Merge Equals_data structure

版权声明:本文为博主原创文章,未经博主允许不得转载。 https://blog.csdn.net/ujn20161222/article/details/80078071
D. Merge Equals
time limit per test
2 seconds
memory limit per test
256 megabytes
input
standard input
output
standard output

You are given an array of positive integers. While there are at least two equal elements, we will perform the following operation. We choose the smallest value x

that occurs in the array 2 or more times. Take the first two occurrences of x in this array (the two leftmost occurrences). Remove the left of these two occurrences, and the right one is replaced by the sum of this two values (that is, 2x

).

Determine how the array will look after described operations are performed.

For example, consider the given array looks like [3,4,1,2,2,1,1]

. It will be changed in the following way: [3,4,1,2,2,1,1]  [3,4,2,2,2,1]  [3,4,4,2,1]  [3,8,2,1]

.

If the given array is look like [1,1,3,1,1]

it will be changed in the following way: [1,1,3,1,1]  [2,3,1,1]  [2,3,2]  [3,4]

.

Input

The first line contains a single integer n

(2n150000

) — the number of elements in the array.

The second line contains a sequence from n

elements a1,a2,,an (1ai109

) — the elements of the array.

Output

In the first line print an integer k

— the number of elements in the array after all the performed operations. In the second line print k

integers — the elements of the array after all the performed operations.

Examples
Input
Copy
7
3 4 1 2 2 1 1
Output
Copy
4
3 8 2 1 
Input
Copy
5
1 1 3 1 1
Output
Copy
2
3 4 
Input
Copy
5
10 40 20 50 30
Output
Copy
5
10 40 20 50 30 
Note

The first two examples were considered in the statement.

In the third example all integers in the given array are distinct, so it will not change.

#include<bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
#define ll long long

int main(){
    ios_base::sync_with_stdio(0);
    cin.tie(0);
    cout.tie(0);
    freopen("in.txt","r",stdin);
    //cout<<"1"<<endl;
    int n;
    cin>>n;
    map<ll,set<int> >s;
    vector<ll> a(n);
    for(int i=0;i<n;i++){
        cin>>a[i];
        s[a[i]].insert(i);
    }
    for(auto c:s){
        while((int)c.second.size()>1){
            int x=*c.second.begin();
            int y=*next(c.second.begin());
            a[y]+=a[x];
            a[x]=-1;
            c.second.erase(x);
            c.second.erase(y);
            s[a[y]].insert(y);
        }
    }
    vector<ll> ans;
    for(int i=0;i<n;i++){
        if(a[i]!=-1)
            ans.push_back(a[i]);
    }
    cout<<ans.size()<<endl;
    for(ll x:ans){
        cout<<x<<" ";
    }
    cout<<endl;
}

阅读更多

structure

05-09

本人初学c++,遇到问题,还请各位前辈多多指点 谢谢rnrn附件里面有需要我编的程序rnrnrn简单说下 就是写个程序 先输入你要输入多少人的信息 然后建立相应数目的struct rnrn然后将这些信息存到struct的Array里面rnrn问题出现建立相应数目的struct这里rnrn[code=C/C++]rn#include rn#pragma hdrstoprnrn#include "Unit1.h"rn//---------------------------------------------------------------------------rn#pragma package(smart_init)rn#pragma resource "*.dfm"rnTForm1 *Form1;rnrnstruct prornrn AnsiString name;rn AnsiString topic;rn int number;rn int fee;rn ;rnrnrn int x;rn pro *array;rnrn void build(pro arr[],int &x)rn rn x=Form1->Edit1->Text.ToInt();rn arr=new pro[x];rn rnrn void add(pro arr[],int x)rn rnrn //ShowMessage( arr[0].name);rn for (int i=0; i <=x; i++)rn rn arr[i].name=Form1->Edit3->Text;rn arr[i].number=Form1->Edit4->Text.ToInt();rn arr[i].topic=Form1->Edit5->Text;rn arr[i].fee=Form1->Edit6->Text.ToInt();rn rn rn void display(pro array[],int x)rn rn for (int i=0; i < 1; i++)rn rn Form1->Memo1->Lines->Add(rn array[i].name+AnsiString ('/')rn +array[i].number+AnsiString ('/')rn +array[i].topic+AnsiString ('/')rn +array[i].fee);rnrn rn rn //---------------------------------------------------------------------------rn__fastcall TForm1::TForm1(TComponent* Owner)rn : TForm(Owner)rnrnrn//---------------------------------------------------------------------------rnvoid __fastcall TForm1::Button1Click(TObject *Sender)rnrn //build(array,x);rnrn//---------------------------------------------------------------------------rnrnrnrnvoid __fastcall TForm1::Button2Click(TObject *Sender)rnrn add(array,x);rnrn//---------------------------------------------------------------------------rnrnvoid __fastcall TForm1::Button3Click(TObject *Sender)rnrn display(array,x);rn[/code]rnrnrn不知道我的描述是否清楚 问题应该就是在建立array这里 白死不得其解 还请个位前辈指点 谢谢rn

没有更多推荐了,返回首页