OpenCV 滑动条Trackbar C/C++/Python

OpenCV 滑动条Trackbar C/C++/Python

参考:

opencv 滑动条 cvCreateTrackbar()http://blog.csdn.net/u012005313/article/details/46788445
createTrackbarhttp://docs.opencv.org/2.4.11/modules/highgui/doc/user_interface.html#createtrackbar
Adding a Trackbar to our applications!http://docs.opencv.org/2.4.11/doc/tutorials/highgui/trackbar/trackbar.html#adding-a-trackbar-to-our-applications


使用滑动条控制参数的改变,调用回调函数修改显示的图像,更直观的比对不同参数的变化

主要内容

  1. C/C++/Python 函数格式
  2. C++ 下调用滑动条
  3. C 下调用滑动条
  4. Python 下调用滑动条
  5. getTrackbarPos

C/C++/Python 函数格式

C++ 函数:

int createTrackbar(const string& trackbarname, const string& winname,
     int* value, int count, TrackbarCallback onChange=0, void* userdata=0)

参数:

  • trackbarname:滑动条名,滑动条的标识符,不同滑动条拥有不同的滑动条名
  • winname:窗口名,滑动条想要绑定的窗口的名字
  • value:可选,用于反映滑块位置。创建滑动条时可用此值指定滑块位置
  • count:滑块最大值。最小值通常是 0
  • onChange:回调函数,函数原型为 void Foo(int,void*).
    • where the first parameter is the trackbar position and the second parameter is the user data (see the next parameter).
    • If the callback is the NULL pointer, no callbacks are called, but only value is updated`
  • userdata:User data that is passed as is to the callback.
    <ul><li>It can be used to handle trackbar events without using global variables.

C 函数:

int cvCreateTrackbar(const char* trackbar_name, const char* window_name,
     int* value, int count, CvTrackbarCallback on_change=NULL )

参数:

  • trackbar_name:同上
  • window_name:同上
  • value:同上
  • count:同上
  • on_change:函数原型为 void Foo(int)

Python 函数:

def createTrackbar(trackbarName, windowName, value, count, onChange)

参数:同上,其中 onChange 回调函数有一个参数


C++ 下调用滑动条

程序 1:进行形态学膨胀操作,改变迭代次数

#include <iostream>
#include <opencv2\highgui\highgui.hpp>
#include <opencv2\imgproc\imgproc.hpp>
using namespace std;
using namespace cv;

// 滑动条名
const string trackbarname = "expand";
// 窗口名
const string winname = "TrackbarDemo";
// 最大值
const int maxNum = 10;

// 预设值
int value = 3;

Mat img;
Mat res;

int dilation_type = MORPH_RECT;
int dilation_size = 1;
Mat element = getStructuringElement(dilation_type, 
    Size(2 * dilation_size + 1, 2 * dilation_size + 1),
    Point(dilation_size, dilation_size));

void onExpand(int, void*) {
    printf("value: %d\n", value);
    dilate(img, res, element, Point(-1, -1),value);

    imshow(winname, res);
}

int main(int argc, char* argv[]) {
    img = imread("c:\\lena.jpg", -1);
    if (img.empty()) {
        exit(0);
    }
    res = img.clone();

    namedWindow(winname);
    createTrackbar(trackbarname, winname, &value, maxNum, onExpand, NULL);

    onExpand(0, NULL);

    waitKey(0);

    return 0;
}

结果:

这里写图片描述

如果需要改变多个参数,可以使用多个滑动条

程序 2:改变迭代次数以及核大小

#include <iostream>
#include <opencv2\highgui\highgui.hpp>
#include <opencv2\imgproc\imgproc.hpp>
using namespace std;
using namespace cv;

// 滑动条名
const string trackbarname1 = "interation";
const string trackbarname2 = "dilationSize";
// 窗口名
const string winname = "TrackbarDemo";
// 最大值
const int maxNum1 = 10;
const int maxNum2 = 5;

// 预设值
int interationValue = 3;
int dilationSize = 2;

Mat img;
Mat res;

int dilation_type = MORPH_RECT;

void onDilate(int, void*) {
    printf("dilationSize: %d\n", dilationSize);
    printf("interationValue: %d\n", interationValue);

    Mat element = getStructuringElement(dilation_type,
        Size(2 * dilationSize + 1, 2 * dilationSize + 1),
        Point(dilationSize, dilationSize));

    dilate(img, res, element, Point(-1, -1), interationValue);

    imshow(winname, res);
}

int main(int argc, char* argv[]) {
    img = imread("c:\\lena.jpg", -1);
    if (img.empty()) {
        exit(0);
    }
    res = img.clone();

    namedWindow(winname);
    createTrackbar(trackbarname1, winname, &interationValue, maxNum1, onDilate, NULL);
    createTrackbar(trackbarname2, winname, &dilationSize, maxNum2, onDilate, NULL);

    onDilate(0, NULL);

    waitKey(0);

    return 0;
}

结果:

这里写图片描述


C 下调用滑动条

程序 1:进行形态学膨胀操作,改变迭代次数

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <cv.h>
#include <highgui.h>

// 滑动条名
const char* trackbarname = "interation";
// 窗口名
const char* winanme = "TrackbarDemo";
// 最大值
const int maxNum = 10;

int interationValue = 3;

IplImage* img;
IplImage* res;

