PL/SQL 动态Sql拼接where条件

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  • 完整例子
DECLARE

    SQLSTR VARCHAR(200) := 'SELECT * FROM hr.employees where 1=1';

    TYPE EMPCURTYP IS REF CURSOR;
    V_EMP_CURSOR EMPCURTYP;
    EMP_RECORD   HR.EMPLOYEES%ROWTYPE;

    TYPE EMP_REC IS TABLE OF HR.EMPLOYEES%ROWTYPE;
    EMP_REC2 EMP_REC;

    PROCEDURE QUERYEMP(NAME_ VARCHAR, SALARY NUMBER) IS
    BEGIN
        -- Wrong exmaple
        --IF NAME_ IS NOT NULL THEN
        --   SQLSTR := SQLSTR || ' and first_name = :name_ ';
        --END IF;
        --IF SALARY IS NOT NULL THEN
        --    SQLSTR := SQLSTR || ' and SALARY = :SALARY ';
        --END IF;
        
        -- By using IF-END, Not recommended. Because you have to write extra if-else conditions
        --IF NAME_ IS NOT NULL THEN
        --    SQLSTR := SQLSTR || ' and first_name = :name_ ';
        --ELSE
        --    SQLSTR := SQLSTR || ' and :name_ IS NULL';
        --END IF;
        
        -- By using OR, recommended way
        SQLSTR := SQLSTR || ' and (:name_ IS NULL OR first_name = :name_) ';
        SQLSTR := SQLSTR || ' and (:salary IS NULL OR salary = :salary) ';
    
        -- print sqlstr
        DBMS_OUTPUT.PUT_LINE('sqlstr = ' || SQLSTR);
    
        -- If the dynamic SQL statement is a SELECT statement that returns multiple rows, 
        -- native dynamic SQL gives you these choices: 
    
        -- 1.Use the EXECUTE IMMEDIATE statement with the BULK COLLECT INTO clause.
        EXECUTE IMMEDIATE SQLSTR BULK COLLECT
            INTO EMP_REC2
            USING NAME_, NAME_, SALARY, SALARY;
        FOR I IN 1 .. EMP_REC2.COUNT LOOP
            DBMS_OUTPUT.PUT_LINE('EMPLOYEE_ID = ' || EMP_REC2(I)
                                 .EMPLOYEE_ID);
        END LOOP;
        -- 1.END
    
        -- 2.Use the OPEN FOR, FETCH, and CLOSE statements
        OPEN V_EMP_CURSOR FOR SQLSTR
            USING NAME_, NAME_, SALARY, SALARY;
    
        LOOP
            FETCH V_EMP_CURSOR
                INTO EMP_RECORD;
            EXIT WHEN V_EMP_CURSOR%NOTFOUND;
        
            DBMS_OUTPUT.PUT_LINE('EMPLOYEE_ID = ' ||
                                 EMP_RECORD.EMPLOYEE_ID);
        END LOOP;
    
        CLOSE V_EMP_CURSOR;
        -- 2.END
    
    END QUERYEMP;


BEGIN

    QUERYEMP('Steven', NULL);
    -- 
    --TT('');
    -- QUERYEMP2('Steven');
END;
/
  • 拼接部分
IF NAME_ IS NOT NULL THEN
	SQLSTR := SQLSTR || ' and first_name = :name_ ';
END IF;
IF SALARY IS NOT NULL THEN
	SQLSTR := SQLSTR || ' and SALARY = :SALARY ';
END IF;
如果写成这样,我们在using部分传入了name_和salary两个绑定变量,若name_为空,则剩下salary一个参数,绑定变量过多,会报ora-01006错误。
改进的方法是使用IF-ELSE方式拼接或者用OR连接,但是传入的绑定变量对应情况要根据拼接的sqlstr而定



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