详解linux下编译安装配置php5.6.30过程

原文地址:http://www.php.cn/php-weizijiaocheng-358134.html

一、编译安装php5.6.30

安装环境:

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# cat /etc/redhat-release
CentOS release 6.8 (Final)
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# /application/nginx/sbin/nginx -v
nginx version: nginx/1.6.3

下载php5.6.30安装包

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wget <a rel="nofollow" href="http://cn2.php.net/distributions/php-5.6.30.tar.bz2" target="_blank">http://cn2.php.net/distributions/php-5.6.30.tar.bz2</a>

解压

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tar -xjf php-5.6.30.tar.bz2

安装所需依赖包

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# rpm -qa zlib-devel libxm12-devel libjpeg-devel libjpeg-turbo-devel libiconv-devel
freetype-devel libpng-devel libpng-devel gd-devel libcurl-devel libxslt-devel
# yum install zlib-devel libxm12-devel libjpeg-devel libjpeg-turbo-devel libiconv-devel
freetype-devel libpng-devel libpng-devel gd-devel libcurl-devel libxslt-devel -y

安装libiconv库

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wget
tar zxf libiconv-1.14.tar.gz
cd libiconv-1.14
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/libiconv
make
make install

开始安装 php

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[root@darius php-5.6.30]#./configure --prefix=/application/php5.6.30
--with-mysql=mysqlnd --with-mysqli=mysqlnd --with-pdo-mysql=mysqlnd
--with-iconv-dir=/usr/local/libiconv --with-freetype-dir --with-jpeg-dir
 --with-png-dir --with-zlib --with-libxml-dir=/usr --enable-xml --disable-rpath --enable-bcmath --enable-shmop
  --enable-sysvsem --enable-inline-optimization --with-curl --enable-mbregex --enable-fpm
   --enable-mbstring --with-mcrypt --with-gd --enable-gd-native-ttf --with-openssl --with-mhash
    --enable-pcntl --enable-sockets --with-xmlrpc --enable-zip --enable-soap --enable-short-tags
     --enable-static --with-xsl --with-fpm-user=nginx --with-fpm-group=nginx --enable-ftp --without-pear
     --disable-phar
  
#因为本机没有pear包,所以选择暂时跳过(--without-pear --disable-phar),等php安装后再补装go-pear

123.jpg

make 编译

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[root@darius php-5.6.30]# make
...
...
...
Build complete.
Don't forget to run 'make test'.
  
[root@darius php-5.6.30]# make test

make test的结果报了一些问题,我没有理会,继续安装了

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执行make install

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[root@darius php-5.6.30]# make install
Installing shared extensions:     /application/php5.6.30/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20131226/
Installing PHP CLI binary:        /application/php5.6.30/bin/
Installing PHP CLI man page:      /application/php5.6.30/php/man/man1/
Installing PHP FPM binary:        /application/php5.6.30/sbin/
Installing PHP FPM config:        /application/php5.6.30/etc/
Installing PHP FPM man page:      /application/php5.6.30/php/man/man8/
Installing PHP FPM status page:   /application/php5.6.30/php/php/fpm/
Installing PHP CGI binary:        /application/php5.6.30/bin/
Installing PHP CGI man page:      /application/php5.6.30/php/man/man1/
Installing build environment:     /application/php5.6.30/lib/php/build/
Installing header files:           /application/php5.6.30/include/php/
Installing helper programs:       /application/php5.6.30/bin/
  program: phpize
  program: php-config
Installing man pages:             /application/php5.6.30/php/man/man1/
  page: phpize.1
  page: php-config.1
Installing PDO headers:           /application/php5.6.30/include/php/ext/pdo/

二、配置php

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cp php.ini-production /usr/local/php/etc/php.ini #复制php配置文件到安装目录rm -rf /etc/php.ini #删除系统自带配置文件
ln -s /usr/local/php/etc/php.ini /etc/php.ini #添加软链接到 /etc目录
cp /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf.default /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf #拷贝模板文件为php-fpm配置文件
ln -s /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf /etc/php-fpm.conf #添加软连接到 /etc目录

修改php-fpm.conf

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pid = run/php-fpm.pid  #取消前面的分号

修改php-ini.conf

找到:disable_functions=

修改为:

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disable_functions =
passthru,exec,system,chroot,scandir,chgrp,chown,shell_exec,proc_open,proc_get_status,ini_alter,
ini_alter,ini_restore,dl,openlog,syslog,readlink,symlink,popepassthru,stream_socket_server,escapeshellcmd,dll,popen,
disk_free_space,checkdnsrr,checkdnsrr,getservbyname,getservbyport,disk_total_space,posix_ctermid,posix_get_last_error,
posix_getcwd, posix_getegid,posix_geteuid,posix_getgid, posix_getgrgid,posix_getgrnam,posix_getgroups,posix_getlogin,
posix_getpgid,posix_getpgrp,posix_getpid, posix_getppid,posix_getpwnam,posix_getpwuid, posix_getrlimit, posix_getsid,
posix_getuid,posix_isatty, posix_kill,posix_mkfifo,posix_setegid,posix_seteuid,posix_setgid, posix_setpgid,posix_setsid,
posix_setuid,posix_strerror,posix_times,posix_ttyname,posix_uname

#列出PHP可以禁用的函数,如果某些程序需要用到这个函数,可以删除,取消禁用。

找到:;date.timezone =

修改为:

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date.timezone = PRC #设置时区

找到:expose_php = On

修改为:

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expose_php = Off #禁止显示php版本的信息

找到:short_open_tag = Off

修改为:

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short_open_tag = ON #支持php短标签

注意:short_open_tag 必须打开.开启以后可以使用PHP的段标签:()。同时,只有开启这个才可以使用 <?= 以代替 <? echo 。有一些开源系统里会使用短标签,如果不打开的话会报错。

找到opcache.enable=0

修改为

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opcache.enable=1 #php支持opcode缓存

找到:;opcache.enable_cli=1 #php支持opcode缓存

修改为:

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opcache.enable_cli=0

在最后一行添加:

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zend_extension=opcache.so #开启opcode缓存功能

:wq #保存退出

配置nginx.conf

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location ~ \.php$ {
    root html/bbs;      #你网页根目录
    fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000;
    fastcgi_index index.php;
    fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
    include fastcgi_params;
}

创建测试文件:

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[root@darius bbs]# cat index.php
<?php phpinfo(); ?>
[root@darius bbs]# cat index.html
bbs.html
[root@darius bbs]# pwd
/application/nginx/html/bbs

启动php-fpm,重启nginx,并测试结果

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/application/php/sbin/php-fpm -c /application/php/etc/php.ini -y /application/php/etc/php-fpm.conf
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/application/nginx/sbin/nginx -s reload

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