git clone命令使用

git clone 命令参数:

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usage: git clone [options] [--] <repo> [<dir>]

    -v, --verbose         be more verbose
    -q, --quiet           be more quiet
    --progress            force progress reporting
    -n, --no-checkout     don't create a checkout
    --bare                create a bare repository
    --mirror              create a mirror repository (implies bare)
    -l, --local           to clone from a local repository
    --no-hardlinks        don't use local hardlinks, always copy
    -s, --shared          setup as shared repository
    --recursive           initialize submodules in the clone
    --recurse-submodules  initialize submodules in the clone
    --template <template-directory>
                          directory from which templates will be used
    --reference <repo>    reference repository
    -o, --origin <name>   use <name> instead of 'origin' to track upstream
    -b, --branch <branch>
                          checkout <branch> instead of the remote's HEAD
    -u, --upload-pack <path>
                          path to git-upload-pack on the remote
    --depth <depth>       create a shallow clone of that depth
    --separate-git-dir <gitdir>
                          separate git dir from working tree
    -c, --config <key=value>
                          set config inside the new repository
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参数挺多,但常用的就几个:

1. 最简单直接的命令

git clone xxx.git

2. 如果想clone到指定目录

git clone xxx.git "指定目录"

3. clone时创建新的分支替代默认Origin HEAD(master)

git clone -b [new_branch_name]  xxx.git

4. clone 远程分支

  git clone 命令默认的只会建立master分支,如果你想clone指定的某一远程分支(如:dev)的话,可以如下:

  A. 查看所有分支(包括隐藏的)  git branch -a 显示所有分支,如:    

* master
  remotes/origin/HEAD -> origin/master
  remotes/origin/dev
  remotes/origin/master

  B.  在本地新建同名的("dev")分支,并切换到该分支

git checkout -t origin/dev 该命令等同于:
git checkout -b dev origin/dev

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