android 蓝牙连接通信

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本文链接:https://blog.csdn.net/u010326875/article/details/82591636

1. 使用蓝牙和硬件通信,发送信号;第一次搞,困难多多啊。但是,,,是吧

2. 准备开发蓝牙,就需要Android对动态权限的处理(这里大家自己解决)

权限所需

3. 保证动态权限OK,往下执行,需要了解一下蓝牙的知识信息(这里大家可以官网google一下,也可以百度野区撩一眼),现在对蓝牙硬件的开发,大多是对BLE4.0以上的处理 (BLE和传统蓝牙技术的区别和优点,自己百度google一下)

4. 蓝牙开发,首先要确保打开蓝牙

开启蓝牙

注册蓝牙接受广播

5.蓝牙打开后,执行扫描蓝牙;扫描到就可以去连接了

扫描蓝牙

6.蓝牙连接

执行连接

7. 主要的工具类和连接需要的服务Service

package com.chni.cardiochek.bluetooth;

import android.annotation.SuppressLint;
import android.app.Activity;
import android.bluetooth.BluetoothGattCharacteristic;
import android.bluetooth.BluetoothGattService;
import android.content.BroadcastReceiver;
import android.content.ComponentName;
import android.content.Context;
import android.content.Intent;
import android.content.IntentFilter;
import android.content.ServiceConnection;
import android.os.IBinder;
import android.util.Log;

import java.util.List;

@SuppressLint("NewApi")
public class DeviceControlUtils {
    private final static String TAG = DeviceControlUtils.class.getSimpleName();

    public static DeviceControlUtils mDeviceControlUtils = null;

    /**
     * 获取DeviceControlUtils单利
     * @param mContext
     * @return
     */
    public static  DeviceControlUtils getInstance(Activity mContext){
        if(mDeviceControlUtils==null){
            mDeviceControlUtils = new DeviceControlUtils(mContext);
        }
        return mDeviceControlUtils;
    }

    /**
     * 构造函数
     * @param mContext
     */
    private DeviceControlUtils(Context mContext){
        this.mContext = mContext;
    }

    private BluetoothLeService mBluetoothLeService=null;
    private Context mContext = null;
    private String mDeviceAddress = null;
    private String mDeviceName = null;
    private boolean mConnected = false;

    /**
     * 初始化蓝牙逻辑
     * @param deviceAddress
     */
    public void init(String deviceAddress){
        this.mDeviceAddress = deviceAddress;

        //先注册蓝牙服务
        Intent gattServiceIntent = new Intent(mContext, BluetoothLeService.class);
        boolean bll = mContext.bindService(gattServiceIntent, mServiceConnection,mContext.BIND_AUTO_CREATE);
        if (bll) {
            System.out.println("---------------");
        } else {
            System.out.println("===============");
        }

        //在注册Receiver
        mContext.registerReceiver(mGattUpdateReceiver, makeGattUpdateIntentFilter());
        if (mBluetoothLeService != null) {
            final boolean result = mBluetoothLeService.connect(mDeviceAddress);
            Log.d(TAG, "Connect request result=" + result);
        }

    }

    // Code to manage Service lifecycle.
    private final ServiceConnection mServiceConnection = new ServiceConnection() {
        @Override
        public void onServiceConnected(ComponentName componentName,
                                       IBinder service) {
            mBluetoothLeService = ((BluetoothLeService.LocalBinder) service).getService();
            if (!mBluetoothLeService.initialize()) {
                Log.e(TAG, "Unable to initialize Bluetooth");
            }
            mBluetoothLeService.connect(mDeviceAddress);
        }

