【python web】Flask+Echarts 实现动图图表

flask 是python web开发的微框架,Echarts酷炫的功能主要是javascript起作用,将两者结合起来,发挥的作用更大。下面将Echarts嵌套进Flask的html模板中。

项目结构:
这里写图片描述

打开demo.py运行,点击console中的链接http://127.0.0.1:5000/ 就可以看到我们想要的动态图表。

这里写图片描述

这里写图片描述

demo.py

#coding:utf-8

from flask import Flask,render_template,url_for

#生成Flask实例
app = Flask(__name__)
@app.route('/')
def my_echart():
#在浏览器上渲染my_templaces.html模板
    return render_template('my_template.html')

if __name__ == "__main__":
    #运行项目
    app.run(debug = True)

my_template.html

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
    <meta charset="utf-8">
    <title>炫酷的ECharts</title>
    <!-- 引入 echarts.js -->
    <script src="{{ url_for('static', filename='echarts.min.js') }}"></script>
</head>



<body>





<!-- 为ECharts准备一个具备大小(宽高)的Dom -->
<div id="main1" style="width: 800px;height:500px;margin: 0 auto;"></div>
<div id="main2" style="width: 800px;height:500px;margin: 0 auto;"></div>
<div id="main3" style="width: 800px;height:500px;margin: 0 auto;"></div>
<div id="main4" style="width: 800px;height:500px;margin: 0 auto;"></div>
<div id="main5" style="width: 800px;height:500px;margin: 0 auto;"></div>

<script type="text/javascript">

    // 基于准备好的dom,初始化echarts实例
    var myChart1 = echarts.init(document.getElementById('main1'));

    var myChart2 = echarts.init(document.getElementById('main2'));
    var myChart3 = echarts.init(document.getElementById('main3'));
    var myChart4 = echarts.init(document.getElementById('main4'));
    var myChart5 = echarts.init(document.getElementById('main5'));

    // 指定图表的配置项和数据
        var option1 = {
            title: {
                text: 'ECharts 入门示例'
            },
            tooltip: {},
            legend: {
                data:['销量']
            },
            xAxis: {
                data: ["衬衫","羊毛衫","雪纺衫","裤子","高跟鞋","袜子"]
            },
            yAxis: {},
            series: [{
                name: '销量',
                type: 'bar',
                data: [5, 20, 36, 10, 10, 20]
            }]
        };



        var   option2 = {
                title : {
                    text: '未来一周气温变化',
                    subtext: '纯属虚构'
                },
            tooltip : {
                trigger: 'axis'
            },
            legend: {
                data:['最高气温','最低气温']
            },
            toolbox: {
                show : true,
                feature : {
                    mark : {show: true},
                    dataView : {show: true, readOnly: false},
                    magicType : {show: true, type: ['line', 'bar']},
                    restore : {show: true},
                    saveAsImage : {show: true}
                }
            },
            calculable : true,
            xAxis : [
                {
                    type : 'category',
                    boundaryGap : false,
                    data : ['周一','周二','周三','周四','周五','周六','周日']
                }
            ],
            yAxis : [
                {
                    type : 'value',
                    axisLabel : {
                        formatter: '{value} °C'
                    }
                }
            ],
            series : [
                {
                    name:'最高气温',
                    type:'line',
                    data:[11, 11, 15, 13, 12, 13, 10],
                    markPoint : {
                        data : [
                            {type : 'max', name: '最大值'},
                            {type : 'min', name: '最小值'}
                        ]
                    },
                    markLine : {
                        data : [
                            {type : 'average', name: '平均值'}
                        ]
                    }
                },
                {
                    name:'最低气温',
                    type:'line',
                    data:[1, -2, 2, 5, 3, 2, 0],
                    markPoint : {
                        data : [
                            {name : '周最低', value : -2, xAxis: 1, yAxis: -1.5}
                        ]
                    },
                    markLine : {
                        data : [
                            {type : 'average', name : '平均值'}
                        ]
                    }
                }
            ]
        };




