netty编解码之jboss marshalling

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netty编解码之jboss marshalling


jboss marshalling是jboss内部的一个序列化框架,速度也十分快,这里netty也提供了支持,使用十分方便,不需要像protobuf一样编写proto文件,只需要提供两个编解码器即可,以下就是jboss marshalling使用的开始。

源码程序


model类


model类和之前编写java序列化的时候没有区别,这里便不再多说,仅仅贴出源码:

SubscribeReq:

package cn.com.serialize;

import java.io.Serializable;

/**
 * Created by xiaxuan on 17/11/27.
 */
public class SubscribeReq implements Serializable {

    private int subReqID;
    private String userName;
    private String productName;
    private String phoneNumber;
    private String address;

    //getter setter
    ...

    @Override
    public String toString() {
        return "SubscribeReq{" +
                "subReqID=" + subReqID +
                ", userName='" + userName + '\'' +
                ", productName='" + productName + '\'' +
                ", phoneNumber='" + phoneNumber + '\'' +
                ", address='" + address + '\'' +
                '}';
    }
}

SubscribeResp:

package cn.com.serialize;

import java.io.Serializable;

/**
 * Created by xiaxuan on 17/11/27.
 */
public class SubscribeResp implements Serializable {

    private int subReqID;
    private int respCode;
    private String desc;

    //getter setter
    ...

    @Override
    public String toString() {
        return "SubscribeResp{" +
                "subReqID=" + subReqID +
                ", respCode=" + respCode +
                ", desc='" + desc + '\'' +
                '}';
    }
}

marshalling编解码工厂类


MarshallingCodeCFactory:

package cn.com.marshalling;

import io.netty.handler.codec.marshalling.*;
import org.jboss.marshalling.MarshallerFactory;
import org.jboss.marshalling.Marshalling;
import org.jboss.marshalling.MarshallingConfiguration;

/**
 * Created by xiaxuan on 17/11/28.
 */
public final class MarshallingCodeCFactory {

    public static MarshallingDecoder buildMarshallingDecoder() {
        final MarshallerFactory marshallerFactory = Marshalling.getProvidedMarshallerFactory("serial");
        final MarshallingConfiguration configuration = new MarshallingConfiguration();
        configuration.setVersion(5);
        UnmarshallerProvider provider = new DefaultUnmarshallerProvider(marshallerFactory, configuration);
        MarshallingDecoder decoder = new MarshallingDecoder(provider, 1024);
        return decoder;
    }

    public static MarshallingEncoder buildMarshallingEncoder() {
        final MarshallerFactory marshallerFactory = Marshalling.getProvidedMarshallerFactory("serial");
        final MarshallingConfiguration configuration = new MarshallingConfiguration();
        configuration.setVersion(5);
        MarshallerProvider provider = new DefaultMarshallerProvider(marshallerFactory, configuration);
        MarshallingEncoder encoder = new MarshallingEncoder(provider);
        return encoder;
    }
}

这里在获取factory的时候传入的参数为serial表示为创建java序列化工厂对象。
在创建MarshallingDecoder对象时传入两个参数,分别是UnmarshallerProvider和单个消息序列化后的最大长度。

server程序


SubReqServer:

package cn.com.marshalling;

import io.netty.bootstrap.ServerBootstrap;
import io.netty.channel.ChannelFuture;
import io.netty.channel.ChannelInitializer;
import io.netty.channel.ChannelOption;
import io.netty.channel.EventLoopGroup;
import io.netty.channel.nio.NioEventLoopGroup;
import io.netty.channel.socket.SocketChannel;
import io.netty.channel.socket.nio.NioServerSocketChannel;
import io.netty.handler.logging.LogLevel;
import io.netty.handler.logging.LoggingHandler;

/**
 * Created by xiaxuan on 17/11/28.
 */
public class SubReqServer {

    public void bind(int port) {
        //配置服务端NIO线程组
        EventLoopGroup bossGroup = new NioEventLoopGroup();
        EventLoopGroup workerGroup = new NioEventLoopGroup();
        try {
            ServerBootstrap b = new ServerBootstrap();
            b.group(bossGroup, workerGroup)
                    .channel(NioServerSocketChannel.class)
                    .option(ChannelOption.SO_BACKLOG, 100)
                    .handler(new LoggingHandler(LogLevel.INFO))
                    .childHandler(new ChannelInitializer<SocketChannel>() {
                        @Override
                        protected void initChannel(SocketChannel ch) throws Exception {
                            ch.pipeline().addLast(
                                    MarshallingCodeCFactory.buildMarshallingDecoder()
                            );
                            ch.pipeline().addLast(
                                    MarshallingCodeCFactory.buildMarshallingEncoder()
                            );
                            ch.pipeline().addLast(new SubReqServerHandler());
                        }
                    });

            //绑定端口,同步等待成功
            ChannelFuture f = b.bind(port).sync();

            //等待服务端监听端口关闭
            f.channel().closeFuture().sync();
        } catch (InterruptedException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } finally {
            //优雅退出
            bossGroup.shutdownGracefully();
            workerGroup.shutdownGracefully();
        }
    }

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        int port = 8080;
        new SubReqServer().bind(port);
    }
}

