# 行列转换 交叉表

1: 列转为行:
eg1:
Create table test (name char(10),km char(10),cj int)
go
insert test values('张三','语文',80)
insert test values('张三','数学',86)
insert test values('张三','英语',75)
insert test values('李四','语文',78)
insert test values('李四','数学',85)
insert test values('李四','英语',78)

declare @sql varchar(8000)
set @sql = 'select name'
select @sql = @sql + ',sum(case km when '''+km+''' then cj end) ['+km+']'
from (select distinct km from test) as a
select @sql = @sql+' from test group by name'
exec(@sql)

drop table test

eg2:

id pid
1   1
1   2
1   3
2   1
2   2
3   1

id pid
1  1,2,3
2  1,2
3  1

--1.创建一个合并的函数
create function fmerg(@id int)
returns varchar(8000)
as
begin
declare @str varchar(8000)
set @str=''
select @str=@str+','+cast(pid as varchar) from 表A where id=@id
set @str=right(@str,len(@str)-1)
return(@str)
End
go

--调用自定义函数得到结果
select distinct id,dbo.fmerg(id) from 表A

2:
/***********     行转列   *****************/

create table t1 (a int,b int,c int,d int,e int,f int,g int,h int)
insert t1 values(15, 9, 1, 0, 1, 2, 2, 0)

declare @ varchar(8000)
set @=''
select @=@+rtrim(name)+' from t1 union all select ' from syscolumns where id=object_id('t1')
set @=left(@,len(@)-len(' from t1 union all select '))
--print @
exec('select '+@+' from t1')

a
-----------
15
9
1
0
1
2
2
0

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