        var   option3 = {
            title : {
                text: '某站点用户访问来源',
                subtext: '纯属虚构',
                x:'center'
            },
            tooltip : {
                trigger: 'item',
                formatter: "{a} <br/>{b} : {c} ({d}%)"
            },
            legend: {
                orient : 'vertical',
                x : 'left',
                data:['直接访问','邮件营销','联盟广告','视频广告','搜索引擎']
            },
            toolbox: {
                show : true,
                feature : {
                    mark : {show: true},
                    dataView : {show: true, readOnly: false},
                    magicType : {
                        show: true,
                        type: ['pie', 'funnel'],
                        option: {
                            funnel: {
                                x: '25%',
                                width: '50%',
                                funnelAlign: 'left',
                                max: 1548
                            }
                        }
                    },
                    restore : {show: true},
                    saveAsImage : {show: true}
                }
            },
            calculable : true,
            series : [
                {
                    name:'访问来源',
                    type:'pie',
                    radius : '55%',
                    center: ['50%', '60%'],
                    data:[
                        {value:335, name:'直接访问'},
                        {value:310, name:'邮件营销'},
                        {value:234, name:'联盟广告'},
                        {value:135, name:'视频广告'},
                        {value:1548, name:'搜索引擎'}
                    ]
                }
            ]
        };


        var    option4 = {
            tooltip : {
                trigger: 'axis',
                axisPointer : {            // 坐标轴指示器,坐标轴触发有效
                    type : 'shadow'        // 默认为直线,可选为:'line' | 'shadow'
                }
            },
            legend: {
                data:['直接访问', '邮件营销','联盟广告','视频广告','搜索引擎']
            },
            toolbox: {
                show : true,
                feature : {
                    mark : {show: true},
                    dataView : {show: true, readOnly: false},
                    magicType : {show: true, type: ['line', 'bar', 'stack', 'tiled']},
                    restore : {show: true},
                    saveAsImage : {show: true}
                }
            },
            calculable : true,
            xAxis : [
                {
                    type : 'value'
                }
            ],
            yAxis : [
                {
                    type : 'category',
                    data : ['周一','周二','周三','周四','周五','周六','周日']
                }
            ],
            series : [
                {
                    name:'直接访问',
                    type:'bar',
                    stack: '总量',
                    itemStyle : { normal: {label : {show: true, position: 'insideRight'}}},
                    data:[320, 302, 301, 334, 390, 330, 320]
                },
                {
                    name:'邮件营销',
                    type:'bar',
                    stack: '总量',
                    itemStyle : { normal: {label : {show: true, position: 'insideRight'}}},
                    data:[120, 132, 101, 134, 90, 230, 210]
                },
                {
                    name:'联盟广告',
                    type:'bar',
                    stack: '总量',
                    itemStyle : { normal: {label : {show: true, position: 'insideRight'}}},
                    data:[220, 182, 191, 234, 290, 330, 310]
                },
                {
                    name:'视频广告',
                    type:'bar',
                    stack: '总量',
                    itemStyle : { normal: {label : {show: true, position: 'insideRight'}}},
                    data:[150, 212, 201, 154, 190, 330, 410]
                },
                {
                    name:'搜索引擎',
                    type:'bar',
                    stack: '总量',
                    itemStyle : { normal: {label : {show: true, position: 'insideRight'}}},
                    data:[820, 832, 901, 934, 1290, 1330, 1320]
                }
            ]
        };



