spring-boot actuator(监控)配置和使用

在生产环境中,需要实时或定期监控服务的可用性。spring-boot 的actuator(监控)功能提供了很多监控所需的接口。简单的配置和使用如下:


1、引入依赖:
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  1. <dependency>  
  2.     <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>  
  3.     <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-actuator</artifactId>  
  4. </dependency>  

如果使用http调用的方式,还需要这个依赖:
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  1. <dependency>  
  2.     <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>  
  3.     <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-web</artifactId>  
  4. </dependency>  

2、配置:

application.yml中指定监控的HTTP端口(如果不指定,则使用和server相同的端口);指定去掉某项的检查(比如不监控health.mail):

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  1. server:  
  2.   port: 8082  
  3. management:  
  4.   port: 54001  
  5.   health:  
  6.     mail:  
  7.       enabled: false  

3、使用:

查看health指标:http://localhost:54001/health
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  1. {"status":"UP","diskSpace":{"status":"UP","total":120031539200,"free":33554337792,"threshold":10485760},"db":{"status":"UP","dataSource1":{"status":"UP","database":"MySQL","hello":1},"dataSource2":{"status":"UP","database":"MySQL","hello":1}}}  

4、自定义指标:
4.1 /health:在某个类中implements HealthIndicator接口,然后实现其中的health()方法即可:

代码:

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  1. @SpringBootApplication  
  2. @EnableScheduling  
  3. public class MySpringBootApplication implements HealthIndicator{  
  4.     private static Logger logger = LoggerFactory.getLogger(MySpringBootApplication.class);  
  5.       
  6.     public static void main(String[] args) {  
  7.         SpringApplication.run(MySpringBootApplication.class, args);  
  8.         logger.info("My Spring Boot Application Started");  
  9.     }  
  10.   
  11.     /** 
  12.      * 在/health接口调用的时候,返回多一个属性:"mySpringBootApplication":{"status":"UP","hello":"world"} 
  13.      */  
  14.     @Override  
  15.     public Health health() {  
  16.         return Health.up().withDetail("hello""world").build();  
  17.     }  
  18. }  

/health 运行结果(注意第二个指标):

{"status":"UP","mySpringBootApplication":{"status":"UP","hello":"world"},"diskSpace":{"status":"UP","total":120031539200,"free":33554337792,"threshold":10485760},"db":{"status":"UP","dataSource1":{"status":"UP","database":"MySQL","hello":1},"dataSource2":{"status":"UP","database":"MySQL","hello":1}}}


4.2 /info:配置如下,可以直接给一个字符串,也可以从pom.xml配置中获取

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  1. info:  
  2.   app:  
  3.     name: "@project.name@" #从pom.xml中获取  
  4.     description: "@project.description@"  
  5.     version: "@project.version@"  
  6.     spring-boot-version: "@project.parent.version@"  
/info的结果如下:

{"app":{"name":"my-spring-boot","description":"Test Project for Spring Boot","version":"1.0","spring-boot-version":"1.3.6.RELEASE"}}
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