        @Override
        public void onServiceDisconnected(ComponentName componentName) {
            mBluetoothLeService = null;
        }
    };

    private final BroadcastReceiver mGattUpdateReceiver = new BroadcastReceiver() {
        @Override
        public void onReceive(Context context, Intent intent) {
            final String action = intent.getAction();
            if (BluetoothLeService.ACTION_GATT_CONNECTED.equals(action)) {
                mConnected = true;
            } else if (BluetoothLeService.ACTION_GATT_DISCONNECTED.equals(action)) {
                mConnected = false;
            } else if (BluetoothLeService.ACTION_GATT_SERVICES_DISCOVERED.equals(action)) {
               if(mBluetoothLeService!=null)
                    displayGattServices(mBluetoothLeService.getSupportedGattServices());
            } else if (BluetoothLeService.ACTION_DATA_AVAILABLE.equals(action)) {
                //获取数据
//                displayData(intent.getStringExtra(BluetoothLeService.EXTRA_DATA));
            }
        }
    };


    /**
     * 手动处理连接service
     */
    public void connectedService(){
        mBluetoothLeService.connect(mDeviceAddress);
    }

    /**
     * 手动断开service连接
     */
    public void disconnectService(){
        if(mServiceConnection!=null) {
            mBluetoothLeService.disconnect();
        }
    }

    /**
     * 解绑service
     */
    public void onDestroy() {
        if(mServiceConnection!=null) {
            mContext.unbindService(mServiceConnection);
            mBluetoothLeService = null;
        }
    }

    /**
     * 解绑Receiver
     */
    public void onPause() {
        if(mConnected) {
            mContext.unregisterReceiver(mGattUpdateReceiver);
            mConnected = false;
        }
    }

    /**
     * 释放关闭蓝牙服务的部分
     */
    public void releaseBluetoothService(){
        if(mBluetoothLeService!=null) {
            mBluetoothLeService.close();
            disconnectService();
            onPause();
            onDestroy();
        }
    }

    /**
     * 展示gattServices里的特征点,过滤UUID执行不同的操作
     * @param gattServices
     */
    private void displayGattServices(List<BluetoothGattService> gattServices) {
        if (gattServices == null)
            return;
        String uuid = null;
        for (BluetoothGattService gattService : gattServices) {
            uuid = gattService.getUuid().toString();
            Log.d(TAG, "displayGattServices: "+uuid);
            List<BluetoothGattCharacteristic> gattCharacteristics = gattService.getCharacteristics();
            for (BluetoothGattCharacteristic gattCharacteristic : gattCharacteristics) {
                uuid = gattCharacteristic.getUuid().toString();
                if (uuid.toUpperCase().contains(BluetoothLeService.BLUETOOTH_WHITE_ORDER_TO_LOCK_UUID)) {
                    //写入数据
                    writeDataToLock(gattCharacteristic);
                }else if (uuid.toUpperCase().contains(BluetoothLeService.BLUETOOTH_LOCK_NOTIFY_READ_UUID)) {
                    if(mBluetoothLeService!=null)
                        mBluetoothLeService.setCharacteristicNotification(gattCharacteristic, true);
                }
            }
        }
    }

    /**
     * 写入数据给蓝牙锁 https://blog.csdn.net/java__han/article/details/77848223
     * @param gattCharacteristic
     */
    public void writeDataToLock(BluetoothGattCharacteristic gattCharacteristic){
        byte [] send = new byte[20];
        byte[] downOrder = { (byte) 0x95,0x04, 0x20, 0x40, 0x00, 0x01,0x00,0x00};
        int crc16Text = CRC16CheckUtil.getCRC16(send,send.length-2);
        //String crc16result = String.format("%02x",crc16Text);
        send[6]=(byte) Integer.parseInt(Integer.toHexString(crc16Text&0xff), 16);
        send[7]=(byte) Integer.parseInt(Integer.toHexString((crc16Text>>8)&0xff), 16);
        gattCharacteristic.setValue(send);
        boolean status =mBluetoothLeService.writeCharacteristic(gattCharacteristic);
        if(status){