        var option5 = {
                title : {
                    text: '2013年上半年上证指数'
                },
                tooltip : {
                    trigger: 'axis',
                    formatter: function (params) {
                        var res = params[0].seriesName + ' ' + params[0].name;
                        res += '<br/>  开盘 : ' + params[0].value[0] + '  最高 : ' + params[0].value[3];
                        res += '<br/>  收盘 : ' + params[0].value[1] + '  最低 : ' + params[0].value[2];
                        return res;
                    }
                },
                legend: {
                    data:['上证指数']
                },
                toolbox: {
                    show : true,
                    feature : {
                        mark : {show: true},
                        dataZoom : {show: true},
                        dataView : {show: true, readOnly: false},
                        magicType: {show: true, type: ['line', 'bar']},
                        restore : {show: true},
                        saveAsImage : {show: true}
                    }
                },
                dataZoom : {
                    show : true,
                    realtime: true,
                    start : 50,
                    end : 100
                },
                xAxis : [
                    {
                        type : 'category',
                        boundaryGap : true,
                        axisTick: {onGap:false},
                        splitLine: {show:false},
                        data : [
                            "2013/1/24", "2013/1/25", "2013/1/28", "2013/1/29", "2013/1/30",
                            "2013/1/31", "2013/2/1", "2013/2/4", "2013/2/5", "2013/2/6",
                            "2013/2/7", "2013/2/8", "2013/2/18", "2013/2/19", "2013/2/20",
                            "2013/2/21", "2013/2/22", "2013/2/25", "2013/2/26", "2013/2/27",
                            "2013/2/28", "2013/3/1", "2013/3/4", "2013/3/5", "2013/3/6",
                            "2013/3/7", "2013/3/8", "2013/3/11", "2013/3/12", "2013/3/13",
                            "2013/3/14", "2013/3/15", "2013/3/18", "2013/3/19", "2013/3/20",
                            "2013/3/21", "2013/3/22", "2013/3/25", "2013/3/26", "2013/3/27",
                            "2013/3/28", "2013/3/29", "2013/4/1", "2013/4/2", "2013/4/3",
                            "2013/4/8", "2013/4/9", "2013/4/10", "2013/4/11", "2013/4/12",
                            "2013/4/15", "2013/4/16", "2013/4/17", "2013/4/18", "2013/4/19",
                            "2013/4/22", "2013/4/23", "2013/4/24", "2013/4/25", "2013/4/26",
                            "2013/5/2", "2013/5/3", "2013/5/6", "2013/5/7", "2013/5/8",
                            "2013/5/9", "2013/5/10", "2013/5/13", "2013/5/14", "2013/5/15",
                            "2013/5/16", "2013/5/17", "2013/5/20", "2013/5/21", "2013/5/22",
                            "2013/5/23", "2013/5/24", "2013/5/27", "2013/5/28", "2013/5/29",
                            "2013/5/30", "2013/5/31", "2013/6/3", "2013/6/4", "2013/6/5",
                            "2013/6/6", "2013/6/7", "2013/6/13"
                        ]
                    }
                ],
                yAxis : [
                    {
                        type : 'value',
                        scale:true,
                        boundaryGap: [0.01, 0.01]
                    }
                ],
                series : [
                    {
                        name:'上证指数',
                        type:'k',
                        data:[ // 开盘,收盘,最低,最高
                            [2320.26,2302.6,2287.3,2362.94],
                            [2300,2291.3,2288.26,2308.38],
                            [2295.35,2346.5,2295.35,2346.92],
                            [2347.22,2358.98,2337.35,2363.8],
                            [2360.75,2382.48,2347.89,2383.76],
                            [2383.43,2385.42,2371.23,2391.82],
                            [2377.41,2419.02,2369.57,2421.15],
                            [2425.92,2428.15,2417.58,2440.38],
                            [2411,2433.13,2403.3,2437.42],
                            [2432.68,2434.48,2427.7,2441.73],
                            [2430.69,2418.53,2394.22,2433.89],
                            [2416.62,2432.4,2414.4,2443.03],
                            [2441.91,2421.56,2415.43,2444.8],
                            [2420.26,2382.91,2373.53,2427.07],
                            [2383.49,2397.18,2370.61,2397.94],
                            [2378.82,2325.95,2309.17,2378.82],
                            [2322.94,2314.16,2308.76,2330.88],
                            [2320.62,2325.82,2315.01,2338.78],
