RocketMq案例,生产者,消费者,消息订阅

版权声明:本文为博主原创文章,未经博主允许不得转载。 https://blog.csdn.net/toto1297488504/article/details/78325189

1、RocketMq集群配置参考:

http://blog.csdn.net/tototuzuoquan/article/details/78314572

使用的rocketmq的ip等是上面博文提及的ip等内容

2、创建RocketMq工程

工程目录结构如下:
这里写图片描述

3、编写pom.xml文件

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0"
         xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
         xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
    <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>

    <groupId>com.toto.rocketmq</groupId>
    <artifactId>rocketmq-demo</artifactId>
    <version>1.0-SNAPSHOT</version>

    <dependencies>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.apache.rocketmq</groupId>
            <artifactId>rocketmq-store</artifactId>
            <version>4.0.0-incubating</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.apache.rocketmq</groupId>
            <artifactId>rocketmq-client</artifactId>
            <version>4.0.0-incubating</version>
        </dependency>
    </dependencies>

    <build>
        <plugins>
            <plugin>
                <artifactId>maven-compiler-plugin</artifactId>
                <version>3.1</version>
                <configuration>
                    <source>1.8</source>
                    <target>1.8</target>
                </configuration>
            </plugin>
            <plugin>
                <artifactId>maven-assembly-plugin</artifactId>
                <version>2.4</version>
                <configuration>
                    <descriptorRefs>
                        <descriptorRef>jar-with-dependencies</descriptorRef>
                    </descriptorRefs>
                </configuration>
                <executions>
                    <execution>
                        <id>make-assembly</id>
                        <phase>package</phase>
                        <goals>
                            <goal>single</goal>
                        </goals>
                    </execution>
                </executions>
            </plugin>
        </plugins>
    </build>
</project>

4、编写demo.one下的Producer,代码如下:

package demo.one;

import org.apache.rocketmq.client.exception.MQBrokerException;
import org.apache.rocketmq.client.exception.MQClientException;
import org.apache.rocketmq.client.producer.DefaultMQProducer;
import org.apache.rocketmq.common.message.Message;
import org.apache.rocketmq.remoting.exception.RemotingException;

import java.util.UUID;

public class Producer {

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        //生成Producer
        DefaultMQProducer producer = new DefaultMQProducer("pro_qch_test");
        //配置Producer
        producer.setNamesrvAddr("192.168.106.101:9876;192.168.106.102:9876");
        producer.setInstanceName(UUID.randomUUID().toString());
        //启动Producer
        try{
            producer.start();
        }catch(MQClientException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
            return;
        }

        //生产消息
        String str = "Hello RocketMQ!------" + UUID.randomUUID().toString();
        Message msg = new Message("qch_20170706",str.getBytes());
        try{
            producer.send(msg);
        } catch(MQClientException | RemotingException | MQBrokerException | InterruptedException e){
            e.printStackTrace();
            return;
        }

        //停止Producer
        producer.shutdown();
        System.out.println("[-----------]Success\n");
    }
}

运行结果如下:
这里写图片描述

5、编写demo.one下的ProducerTest

package demo.one;

import org.apache.rocketmq.client.exception.MQBrokerException;
import org.apache.rocketmq.client.exception.MQClientException;
import org.apache.rocketmq.client.producer.DefaultMQProducer;
import org.apache.rocketmq.common.message.Message;
import org.apache.rocketmq.remoting.exception.RemotingException;

import java.util.UUID;

public class ProducerTest {
    private static DefaultMQProducer producer = null;

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        System.out.print("[----------]Start\n");
        int pro_count = 1;
        if (args.length > 0) {
            pro_count = Integer.parseInt(args[0]);
        }
        boolean result = false;
        try {
            ProducerStart();
            for (int i = 0; i < pro_count; i++) {
                String msg = "hello rocketmq "+ i + "----" + UUID.randomUUID().toString();
                SendMessage("qch_20170706", msg);
                System.out.print(msg + "\n");
            }
        }finally {
            producer.shutdown();
        }
        System.out.print("[----------]Succeed\n");
    }

    private static boolean ProducerStart() {
        producer = new DefaultMQProducer("pro_qch_test");
        producer.setNamesrvAddr("192.168.106.101:9876;192.168.106.102:9876");
        producer.setInstanceName(UUID.randomUUID().toString());
        try {
            producer.start();
        } catch(MQClientException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
            return false;
        }
        return true;
    }

    private static boolean SendMessage(String topic, String str) {
        Message msg = new Message(topic, str.getBytes());
        try {
            producer.send(msg);
        } catch (MQClientException | RemotingException | MQBrokerException | InterruptedException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
            return false;
        }
        return true;
    }
}

