java.lang.NoClassDefFoundError: org/apache/hive/service/cli/thrift/TCLIService$Iface

今天在使用hive-jdbc连接服务器的hive时,出现了一些问题,在这里记录一下解决的方法,首先肯定要在pom中引入hive-jdbc的依赖包,然后写一段连接hive的程序,目的是获取hive中的表名和schema名称。但是运行却报错了:

java.lang.NoClassDefFoundError: org/apache/hive/service/cli/thrift/TCLIService$Iface
	at org.apache.hive.jdbc.HiveDriver.connect(HiveDriver.java:105)
	at java.sql.DriverManager.getConnection(DriverManager.java:664)
	at java.sql.DriverManager.getConnection(DriverManager.java:208)
	at com.bonc.vbap.data.query.jdbc.spring.datasource.DriverManagerDataSource.getConnectionFromDriverManager(DriverManagerDataSource.java:116)
	at com.bonc.vbap.data.query.jdbc.spring.datasource.DriverManagerDataSource.getConnectionFromDriver(DriverManagerDataSource.java:107)
	at com.bonc.vbap.data.query.jdbc.spring.datasource.DriverManagerDataSource.getConnectionFromDriver(DriverManagerDataSource.java:191)
	at com.bonc.vbap.data.query.jdbc.spring.datasource.DriverManagerDataSource.getConnection(DriverManagerDataSource.java:161)
	at com.bonc.vbap.data.query.jdbc.ConnectionManager.getConnection(ConnectionManager.java:63)
	at com.bonc.vbap.data.schema.jdbc.JdbcSchemaContext$SchemaHelper.getConnection(JdbcSchemaContext.java:308)
	at com.bonc.vbap.data.schema.jdbc.JdbcSchemaContext$SchemaHelper.<init>(JdbcSchemaContext.java:112)
	at com.bonc.vbap.data.schema.jdbc.JdbcSchemaContext.getSchemaHelper(JdbcSchemaContext.java:68)
	at com.bonc.vbap.data.schema.jdbc.JdbcSchemaContext.getSchemaNames(JdbcSchemaContext.java:43)
	at com.bonc.vbap.data.service.impl.SchemaServiceImpl.getSchemaNames(SchemaServiceImpl.java:34)
	at com.bonc.vbap.data.schema.jdbc.TestJdbcColumn.testHiveDataQuery(TestJdbcColumn.java:252)
	at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)
	at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:62)
	at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:43)
	at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:498)
	at org.junit.runners.model.FrameworkMethod$1.runReflectiveCall(FrameworkMethod.java:50)
	at org.junit.internal.runners.model.ReflectiveCallable.run(ReflectiveCallable.java:12)
	at org.junit.runners.model.FrameworkMethod.invokeExplosively(FrameworkMethod.java:52)
	at org.junit.internal.runners.statements.InvokeMethod.evaluate(InvokeMethod.java:17)
	at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.statements.RunBeforeTestMethodCallbacks.evaluate(RunBeforeTestMethodCallbacks.java:75)
	at org.junit.internal.runners.statements.RunAfters.evaluate(RunAfters.java:27)
	at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.statements.RunAfterTestMethodCallbacks.evaluate(RunAfterTestMethodCallbacks.java:86)
	at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.statements.SpringRepeat.evaluate(SpringRepeat.java:84)
	at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.runLeaf(ParentRunner.java:325)
	at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.runChild(SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.java:252)
	at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.runChild(SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.java:94)
	at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$3.run(ParentRunner.java:290)
	at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$1.schedule(ParentRunner.java:71)
	at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.runChildren(ParentRunner.java:288)
	at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.access$000(ParentRunner.java:58)
	at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$2.evaluate(ParentRunner.java:268)
	at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.statements.RunBeforeTestClassCallbacks.evaluate(RunBeforeTestClassCallbacks.java:61)
	at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.statements.RunAfterTestClassCallbacks.evaluate(RunAfterTestClassCallbacks.java:70)
	at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.run(ParentRunner.java:363)
	at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.run(SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.java:191)
	at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit4.runner.JUnit4TestReference.run(JUnit4TestReference.java:86)
	at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.TestExecution.run(TestExecution.java:38)
	at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.RemoteTestRunner.runTests(RemoteTestRunner.java:459)
	at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.RemoteTestRunner.runTests(RemoteTestRunner.java:678)
	at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.RemoteTestRunner.run(RemoteTestRunner.java:382)
	at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.RemoteTestRunner.main(RemoteTestRunner.java:192)
Caused by: java.lang.ClassNotFoundException: org.apache.hive.service.cli.thrift.TCLIService$Iface
	at java.net.URLClassLoader.findClass(URLClassLoader.java:381)
	at java.lang.ClassLoader.loadClass(ClassLoader.java:424)
	at sun.misc.Launcher$AppClassLoader.loadClass(Launcher.java:331)
	at java.lang.ClassLoader.loadClass(ClassLoader.java:357)
	... 44 moret