        }
    }


    /**
     * 过滤ACTION
     * @return
     */
    private static IntentFilter makeGattUpdateIntentFilter() {
        final IntentFilter intentFilter = new IntentFilter();
        intentFilter.addAction(BluetoothLeService.ACTION_GATT_CONNECTED);
        intentFilter.addAction(BluetoothLeService.ACTION_GATT_DISCONNECTED);
        intentFilter.addAction(BluetoothLeService.ACTION_GATT_SERVICES_DISCOVERED);
        intentFilter.addAction(BluetoothLeService.ACTION_DATA_AVAILABLE);
        intentFilter.addAction(BluetoothLeService.EXTRA_DATA);
        return intentFilter;
    }


}

 

 

服务类:(执行连接和写入回调)

/**
 * Service for managing connection and data communication with a GATT server
 * hosted on a given Bluetooth LE device.
 *
 *  参考:
 *  https://github.com/lidong1665/Android-ble   和 demo
 *  https://blog.csdn.net/qq_32274413/article/details/53289579
 *
 */
@SuppressLint("NewApi")
public class BluetoothLeService extends Service {
    private final static String TAG = BluetoothLeService.class.getSimpleName();

    private BluetoothManager mBluetoothManager;
    private BluetoothAdapter mBluetoothAdapter;
    private String mBluetoothDeviceAddress;
    private BluetoothGatt mBluetoothGatt;
    public static BluetoothGattCharacteristic characteristic = null;//临时存储写入时的特征值
    private int mConnectionState = STATE_DISCONNECTED;

    private static final int STATE_DISCONNECTED = 0;
    private static final int STATE_CONNECTING = 1;
    private static final int STATE_CONNECTED = 2;


    public final static String ACTION_GATT_CONNECTED = "com.motian.bai.core.ACTION_GATT_CONNECTED";
    public final static String ACTION_GATT_DISCONNECTED = "com.motian.bai.core.ACTION_GATT_DISCONNECTED";
    public final static String ACTION_GATT_SERVICES_DISCOVERED = "com.motian.bai.core.ACTION_GATT_SERVICES_DISCOVERED";
    public final static String ACTION_DATA_AVAILABLE = "com.motian.bai.core.ACTION_DATA_AVAILABLE";
    public final static String EXTRA_DATA = "com.motian.bai.core.EXTRA_DATA";

    //(官方API文档固定标准)
    public static String CLIENT_CHARACTERISTIC_CONFIG = "00001101-0000-1000-8000-00805F9B34FB";

    //过滤车位锁写uuid
    public static String BLUETOOTH_WHITE_ORDER_TO_LOCK_UUID = "DE940002-F7ED-22A0-9248-782E58730ED4";
    //过滤车位锁消息回调,notify的uuid
    public static String BLUETOOTH_LOCK_NOTIFY_READ_UUID = "DE940003-F7ED-22A0-9248-782E58730ED4";

    private final BluetoothGattCallback mGattCallback = new BluetoothGattCallback() {

        /**
         * 连接状态改变
         */
        @Override
        public void onConnectionStateChange(BluetoothGatt gatt, int status, int newState) {
            String intentAction;
            if (newState == BluetoothProfile.STATE_CONNECTED) {
                intentAction = ACTION_GATT_CONNECTED;
                mConnectionState = STATE_CONNECTED;
                broadcastUpdate(intentAction);
                Log.i(TAG, "Connected to GATT server.");
                // Attempts to discover services after successful connection.
                Log.i(TAG, "Attempting to start service discovery:"
                        + mBluetoothGatt.discoverServices());

            } else if (newState == BluetoothProfile.STATE_DISCONNECTED) {
                intentAction = ACTION_GATT_DISCONNECTED;
                mConnectionState = STATE_DISCONNECTED;
                Log.i(TAG, "Disconnected from GATT server.");
                broadcastUpdate(intentAction);

                if(status == 0){//值为0:不确定因素导致连接失败。不确定因素可能为信号太弱等
                    mBluetoothGatt.connect();
                }else {//由于协议栈原因导致连接建立失败。所以清除掉连接后重新建立连接
                    close();//解决133
                    connect(mBluetoothDeviceAddress);
                }
            }
        }