这里我们将先前MarshallingFactory工厂类创建的MarshallingDecoder解码器和MarshallingEncoder编码器加入到ChannelPipline中,来进行对我们的传输对象进行编解码。

SubReqServerHandler

package cn.com.marshalling;

import cn.com.serialize.SubscribeReq;
import cn.com.serialize.SubscribeResp;
import io.netty.channel.ChannelHandler.Sharable;
import io.netty.channel.ChannelHandlerContext;
import io.netty.channel.ChannelInboundHandlerAdapter;


@Sharable
public class SubReqServerHandler extends ChannelInboundHandlerAdapter {

    @Override
    public void channelRead(ChannelHandlerContext ctx, Object msg)
            throws Exception {
        SubscribeReq req = (SubscribeReq) msg;
        if ("Xiaxuan".equalsIgnoreCase(req.getUserName())) {
            System.out.println("Service accept client subscrib req : ["
                    + req.toString() + "]");
            ctx.writeAndFlush(resp(req.getSubReqID()));
        }
    }

    private SubscribeResp resp(int subReqID) {
        SubscribeResp resp = new SubscribeResp();
        resp.setSubReqID(subReqID);
        resp.setRespCode(0);
        resp.setDesc("Netty book order succeed, 3 days later, sent to the designated address");
        return resp;
    }

    @Override
    public void exceptionCaught(ChannelHandlerContext ctx, Throwable cause) {
        cause.printStackTrace();
        ctx.close();// 发生异常,关闭链路
    }
}

业务逻辑与之前并没有太多不同,均是获取到客户端请求后进行响应。

client程序


SubReqClient

package cn.com.marshalling;

import io.netty.bootstrap.Bootstrap;
import io.netty.channel.ChannelFuture;
import io.netty.channel.ChannelInitializer;
import io.netty.channel.ChannelOption;
import io.netty.channel.EventLoopGroup;
import io.netty.channel.nio.NioEventLoopGroup;
import io.netty.channel.socket.SocketChannel;
import io.netty.channel.socket.nio.NioSocketChannel;

/**
 * Created by xiaxuan on 17/12/5.
 */
public class SubReqClient {

    public void connect(int port, String host) {
        EventLoopGroup group = new NioEventLoopGroup();
        try {
            Bootstrap b = new Bootstrap();
            b.group(group)
                    .channel(NioSocketChannel.class)
                    .option(ChannelOption.TCP_NODELAY, true)
                    .handler(new ChannelInitializer<SocketChannel>() {
                        @Override
                        protected void initChannel(SocketChannel ch) throws Exception {
                            ch.pipeline().addLast(MarshallingCodeCFactory.buildMarshallingDecoder());
                            ch.pipeline().addLast(MarshallingCodeCFactory.buildMarshallingEncoder());
                            ch.pipeline().addLast(new SubReqClientHandler());
                        }
                    });

            //发起异步连接操作
            ChannelFuture f = b.connect(host, port).sync();

            //等待客户端链路关闭
            f.channel().closeFuture().sync();
        } catch (InterruptedException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } finally {
            group.shutdownGracefully();
        }
    }

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        int port = 8080;
        String host = "127.0.0.1";
        new SubReqClient().connect(port, host);
    }
}

除了编解码框架以外,其他的并没有不同的。

SubReqClientHandler:

package cn.com.marshalling;

import cn.com.serialize.SubscribeReq;
import io.netty.channel.ChannelHandlerContext;
import io.netty.channel.ChannelInboundHandlerAdapter;

public class SubReqClientHandler extends ChannelInboundHandlerAdapter {


    public SubReqClientHandler() {
    }

    @Override
    public void channelActive(ChannelHandlerContext ctx) {
        for (int i = 0; i < 10; i++) {
            ctx.write(subReq(i));
        }
        ctx.flush();
    }

    private SubscribeReq subReq(int i) {
        SubscribeReq req = new SubscribeReq();
        req.setAddress("NanJing YuHuaTai");
        req.setPhoneNumber("135xxxxxxxx");
        req.setProductName("Netty Book For Marshalling");
        req.setSubReqID(i);
        req.setUserName("Xiaxuan");
        return req;
    }

    @Override
    public void channelRead(ChannelHandlerContext ctx, Object msg)
            throws Exception {
        System.out.println("Receive server response : [" + msg + "]");
    }

    @Override
    public void channelReadComplete(ChannelHandlerContext ctx) throws Exception {
        ctx.flush();
    }

    @Override
    public void exceptionCaught(ChannelHandlerContext ctx, Throwable cause) {
        cause.printStackTrace();
        ctx.close();
    }
}

客户端业务逻辑与之前也没有其他的区别,都是构建十次请求,然后一次性发出,最后输出服务端的响应。

程序运行


分别启动server程序和client程序,查看运行结果,如下:

server:

client:

运行成功。

使用jboss marshalling来进行编解码还是比较简单的,在这里我们模拟了TCP的粘包/拆包场景,但是程序的运行结果仍然正确,说明Marshalling的编解码器支持半包和粘包的处理,对于普通的开发者来说,只需要将Marshalling编码器和解码器加入到ChannelPipline中,就能实现对Marshalling序列化的支持。

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