# LWC 67: 765. Couples Holding Hands

## LWC 67: 765. Couples Holding Hands

Problem:

N couples sit in 2N seats arranged in a row and want to hold hands. We want to know the minimum number of swaps so that every couple is sitting side by side. A swap consists of choosing any two people, then they stand up and switch seats.

The people and seats are represented by an integer from 0 to 2N-1, the couples are numbered in order, the first couple being (0, 1), the second couple being (2, 3), and so on with the last couple being (2N-2, 2N-1).

The couples’ initial seating is given by row[i] being the value of the person who is initially sitting in the i-th seat.

Example 1:

Input: row = [0, 2, 1, 3]
Output: 1
Explanation: We only need to swap the second (row1) and third (row[2]) person.

Example 2:

Input: row = [3, 2, 0, 1]
Output: 0
Explanation: All couples are already seated side by side.

Note:

• len(row) is even and in the range of [4, 60].
• row is guaranteed to be a permutation of 0…len(row)-1.

1. 交换位置后，能够使得两组couple得到匹配（最优）
2. 交换位置后，只能使得一组couple得到匹配（次优）

[a, c, b, e, d, f]

a --- c
b --- e
d --- f

1. 匹配a --- b,得到 c --- e  d --- f
2. 匹配c --- d,得到 b --- e  a --- f

Java版本：

    public int minSwapsCouples(int[] row) {
int n = row.length;
int ans = 0;
for (int i = 0; i < n; i += 2) {
int dest;
if ((row[i] & 1) == 0) dest = row[i] + 1;
else dest = row[i] - 1;
if (row[i + 1] == dest) continue;
ans ++;
for (int j = i + 2; j < n; ++j) {
if (row[j] == dest) {
int tmp = row[i + 1];
row[i + 1] = row[j];
row[j] = tmp;
break;
}
}
}
return ans;
}

Python版本：

class Solution(object):
def minSwapsCouples(self, row):
"""
:type row: List[int]
:rtype: int
"""
n = len(row)
ans = 0
for i in range(0, n, 2):
dest = row[i] + 1 if (row[i] & 1) == 0 else row[i] - 1
if dest == row[i + 1]: continue
ans += 1
for j in range(i + 2, n):
if row[j] == dest:
row[i + 1], row[j] = row[j], row[i + 1]
return ans


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