tf.variable_scope和tf.name_scope的用法

tf.variable_scope可以让变量有相同的命名,包括tf.get_variable得到的变量,还有tf.Variable的变量

tf.name_scope可以让变量有相同的命名,只是限于tf.Variable的变量

例如:

import tensorflow as tf;  
import numpy as np;  
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt;  

with tf.variable_scope('V1'):
	a1 = tf.get_variable(name='a1', shape=[1], initializer=tf.constant_initializer(1))
	a2 = tf.Variable(tf.random_normal(shape=[2,3], mean=0, stddev=1), name='a2')
with tf.variable_scope('V2'):
	a3 = tf.get_variable(name='a1', shape=[1], initializer=tf.constant_initializer(1))
	a4 = tf.Variable(tf.random_normal(shape=[2,3], mean=0, stddev=1), name='a2')
  
with tf.Session() as sess:
	sess.run(tf.initialize_all_variables())
	print a1.name
	print a2.name
	print a3.name
	print a4.name
输出:

V1/a1:0
V1/a2:0
V2/a1:0
V2/a2:0

例子2:

import tensorflow as tf;  
import numpy as np;  
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt;  

with tf.name_scope('V1'):
	a1 = tf.get_variable(name='a1', shape=[1], initializer=tf.constant_initializer(1))
	a2 = tf.Variable(tf.random_normal(shape=[2,3], mean=0, stddev=1), name='a2')
with tf.name_scope('V2'):
	a3 = tf.get_variable(name='a1', shape=[1], initializer=tf.constant_initializer(1))
	a4 = tf.Variable(tf.random_normal(shape=[2,3], mean=0, stddev=1), name='a2')
  
with tf.Session() as sess:
	sess.run(tf.initialize_all_variables())
	print a1.name
	print a2.name
	print a3.name
	print a4.name
报错:Variable a1 already exists, disallowed. Did you mean to set reuse=True in VarScope? Originally defined at:


换成下面的代码就可以执行:

import tensorflow as tf;  
import numpy as np;  
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt;  

with tf.name_scope('V1'):
	# a1 = tf.get_variable(name='a1', shape=[1], initializer=tf.constant_initializer(1))
	a2 = tf.Variable(tf.random_normal(shape=[2,3], mean=0, stddev=1), name='a2')
with tf.name_scope('V2'):
	# a3 = tf.get_variable(name='a1', shape=[1], initializer=tf.constant_initializer(1))
	a4 = tf.Variable(tf.random_normal(shape=[2,3], mean=0, stddev=1), name='a2')
  
with tf.Session() as sess:
	sess.run(tf.initialize_all_variables())
	# print a1.name
	print a2.name
	# print a3.name
	print a4.name
输出:

V1/a2:0
V2/a2:0


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