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[Maven]maven-shade-plugin使用指南

1. Selecting Contents for Uber JAR

下面的POM代码段显示了如何控制在uber JAR中应该包含/排除哪些项目依赖关系:

<project>
  ...
  <build>
    <plugins>
      <plugin>
        <groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
        <artifactId>maven-shade-plugin</artifactId>
        <version>3.0.0</version>
        <executions>
          <execution>
            <phase>package</phase>
            <goals>
              <goal>shade</goal>
            </goals>
            <configuration>
              <artifactSet>
                <excludes>
                  <exclude>classworlds:classworlds</exclude>
                  <exclude>junit:junit</exclude>
                  <exclude>jmock:*</exclude>
                  <exclude>*:xml-apis</exclude>
                  <exclude>org.apache.maven:lib:tests</exclude>
                  <exclude>log4j:log4j:jar:</exclude>
                </excludes>
              </artifactSet>
            </configuration>
          </execution>
        </executions>
      </plugin>
    </plugins>
  </build>
  ...
</project>

当然,也可以使用<includes>来指定组件的白名单。组件形式由groupId:artifactId[[:type]:classifier]的复合标识符表示。从插件1.3版本开始,通配符'*'和'?'可以用来做全局模式匹配。对于包含所选依赖关系的那些类的细粒度控制,可以使用组件过滤器:

<project>
  ...
  <build>
    <plugins>
      <plugin>
        <groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
        <artifactId>maven-shade-plugin</artifactId>
        <version>3.0.0</version>
        <executions>
          <execution>
            <phase>package</phase>
            <goals>
              <goal>shade</goal>
            </goals>
            <configuration>
              <filters>
                <filter>
                  <artifact>junit:junit</artifact>
                  <includes>
                    <include>junit/framework/**</include>
                    <include>org/junit/**</include>
                  </includes>
                  <excludes>
                    <exclude>org/junit/experimental/**</exclude>
                    <exclude>org/junit/runners/**</exclude>
                  </excludes>
                </filter>
                <filter>
                  <artifact>*:*</artifact>
                  <excludes>
                    <exclude>META-INF/*.SF</exclude>
                    <exclude>META-INF/*.DSA</exclude>
                    <exclude>META-INF/*.RSA</exclude>
                  </excludes>
                </filter>
              </filters>
            </configuration>
          </execution>
        </executions>
      </plugin>
    </plugins>
  </build>
  ...
</project>

这里,类似Ant的模式用于指定依赖关系junit:junit中只有某些类/资源应该包含在uber JAR中。第二个过滤器演示了插件1.3版中引入的组件身份(artifact identity)通配符的使用。它从每个组件排除所有与签名相关的文件,而不管其组是什么或工件ID是什么。

除了用户指定的过滤器之外,插件还可以配置为自动删除项目未使用的所有依赖关系类,从而最大限度地减少所产生的JAR:

<project>
  ...
  <build>
    <plugins>
      <plugin>
        <groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
        <artifactId>maven-shade-plugin</artifactId>
        <version>3.0.0</version>
        <executions>
          <execution>
            <phase>package</phase>
            <goals>
              <goal>shade</goal>
            </goals>
            <configuration>
              <minimizeJar>true</minimizeJar>
            </configuration>
          </execution>
        </executions>
      </plugin>
    </plugins>
  </build>
  ...
</project>

从版本1.6开始,minimizeJar将respect由过滤器中include标记的类。 请注意,为组件中的类显示指定include过滤器会隐式排除该组件中的其他所有非指定类:

<project>
  ...
  <build>
    <plugins>
      <plugin>
        <groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
        <artifactId>maven-shade-plugin</artifactId>
        <version>3.0.0</version>
        <executions>
          <execution>
            <phase>package</phase>
            <goals>
              <goal>shade</goal>
            </goals>
            <configuration>
              <minimizeJar>true</minimizeJar>
              <filters>
                <filter>
                   <artifact>log4j:log4j</artifact>
                   <includes>
                       <include>**</include>
                   </includes>
                </filter>
                <filter>
                   <artifact>commons-logging:commons-logging</artifact>
                   <includes>
                       <include>**</include>
                   </includes>
                </filter>
              </filters>            
            </configuration>
          </execution>
        </executions>
      </plugin>
    </plugins>
  </build>
  ...
</project>

2. 重定位类 Relocating Classes

如果uber JAR被重用为某个其他项目的依赖,如果直接包含所有来自uber JAR中组件的依赖可能会导致类加载冲突,这是由于在classpath上有重复类。为了解决这个问题,可以重新定位包含在阴影组件(shaded artifact)中的类,以创建其字节码的私有副本:

<project>
  ...
  <build>
    <plugins>
      <plugin>
        <groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
        <artifactId>maven-shade-plugin</artifactId>
        <version>3.0.0</version>
        <executions>
          <execution>
            <phase>package</phase>
            <goals>
              <goal>shade</goal>
            </goals>
            <configuration>
              <relocations>
                <relocation>
                  <pattern>org.codehaus.plexus.util</pattern>
                  <shadedPattern>org.shaded.plexus.util</shadedPattern>
                  <excludes>
                    <exclude>org.codehaus.plexus.util.xml.Xpp3Dom</exclude>
                    <exclude>org.codehaus.plexus.util.xml.pull.*</exclude>
                  </excludes>
                </relocation>
              </relocations>
            </configuration>
          </execution>
        </executions>
      </plugin>
    </plugins>
  </build>
  ...
</project>

这指示插件通过移动相应的JAR文件条目并重写受影响的字节码( JAR file entries and rewritting the affected bytecode),将org.codehaus.plexus.util包以及子包中的类从组件org.shaded.plexus.util中移到org.shaded.plexus.util包中。Xpp3Dom类和pull其他类将保留在原始包中。

3. Attaching the Shaded Artifact

默认情况下,插件将用阴影组件替换项目的主要组件。如果原始和阴影的组件都应该安装/部署到存储库中,那么可以配置插件使阴影工件附加为辅助工件:

<project>
  ...
  <build>
    <plugins>
      <plugin>
        <groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
        <artifactId>maven-shade-plugin</artifactId>
        <version>3.0.0</version>
        <executions>
          <execution>
            <phase>package</phase>
            <goals>
              <goal>shade</goal>
            </goals>
            <configuration>
              <shadedArtifactAttached>true</shadedArtifactAttached>
              <shadedClassifierName>jackofall</shadedClassifierName> <!-- Any name that makes sense -->
            </configuration>
          </execution>
        </executions>
      </plugin>
    </plugins>
  </build>
  ...
</project>

通过附加的分类器将阴影组件与主要组件区分开来。

原文:http://maven.apache.org/plugins/maven-shade-plugin/examples/includes-excludes.html

http://maven.apache.org/plugins/maven-shade-plugin/examples/class-relocation.html

http://maven.apache.org/plugins/maven-shade-plugin/examples/attached-artifact.html

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文章标签: maven maven-shade-plugin
个人分类: Maven
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maven-shade-plugin

2013年06月27日 63KB 下载

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