通过这个类实现批量发送消息

在此类中args参数需要输入,接下来idea中模拟输入参数:
这里写图片描述
这里写图片描述
运行结果:
这里写图片描述

5、编写demo.one下的ConsumerTest

package demo.one;

import org.apache.rocketmq.client.consumer.DefaultMQPushConsumer;
import org.apache.rocketmq.client.consumer.listener.ConsumeConcurrentlyContext;
import org.apache.rocketmq.client.consumer.listener.ConsumeConcurrentlyStatus;
import org.apache.rocketmq.client.consumer.listener.MessageListenerConcurrently;
import org.apache.rocketmq.common.consumer.ConsumeFromWhere;
import org.apache.rocketmq.common.message.MessageExt;

import java.util.List;
import java.util.UUID;

public class ConsumerTest {

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        DefaultMQPushConsumer consumer = new DefaultMQPushConsumer("con_qch_test");
        consumer.setInstanceName(UUID.randomUUID().toString());
        consumer.setConsumeMessageBatchMaxSize(32);
        consumer.setNamesrvAddr("192.168.106.101:9876;192.168.106.102:9876");
        consumer.setConsumeFromWhere(ConsumeFromWhere.CONSUME_FROM_FIRST_OFFSET);
        consumer.registerMessageListener(new MessageListenerConcurrently() {
            @Override
            public ConsumeConcurrentlyStatus consumeMessage(
                    List<MessageExt> list, ConsumeConcurrentlyContext consumeConcurrentlyContext) {
                for(MessageExt me : list) {
                    System.out.print(new String(me.getBody()) + "\n");
                }
                System.out.println("=====================================");
                return ConsumeConcurrentlyStatus.CONSUME_SUCCESS;
            }
        });
        try {
            consumer.subscribe("qch_20170706", "*");
            consumer.start();
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }
}

运行结果:
这里写图片描述

6、编写demo.one下的PullConsumer

在rocketmq里,consumer被分为2类:MQPullConsumer和MQPushConsumer,其实本质都是拉模式(pull),即consumer轮询从broker拉取消息。

区别是:
push方式里,consumer把轮询过程封装了,并注册MessageListener监听器,取到消息后,唤醒MessageListener的consumerMessage()来消费,对用户而言,感觉消息是被推送过来的。

pull方式里,取消息的过程需要用户自己写,首先通过打算消费的Topic拿到MessageQueue的集合,遍历MessageQueue集合,然后针对每个MessageQueue批量取消息,一次取完后,记录该队列下一次要取的开始offset,直到取完了,再换另一个MessageQueue.

package demo.one;

import org.apache.rocketmq.client.consumer.DefaultMQPullConsumer;
import org.apache.rocketmq.client.consumer.PullResult;
import org.apache.rocketmq.client.exception.MQClientException;
import org.apache.rocketmq.common.message.MessageQueue;
import org.apache.rocketmq.common.protocol.heartbeat.MessageModel;

import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Map;
import java.util.Set;
import java.util.UUID;

public class PullConsumer {
    private static final Map<MessageQueue, Long> OFFSE_TABLE = new HashMap<>();

