hive-0.12升级成hive 0.13.1

安装了0.12之后,听说0.13.1有许多新的特性,包括永久函数,所以想更新成0.13版的(元数据放在mysql中)

2014年8月5日实验成功
hive0.13.1的新特性

新特性详见

http://zh.hortonworks.com/blog/announcing-apache-hive-0-13-completion-stinger-initiative/

1.下载0.13.1压缩包

地址http://mirrors.hust.edu.cn/apache/hive/

打开后有


点开hive-0.13.1,有如下两个文件


下载apache-hive-0.13.1-bin.tar.gz即可,而src.tar.gz是源代码压缩包,不用下载,

2.解压压缩包

sudo  tar  xzvf  apache-hive-0.13.1-bin.tar.gz  -C /opt 我解压到了/opt下

3.执行升级脚本进行mysql元数据库的升级

执行以下命令

cd /opt/apache-hive-0.13.1-bin/scripts/metastore/upgrade/mysql
    ls

在文件夹下有如下文件
001-HIVE-972.mysql.sql        hive-schema-0.13.0.mysql.sql
002-HIVE-1068.mysql.sql       hive-schema-0.3.0.mysql.sql
003-HIVE-675.mysql.sql        hive-schema-0.4.0.mysql.sql
004-HIVE-1364.mysql.sql       hive-schema-0.4.1.mysql.sql
005-HIVE-417.mysql.sql        hive-schema-0.5.0.mysql.sql
006-HIVE-1823.mysql.sql       hive-schema-0.6.0.mysql.sql
007-HIVE-78.mysql.sql         hive-schema-0.7.0.mysql.sql
008-HIVE-2246.mysql.sql       hive-schema-0.8.0.mysql.sql
009-HIVE-2215.mysql.sql       hive-schema-0.9.0.mysql.sql
010-HIVE-3072.mysql.sql       hive-txn-schema-0.13.0.mysql.sql
011-HIVE-3649.mysql.sql       README
012-HIVE-1362.mysql.sql       upgrade-0.10.0-to-0.11.0.mysql.sql
013-HIVE-3255.mysql.sql       upgrade-0.11.0-to-0.12.0.mysql.sql
014-HIVE-3764.mysql.sql       upgrade-0.12.0-to-0.13.0.mysql.sql
015-HIVE-5700.mysql.sql       upgrade-0.5.0-to-0.6.0.mysql.sql
016-HIVE-6386.mysql.sql       upgrade-0.6.0-to-0.7.0.mysql.sql
017-HIVE-6458.mysql.sql       upgrade-0.7.0-to-0.8.0.mysql.sql
018-HIVE-6757.mysql.sql       upgrade-0.8.0-to-0.9.0.mysql.sql
hive-schema-0.10.0.mysql.sql  upgrade-0.9.0-to-0.10.0.mysql.sql
hive-schema-0.11.0.mysql.sql  upgrade.order.mysql
hive-schema-0.12.0.mysql.sql

  其中有upgrade-0.12.0-to-0.13.0.mysql.sql

用hive用户登录mysql(hive 0.12.0的用户)

mysql-h localhost -u hive -p

执行upgrade-0.12.0-to-0.13.0.mysql.sql脚本

mysql> use hive
Reading table information for completion of table and column names
You can turn off this feature to get a quicker startup with -A


Database changed
mysql> source upgrade-0.12.0-to-0.13.0.mysql.sql


执行过程如下:
+--------------------------------------------------+
|                                                  |
+--------------------------------------------------+
| Upgrading MetaStore schema from 0.12.0 to 0.13.0 |
+--------------------------------------------------+
1 row in set, 1 warning (0.00 sec)


+-----------------------------------------------------------------------+
|                                                                       |
+-----------------------------------------------------------------------+
| < HIVE-5700 enforce single date format for partition column storage > |
+-----------------------------------------------------------------------+
1 row in set, 1 warning (0.00 sec)


Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.22 sec)
Rows matched: 0  Changed: 0  Warnings: 0


