【Spring4揭秘 BeanFactory】基本容器-BeanFactory

控制反转即IoC (Inversion of Control),它把传统上由程序代码直接操控的对象的调用权交给容器,通过容器来实现对象组件的装配和管理。所谓的“控制反转”概念就是对组件对象控制权的转移,从程序代码本身转移到了外部容器。
本章介绍第一个基本容器BeanFactory

一、 BeanFactory的类结构

相关接口和实现类的UML图如下
这里写图片描述
1.BeanFactory接口:
是Spring bean容器的根接口.提供获取bean,是否包含bean,是否单例与原型,获取bean类型,bean 别名的方法
2.BeanFactory的三个子接口:
HierarchicalBeanFactory:提供父容器的访问功能
ListableBeanFactory:提供了批量获取Bean的方法
AutowireCapableBeanFactory:在BeanFactory基础上实现对已存在实例的管理
3.ConfigurableBeanFactory:
4.ConfigurableListableBeanFactory:
继承了上述的所有接口,增加了其他功能:比如类加载器,类型转化,属性编辑器,BeanPostProcessor,作用域,bean定义,处理bean依赖关系, bean如何销毁…
5.实现类DefaultListableBeanFactory:
实现了ConfigurableListableBeanFactory,实现上述BeanFactory所有功能。它还可以注册BeanDefinition

二 、BeanFactory接口

public interface BeanFactory {

    String FACTORY_BEAN_PREFIX = "&";
    Object getBean(String name) throws BeansException;
    <T> T getBean(String name, Class<T> requiredType) throws BeansException;
    <T> T getBean(Class<T> requiredType) throws BeansException;
    Object getBean(String name, Object... args) throws BeansException; 
    <T> T getBean(Class<T> requiredType, Object... args) throws BeansException;
    boolean isSingleton(String name) throws NoSuchBeanDefinitionException;
    boolean isPrototype(String name) throws NoSuchBeanDefinitionException;
    boolean isTypeMatch(String name, ResolvableType typeToMatch) throws NoSuchBeanDefinitionException;
    boolean isTypeMatch(String name, Class<?> typeToMatch) throws NoSuchBeanDefinitionException;
    Class<?> getType(String name) throws NoSuchBeanDefinitionException;
    String[] getAliases(String name);
}

FACTORY_BEAN_PREFIX = “&”:
&前缀的字符串可以用来引用一个FactoryBean实例,或把它和工厂产生的Bean区分开,就是说,如果一个FactoryBean的名字为a,那么,&a会得到那个FactoryBean,实例如下:

public class FactoryTest implements FactoryBean<String> {
    @Override
    public String getObject() throws Exception { return "test12345";  }

    @Override
    public Class<?> getObjectType() {    return String.class; }

    @Override
    public boolean isSingleton() {  return true; }

    @Override
    public String toString() { return "A FactoryBean"; }

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        DefaultListableBeanFactory factory = new DefaultListableBeanFactory();
        factory.registerBeanDefinition("test", new RootBeanDefinition(FactoryTest.class));//注册一个FactoryBean类型的BeanDefinition
        System.out.println(factory.getBean("test"));//获取Bean,也就是调用了FactoryBean的getObject
        System.out.println(factory.getBean("&test"));//& 获取FactoryBean
    }
}
=========输出========
test12345 
A FactoryBean

getBean(String name): 根据名称获取Bean
getBean(String name, Class< T> requiredType): 根据类型获取Bean
getBean(String name, Object… args):获取Bean
getBean(Class< T> requiredType, Object… args):获取Bean
isSingleton(String name)::是否为单实例
isPrototype(String name)::是否为原型(多实例)
isTypeMatch(String name, ResolvableType typeToMatch):名称、类型是否匹配
isTypeMatch(String name, Class< ?> typeToMatch)::名称、类型是否匹配
Class< ? > getType(String name) :根据实例的名字 获取类型
String[] getAliases(String name): 根据实例的名字获取实例的别名数组

三、ListableBeanFactory

public interface ListableBeanFactory extends BeanFactory {
    //BeanDefinition相关
    boolean containsBeanDefinition(String beanName); 
    int getBeanDefinitionCount(); 
    String[] getBeanDefinitionNames(); 

    //跟据bean 的类型获取bean .它不会检查嵌套的FactoryBean创建的bean 
    String[] getBeanNamesForType(ResolvableType type); 
    String[] getBeanNamesForType(Class<?> type); 
    String[] getBeanNamesForType(Class<?> type, boolean includeNonSingletons, boolean allowEagerInit); 
    <T> Map<String, T> getBeansOfType(Class<T> type) throws BeansException; 
    <T> Map<String, T> getBeansOfType(Class<T> type, boolean includeNonSingletons, boolean allowEagerInit) throws BeansException; 