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        DefaultMQPullConsumer consumer = new DefaultMQPullConsumer("consumerGroup");
        consumer.setInstanceName(UUID.randomUUID().toString());
        consumer.setMessageModel(MessageModel.BROADCASTING);
        consumer.setNamesrvAddr("192.168.106.101:9876;192.168.106.102:9876");
        try {
            consumer.start();
        } catch (MQClientException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        try {
            Set<MessageQueue> mqs = consumer.fetchSubscribeMessageQueues("qch_20170706");
            for(MessageQueue mq : mqs) {
                System.out.println("Consume from the queue: " + mq + "%n");
                SINGLE_MQ:
                while(true) {
                    try {
                        PullResult pullResult = consumer.pullBlockIfNotFound(mq,null,
                                getMessageQueueOffset(mq),32);
                        System.out.printf("%s%n", pullResult);
                        putMessageQueueOffset(mq,pullResult.getNextBeginOffset());
                        switch (pullResult.getPullStatus()) {
                            case FOUND:
                                break;
                            case NO_MATCHED_MSG:
                                break;
                            case NO_NEW_MSG:
                                break SINGLE_MQ;
                            case OFFSET_ILLEGAL:
                                break;
                            default:
                                break;
                        }
                    } catch (Exception e) {
                        e.printStackTrace();
                    }
                }
            }
        } catch (MQClientException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }

    private static long getMessageQueueOffset(MessageQueue mq) {
        Long offset = OFFSE_TABLE.get(mq);
        if (offset != null)
            return offset;

        return 0;
    }

    private static void putMessageQueueOffset(MessageQueue mq, long offset) {
        OFFSE_TABLE.put(mq, offset);
    }
}

运行后的结果是:
这里写图片描述

7、编写demo.one下的PushConsumer

package demo.one;

import org.apache.rocketmq.client.consumer.DefaultMQPushConsumer;
import org.apache.rocketmq.client.consumer.listener.ConsumeConcurrentlyStatus;
import org.apache.rocketmq.client.consumer.listener.MessageListenerConcurrently;
import org.apache.rocketmq.client.exception.MQClientException;
import org.apache.rocketmq.common.consumer.ConsumeFromWhere;
import org.apache.rocketmq.common.message.MessageExt;
import org.apache.rocketmq.common.protocol.heartbeat.MessageModel;

import java.util.UUID;

public class PushConsumer {

    public static void main(String[] args) throws MQClientException, InterruptedException {
        //生成Consumer
        DefaultMQPushConsumer consumer = new DefaultMQPushConsumer("con_group_1");
        //配置Consumer
        consumer.setInstanceName(UUID.randomUUID().toString());
        consumer.setMessageModel(MessageModel.BROADCASTING);
        consumer.setConsumeMessageBatchMaxSize(32);
        consumer.setNamesrvAddr("192.168.106.101:9876;192.168.106.102:9876");
        consumer.setConsumeFromWhere(ConsumeFromWhere.CONSUME_FROM_FIRST_OFFSET);
        consumer.registerMessageListener(
                (MessageListenerConcurrently)(list, consumeConcurrentlyContext) -> {
                    //消费消息
                    for(MessageExt me : list) {
                        System.out.print("msg=" + new String(me.getBody()) + "\n");
                    }
                    return ConsumeConcurrentlyStatus.CONSUME_SUCCESS; });
        //启动Consumer
        consumer.subscribe("qch_20170706", "*");
        consumer.start();
        //停止Consumer
        Thread.sleep(60000);
        consumer.shutdown();
    }
}

运行结果:
这里写图片描述

8、编写 demo.one下的PushConsumerTest

package demo.one;

import org.apache.rocketmq.client.consumer.DefaultMQPushConsumer;
import org.apache.rocketmq.client.consumer.listener.ConsumeConcurrentlyContext;
import org.apache.rocketmq.client.consumer.listener.ConsumeConcurrentlyStatus;
import org.apache.rocketmq.client.consumer.listener.MessageListenerConcurrently;
import org.apache.rocketmq.common.consumer.ConsumeFromWhere;
import org.apache.rocketmq.common.message.MessageExt;
import org.apache.rocketmq.common.protocol.heartbeat.MessageModel;

import java.util.List;
import java.util.UUID;

public class PushConsumerTest {

    private static int count = 0;

