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SPARK-SQL内置函数之时间日期类

转载请注明转自:http://www.cnblogs.com/feiyumo/p/8760846.html

一、获取当前时间

1.current_date获取当前日期

2018-04-09

2.current_timestamp/now()获取当前时间

2018-04-09 15:20:49.247

二、从日期时间中提取字段 

1.year,month,day/dayofmonth,hour,minute,second

Examples:SELECT day('2009-07-30'); 30

2.dayofweek (1 = Sunday, 2 = Monday, ..., 7 = Saturday),dayofyear

Examples:SELECT dayofweek('2009-07-30');   5

Since: 2.3.0

3.weekofyear

weekofyear(date) - Returns the week of the year of the given date. A week is considered to start on a Monday and week 1 is the first week with >3 days.

Examples:SELECT weekofyear('2008-02-20');   8

4.trunc截取某部分的日期,其他部分默认为01

第二个参数 ["year", "yyyy", "yy", "mon", "month", "mm"]

Examples:

> SELECT trunc('2009-02-12', 'MM');
 2009-02-01
> SELECT trunc('2015-10-27', 'YEAR');
 2015-01-01

5.date_trunc ["YEAR", "YYYY", "YY", "MON", "MONTH", "MM", "DAY", "DD", "HOUR", "MINUTE", "SECOND", "WEEK", "QUARTER"]

Examples:SELECT date_trunc('2015-03-05T09:32:05.359', 'HOUR');  2015-03-05T09:00:00

Since: 2.3.0

6.date_format将时间转化为某种格式的字符串

Examples:SELECT date_format('2016-04-08', 'y');    2016

三、日期时间转换

1.unix_timestamp返回当前时间的unix时间戳

Examples:

> SELECT unix_timestamp();  1476884637
> SELECT unix_timestamp('2016-04-08', 'yyyy-MM-dd');   1460041200

2.from_unixtime将时间戳换算成当前时间,to_unix_timestamp将时间转化为时间戳

Examples:

> SELECT from_unixtime(0, 'yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss');  1970-01-01 00:00:00
>SELECT to_unix_timestamp('2016-04-08', 'yyyy-MM-dd');  1460041200

3.to_date/date将字符串转化为日期格式,to_timestamp(Since: 2.2.0)

> SELECT to_date('2009-07-30 04:17:52');  2009-07-30
> SELECT to_date('2016-12-31', 'yyyy-MM-dd');   2016-12-31
> SELECT to_timestamp('2016-12-31 00:12:00');   2016-12-31 00:12:00

4.quarter 将1年4等分(range 1 to 4)

Examples:SELECT quarter('2016-08-31');  3

四、日期、时间计算

1.months_between两个日期之间的月数

months_between(timestamp1, timestamp2) - Returns number of months between timestamp1 and timestamp2.

Examples:SELECT months_between('1997-02-28 10:30:00', '1996-10-30');  3.94959677

2. add_months返回日期后n个月后的日期

Examples:SELECT add_months('2016-08-31', 1);  2016-09-30

3.last_day(date),next_day(start_date, day_of_week)

Examples:

> SELECT last_day('2009-01-12');  2009-01-31
> SELECT next_day('2015-01-14', 'TU');  2015-01-20

4.date_add,date_sub(减)

date_add(start_date, num_days) - Returns the date that is num_days after start_date.

Examples:

> SELECT date_add('2016-07-30', 1);  2016-07-31

5.datediff(两个日期间的天数)

datediff(endDate, startDate) - Returns the number of days from startDate to endDate.

Examples:SELECT datediff('2009-07-31', '2009-07-30'); 1

6.关于UTC时间

to_utc_timestamp

to_utc_timestamp(timestamp, timezone) - Given a timestamp like '2017-07-14 02:40:00.0', interprets it as a time in the given time zone, and renders that time as a timestamp in UTC. For example, 'GMT+1' would yield '2017-07-14 01:40:00.0'.

Examples:SELECT to_utc_timestamp('2016-08-31', 'Asia/Seoul');  2016-08-30 15:00:0

from_utc_timestamp

from_utc_timestamp(timestamp, timezone) - Given a timestamp like '2017-07-14 02:40:00.0', interprets it as a time in UTC, and renders that time as a timestamp in the given time zone. For example, 'GMT+1' would yield '2017-07-14 03:40:00.0'.

Examples:SELECT from_utc_timestamp('2016-08-31', 'Asia/Seoul');  2016-08-31 09:00:00

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