        /**
         * 发现服务,在蓝牙连接的时候会调用
         */
        @Override
        public void onServicesDiscovered(BluetoothGatt gatt, int status) {
            if (status == BluetoothGatt.GATT_SUCCESS) {
                broadcastUpdate(ACTION_GATT_SERVICES_DISCOVERED);
            } else {
                Log.w(TAG, "onServicesDiscovered received: " + status);
            }
        }
        /**
         * 在指定的characteristic特征端口中读取数据
         */
        @Override
        public void onCharacteristicRead(BluetoothGatt gatt,
                                         BluetoothGattCharacteristic characteristic, int status) {
            Log.d(TAG, "onCharacteristicRead:" +status);
            if (status == BluetoothGatt.GATT_SUCCESS) {
                broadcastUpdate(ACTION_DATA_AVAILABLE, characteristic);
            }
        }
        /**
         *  写入操作的回调结果
         */
        @Override
        public void onCharacteristicWrite(BluetoothGatt gatt,
                                          BluetoothGattCharacteristic characteristic, int status) {
            if(status == 0){//写入成功
                String value = CRC16CheckUtil.bytesToHexString(characteristic.getValue());
                Log.e("open_lock","蓝牙"+value);
                disconnect();//成功后,断开服务
                close();
            }else{
                //写入失败,从新写入
                mBluetoothGatt.writeCharacteristic(BluetoothLeService.characteristic);
            }

        }

        /**
         * when connected successfully will callback this method
         * this method can dealwith send password or data analyze
         * @param gatt
         * @param characteristic
         */
        @Override
        public void onCharacteristicChanged(BluetoothGatt gatt,
                                            BluetoothGattCharacteristic characteristic) {
            broadcastUpdate(ACTION_DATA_AVAILABLE, characteristic);
        }


        @Override
        public void onDescriptorWrite(BluetoothGatt gatt,
                                      BluetoothGattDescriptor descriptor, int status) {
            String value = CRC16CheckUtil.bytesToHexString(descriptor.getValue());
            UUID uuid = descriptor.getCharacteristic().getUuid();
            Log.e("onDescriptorWrite",uuid.toString());
        }

        /**
         * 读取蓝牙信号
         * @param gatt
         * @param rssi
         * @param status
         */
        @Override
        public void onReadRemoteRssi(BluetoothGatt gatt, int rssi, int status) {
            System.out.println("rssi = " + rssi);
        }

        @Override
        public void onReliableWriteCompleted(BluetoothGatt gatt, int status) {
            super.onReliableWriteCompleted(gatt, status);
        }
    };

    private void broadcastUpdate(final String action) {
        final Intent intent = new Intent(action);
        sendBroadcast(intent);
    }

    private void broadcastUpdate(final String action, final BluetoothGattCharacteristic characteristic) {
        final Intent intent = new Intent(action);

        byte[] heartRate = characteristic.getValue();
        String s = CRC16CheckUtil.byte2HexStr(heartRate);
        String data = CRC16CheckUtil.print10(s);
        if (data != null ) {
            intent.putExtra(EXTRA_DATA, data);
        }
        sendBroadcast(intent);
    }

    public class LocalBinder extends Binder {
        public BluetoothLeService getService() {
            return BluetoothLeService.this;
        }
    }

    @Override
    public IBinder onBind(Intent intent) {
        return mBinder;
    }

    @Override
    public boolean onUnbind(Intent intent) {
        close();
        return super.onUnbind(intent);
    }

    private final IBinder mBinder = new LocalBinder();