+--------------------------------------------+
|                                            |
+--------------------------------------------+
| < HIVE-6386: Add owner filed to database > |
+--------------------------------------------+
1 row in set, 1 warning (0.00 sec)


Query OK, 1 row affected (0.33 sec)
Records: 1  Duplicates: 0  Warnings: 0


Query OK, 1 row affected (0.16 sec)
Records: 1  Duplicates: 0  Warnings: 0


+---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
|                                                                                             |
+---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| <HIVE-6458 Add schema upgrade scripts for metastore changes related to permanent functions> |
+---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
1 row in set, 1 warning (0.00 sec)


Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.06 sec)


Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.06 sec)


+----------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
|                                                                                  |
+----------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| <HIVE-6757 Remove deprecated parquet classes from outside of org.apache package> |
+----------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
1 row in set, 1 warning (0.00 sec)


Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.04 sec)
Rows matched: 0  Changed: 0  Warnings: 0


Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.01 sec)
Rows matched: 0  Changed: 0  Warnings: 0


Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.01 sec)
Rows matched: 0  Changed: 0  Warnings: 0


Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.07 sec)


Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.12 sec)


Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.07 sec)


Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.06 sec)


Query OK, 1 row affected (0.05 sec)


Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.06 sec)


Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.15 sec)
Records: 0  Duplicates: 0  Warnings: 0


Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.06 sec)


Query OK, 1 row affected (0.05 sec)


Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.07 sec)


Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.06 sec)


Query OK, 1 row affected (0.05 sec)


Query OK, 1 row affected (0.07 sec)
Rows matched: 1  Changed: 1  Warnings: 0


+-----------------------------------------------------------+
|                                                           |
+-----------------------------------------------------------+
| Finished upgrading MetaStore schema from 0.12.0 to 0.13.0 |
+-----------------------------------------------------------+
1 row in set, 1 warning (0.00 sec)

成功完成

4.在mysql中新创建一个用户hivenew给hive0.13.1用

root用户登录mysql创建hive用户并授权,执行命令:
use mysql;
insert into user(Host,User,Password)values("localhost","hivenew",password("hivenew"));密码也是hivenew

GRANTALL PRIVILEGES ON *.*  TO 'hivenew'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'hivenew';

FLUSH PRIVILEGES; 

可以用hivenew用户登录观察是否创建用户成功

授予用户hive足够大的权限

GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON *.*  TO'hive'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'hive';
FLUSH PRIVILEGES;

可以用hive用户登录观察是否创建用户成功

hadoop@ubuntu:/usr/local$ mysql -h localhost -uhive -p 


5.将mysql的 jdbc拷贝到apache-hive-0.13.1-bin/lib文件夹下

cp    mysql-connector-java-5.1.31/*.jar     apache-hive-0.13.1-bin/lib  (这个jar包hive .12.0版本时已经配置好了)

6.开始配置文件

千万不可以把0.12.0的文件直接复制过来,会导致无法成功

首先复制配置文件

hadoop@ubuntu:/usr/local/hadoop/hive/conf$cphive-default.xml.template hive-default.xml
hadoop@ubuntu:/usr/local/hadoop/hive/conf$cp hive-default.xml.templatehive-site.xml
hadoop@ubuntu:/usr/local/hadoop/hive/conf$cp hive-env.sh.template hive-env.sh

hadoop@ubuntu:/usr/local/hadoop/hive/conf$cp  hive-log4j.properties.template   hive-log4j.properties

再创建存储目录

hadoop@ubuntu:/usr/local/hadoop/hive$mkdir -p /usr/local/hadoop/hive-0.13.1/warehouse

hadoop@ubuntu:/usr/local/hadoop/hive$mkdir  -p /usr/local/hadoop/hive-0.13.1/log

 然后配置hive-env.sh文件

用vim打开

将exportHADOOP_HEAPSIZE=1024前面的‘#’去掉,当然可以根据自己的环境对这个默认的1024进行优化;

把#去掉使得改动生效

将exportHADOOP_HOME前面的‘#’号去掉,并让它指向您所安装hadoop的目录,我的/usr/local/hadoop;