     //根据注解查找相关BeanName数组
    String[] getBeanNamesForAnnotation(Class<? extends Annotation> annotationType); 
    //根据注解查找相关BeanMap
    Map<String, Object> getBeansWithAnnotation(Class<? extends Annotation> annotationType) throws BeansException; 
    //查找一个Bean上的注解
    <A extends Annotation> A findAnnotationOnBean(String beanName, Class<A> annotationType) throws NoSuchBeanDefinitionException; 
}

获取bean时,Spring 鼓励使用这个接口定义的api. 主要提供三类方法:
1.获取BeanDefinition
2.批量获取BeanName和Bean(返回数组和Map)
3.注解相关,示例代码如下:

@Controller(value = "OK")
public class FactoryTest {

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        DefaultListableBeanFactory factory = new DefaultListableBeanFactory();
        RootBeanDefinition definition = new RootBeanDefinition(FactoryTest.class);
        factory.registerBeanDefinition("test", definition);

        System.out.println(
              Arrays.toString(
                      factory.getBeanNamesForAnnotation(Controller.class)));
        System.out.println(factory.getBeansWithAnnotation(Controller.class));
        System.out.println(factory.findAnnotationOnBean("test",Controller.class));

    }
}

结果如下:

[test] 
{test=FactoryTest@d041cf}
@org.springframework.stereotype.Controller(value=OK)

四、AutowireCapableBeanFactory

public interface AutowireCapableBeanFactory extends BeanFactory {

    int AUTOWIRE_NO = 0;//不使用自动装配 
    int AUTOWIRE_BY_NAME = 1;//通过名称自动装配 
    int AUTOWIRE_BY_TYPE = 2;//通过类型自动装配  
    int AUTOWIRE_CONSTRUCTOR = 3;//构造器装配 
    @Deprecated
    int AUTOWIRE_AUTODETECT = 4;//已过时  


    //------ 创建外部Bean实例的典型方法---------------------------
    //根据指定Class创建一个全新的Bean实例
    <T> T createBean(Class<T> beanClass) throws BeansException;
    //给定对象,根据注释、后处理器等,进行自动装配
    void autowireBean(Object existingBean) throws BeansException;
    // 根据Bean名的BeanDefinition装配这个未加工的Object,执行回调和各种后处理器。
    Object configureBean(Object existingBean, String beanName) throws BeansException;
    //分解Bean在工厂中定义的这个指定的依赖descriptor
    Object resolveDependency(DependencyDescriptor descriptor, String beanName) throws BeansException; 


    //-----------Bean实例生命周期相关方法-------------------
    / 根据给定的类型和指定的装配策略,创建一个新的Bean实例
    Object createBean(Class<?> beanClass, int autowireMode, boolean dependencyCheck) throws BeansException;
    //
    Object autowire(Class<?> beanClass, int autowireMode, boolean dependencyCheck) throws BeansException; 
    //根据名称或类型自动装配
    void autowireBeanProperties(Object existingBean, int autowireMode, boolean dependencyCheck) throws BeansException; 
    //自动装配
    void applyBeanPropertyValues(Object existingBean, String beanName) throws BeansException;
    //初始化一个Bean...
    Object initializeBean(Object existingBean, String beanName) throws BeansException;
    //初始化之前执行BeanPostProcessors
    Object applyBeanPostProcessorsBeforeInitialization(Object existingBean, String beanName) throws BeansException;
    //初始化之后执行BeanPostProcessors
    Object applyBeanPostProcessorsAfterInitialization(Object existingBean, String beanName) throws BeansException;
    //销毁一个Bean
    void destroyBean(Object existingBean);
    //分解指定的依赖
    Object resolveDependency(DependencyDescriptor descriptor, String beanName,
            Set<String> autowiredBeanNames, TypeConverter typeConverter) throws BeansException;
}

这个接口定义了将容器中的Bean按某种规则(如按名字,类型的匹配等)进行自动装配的方法。在我们开发的应用中很少用到,像ApplicationContext这样的外观实现类不会实现这个接口。它更多的作用是和其它组件结合,比如Struts2等,把不在spring容器中的bean加入到spring的生命周期中。

五、ConfigurableBeanFactory

public interface ConfigurableBeanFactory extends HierarchicalBeanFactory, SingletonBeanRegistry {

    //常亮-单例
    String SCOPE_SINGLETON = "singleton"; 
    //常量-原型
    String SCOPE_PROTOTYPE = "prototype";
    //设置父BeanFactory
    void setParentBeanFactory(BeanFactory parentBeanFactory) throws IllegalStateException; 
    //以下四个:设置和获取BeanClassLoader
    void setBeanClassLoader(ClassLoader beanClassLoader); 
    ClassLoader getBeanClassLoader(); 
    void setTempClassLoader(ClassLoader tempClassLoader); 
    ClassLoader getTempClassLoader();