    /**
     * Initializes a reference to the local Bluetooth adapter.
     */
    public boolean initialize() {
        if (mBluetoothManager == null) {
            mBluetoothManager = (BluetoothManager) getSystemService(Context.BLUETOOTH_SERVICE);
            if (mBluetoothManager == null) {
                Log.e(TAG, "Unable to initialize BluetoothManager.");
                return false;
            }
        }

        mBluetoothAdapter = mBluetoothManager.getAdapter();
        if (mBluetoothAdapter == null) {
            Log.e(TAG, "Unable to obtain a BluetoothAdapter.");
            return false;
        }

        return true;
    }

    /**
     * Connects to the GATT server hosted on the Bluetooth LE device.
     */
    public boolean connect(final String address) {
        if (mBluetoothAdapter == null || address == null) {
            Log.w(TAG,"BluetoothAdapter not initialized or unspecified address.");
            return false;
        }

        if (mBluetoothDeviceAddress != null && address.equals(mBluetoothDeviceAddress) && mBluetoothGatt != null) {
            if (mBluetoothGatt.connect()) {
                mConnectionState = STATE_CONNECTING;
                return true;
            } else {
                return false;
            }
        }

        final BluetoothDevice device = mBluetoothAdapter.getRemoteDevice(address);
        if (device == null) {
            Log.d(TAG, "没有设备");
            return false;
        }
        mBluetoothGatt = device.connectGatt(this, false, mGattCallback);
        mBluetoothDeviceAddress = address;
        mConnectionState = STATE_CONNECTING;
        return true;
    }

    /**
     * Disconnects an existing connection or cancel a pending connection. The
     * disconnection result is reported asynchronously through the
     * {@code BluetoothGattCallback#onConnectionStateChange(android.bluetooth.BluetoothGatt, int, int)}
     * callback.
     */
    public void disconnect() {
        if (mBluetoothAdapter == null || mBluetoothGatt == null) {
            Log.w(TAG, "BluetoothAdapter not initialized");
            return;
        }
        mBluetoothGatt.disconnect();
    }

    /**
     * After using a given BLE device, the app must call this method to ensure
     * resources are released properly.
     */
    public void close() {
        if (mBluetoothGatt == null) {
            return;
        }
        mBluetoothGatt.close();
        mBluetoothGatt = null;
    }

    public boolean writeCharacteristic(BluetoothGattCharacteristic characteristic) {
        if (mBluetoothAdapter == null || mBluetoothGatt == null) {
            Log.w(TAG, "BluetoothAdapter not initialized");
            return false;
        }
        this.characteristic = characteristic;
        return mBluetoothGatt.writeCharacteristic(characteristic);
    }

    /**
     * Request a read on a given {@code BluetoothGattCharacteristic}. The read
     * result is reported asynchronously through the
     * {@code BluetoothGattCallback#onCharacteristicRead(android.bluetooth.BluetoothGatt, android.bluetooth.BluetoothGattCharacteristic, int)}
     * callback.
     *
     * @param characteristic
     *            The characteristic to read from.
     */
    public void readCharacteristic(BluetoothGattCharacteristic characteristic) {
        Log.d(TAG, "readCharacteristic: "+characteristic.getProperties());
        if (mBluetoothAdapter == null || mBluetoothGatt == null) {
            Log.d(TAG, "BluetoothAdapter为空");
            return;
        }
        mBluetoothGatt.readCharacteristic(characteristic);
    }

    /**
     * Enables or disables notification on a give characteristic.
     *
     * @param characteristic
     *            Characteristic to act on.
     * @param enabled
     *            If true, enable notification. False otherwise.
     */
    public void setCharacteristicNotification(
            BluetoothGattCharacteristic characteristic, boolean enabled) {
        if (mBluetoothAdapter == null || mBluetoothGatt == null) {
            Log.d(TAG, "BluetoothAdapter为空");
            return;
        }

        boolean isEnableNotification = mBluetoothGatt.setCharacteristicNotification(characteristic, enabled);
        BluetoothGattDescriptor descriptor = characteristic.getDescriptor(UUID
                .fromString(CLIENT_CHARACTERISTIC_CONFIG));
        if (isEnableNotification) {
            List<BluetoothGattDescriptor> descriptors = characteristic.getDescriptors();
            for (BluetoothGattDescriptor dp : descriptors) {
                dp.setValue(BluetoothGattDescriptor.ENABLE_NOTIFICATION_VALUE);
                if(mBluetoothGatt!=null)
                    mBluetoothGatt.writeDescriptor(dp);
            }
            readCharacteristic(characteristic);
            if(mBluetoothGatt!=null)
                mBluetoothGatt.readRemoteRssi();
        }
        if (descriptor != null) {
            descriptor.setValue(BluetoothGattDescriptor.ENABLE_NOTIFICATION_VALUE);
            mBluetoothGatt.writeDescriptor(descriptor);
        }
    }

