精通比特币 - 附录2 比特币改进协议

附录2 比特币改进协议

比特币改进协议(Bitcoin improvement proposals 简称BIP)是为比特币社区提供规范,完善比特币及其运行进程和外部环境特性的设计指导文件。 依据 BIP0001协议即比特币改进协议的目的与指南,比特币改进协议有以下三种类型:

标准协议(Standard BIP) 
描述任何影响大多或全部比特币应用的变化,比如网络协议、交易有效性规则的变化,或者任何影响使用比特币交互操作性的变化或补充。

信息补充协议(Informational BIP) 
描述比特币的设计事项而不是为其提供新特性,或者为比特币社区提供一般性的指南或信息。信息补充型协议 不一定需要比特币社区达成共识或推荐,因此用户和开发人员可以选择忽略或者接受信息补充型协议的建议。

开发指导协议(Process BIP) 
描述比特币进程,或者提议更改进程或事项。Process BIP与Standard BIP 相似,但是也可以应用于除比特币协议以外的领域。在普遍达成共识的情况下,它可以向比特币以外的代码库提出改进建议。与Informational BIP不同,Process BIP 是强制性的,用户必须遵守。例如针对决策进程的过程、指南、改变,在比特币开发过程中使用的工具、环境的改变。任何meta-BIP也应被认为是 Process BIP。 比特币改进协议在 GitHub 中更新版本。