IplConvKernel* element;

void onDilate(int arg) {

    printf("interationValue: %d\n", interationValue);

    cvDilate(img, res, element, interationValue);
    cvShowImage(winanme, res);
}


int main(int argc, char* argv[]) {
    img = cvLoadImage("c:\\lena.jpg", CV_LOAD_IMAGE_UNCHANGED);
    if (img->imageData == NULL) {
        exit(0);
    }
    res = cvCreateImage(cvSize(img->width, img->height), img->depth, img->nChannels);

    int dilationSize = 1;
    int row = dilationSize * 2 + 1;
    int col = dilationSize * 2 + 1;
    element = cvCreateStructuringElementEx(2 * dilationSize + 1,
         2 * dilationSize + 1, dilationSize, dilationSize, CV_SHAPE_RECT, NULL);


    cvNamedWindow(winanme, CV_WINDOW_AUTOSIZE);
    cvCreateTrackbar(trackbarname, winanme, &interationValue, maxNum, onDilate);

    onDilate(0);

    cvWaitKey(0);

    cvReleaseStructuringElement(&element);
    cvReleaseImage(&img);
    cvReleaseImage(&res);
    cvDestroyWindow(winanme);

    return 0;
}

程序 2:改变迭代次数以及核大小

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <cv.h>
#include <highgui.h>

// 滑动条名
const char* trackbarname1 = "interation";
const char* trackbarname2 = "dilationSize";
// 窗口名
const char* winanme = "TrackbarDemo";
// 最大值
const int maxNum1 = 10;
const int maxNum2 = 5;

int interationValue = 3;
int dilationSize = 1;

IplImage* img;
IplImage* res;

IplConvKernel* element;

void onDilate(int arg) {

    printf("interationValue: %d\n", interationValue);
    printf("dilationSize: %d\n", dilationSize);

    int row = dilationSize * 2 + 1;
    int col = dilationSize * 2 + 1;
    element = cvCreateStructuringElementEx(2 * dilationSize + 1,
         2 * dilationSize + 1, dilationSize, dilationSize, CV_SHAPE_RECT, NULL);

    cvDilate(img, res, element, interationValue);
    cvShowImage(winanme, res);

    cvReleaseStructuringElement(&element);
}


int main(int argc, char* argv[]) {
    img = cvLoadImage("c:\\lena.jpg", CV_LOAD_IMAGE_UNCHANGED);
    if (img->imageData == NULL) {
        exit(0);
    }
    res = cvCreateImage(cvSize(img->width, img->height), img->depth, img->nChannels);


    cvNamedWindow(winanme, CV_WINDOW_AUTOSIZE);
    cvCreateTrackbar(trackbarname1, winanme, &interationValue, maxNum1, onDilate);
    cvCreateTrackbar(trackbarname2, winanme, &dilationSize, maxNum2, onDilate);

    onDilate(0);

    cvWaitKey(0);

    cvReleaseImage(&img);
    cvReleaseImage(&res);
    cvDestroyWindow(winanme);

    return 0;
}

Python 下调用滑动条

程序 1:进行形态学膨胀操作,改变迭代次数

# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-

import cv2
import os

trackbar_name = "interation"
win_name = "TrackbarDemo"

max_num = 10
value = 3

kernerl = cv2.getStructuringElement(cv2.MORPH_RECT, (3, 3))


def on_dialte(arg):
    """
    膨胀操作
    :param arg:
    :return:
    """
    value = cv2.getTrackbarPos(trackbar_name, win_name)
    print "value:", value

    res = cv2.dilate(img, kernerl, None, None, value)
    cv2.imshow(win_name, res)


if __name__ == '__main__':
    img = cv2.imread("c:\\lena.jpg", cv2.CV_LOAD_IMAGE_UNCHANGED)
    if img is None:
        os._exit(0)

    cv2.namedWindow(win_name)
    cv2.createTrackbar(trackbar_name, win_name, value, max_num, on_dialte)

    on_dialte(0)

    cv2.waitKey(0)

程序 2:改变迭代次数以及核大小

# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-

import cv2
import os

trackbar_name1 = "interation"
trackbar_name2 = "dilationSize"

win_name = "TrackbarDemo"

max_num1 = 10
max_num2 = 5

interation_value = 3
dilation_size = 1


def on_dilate(arg):
    """
    形态学膨胀操作
    :param arg:
    :return:
    """
    value = cv2.getTrackbarPos(trackbar_name1, win_name)
    print "value:", value
    size = cv2.getTrackbarPos(trackbar_name2, win_name)
    print "size:", size

    kernel = cv2.getStructuringElement(cv2.MORPH_RECT, (2 * size + 1, 2 * size + 1))
    res = cv2.dilate(img, kernel, None, None, value)
    cv2.imshow(win_name, res)


if __name__ == '__main__':
    img = cv2.imread("c:\\lena.jpg", cv2.CV_LOAD_IMAGE_UNCHANGED)
    if img is None:
        os._exit(0)

    cv2.namedWindow(win_name)
    cv2.createTrackbar(trackbar_name1, win_name, interation_value, max_num1, on_dilate)
    cv2.createTrackbar(trackbar_name2, win_name, dilation_size, max_num2, on_dilate)

    on_dilate(0)

    cv2.waitKey(0)

getTrackbarPos

参考:getTrackbarPos

C++ 函数:

int getTrackbarPos(const string& trackbarname, const string& winname)

C 函数:

int cvGetTrackbarPos(const char* trackbar_name, const char* window_name)

Python 函数:

cv2.getTrackbarPos(trackbarname, winname) → retval

参数:

第一个:滑动条名
第二个:窗口名

返回值:指定窗口上指定滑动条的当前位置

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版权声明:本文为博主原创文章,未经博主允许不得转载。 https://blog.csdn.net/u012005313/article/details/69675803
文章标签: opencv 滑动条
个人分类: opencv c c++ python
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