    /**
     * Retrieves a list of supported GATT services on the connected device. This
     * should be invoked only after {@code BluetoothGatt#discoverServices()}
     * completes successfully.
     *
     * @return A {@code List} of supported services.
     */
    public List<BluetoothGattService> getSupportedGattServices() {
        if (mBluetoothGatt == null)
            return null;

        return mBluetoothGatt.getServices();
    }

    /**
     * Read the RSSI for a connected remote device.
     * */
    public boolean getRssiVal() {
        if (mBluetoothGatt == null)
            return false;

        return mBluetoothGatt.readRemoteRssi();
    }

}

8.重要的编码,给蓝牙硬件写入的16进制编码

参考:

https://blog.csdn.net/java__han/article/details/77848223
public class CRC16CheckUtil {

    static final char TABLE[] = { 0x0000, 0xC0C1, 0xC181, 0x0140, 0xC301, 0x03C0, 0x0280, 0xC241, 0xC601, 0x06C0, 0x0780, 0xC741,
            0x0500, 0xC5C1, 0xC481, 0x0440, 0xCC01, 0x0CC0, 0x0D80, 0xCD41, 0x0F00, 0xCFC1, 0xCE81, 0x0E40, 0x0A00, 0xCAC1, 0xCB81, 0x0B40,
            0xC901, 0x09C0, 0x0880, 0xC841, 0xD801, 0x18C0, 0x1980, 0xD941, 0x1B00, 0xDBC1, 0xDA81, 0x1A40, 0x1E00, 0xDEC1, 0xDF81, 0x1F40,
            0xDD01, 0x1DC0, 0x1C80, 0xDC41, 0x1400, 0xD4C1, 0xD581, 0x1540, 0xD701, 0x17C0, 0x1680, 0xD641, 0xD201, 0x12C0, 0x1380, 0xD341,
            0x1100, 0xD1C1, 0xD081, 0x1040, 0xF001, 0x30C0, 0x3180, 0xF141, 0x3300, 0xF3C1, 0xF281, 0x3240, 0x3600, 0xF6C1, 0xF781, 0x3740,
            0xF501, 0x35C0, 0x3480, 0xF441, 0x3C00, 0xFCC1, 0xFD81, 0x3D40, 0xFF01, 0x3FC0, 0x3E80, 0xFE41, 0xFA01, 0x3AC0, 0x3B80, 0xFB41,
            0x3900, 0xF9C1, 0xF881, 0x3840, 0x2800, 0xE8C1, 0xE981, 0x2940, 0xEB01, 0x2BC0, 0x2A80, 0xEA41, 0xEE01, 0x2EC0, 0x2F80, 0xEF41,
            0x2D00, 0xEDC1, 0xEC81, 0x2C40, 0xE401, 0x24C0, 0x2580, 0xE541, 0x2700, 0xE7C1, 0xE681, 0x2640, 0x2200, 0xE2C1, 0xE381, 0x2340,
            0xE101, 0x21C0, 0x2080, 0xE041, 0xA001, 0x60C0, 0x6180, 0xA141, 0x6300, 0xA3C1, 0xA281, 0x6240, 0x6600, 0xA6C1, 0xA781, 0x6740,
            0xA501, 0x65C0, 0x6480, 0xA441, 0x6C00, 0xACC1, 0xAD81, 0x6D40, 0xAF01, 0x6FC0, 0x6E80, 0xAE41, 0xAA01, 0x6AC0, 0x6B80, 0xAB41,
            0x6900, 0xA9C1, 0xA881, 0x6840, 0x7800, 0xB8C1, 0xB981, 0x7940, 0xBB01, 0x7BC0, 0x7A80, 0xBA41, 0xBE01, 0x7EC0, 0x7F80, 0xBF41,
            0x7D00, 0xBDC1, 0xBC81, 0x7C40, 0xB401, 0x74C0, 0x7580, 0xB541, 0x7700, 0xB7C1, 0xB681, 0x7640, 0x7200, 0xB2C1, 0xB381, 0x7340,
            0xB101, 0x71C0, 0x7080, 0xB041, 0x5000, 0x90C1, 0x9181, 0x5140, 0x9301, 0x53C0, 0x5280, 0x9241, 0x9601, 0x56C0, 0x5780, 0x9741,
            0x5500, 0x95C1, 0x9481, 0x5440, 0x9C01, 0x5CC0, 0x5D80, 0x9D41, 0x5F00, 0x9FC1, 0x9E81, 0x5E40, 0x5A00, 0x9AC1, 0x9B81, 0x5B40,
            0x9901, 0x59C0, 0x5880, 0x9841, 0x8801, 0x48C0, 0x4980, 0x8941, 0x4B00, 0x8BC1, 0x8A81, 0x4A40, 0x4E00, 0x8EC1, 0x8F81, 0x4F40,
            0x8D01, 0x4DC0, 0x4C80, 0x8C41, 0x4400, 0x84C1, 0x8581, 0x4540, 0x8701, 0x47C0, 0x4680, 0x8641, 0x8201, 0x42C0, 0x4380, 0x8341,
            0x4100, 0x81C1, 0x8081, 0x4040, };

