自动脚本(pac)和手动设置Proxy的读取方式的java实现(http,tcp)

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本文链接:https://blog.csdn.net/ustcefish/article/details/41692887


概述

  本文介绍两种proxy的配置方式以及读取方式的java代码实现

  项目中配置Proxy用到了两种方式

  1 配置代理服务器

  2 使用自动配置脚本,也就是配置pac方式

  两种方式的目的都是给本机配置代理服务器,而第二种方式在配置策略上更加灵活

  无论使用哪种代理方式,我们讨论的代理类型都为以下三个方式:

  DIRECT, HTTP(PROXY), SOCKS

 

配置代理服务器

1通过手动方式配置代理服务器.

优点:简单,直观

缺点:适配性差,无法实现策略匹配

2设定规则:

  1. 当同时设定了HTTP和套接字(SOCKET)代理方式,优先读取到HTTP代理

  2. 只有当只设定了SOCKET代理方式,通过代码才能读取到ProxytypeSOCKS

3读取代理地址方式:

List<String> uriList =newArrayList<String>();//加入不同协议去获取不同的代理的ipporttype三个参数

//proxytypehttp时为Proxy.Type.HTTP,socket时为Proxy.Type.SOCKS

uriList.add("http://www.etnet.com.hk");

uriList.add("socket://www.etnet.com.hk");//只有只设定了套接字代理才能读到

for (String uri : uriList) {//遍历两种协议地址

               if (isSet) {

                   break;

               }

               try {

                    //ProxySelector的使用方法在http://blog.csdn.net/ustcefish/article/details/41680907

                    //有说明,用于读取proxy的信息

                   l = ProxySelector.getDefault().select(new java.net.URI(uri));

               } catch (URISyntaxException e1) {

                   e1.printStackTrace();

               }

 

               for (Iterator<Proxy> iter = l.iterator();iter.hasNext();) {

                   Proxy proxy = iter.next();

                   InetSocketAddress iNetAddr= (InetSocketAddress) proxy.address();

                   if (iNetAddr ==null) {

                       //com.etnet.utilities.LogUtils.log.info(this,"No Proxy");

                       // System.out.println("detected IE has NoProxy");

                       // NEED_PROXY = false;

                   } else {

                       // NEED_PROXY = true;

                       if (proxy.type() ==Proxy.Type.SOCKS) {

                           proxyHost =iNetAddr.getHostName();

                           proxyPort =iNetAddr.getPort();

                           proxyType ="SOCKS";

                           System.out.println("Found a SOCKS proxyIP:port=" +proxyHost +":" +proxyPort);

                           isSet = true;

                           break;

                       }

                       if (proxy.type() ==Proxy.Type.HTTP) {

                           proxyHost =iNetAddr.getHostName();

                           proxyPort =iNetAddr.getPort();

                           proxyType ="HTTP";

                           System.out.println("Found a HTTP proxyIP:port=" +proxyHost +":" +proxyPort);

                           isSet = true;

                           break;

                       }

                   }

               } // end for

           }

 

通过自动脚本pac文件设置代理

1通过自动脚本pac文件代理服务器.

优点:适配性强,灵活,可以通过策略实现访问不同域名使用不同代理服务器

缺点:需要了解js脚本

2设定规则:

 需要自己写一个js脚本(比如"file://d:/proxy.pac")实现代理服务器选择的不同策略,然后按最上面一个图导入,具体规则请google一下

3读取代理地址方式:

 需要导入jrelib/deploy.jar这个包

       BrowserProxyInfo b = newBrowserProxyInfo();

       b.setType(ProxyType.AUTO);

       b.setAutoConfigURL("file://d:/proxy.pac");

       DummyAutoProxyHandler handler = newDummyAutoProxyHandler();

       try {

           handler.init(b);

       } catch (ProxyConfigException e1) {

           //TODO Auto-generated catch block

           e1.printStackTrace();

       }

       URL url;

       try {

           // need add socket

           url = new URL("http://www.etnet.com.hk");

           ProxyInfo[] ps =handler.getProxyInfo(url);

           for (ProxyInfo p : ps) {

               String[] info =p.toString().split(":");

               proxyHost = info[0];

               proxyPort = Integer.parseInt(info[1]);

           }

       } catch (MalformedURLException e) {

           //TODO Auto-generated catch block

           e.printStackTrace();

       }

 

HTTP链接中使用Proxy

  第二部分和第三部分我们知道怎么获取到proxy的信息,第四第五部分我们来看看在HTTP连接和TCP连接时我们如何使用之前获取到的Proxy信息。

  1. 组建一个proxy实例

     

publicstaticvoid constructProxy() {

       try {

           InetSocketAddress iNetAddr = new InetSocketAddress(proxyHost,proxyPort);

           if ("SOCKS".equals(proxyType)) {

               httpProxy =new Proxy(Proxy.Type.SOCKS, iNetAddr);

           } elseif ("HTTP".equals(proxyType)) {

               httpProxy =new Proxy(Proxy.Type.HTTP, iNetAddr);

           }

       } catch (IllegalArgumentException ex) {

       }

   }

  1. 通过Authenticator完成代理的验证

     

   publicstaticclass CustomAuthenticatorextends Authenticator {

 

       private StringuserName ="";

       private Stringpassword ="";

 

       public CustomAuthenticator(StringuserName, String password) {

           super();

           this.userName = userName;

           this.password = password;

       }

 

       // Called when password authorization is needed

       protected PasswordAuthenticationgetPasswordAuthentication(){

           returnnew PasswordAuthentication(userName,password);

 

       }

}

    Authenticator.setDefault(newCustomAuthenticator(prouser, propass));//关键代码,穿透proxy密码验证

  1. 建立http连接

    urlConnection=(HttpURLConnection)url.openConnection(httpProxy);

 

TCP链接中使用Proxy

  1. 和上面一样组建Proxy实例

  2. 通过Authenticator完成代理的验证

  3. 建立tcp链接

    代码如下:

if (proxy !=null)

               tcpSocket =new Socket(proxy);

           Authenticator.setDefault(newCustomAuthenticator(proxyUserName,proxyUserPass));

           InetSocketAddress inet = new InetSocketAddress(IP,PORT);

           tcpSocket.connect(inet,TCPCONNECT_TIMEOUT);

 

 

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