java中long,int,short与byte数组之间的转换

转的两篇文章的实现都很全面里面有些细节不同,现在项目进度紧张.先保留以后整理.

文章一:http://hi.baidu.com/menglinxi_a/item/35a43d5d50e79212abf6d753


//long类型转成byte数组 
  public static byte[] longToByte(long number) { 
        long temp = number; 
        byte[] b = new byte[8]; 
        for (int i = 0; i < b.length; i++) { 
            b[i] = new Long(temp & 0xff).byteValue();// 
将最低位保存在最低位 
            temp = temp >> 8; // 向右移8位 
        } 
        return b; 
    } 
    
    //byte数组转成long 
    public static long byteToLong(byte[] b) { 
        long s = 0; 
        long s0 = b[0] & 0xff;// 最低位 
        long s1 = b[1] & 0xff; 
        long s2 = b[2] & 0xff; 
        long s3 = b[3] & 0xff; 
        long s4 = b[4] & 0xff;// 最低位 
        long s5 = b[5] & 0xff; 
        long s6 = b[6] & 0xff; 
        long s7 = b[7] & 0xff; 
 
        // s0不变 
        s1 <<= 8; 
        s2 <<= 16; 
        s3 <<= 24; 
        s4 <<= 8 * 4; 
        s5 <<= 8 * 5; 
        s6 <<= 8 * 6; 
        s7 <<= 8 * 7; 
        s = s0 | s1 | s2 | s3 | s4 | s5 | s6 | s7; 
        return s; 
    } 
 
/** 
     * 注释:int到字节数组的转换! 
     * 
     * @param number 
     * @return 
     */ 
    public static byte[] intToByte(int number) { 
        int temp = number; 
        byte[] b = new byte[4]; 
        for (int i = 0; i < b.length; i++) { 
            b[i] = new Integer(temp & 0xff).byteValue();// 
将最低位保存在最低位 
            temp = temp >> 8; // 向右移8位 
        } 
        return b; 
    } 
 
    /** 
     * 注释:字节数组到int的转换! 
     * 
     * @param b 
     * @return 
     */ 
    public static int byteToInt(byte[] b) { 
        int s = 0; 
        int s0 = b[0] & 0xff;// 最低位 
        int s1 = b[1] & 0xff; 
        int s2 = b[2] & 0xff; 
        int s3 = b[3] & 0xff; 
        s3 <<= 24; 
        s2 <<= 16; 
        s1 <<= 8; 
        s = s0 | s1 | s2 | s3; 
        return s; 
    } 
 
    /** 
     * 注释:short到字节数组的转换! 
     * 
     * @param s 
     * @return 
     */ 
    public static byte[] shortToByte(short number) { 
        int temp = number; 
        byte[] b = new byte[2]; 
        for (int i = 0; i < b.length; i++) { 
            b[i] = new Integer(temp & 0xff).byteValue();// 
将最低位保存在最低位 
            temp = temp >> 8; // 向右移8位 
        } 
        return b; 
    } 
 
    /** 
     * 注释:字节数组到short的转换! 
     * 
     * @param b 
     * @return 
     */ 
    public static short byteToShort(byte[] b) { 
        short s = 0; 
        short s0 = (short) (b[0] & 0xff);// 最低位 
        short s1 = (short) (b[1] & 0xff); 
        s1 <<= 8; 
        s = (short) (s0 | s1); 
        return s; 
    }

文章二:

Java的byte,short, int, long等转换方法


public static byte[] shortToBytes(short n) {

byte[] b = new byte[2];

b[1] = (byte) (n & 0xff);

b[0] = (byte) ((n >> 8) & 0xff);

return b;

}

public static short bytesToShort(byte[] b) {

return (short) (b[1] & 0xff

| (b[0] & 0xff) << 8);

}

/**

* int类型转换成byte[]

*

* @param num

* int数

* @return byte[]

*/

public static byte[] intToBytes(int num) {

byte[] b = new byte[4];

for (int i = 0; i < 4; i++) {

b[i] = (byte) (num >>> (24 - i * 8));

}

return b;

}

public static int bytes2int(byte[] b) {

//byte[] b=new byte[]{1,2,3,4};

int mask = 0xff;

int temp = 0;

int res = 0;

for (int i = 0; i < 4; i++) {

res <<= 8;

temp = b[i] & mask;

res |= temp;

}

return res;

}

public static byte[] longToBytes(long num) {

byte[] b = new byte[8];

for (int i = 0; i < 8; i++) {

b[i] = (byte) (num >>> (56 - i * 8));

}

return b;

}

public static String str2HexStr(String str) {

char[] chars = "0123456789ABCDEF".toCharArray();

StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder("");

byte[] bs = str.getBytes();

int bit;

for (int i = 0; i < bs.length; i++) {

bit = (bs[i] & 0x0f0) >> 4;

sb.append(chars[bit]);

bit = bs[i] & 0x0f;

sb.append(chars[bit]);

}

return sb.toString();

}

public static String bytesToHexString(byte[] bArray) {

StringBuffer sb = new StringBuffer(bArray.length);