    public static int getCRC16(byte [] data,int length){
        int crc_reg = 0xffff;
        for (int i = 0; i < length; i++) {
            crc_reg =  (crc_reg>>8) ^ TABLE[(crc_reg ^ data[i]) & 0xff];
        }
        return crc_reg;
    }

    /* *
      * Convert byte[] to hex string.这里我们可以将byte转换成int,然后利用Integer.toHexString(int)
      *来转换成16进制字符串。
      * @param src byte[] data
      * @return hex string
      */
    public static String bytesToHexString(byte[] src){
        StringBuilder stringBuilder = new StringBuilder("");
        if (src == null || src.length <= 0) {
            return null;
        }
        for (int i = 0; i < src.length; i++) {
            int v = src[i] & 0xFF;
            String hv = Integer.toHexString(v);
            if (hv.length() < 2) {
                stringBuilder.append(0);
            }
            stringBuilder.append(hv);
        }
        return stringBuilder.toString();
    }
    /**
     * 将16进制 转换成10进制
     *
     * @param str
     * @return
     */
    public static String print10(String str) {

        StringBuffer buff = new StringBuffer();
        String array[] = str.split(" ");
        for (int i = 0; i < array.length; i++) {
            int num = Integer.parseInt(array[i], 16);
            buff.append(String.valueOf((char) num));
        }
        return buff.toString();
    }

    /**
     * byte转16进制
     *
     * @param b
     * @return
     */
    public static String byte2HexStr(byte[] b) {
        String stmp = "";
        StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder("");
        for (int n = 0; n < b.length; n++) {
            stmp = Integer.toHexString(b[n] & 0xFF);
            sb.append((stmp.length() == 1) ? "0" + stmp : stmp);
            sb.append(" ");
        }
        return sb.toString().toUpperCase().trim();
    }
}

 

9. 开发过程中的几个关键点:

  一。特征点过滤和处理

特征点

二。写入操作编码

写入

三。写入回调部分

private final BluetoothGattCallback mGattCallback = new BluetoothGattCallback() {

    /**
     * 连接状态改变
     */
    @Override
    public void onConnectionStateChange(BluetoothGatt gatt, int status, int newState) {
        String intentAction;
        if (newState == BluetoothProfile.STATE_CONNECTED) {
            intentAction = ACTION_GATT_CONNECTED;
            mConnectionState = STATE_CONNECTED;
            broadcastUpdate(intentAction);
            Log.i(TAG, "Connected to GATT server.");
            // Attempts to discover services after successful connection.
            Log.i(TAG, "Attempting to start service discovery:"
                    + mBluetoothGatt.discoverServices());