                            [2313.74,2293.34,2289.89,2340.71],
                            [2297.77,2313.22,2292.03,2324.63],
                            [2322.32,2365.59,2308.92,2366.16],
                            [2364.54,2359.51,2330.86,2369.65],
                            [2332.08,2273.4,2259.25,2333.54],
                            [2274.81,2326.31,2270.1,2328.14],
                            [2333.61,2347.18,2321.6,2351.44],
                            [2340.44,2324.29,2304.27,2352.02],
                            [2326.42,2318.61,2314.59,2333.67],
                            [2314.68,2310.59,2296.58,2320.96],
                            [2309.16,2286.6,2264.83,2333.29],
                            [2282.17,2263.97,2253.25,2286.33],
                            [2255.77,2270.28,2253.31,2276.22],
                            [2269.31,2278.4,2250,2312.08],
                            [2267.29,2240.02,2239.21,2276.05],
                            [2244.26,2257.43,2232.02,2261.31],
                            [2257.74,2317.37,2257.42,2317.86],
                            [2318.21,2324.24,2311.6,2330.81],
                            [2321.4,2328.28,2314.97,2332],
                            [2334.74,2326.72,2319.91,2344.89],
                            [2318.58,2297.67,2281.12,2319.99],
                            [2299.38,2301.26,2289,2323.48],
                            [2273.55,2236.3,2232.91,2273.55],
                            [2238.49,2236.62,2228.81,2246.87],
                            [2229.46,2234.4,2227.31,2243.95],
                            [2234.9,2227.74,2220.44,2253.42],
                            [2232.69,2225.29,2217.25,2241.34],
                            [2196.24,2211.59,2180.67,2212.59],
                            [2215.47,2225.77,2215.47,2234.73],
                            [2224.93,2226.13,2212.56,2233.04],
                            [2236.98,2219.55,2217.26,2242.48],
                            [2218.09,2206.78,2204.44,2226.26],
                            [2199.91,2181.94,2177.39,2204.99],
                            [2169.63,2194.85,2165.78,2196.43],
                            [2195.03,2193.8,2178.47,2197.51],
                            [2181.82,2197.6,2175.44,2206.03],
                            [2201.12,2244.64,2200.58,2250.11],
                            [2236.4,2242.17,2232.26,2245.12],
                            [2242.62,2184.54,2182.81,2242.62],
                            [2187.35,2218.32,2184.11,2226.12],
                            [2213.19,2199.31,2191.85,2224.63],
                            [2203.89,2177.91,2173.86,2210.58],
                            [2170.78,2174.12,2161.14,2179.65],
                            [2179.05,2205.5,2179.05,2222.81],
                            [2212.5,2231.17,2212.5,2236.07],
                            [2227.86,2235.57,2219.44,2240.26],
                            [2242.39,2246.3,2235.42,2255.21],
                            [2246.96,2232.97,2221.38,2247.86],
                            [2228.82,2246.83,2225.81,2247.67],
                            [2247.68,2241.92,2231.36,2250.85],
                            [2238.9,2217.01,2205.87,2239.93],
                            [2217.09,2224.8,2213.58,2225.19],
                            [2221.34,2251.81,2210.77,2252.87],
                            [2249.81,2282.87,2248.41,2288.09],
                            [2286.33,2299.99,2281.9,2309.39],
                            [2297.11,2305.11,2290.12,2305.3],
                            [2303.75,2302.4,2292.43,2314.18],
                            [2293.81,2275.67,2274.1,2304.95],
                            [2281.45,2288.53,2270.25,2292.59],
                            [2286.66,2293.08,2283.94,2301.7],
                            [2293.4,2321.32,2281.47,2322.1],
                            [2323.54,2324.02,2321.17,2334.33],
                            [2316.25,2317.75,2310.49,2325.72],
                            [2320.74,2300.59,2299.37,2325.53],
                            [2300.21,2299.25,2294.11,2313.43],
                            [2297.1,2272.42,2264.76,2297.1],
                            [2270.71,2270.93,2260.87,2276.86],
                            [2264.43,2242.11,2240.07,2266.69],
                            [2242.26,2210.9,2205.07,2250.63],
                            [2190.1,2148.35,2126.22,2190.1]
                        ]
                    }
                ]
            };




    // 使用刚指定的配置项和数据显示图表。
    myChart1.setOption(option1);
    myChart2.setOption(option2);
    myChart3.setOption(option3);
    myChart4.setOption(option4);
    myChart5.setOption(option5);
</script>
</body>
</html>


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