018-04-20T06:39:14.018+0000    [######..................] applicationData.products     25.6MB/87.9MB (29.1%)
2018-04-20T06:39:17.018+0000    [########................] applicationData.products     32.0MB/87.9MB (36.4%)
2018-04-20T06:39:20.019+0000    [#########...............] applicationData.products     35.2MB/87.9MB (40.0%)
2018-04-20T06:39:23.019+0000    [##########..............] applicationData.products     38.6MB/87.9MB (43.9%)
2018-04-20T06:39:26.019+0000    [###########.............] applicationData.products     41.1MB/87.9MB (46.8%)
2018-04-20T06:39:29.018+0000    [############............] applicationData.products     44.2MB/87.9MB (50.3%)
2018-04-20T06:39:32.020+0000    [############............] applicationData.products     47.3MB/87.9MB (53.8%)
2018-04-20T06:39:35.020+0000    [#############...........] applicationData.products     50.1MB/87.9MB (56.9%)
2018-04-20T06:39:38.018+0000    [##############..........] applicationData.products     53.4MB/87.9MB (60.7%)
2018-04-20T06:39:41.018+0000    [###############.........] applicationData.products     56.2MB/87.9MB (63.9%)
2018-04-20T06:39:44.018+0000    [################........] applicationData.products     59.4MB/87.9MB (67.6%)
2018-04-20T06:39:47.018+0000    [#################.......] applicationData.products     62.9MB/87.9MB (71.5%)
2018-04-20T06:39:50.019+0000    [##################......] applicationData.products     66.2MB/87.9MB (75.3%)
2018-04-20T06:39:53.020+0000    [##################......] applicationData.products     69.3MB/87.9MB (78.8%)
2018-04-20T06:39:56.018+0000    [###################.....] applicationData.products     72.4MB/87.9MB (82.3%)
2018-04-20T06:39:59.019+0000    [####################....] applicationData.products     75.9MB/87.9MB (86.3%)
2018-04-20T06:40:02.020+0000    [#####################...] applicationData.products     78.7MB/87.9MB (89.4%)
2018-04-20T06:40:05.020+0000    [######################..] applicationData.products     81.5MB/87.9MB (92.7%)
2018-04-20T06:40:08.019+0000    [#######################.] applicationData.products     85.4MB/87.9MB (97.1%)
2018-04-20T06:40:09.837+0000    [########################] applicationData.products     87.9MB/87.9MB (100.0%)
2018-04-20T06:40:09.837+0000    imported 516784 documents

验证脚本是否执行成功:

vagrant@m103:~$ mongo --port 27003 -u m103-admin -p m103-pass admin
MongoDB shell version v3.6.4-rc0
connecting to: mongodb://127.0.0.1:27003/admin
MongoDB server version: 3.6.4-rc0
Server has startup warnings:
2018-04-20T02:50:18.795+0000 I STORAGE  [initandlisten]
2018-04-20T02:50:18.795+0000 I STORAGE  [initandlisten] ** WARNING: Using the XFS filesystem is strongly recommended with the WiredTiger storage engine
2018-04-20T02:50:18.795+0000 I STORAGE  [initandlisten] **          See http://dochub.mongodb.org/core/prodnotes-filesystem
MongoDB Enterprise m103-repl:PRIMARY> use applicationData
switched to db applicationData
MongoDB Enterprise m103-repl:PRIMARY> db.products.count()
516784

按题意关闭1,2号机器:

vagrant@m103:~$ ps -ef|grep mongod
vagrant   6979     1  0 02:50 ?        00:01:17 mongod --config ./mongod-repl-2.conf
vagrant   7008     1  0 02:50 ?        00:01:19 mongod --config ./mongod-repl-3.conf
vagrant   7442     1  0 03:18 ?        00:00:28 mongod --dbpath allbymyselfdb --syslog --fork
vagrant   7961     1  0 04:06 ?        00:00:57 mongod --config ./mongod-repl-1.conf
vagrant   9514  6548  0 06:43 pts/0    00:00:00 grep --color=auto mongod
vagrant@m103:~$ kill -9 7961
vagrant@m103:~$ kill -9 6979

再次连入3号机:

MongoDB Enterprise m103-repl:SECONDARY> show dbs
2018-04-20T06:44:44.177+0000 E QUERY    [thread1] Error: listDatabases failed:{
        "operationTime" : Timestamp(1524206633, 1),
        "ok" : 0,
        "errmsg" : "not master and slaveOk=false",
        "code" : 13435,
        "codeName" : "NotMasterNoSlaveOk",
        "$clusterTime" : {
                "clusterTime" : Timestamp(1524206633, 1),
                "signature" : {
                        "hash" : BinData(0,"u55xpN/Bs4Xt2byaLJISt634uJ4="),
                        "keyId" : NumberLong("6546355982530772993")
                }
        }
} :
_getErrorWithCode@src/mongo/shell/utils.js:25:13
Mongo.prototype.getDBs@src/mongo/shell/mongo.js:65:1
shellHelper.show@src/mongo/shell/utils.js:820:19
shellHelper@src/mongo/shell/utils.js:710:15
@(shellhelp2):1:1

发现集群已崩,且不可读,说明primary(默认设置)模式不可。

下表是Read Preference各种模式的描述:

Read Preference ModeDescription翻译
primaryDefault mode. All operations read from the current replica set primary.默认模式,所有的读操作都在复制集的 主节点 进行的。
primaryPreferredIn most situations, operations read from the primary but if it is unavailable, operations read from secondary members.在大多数情况时,读操作在 主节点 上进行,但是如果主节点不可用了,读操作就会转移到 从节点 上执行。
secondaryAll operations read from the secondary members of the replica set.所有的读操作都在从节点上执行
secondaryPreferredIn most situations, operations read from secondary members but if no secondary members are available, operations read from the primary.在大多数情况下,读操作都是在 从节点 上进行的,但是当 从节点 不可用了,读操作会转移到 主节点 上进行。
nearestOperations read from member of the replica set with the least network latency, irrespective of the member’s type.读操作会在 复制集 中网络延时最小的节点上进行,与节点类型无关。

所以按题意,答案为:

  • secondaryPreferred
  • primaryPreferred
  • secondary
  • nearest
  • 1
    点赞
  • 0
    评论
  • 0
    收藏
  • 打赏
    打赏
  • 扫一扫,分享海报

©️2021 CSDN 皮肤主题: 像素格子 设计师:CSDN官方博客 返回首页

打赏作者

aladdin_sun

你的鼓励将是我创作的最大动力

¥2 ¥4 ¥6 ¥10 ¥20
输入1-500的整数
余额支付 (余额:-- )
扫码支付
扫码支付:¥2
获取中
扫码支付

您的余额不足,请更换扫码支付或充值

打赏作者

实付
使用余额支付
点击重新获取
扫码支付
钱包余额 0

抵扣说明:

1.余额是钱包充值的虚拟货币,按照1:1的比例进行支付金额的抵扣。
2.余额无法直接购买下载,可以购买VIP、C币套餐、付费专栏及课程。

余额充值