        } else if (newState == BluetoothProfile.STATE_DISCONNECTED) {
            intentAction = ACTION_GATT_DISCONNECTED;
            mConnectionState = STATE_DISCONNECTED;
            Log.i(TAG, "Disconnected from GATT server.");
            broadcastUpdate(intentAction);

            if(status == 0){//值为0:不确定因素导致连接失败。不确定因素可能为信号太弱等
                mBluetoothGatt.connect();
            }else {//由于协议栈原因导致连接建立失败。所以清除掉连接后重新建立连接
                close();//解决133
                connect(mBluetoothDeviceAddress);
            }
        }
    }

    /**
     * 发现服务,在蓝牙连接的时候会调用
     */
    @Override
    public void onServicesDiscovered(BluetoothGatt gatt, int status) {
        if (status == BluetoothGatt.GATT_SUCCESS) {
            broadcastUpdate(ACTION_GATT_SERVICES_DISCOVERED);
        } else {
            Log.w(TAG, "onServicesDiscovered received: " + status);
        }
    }
    /**
     * 在指定的characteristic特征端口中读取数据
     */
    @Override
    public void onCharacteristicRead(BluetoothGatt gatt,
                                     BluetoothGattCharacteristic characteristic, int status) {
        Log.d(TAG, "onCharacteristicRead:" +status);
        if (status == BluetoothGatt.GATT_SUCCESS) {
            broadcastUpdate(ACTION_DATA_AVAILABLE, characteristic);
        }
    }
    /**
     *  写入操作的回调结果
     */
    @Override
    public void onCharacteristicWrite(BluetoothGatt gatt,
                                      BluetoothGattCharacteristic characteristic, int status) {
        if(status == 0){//写入成功
            String value = CRC16CheckUtil.bytesToHexString(characteristic.getValue());
            Log.e("open_lock","蓝牙"+value);
            disconnect();//成功后,断开服务
            close();
        }else{
            //写入失败,从新写入
            mBluetoothGatt.writeCharacteristic(BluetoothLeService.characteristic);
        }

    }

    /**
     * when connected successfully will callback this method
     * this method can dealwith send password or data analyze
     * @param gatt
     * @param characteristic
     */
    @Override
    public void onCharacteristicChanged(BluetoothGatt gatt,
                                        BluetoothGattCharacteristic characteristic) {
        broadcastUpdate(ACTION_DATA_AVAILABLE, characteristic);
    }


    @Override
    public void onDescriptorWrite(BluetoothGatt gatt,
                                  BluetoothGattDescriptor descriptor, int status) {
        String value = CRC16CheckUtil.bytesToHexString(descriptor.getValue());
        UUID uuid = descriptor.getCharacteristic().getUuid();
        Log.e("onDescriptorWrite",uuid.toString());
    }

    /**
     * 读取蓝牙信号
     * @param gatt
     * @param rssi
     * @param status
     */
    @Override
    public void onReadRemoteRssi(BluetoothGatt gatt, int rssi, int status) {
        System.out.println("rssi = " + rssi);
    }

    @Override
    public void onReliableWriteCompleted(BluetoothGatt gatt, int status) {
        super.onReliableWriteCompleted(gatt, status);
    }
};

 

10.这个蓝牙开发需要硬件支持,写入的指令要和硬件交流好;再有就是参考大牛的思路和代码

https://blog.csdn.net/java__han/article/details/77848223    写入编码指令16进制处理

https://github.com/lidong1665/Android-ble 和 demo  https://blog.csdn.net/qq_32274413/article/details/53289579  蓝牙开发和服务

11.总结:蓝牙开发花了三天时间完成通信和编码,开始的痛苦和过程的繁琐加上结果的惊喜,还不错的

12.给出demo吧 

     android bluetooth connect 

 QQ :1105230742  欢迎交流

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