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        System.out.print("Push Consumer main start!\n");
        count = 0;
        DefaultMQPushConsumer consumer = new DefaultMQPushConsumer("con_group_1");
        consumer.setInstanceName(UUID.randomUUID().toString());
        consumer.setMessageModel(MessageModel.BROADCASTING);
        consumer.setConsumeMessageBatchMaxSize(32);
        consumer.setNamesrvAddr("192.168.106.101:9876;192.168.106.102:9876");
        consumer.setConsumeFromWhere(ConsumeFromWhere.CONSUME_FROM_FIRST_OFFSET);
        consumer.registerMessageListener(new MessageListenerConcurrently() {
            @Override
            public ConsumeConcurrentlyStatus consumeMessage(
                    List<MessageExt> list, ConsumeConcurrentlyContext consumeConcurrentlyContext) {
                System.out.print("list count=" + list.size() + "\n");
                for(MessageExt me : list) {
                    count ++;
                    System.out.print("count=" + count + ", msg=" + new String(me.getBody()) + "\n");
                }
                return ConsumeConcurrentlyStatus.CONSUME_SUCCESS;
            }
        });
        try {
            consumer.subscribe("qch_20170706", "*");
            consumer.start();
            System.out.print("Push Consumer Started!\n");
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }
}

运行结果:
这里写图片描述

9、编写PushConsumerThreadPollTest

package demo.one;

import org.apache.rocketmq.client.consumer.DefaultMQPushConsumer;
import org.apache.rocketmq.client.consumer.listener.ConsumeConcurrentlyStatus;
import org.apache.rocketmq.client.consumer.listener.MessageListenerConcurrently;
import org.apache.rocketmq.common.consumer.ConsumeFromWhere;
import org.apache.rocketmq.common.message.MessageExt;
import org.apache.rocketmq.common.protocol.heartbeat.MessageModel;

import java.util.UUID;
import java.util.concurrent.ExecutorService;
import java.util.concurrent.Executors;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeUnit;

public class PushConsumerThreadPollTest {

    public static void main(String[] args){
        int threadCount = 3;
        int waitTime = 60000;

        ExecutorService executor = Executors.newFixedThreadPool(threadCount);
        for(int i = 0; i < threadCount; i++) {
            Runnable runner = new ExecutorThread(String.valueOf(i));
            executor.execute(runner);
        }

        try {
            Thread.sleep(60000);
            executor.shutdown();
            executor.awaitTermination(waitTime, TimeUnit.MICROSECONDS);
        } catch (InterruptedException e) {}
    }

}

class ExecutorThread implements Runnable {
    private String name = "";
    private int count = 0;

    ExecutorThread(String name) {
        this.name = name;
    }

    @Override
    public void run() {
        StartPushConsumer();
    }

    private void StartPushConsumer() {
        System.out.print("Consumer Name=" + name + "\n");
        count = 0;
        DefaultMQPushConsumer consumer = new DefaultMQPushConsumer("con_group_1");
        consumer.setInstanceName(UUID.randomUUID().toString());
        //广播消费
        //consumer.setMessageModel(MessageModel.BROADCASTING);
        //集群消费
        consumer.setMessageModel(MessageModel.CLUSTERING);
        consumer.setConsumeMessageBatchMaxSize(32);
        consumer.setNamesrvAddr("192.168.106.101:9876;192.168.106.102:9876");
        consumer.setConsumeFromWhere(ConsumeFromWhere.CONSUME_FROM_FIRST_OFFSET);
        consumer.registerMessageListener((MessageListenerConcurrently) (list, consumeConcurrentlyContext) -> {
            System.out.print("list count=" + list.size() + "\n");
            for(MessageExt me : list) {
                count ++;
                System.out.print("name=" + name + ", count=" + count + ", msg=" + new String(me.getBody()) + "\n");
            }
            return ConsumeConcurrentlyStatus.CONSUME_SUCCESS;
        });

        try {
            consumer.subscribe("qch_20170706", "*");
            consumer.start();
            System.out.print("Consumer started. name=" + name + "\n");
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }
}

运行的结果:
这里写图片描述

10、编写demo.two中producer

package demo.two;

import org.apache.rocketmq.client.exception.MQClientException;
import org.apache.rocketmq.client.producer.DefaultMQProducer;
import org.apache.rocketmq.client.producer.SendResult;
import org.apache.rocketmq.common.message.Message;

public class Producer {

    public static void main(String[] args) throws MQClientException {
        /**
         * 一个应用创建一个Producer,由应用来维护此对象,可以设置为全局对象或者单例
         * 注意:ProducerGroupName需要由应用来保证唯一
         * ProducerGroup这个概念发送普通的消息时,作用不大,但是发送分布式事务消息时,比较关键,
         * 因为服务器会回查这个Group下的任意一个Producer
         */
        DefaultMQProducer producer = new DefaultMQProducer("ProducerGroupName");