将exportHIVE_CONF_DIR=/opt/apache-hive-0.13.1-bin   并且把‘#’号去掉;

将exportHIVE_AUX_JARS_PATH=/opt/apache-hive-0.13.1-bin/lib,并且把‘#’号去掉。

esc(键) :wq


配置hive-site.xml,改以下几个地方

<property>
 <name>hive.metastore.warehouse.dir</name>
 <value>/usr/local/hadoop/hive-0.13.1/warehouse</value>//与上面创建的文件夹一致
 <description>location of default database for thewarehouse</description>
</property>
 
 
#存放hive相关日志的目录
<property>
 <name>hive.querylog.location</name>
  <value>/usr/local/hadoop/hive-0.13.1/log</value>
  <description>
    Location of Hive run time structured log file
  </description>
</property>
接着修改hive-site.xml 这一步将mysql与hive连接
<property>
  <name>hive.metastore.local</name>
  <value>true</value>
</property>
 
<property>
 <name>javax.jdo.option.ConnectionURL</name>
 <value>jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/hivenew?createDatabaseIfNotExist=true</value>//这次新创建的元数据库是hivemew
  <description>JDBC connect string for aJDBC metastore</description>
</property>
 
<property>
 <name>javax.jdo.option.ConnectionDriverName</name>
 <value>com.mysql.jdbc.Driver</value>
  <description>Driver class name for aJDBC metastore</description>
</property>
 
<property>
 <name>javax.jdo.option.ConnectionUserName</name>
  <value>hivenew</value>//用新创建的用户
  <description>username to use againstmetastore database</description>
</property>
 
<property>
  <name>javax.jdo.option.ConnectionPassword</name>
  <value>hivenew</value>
  <description>password to use againstmetastore database</description>
</property>
</span>
<pre name="code" class="html"> <property>  
 <name>hive.stats.dbclass</name>  
<value>jdbc:mysql</value>  
<description>The default database that stores temporary hive statistics.</description>  
</property>  

 <property>  
 <name>hive.stats.jdbcdriver</name>  
 <value>com.mysql.jdbc.Driver</value>
 <description>The JDBC driver for the database that stores temporary hive statistics.</description>  
. </property>  

<property>  
<name>hive.stats.dbconnectionstring</name>  
<value>jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/hivenew</value>  
description>The default connection string for the database that stores temporary hive statistics.</description>  
</property>  


另外为了避免启动时发生警报,所以把hive.metastore.ds.retry打头的都换成 hive.hmshandler.retry(retry后面不动)

7.激动人心的时刻到了,启动hive

bin/hive


再看看mysql里有没有元数据库

mysql -h localhost -u hivenew -p

mysql> use hivenew;
Reading table information for completion of table and column names
You can turn off this feature to get a quicker startup with -A


Database changed
mysql> show tables;
+---------------------------+
| Tables_in_hivenew         |
+---------------------------+
| BUCKETING_COLS            |
| CDS                       |
| COLUMNS_V2                |
| DATABASE_PARAMS           |
| DBS                       |
| FUNCS                     |
| FUNC_RU                   |
| GLOBAL_PRIVS              |
| PARTITIONS                |
| PARTITION_KEYS            |
| PARTITION_KEY_VALS        |
| PARTITION_PARAMS          |
| PART_COL_STATS            |
| ROLES                     |
| SDS                       |
| SD_PARAMS                 |
| SEQUENCE_TABLE            |
| SERDES                    |
| SERDE_PARAMS              |
| SKEWED_COL_NAMES          |
| SKEWED_COL_VALUE_LOC_MAP  |
| SKEWED_STRING_LIST        |
| SKEWED_STRING_LIST_VALUES |
| SKEWED_VALUES             |
| SORT_COLS                 |
| TABLE_PARAMS              |
| TAB_COL_STATS             |
| TBLS                      |
| VERSION                   |
+---------------------------+
29 rows in set (0.00 sec)

hive 0.13.1竟然只有29个表,hive-0.12.040个表呢

更新成功!!!大笑大笑大笑

8.要安装hive 0.13.1网络接口的见我的另外一篇博客 

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