Ricky

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Android长图文截图的实现(支持截取微博,知乎,头条等第三方app)

源码:https://github.com/zengfw/LongScreenShot

支持截取微博、知乎、今日头条等第三方APP……

先瞅瞅效果图:
效果图

再瞅瞅最终的长截图:

我是长截图一,瞅瞅嘛…

我是长截图二,再瞅一下嘛…

上一周脑子突然冒出长截图这个功能,想着如何截取如微博,知乎,头条等这些第三方APP的界面呢?出于好奇心,花了一周业余时间,撸一个看看。

不就是截屏+拼图,还能有什么难度么?这个。。。好像确实是。

Question:

1.如何截屏?

Android 5.0 API 21之前,想要系统截屏,是需要root,不过Android 5.0开始开放了响应的截屏接口:

MediaProjection (added in API level 21.)
- A token granting applications the ability to capture screen contents and/or record system audio. The exact capabilities
granted depend on the type of MediaProjection.

2.如何优雅的截图?

悬浮窗那么小,难道每次我都得滑一定的距离,然后点一次悬浮窗么,理论上可以,但体验不好。估计更多人倾向只要触摸屏幕就可以截图,所以选择监听悬浮窗外的触屏事件。

3.如何监听悬浮窗口外部的TouchEvent?

悬浮窗外的触屏事件都已经脱离整个应用了,如何监听呢?这里确实卡了些时间,因为确实找不到如何捕获这个事件的好,我感觉这个问题也是最烦的一个,后来来了点灵感,我设置一个全屏的透明背景,然后给这个背景设置onTouch事件,哦!!!恍然大悟,以为这样就可以了?错!!这样会出现整个手机的事件都将被这个透明背景拦截,无法传递到手机桌面,如果非开发人员安装了这个软件。。,告诉他,重新开机吧。。。所以翻了下WindowManager的源码,看到flag参数,把各种flag参数的注释看了遍,最后定位在如下几个flag参数值上。


        /** Window flag: this window won't ever get key input focus, so the
         * user can not send key or other button events to it.  Those will
         * instead go to whatever focusable window is behind it.  This flag
         * will also enable {@link #FLAG_NOT_TOUCH_MODAL} whether or not that
         * is explicitly set.
         *
         * <p>Setting this flag also implies that the window will not need to
         * interact with
         * a soft input method, so it will be Z-ordered and positioned
         * independently of any active input method (typically this means it
         * gets Z-ordered on top of the input method, so it can use the full
         * screen for its content and cover the input method if needed.  You
         * can use {@link #FLAG_ALT_FOCUSABLE_IM} to modify this behavior. */
        public static final int FLAG_NOT_FOCUSABLE      = 0x00000008;

        /** Window flag: this window can never receive touch events. */
        public static final int FLAG_NOT_TOUCHABLE      = 0x00000010;

        /** Window flag: even when this window is focusable (its
         * {@link #FLAG_NOT_FOCUSABLE} is not set), allow any pointer events
         * outside of the window to be sent to the windows behind it.  Otherwise
         * it will consume all pointer events itself, regardless of whether they
         * are inside of the window. */
        public static final int FLAG_NOT_TOUCH_MODAL    = 0x00000020;
        /** Window flag: if you have set {@link #FLAG_NOT_TOUCH_MODAL}, you
         * can set this flag to receive a single special MotionEvent with
         * the action
         * {@link MotionEvent#ACTION_OUTSIDE MotionEvent.ACTION_OUTSIDE} for
         * touches that occur outside of your window.  Note that you will not
         * receive the full down/move/up gesture, only the location of the
         * first down as an ACTION_OUTSIDE.
         */
        public static final int FLAG_WATCH_OUTSIDE_TOUCH = 0x00040000;

在全屏透明背景的环境下,本以为可以监听桌面的Down、Move、Up事件,但是出现事件全部被拦截死在这个透明背景上,无法传到手机桌面,再发现组合这些参数,总结这种思路不可取。

查看注释可以知道设置FLAG_WATCH_OUTSIDE_TOUCH可以在窗口外部(即App外部)接收一个指定事件MotionEvent#ACTION_OUTSIDE,但同时,你将无法接收到任何的Down、Move、Up事件。所以,也只能这样了。。有其它高招的兄弟指点下哈。

4.如何控制截屏频次?

在步骤3的基础上,基本可以做一个截图策略了,比如,每接收一次ACTION_OUTSIDE就截一次图,又或者,每次监听一次ACTION_OUTSIDE,就进行一次计数器的累加,为了保证截图能承上启下连贯,可以设置阈值为2这样。

5.如何拼图?

这里因人而异了,但目的都一样,将上述步骤所截的图对比出不同的地方,然后把不同的地方拼接起来。出于运算效率考虑,这里我是用JNI来实现的,主函数:

JNIEXPORT void JNICALL Java_com_zfw_screenshot_utils_SewUtils_merge(
        JNIEnv *env, jobject thiz, jobject bmp0, jobject bmp1, jobject bmp2, int h0, int h1, int h2, int samePart, int len) {

    int *pixels_0 = lockPixel(env, bmp0);
    int *pixels_1 = lockPixel(env, bmp1);
    int *pixels_2 = lockPixel(env, bmp2);
    /* -------------------- merge the difference ----------------------- */
    int index = 0;
    while(index < h0) {
        if(index < h1) {
            getRowPixels(pixels_0, index, pixels_1, index, len);
        } else {
            getRowPixels(pixels_0, index, pixels_2, index - h1 + samePart, len);
        }
        index++;
    }
    /* -------------------- merge the difference ----------------------- */
    unlockPixel(env, bmp0);
    unlockPixel(env, bmp1);
    unlockPixel(env, bmp2);
}

功能实现上没什么难度,感觉更多的是得选好实现的策略,比如如何优雅的监听悬浮窗外的Touch事件,如何优雅的实现一个“定点”截图的策略,如何优雅的对比两个Bitmap的不同地方,进行拼接。

源码传送门:https://github.com/zengfw/LongScreenShot

有什么好的策略以及问题,欢迎留言,一起探讨哈,看看有没有更优雅的实现方式!

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文章标签: android jni 长截图
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