表B-1为比特币改进协议一览表(更新至2014年底) 。需要有关目前 BIP 内容的最新信息,请参考官方版本。

表B-1 BIP一览表

BIP# 链接 标题 作者 类型 状态
1 https://github.com/bitcoin/bips/blob/ master/bip-0001.mediawiki BIP Purpose and Guidelines Amir Taaki Standard Active
10 https://github.com/bitcoin/bips/blob/ master/bip-0010.mediawiki Multi-Sig Transaction Distribution Alan Reiner Informational Draft
11 https://github.com/bitcoin/bips/blob/ master/bip-0011.mediawiki M-of-N Standard Transactions Gavin Andresen Standard Accepted
12 https://github.com/bitcoin/bips/blob/ master/bip-0012.mediawiki OP_EVAL Gavin Andresen Standard Withdrawn
13 https://github.com/bitcoin/bips/blob/ master/bip-0013.mediawiki Address Format for pay-to- script-hash Gavin Andresen Standard Final
14 https://github.com/bitcoin/bips/blob/ master/bip-0014.mediawiki Protocol Version and User Agent Amir Taaki, Patrick Standard Accepted
15 https://github.com/bitcoin/bips/blob/ master/bip-0015.mediawiki Aliases Amir Taaki Standard Withdrawn
16 https://github.com/bitcoin/bips/blob/ master/bip-0016.mediawiki Pay To Script Hash Gavin Andresen Standard Accepted
17 https://github.com/bitcoin/bips/blob/ master/bip-0017.mediawiki OP_CHECKHASHVERIFY (CHV) Luke Dashjr Withdrawn Draft
18 https://github.com/bitcoin/bips/blob/ master/bip-0018.mediawikilink: hashScriptCheck Luke Dashjr Standard Draft
19 https://github.com/bitcoin/bips/blob/ master/bip-0019.mediawiki M-of-N Standard Transactions (Low SigOp) Luke Dashjr Standard Draft
20 https://github.com/bitcoin/bips/blob/ master/bip-0020.mediawiki URI Scheme Luke Dashjr Standard Replaced
21 https://github.com/bitcoin/bips/blob/ master/bip-0021.mediawiki URI Scheme Nils Schneider, Matt Corallo Standard Accepted
22 https://github.com/bitcoin/bips/blob/ master/bip-0022.mediawiki getblocktemplate - Fundamentals Luke Dashjr Standard Accepted
23 https://github.com/bitcoin/bips/blob/ master/bip-0023.mediawiki getblocktemplate - Pooled Mining Luke Dashjr Standard Accepted
30 https://github.com/bitcoin/bips/blob/ master/bip-0030.mediawiki Duplicate transactions Pieter Wuille Standard Accepted
31 https://github.com/bitcoin/bips/blob/ master/bip-0031.mediawiki Pong message Mike Hearn Standard Accepted
32 https://github.com/bitcoin/bips/blob/ master/bip-0032.mediawiki Hierarchical Deterministic Wallets Pieter Wuille Informational Accepted
33 https://github.com/bitcoin/bips/blob/ master/bip-0033.mediawiki Stratized Nodes Amir Taaki Standard Draft
34 https://github.com/bitcoin/bips/blob/ master/bip-0034.mediawiki Block v2, Height incoinbase Gavin Andresen Standard Accepted
35 https://github.com/bitcoin/bips/blob/ master/bip-0035.mediawiki mempool message Jeff Garzik Standard Accepted
36 https://github.com/bitcoin/bips/blob/ master/bip-0036.mediawiki Custom Services Stefan Thomas Standard Draft
37 https://github.com/bitcoin/bips/blob/ master/bip-0037.mediawiki Bloom filtering Mike Hearn and Matt Corallo Standard Accepted
38 https://github.com/bitcoin/bips/blob/ master/bip-0038.mediawiki Passphrase-protected private key Mike Caldwell Standard Draft
39 https://github.com/bitcoin/bips/blob/ master/bip-0039.mediawiki Mnemonic code for generating deterministic keys Slush Standard Draft
40 - Stratum wire protocol Slush Standard BIP number allocated
41 - Stratum mining protocol Slush Standard BIP number allocated
42 https://github.com/bitcoin/bips/blob/ master/bip-0042.mediawiki A finite monetary supply for bitcoin Pieter Wuille Standard Draft
43 https://github.com/bitcoin/bips/blob/ master/bip-0043.mediawiki Purpose Field for Deterministic Wallets Slush Standard Draft
44 https://github.com/bitcoin/bips/blob/ master/bip-0044.mediawiki Multi-Account Hierarchy for Deterministic Wallets Slush Standard Draft
50 https://github.com/bitcoin/bips/blob/ master/bip-0050.mediawiki March 2013 Chain Fork Post- Mortem Gavin Andresen Informational Draft
60 https://github.com/bitcoin/bips/blob/ master/bip-0060.mediawiki Fixed Length “version” Message (Relay-Transactions Field) Amir Taaki Standard Draft
61 https://github.com/bitcoin/bips/blob/ master/bip-0061.mediawiki “reject” P2P message Gavin Andresen Standard Draft
62 https://github.com/bitcoin/bips/blob/ master/bip-0062.mediawiki Dealing with malleability Pieter Wuille Standard Draft
63 - Stealth Addresses Peter Todd Standard BIP number allocated
64 https://github.com/bitcoin/bips/blob/master/bip-0064.mediawiki getutxos message Mike Hearn Standard Draft
70 https://github.com/bitcoin/bips/blob/ master/bip-0070.mediawiki Payment protocol Gavin Andresen Standard Draft
71 https://github.com/bitcoin/bips/blob/ master/bip-0071.mediawiki Payment protocol MIME types Gavin Andresen Standard Draft
72 https://github.com/bitcoin/bips/blob/ master/bip-0072.mediawiki Payment protocol URIs Gavin Andresen Standard Draft
73 https://github.com/bitcoin/bips/blob/ master/bip-0073.mediawiki Use “Accept” header with Payment Request URLs Stephen Pair Standard Draft

==目录==

简介
前言
第1章 介绍
第2章 比特币的原理
第3章 比特币客户端
第4章 密钥、地址、钱包
第4章 高级密钥和地址
第5章 交易
第6章 比特币网络
第7章 区块链
第8章 挖矿与共识
第8章 区块链分叉、矿池、共识攻击
第9章 竞争币、竞争块链和应用程序
第10章 比特币安全

附录1 交易脚本的操作符、常量和符号
附录2 比特币改进协议
附录3 pycoin库、ku程序和tx交易程序
附录4 sx工具下一些的命令

本文原链接:http://zhibimo.com/read/wang-miao/Mastering-Bitcoin/Appendix2.html

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