提示找不到org.apache.hive.service.cli.thrift.TCLIService$Iface这个内部类,定位到..HiveDriver 105行的位置

public Connection connect(String url, Properties info) throws SQLException {
    return acceptsURL(url) ? new HiveConnection(url, info) : null;
  }
这里new 了一个HiveConnection的对象,这里并没有看到那个内部类的使用,然后发现在HiveConnection中有使用TCLIService.Iface接口

...
TCLIService.Iface client = new TCLIService.Client(new TBinaryProtocol(transport));
TOpenSessionResp openResp = client.OpenSession(new TOpenSessionReq());
  if (openResp != null) {
  client.CloseSession(new TCloseSessionReq(openResp.getSessionHandle()));
}
...
在这里抛了找不到Iface的异常,但是点进去TCLIService类中,确是存在Iface接口,所以说找不到不是因为不存在,而是有重复的类,不知道找哪个
@SuppressWarnings({"cast", "rawtypes", "serial", "unchecked"})
@Generated(value = "Autogenerated by Thrift Compiler (0.9.3)")
public class TCLIService {

  public interface Iface {

    public TOpenSessionResp OpenSession(TOpenSessionReq req) throws org.apache.thrift.TException;

    public TCloseSessionResp CloseSession(TCloseSessionReq req) throws org.apache.thrift.TException;
.....
所以去看下引入的依赖包,发现有hive-service和hive-service-rpc两个包中有相同的源码,所以在这里会抛异常,我就先把这其中一个依赖从hive-jdbc中去除掉,但是发现还是抛异常,我这里用的hive-jdbc1.1版本,发现hive-service是2.1版本,所以立马把两个都去除掉,重新引入一个hive-service 1.1进来就好拉,完整的pom中hive的依赖:

<dependency>
  <groupId>org.apache.hive</groupId>
  <artifactId>hive-jdbc</artifactId>
  <exclusions>
    <exclusion>
      <groupId>org.apache.hive</groupId>
      <artifactId>hive-service-rpc</artifactId>
    </exclusion>
    <exclusion>
      <groupId>org.apache.hive</groupId>
      <artifactId>hive-service</artifactId>
    </exclusion>
  </exclusions>
  <version>1.1.0</version>
</dependency>
<dependency>
  <groupId>org.apache.hive</groupId>
  <artifactId>hive-service</artifactId>
  <version>1.1.0</version>
</dependency>
其中还有一些对元数据的依赖如果没有用到也可以去除掉:

<dependency>
  <groupId>org.apache.hive</groupId>
  <artifactId>hive-jdbc</artifactId>
  <exclusions>
    <exclusion>
      <groupId>joda-time</groupId>
      <artifactId>joda-time</artifactId>
    </exclusion>
    <exclusion>
      <groupId>org.apache.hive</groupId>
      <artifactId>hive-service-rpc</artifactId>
    </exclusion>
    <exclusion>
      <groupId>org.apache.hive</groupId>
      <artifactId>hive-service</artifactId>
    </exclusion>
    <exclusion>
      <groupId>org.apache.hive</groupId>
      <artifactId>hive-metastore</artifactId>
    </exclusion>
    <exclusion>
      <groupId>org.apache.hive</groupId>
      <artifactId>hive-serde</artifactId>
    </exclusion>
  </exclusions>
  <version>1.1.0</version>
</dependency>
<dependency>
  <groupId>org.apache.hive</groupId>
  <artifactId>hive-service</artifactId>
  <version>1.1.0</version>
</dependency>
OK拉。

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版权声明:本文为博主康小小原创文章,转载请声明转载出处:http://blog.csdn.net/u010429286 https://blog.csdn.net/u010429286/article/details/78623640
个人分类: hive Java
所属专栏: Hive
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