# POJ 1003 Hangover

Hangover
 Time Limit: 1000MS Memory Limit: 10000K Total Submissions: 133565 Accepted: 64951

Description

How far can you make a stack of cards overhang a table? If you have one card, you can create a maximum overhang of half a card length. (We're assuming that the cards must be perpendicular to the table.) With two cards you can make the top card overhang the bottom one by half a card length, and the bottom one overhang the table by a third of a card length, for a total maximum overhang of 1/2 + 1/3 = 5/6 card lengths. In general you can make n cards overhang by 1/2 + 1/3 + 1/4 + ... + 1/(n + 1) card lengths, where the top card overhangs the second by 1/2, the second overhangs tha third by 1/3, the third overhangs the fourth by 1/4, etc., and the bottom card overhangs the table by 1/(n + 1). This is illustrated in the figure below.

Input

The input consists of one or more test cases, followed by a line containing the number 0.00 that signals the end of the input. Each test case is a single line containing a positive floating-point number c whose value is at least 0.01 and at most 5.20; c will contain exactly three digits.

Output

For each test case, output the minimum number of cards necessary to achieve an overhang of at least c card lengths. Use the exact output format shown in the examples.

Sample Input

1.00
3.71
0.04
5.19
0.00


Sample Output

3 card(s)
61 card(s)
1 card(s)
273 card(s)

Source

分析 : 首先输入可以使用动态数组vector, 当输入为0.00的时候就停下, 之后就是一个简单的调和级数计算问题，从1/2+一直到1/n 找到和比输入的数字大的, 输出此时的n值. 代码如下

#include <iostream>
#include <vector>
using namespace std;

int judge(double num);

int main()
{
vector<double> n;
double  temp;
int result;

while(cin >> temp && temp != 0.00)
{
n.push_back(temp);
}

for(int i = 0; i < n.size(); i++)
{
result = judge(n[i]);
cout << result << " card(s)"<<endl;;
}

}

int judge(double num)
{
double count = 0.00;

for(int i = 2; i < 300; i++)
{
count += (double)1/i;
//cout << "count: " << count << endl;        //test
if(count >= num)
return i - 1;
}
}

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