    //是否需要缓存bean metadata,比如bean difinition 和 解析好的classes.默认开启缓存
    void setCacheBeanMetadata(boolean cacheBeanMetadata); 
    boolean isCacheBeanMetadata();

    // 定义用于解析bean definition的表达式解析器
    void setBeanExpressionResolver(BeanExpressionResolver resolver); 
    BeanExpressionResolver getBeanExpressionResolver();

    //类型转化器
    void setConversionService(ConversionService conversionService); 
    ConversionService getConversionService();

    //属性编辑器
    void addPropertyEditorRegistrar(PropertyEditorRegistrar registrar);

    //BeanFactory用来转换bean属性值或者参数值的自定义转换器
    void registerCustomEditor(Class<?> requiredType, Class<? extends PropertyEditor> propertyEditorClass); 
    void copyRegisteredEditorsTo(PropertyEditorRegistry registry);

    //类型转换器
    void setTypeConverter(TypeConverter typeConverter); 
    TypeConverter getTypeConverter(); 
    void addEmbeddedValueResolver(StringValueResolver valueResolver); 
    String resolveEmbeddedValue(String value);

    //Bean处理器
    void addBeanPostProcessor(BeanPostProcessor beanPostProcessor); 
    int getBeanPostProcessorCount();

    //作用域定义
    void registerScope(String scopeName, Scope scope); 
    String[] getRegisteredScopeNames(); 
    Scope getRegisteredScope(String scopeName);

    //访问权限控制
    AccessControlContext getAccessControlContext();

    //合并其他ConfigurableBeanFactory的配置,包括上面说到的BeanPostProcessor,作用域等
    void copyConfigurationFrom(ConfigurableBeanFactory otherFactory);

    //bean定义处理
    void registerAlias(String beanName, String alias) throws BeanDefinitionStoreException; 
    void resolveAliases(StringValueResolver valueResolver); 
    BeanDefinition getMergedBeanDefinition(String beanName) throws NoSuchBeanDefinitionException; 
    boolean isFactoryBean(String name) throws NoSuchBeanDefinitionException;

    //bean创建状态控制.在解决循环依赖时有使用
    void setCurrentlyInCreation(String beanName, boolean inCreation); 
    boolean isCurrentlyInCreation(String beanName);

    //处理bean依赖问题
    void registerDependentBean(String beanName, String dependentBeanName); 
    String[] getDependentBeans(String beanName); 
    String[] getDependenciesForBean(String beanName);

    //bean生命周期管理-- 销毁bean
    void destroyBean(String beanName, Object beanInstance); 
    void destroyScopedBean(String beanName); 
    void destroySingletons();
}

ConfigurableBeanFactory同时继承了HierarchicalBeanFactory 和 SingletonBeanRegistry 这两个接口,即同时继承了分层和单例类注册的功能。

六、 ConfigurableListableBeanFactory

public interface ConfigurableListableBeanFactory
        extends ListableBeanFactory, AutowireCapableBeanFactory, ConfigurableBeanFactory {

    //设置忽略的依赖关系,注册找到的特殊依赖
    void ignoreDependencyType(Class<?> type); 
    void ignoreDependencyInterface(Class<?> ifc); 
    void registerResolvableDependency(Class<?> dependencyType, Object autowiredValue); 
    boolean isAutowireCandidate(String beanName, DependencyDescriptor descriptor)
            throws NoSuchBeanDefinitionException;

    // 获取bean定义 (可以访问属性值跟构造方法的参数值)
    BeanDefinition getBeanDefinition(String beanName) throws NoSuchBeanDefinitionException;

    //迭代BeanNames
    Iterator<String> getBeanNamesIterator();

    //清除元数据缓存
    void clearMetadataCache();

    //锁定配置信息.在调用refresh时会使用到.
    void freezeConfiguration(); 
    boolean isConfigurationFrozen();

    //预加载不是懒加载的单例.用于解决循环依赖问题
    void preInstantiateSingletons() throws BeansException;

}

七、AbstractBeanFactory

这个类主要提供了获取Bean的相关方法

实现了BeanFactory的方法

主要实现了getBean方法

实现了HierarchicalBeanFactory的方法

实现了ConfigurableBeanFactory

留给子类实现的方法

protected abstract boolean containsBeanDefinition(String beanName);

protected abstract BeanDefinition getBeanDefinition(String beanName) throws BeansException;


protected abstract Object createBean(String beanName, RootBeanDefinition mbd, Object[] args)
            throws BeanCreationException;

八、AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory

这个类主要实现了创建Bean的相关方法

九、DefaultListableBeanFactory

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