        /**
         * Producer对象在使用之前必须要调用start初始化,初始化一次即可
         * 注意:切记不可以在每次发送消息时,都调用start方法。
         */
        producer.setNamesrvAddr("192.168.106.101:9876;192.168.106.102:9876");
        producer.start();

        /**
         * 下面这段代码表明一个Producer对象可以发送多个topic,多个tag的消息。
         * 注意:send方法是同步调用,只要不抛异常就标识成功。但是发送成功也可会有多种状态,
         * 例如消息写入Master成功,但是Slave不成功,这种情况消息属于成功,但是对于个别应用如果对消息可靠性要求极高,
         * 需要对这种情况做处理。另外,消息可能会存在发送失败的情况,失败重试由应用来处理。
         */
        try {
            {
                Message msg = new Message("TopicTest1",// topic
                        "TagA",// tag
                        "OrderID001",// key
                        ("Hello MetaQ").getBytes());// body
                SendResult sendResult = producer.send(msg);
                System.out.println(sendResult);
            }

            {
                Message msg = new Message("TopicTest2",// topic
                        "TagB",// tag
                        "OrderID0034",// key
                        ("Hello MetaQ").getBytes());// body
                SendResult sendResult = producer.send(msg);
                System.out.println(sendResult);
            }

            {
                Message msg = new Message("TopicTest3",// topic
                        "TagC",// tag
                        "OrderID061",// key
                        ("Hello MetaQ").getBytes());// body
                SendResult sendResult = producer.send(msg);
                System.out.println(sendResult);
            }
        } catch (Exception e){
            e.printStackTrace();
        }

        /**
         * 应用退出时,要调用shutdown来清理资源,关闭网络连接,从MetaQ服务器上注销自己
         * 注意:我们建议应用在JBoss、Tomcat等容器的退出钩子里调用shutdown方法。
         */
        producer.shutdown();
    }
}

运行结果:
这里写图片描述

11、编写demo.two下的consumer

package demo.two;

import org.apache.rocketmq.client.consumer.DefaultMQPushConsumer;
import org.apache.rocketmq.client.consumer.listener.ConsumeConcurrentlyContext;
import org.apache.rocketmq.client.consumer.listener.ConsumeConcurrentlyStatus;
import org.apache.rocketmq.client.consumer.listener.MessageListenerConcurrently;
import org.apache.rocketmq.client.exception.MQClientException;
import org.apache.rocketmq.common.consumer.ConsumeFromWhere;
import org.apache.rocketmq.common.message.MessageExt;

import java.util.List;

public class Consumer {

    /**
     * 当前粒子是PushConsumer用法,使用方式给用户感觉消息从RocketMQ服务器推到了应用客户端。
     * 但是实际PushConsumer内部是使用长轮询Pull方法从Broker拉消息,然后再回调用户Listener方法。
     * @param args
     */
    public static void main(String[] args) throws MQClientException {
        /**
         * 一个应用创建一个Consumer,由应用来维护此对象,可以设置为全局对象或者单例
         * 注意:ConsumerGroupName需要由应用来保证唯一
         */
        DefaultMQPushConsumer consumer = new DefaultMQPushConsumer("ConsumerGroupName");

        consumer.setNamesrvAddr("192.168.106.101:9876;192.168.106.102:9876");

        /**
         * 订阅指定topic下tags分别等于TagA或tagC或TagD
         */
        consumer.subscribe("TopicTest1", "TagA || TagC || TagD");

        /**
         * 订阅指定topic下所有消息<br>
         * 注意:一个consumer对象可以订阅多个topic
         */
        consumer.subscribe("TopicTest2", "*");

        consumer.subscribe("TopicTest3","*");

        /**
         * 设置Consumer第一次启动是从队列头部开始消费还是队列尾部开始消费
         * 如果非第一次启动,那么按照上次消费的位置继续消费
         */
        consumer.setConsumeFromWhere(ConsumeFromWhere.CONSUME_FROM_FIRST_OFFSET);

        consumer.registerMessageListener(new MessageListenerConcurrently() {
            @Override
            public ConsumeConcurrentlyStatus consumeMessage(List<MessageExt> msgs, ConsumeConcurrentlyContext context) {
                System.out.println(Thread.currentThread().getName() + " Receive New Messages:" + msgs);