String sTemp;

for (int i = 0; i < bArray.length; i++) {

sTemp = Integer.toHexString(0xFF & bArray[i]);

if (sTemp.length() < 2) {

sb.append(0);

}

sb.append(sTemp.toUpperCase());

}

return sb.toString();

}

public static byte[] hexStringToBytes(String hexString) {

String chars = "0123456789ABCDEF";

if (hexString == null || hexString.equals("")) {

return null;

}

hexString = hexString.toUpperCase();

int length = hexString.length() / 2;

char[] hexChars = hexString.toCharArray();

byte[] d = new byte[length];

for (int i = 0; i < length; i++) {

int pos = i * 2;

d[i] = (byte) (chars.indexOf(hexChars[pos]) << 4 | chars.indexOf(hexChars[pos + 1]));

}

return d;

}


第三篇:http://cuisuqiang.iteye.com/blog/1434442

package com.dst.util;

import java.io.*;

/**
 * 流操作工具类
 * 
 * @author 崔素强
 */
public class StreamTool {

	/**
	 * @方法功能 InputStream 转为 byte
	 * @param InputStream
	 * @return 字节数组
	 * @throws Exception
	 */
	public static byte[] inputStream2Byte(InputStream inStream)
			throws Exception {
		// ByteArrayOutputStream outSteam = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
		// byte[] buffer = new byte[1024];
		// int len = -1;
		// while ((len = inStream.read(buffer)) != -1) {
		// outSteam.write(buffer, 0, len);
		// }
		// outSteam.close();
		// inStream.close();
		// return outSteam.toByteArray();
		int count = 0;
		while (count == 0) {
			count = inStream.available();
		}
		byte[] b = new byte[count];
		inStream.read(b);
		return b;
	}

	/**
	 * @方法功能 byte 转为 InputStream
	 * @param 字节数组
	 * @return InputStream
	 * @throws Exception
	 */
	public static InputStream byte2InputStream(byte[] b) throws Exception {
		InputStream is = new ByteArrayInputStream(b);
		return is;
	}

	/**
	 * @功能 短整型与字节的转换
	 * @param 短整型
	 * @return 两位的字节数组
	 */
	public static byte[] shortToByte(short number) {
		int temp = number;
		byte[] b = new byte[2];
		for (int i = 0; i < b.length; i++) {
			b[i] = new Integer(temp & 0xff).byteValue();// 将最低位保存在最低位
			temp = temp >> 8; // 向右移8位
		}
		return b;
	}

	/**
	 * @功能 字节的转换与短整型
	 * @param 两位的字节数组
	 * @return 短整型
	 */
	public static short byteToShort(byte[] b) {
		short s = 0;
		short s0 = (short) (b[0] & 0xff);// 最低位
		short s1 = (short) (b[1] & 0xff);
		s1 <<= 8;
		s = (short) (s0 | s1);
		return s;
	}

	/**
	 * @方法功能 整型与字节数组的转换
	 * @param 整型
	 * @return 四位的字节数组
	 */
	public static byte[] intToByte(int i) {
		byte[] bt = new byte[4];
		bt[0] = (byte) (0xff & i);
		bt[1] = (byte) ((0xff00 & i) >> 8);
		bt[2] = (byte) ((0xff0000 & i) >> 16);
		bt[3] = (byte) ((0xff000000 & i) >> 24);
		return bt;
	}

	/**
	 * @方法功能 字节数组和整型的转换
	 * @param 字节数组
	 * @return 整型
	 */
	public static int bytesToInt(byte[] bytes) {
		int num = bytes[0] & 0xFF;
		num |= ((bytes[1] << 8) & 0xFF00);
		num |= ((bytes[2] << 16) & 0xFF0000);
		num |= ((bytes[3] << 24) & 0xFF000000);
		return num;
	}

	/**
	 * @方法功能 字节数组和长整型的转换
	 * @param 字节数组
	 * @return 长整型
	 */
	public static byte[] longToByte(long number) {
		long temp = number;
		byte[] b = new byte[8];
		for (int i = 0; i < b.length; i++) {
			b[i] = new Long(temp & 0xff).byteValue();
			// 将最低位保存在最低位
			temp = temp >> 8;
			// 向右移8位
		}
		return b;
	}

	/**
	 * @方法功能 字节数组和长整型的转换
	 * @param 字节数组
	 * @return 长整型
	 */
	public static long byteToLong(byte[] b) {
		long s = 0;
		long s0 = b[0] & 0xff;// 最低位
		long s1 = b[1] & 0xff;
		long s2 = b[2] & 0xff;
		long s3 = b[3] & 0xff;
		long s4 = b[4] & 0xff;// 最低位
		long s5 = b[5] & 0xff;
		long s6 = b[6] & 0xff;
		long s7 = b[7] & 0xff; // s0不变
		s1 <<= 8;
		s2 <<= 16;
		s3 <<= 24;
		s4 <<= 8 * 4;
		s5 <<= 8 * 5;
		s6 <<= 8 * 6;
		s7 <<= 8 * 7;
		s = s0 | s1 | s2 | s3 | s4 | s5 | s6 | s7;
		return s;
	}
}



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