                MessageExt msg = msgs.get(0);
                System.out.println(new String(msg.getBody()));
                if (msg.getTopic().equals("TopicTest1")) {
                    //执行TopicTest1的消费逻辑
                    if (msg.getTopic() != null && msg.getTags().equals("TagA")) {
                        //执行TagA的消费
                        System.out.println("执行TagA的消费");
                    } else if(msg.getTags() != null && msg.getTags().equals("TagC")) {
                        //执行TagC的消费
                        System.out.println("执行TagC的消费");
                    } else if (msg.getTags() != null && msg.getTags().equals("TagD")) {
                        //执行TagD的消费
                        System.out.println("执行TagD的消费");
                    }
                } else if(msg.getTopic().equals("TopicTest2")) {
                    //执行TopicTest2的消费逻辑
                    System.out.println("执行TopicTest2的消费逻辑");
                } else if (msg.getTopic().equals("TopicTest3")){
                    System.out.println("执行TopicTest3的消费逻辑");
                }
                return ConsumeConcurrentlyStatus.CONSUME_SUCCESS;
            }
        });

        /**
         * Consumer对象在使用之前必须调用start初始化,初始化一次即可
         */
        consumer.start();

        System.out.println("Consumer Started.");
    }
}

运行结果:
这里写图片描述

12、编写demo.three中的producer

package demo.three;

import org.apache.rocketmq.client.exception.MQClientException;
import org.apache.rocketmq.client.producer.DefaultMQProducer;
import org.apache.rocketmq.client.producer.SendResult;
import org.apache.rocketmq.common.message.Message;

import java.util.Date;

public class Producer {

    public static void main(String[] args) throws MQClientException {
        DefaultMQProducer producer = new DefaultMQProducer("rmq-group");

        /**
         * 默认情况下,一台服务器只能启动一个Producer或Consumer实例,所以如果需要在
         * 一台服务器启动多个实例,需要设置实例的名称。
         */
        producer.setNamesrvAddr("192.168.106.101:9876;192.168.106.102:9876");
        producer.setInstanceName("producer");

        producer.start();
        try {
            for (int i = 0; i < 10; i++) {
                Thread.sleep(1000); //每秒发送一次MQ
                Message msg = new Message(
                        "TopicA-test",   //topic
                        "TagA",           //tag
                        (new Date() + "Hello RocketMQ,QuickStart" + i).getBytes());
                SendResult sendResult = producer.send(msg);
                System.out.println(sendResult);
            }
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        producer.shutdown();
    }

}

运行结果:
这里写图片描述

13、编写demo.three中的consumer

package demo.three;

import org.apache.rocketmq.client.consumer.DefaultMQPushConsumer;
import org.apache.rocketmq.client.consumer.listener.ConsumeConcurrentlyContext;
import org.apache.rocketmq.client.consumer.listener.ConsumeConcurrentlyStatus;
import org.apache.rocketmq.client.consumer.listener.MessageListenerConcurrently;
import org.apache.rocketmq.client.exception.MQClientException;
import org.apache.rocketmq.common.message.MessageExt;

import java.util.List;

public class Consumer {

    public static void main(String[] args) throws MQClientException {
        DefaultMQPushConsumer consumer = new DefaultMQPushConsumer("rmq-group");

        consumer.setNamesrvAddr("192.168.106.101:9876;192.168.106.102:9876");
        consumer.setInstanceName("consumer");
        consumer.subscribe("TopicA-test", "TagA");

        consumer.registerMessageListener(new MessageListenerConcurrently() {
            @Override
            public ConsumeConcurrentlyStatus consumeMessage(
                    List<MessageExt> msgs, ConsumeConcurrentlyContext context) {
                for (MessageExt msg : msgs) {
                    System.out.println(new String(msg.getBody()));
                }
                return ConsumeConcurrentlyStatus.CONSUME_SUCCESS;
            }
        });
        consumer.start();
        System.out.println("Consumer Started.");
    }
}

运行后的代码结果是:
这里写图片描述

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