springMVC通过Filter实现防止xss注入

跨站脚本工具(cross 斯特scripting),为不和层叠样式表(cascading style sheets,CSS)的缩写混淆,故将跨站脚本攻击缩写为XSS。恶意攻击者往web页面里插入恶意scriptScript代码,当用户浏览该页之时,嵌入其中Web里面的Script代码会被执行,从而达到恶意攻击用户的目的。防止XSS攻击简单的预防就是对Request请求中的一些参数去掉一些比较敏感的脚本命令。

原本是打算通过springMVC的HandlerInterceptor机制来实现的,通过获取request然后对request中的参数进行修改,结果虽然值修改了,但在Controller中获取的数值还是没有修改的。没办法就是要Filter来完成。简单来说就是创建一个新的httpRequest类XsslHttpServletRequestWrapper,然后重写一些get方法(获取参数时对参数进行XSS判断预防)。

    @WebFilter(filterName="xssMyfilter",urlPatterns="/*")   
    public class MyXssFilter implements Filter{  

        @Override  
        public void init(FilterConfig filterConfig) throws ServletException {  

        }  

        @Override  
        public void doFilter(ServletRequest request, ServletResponse response, FilterChain chain)  
                throws IOException, ServletException {  
            XsslHttpServletRequestWrapper xssRequest = new XsslHttpServletRequestWrapper((HttpServletRequest)request);  
            chain.doFilter(xssRequest , response);   
        }  

        @Override  
        public void destroy() {  

        }  

    }  

XSS代码的过滤是在XsslHttpServletRequestWrapper中实现的,主要是覆盖实现了getParameter,getParameterValues,getHeader这几个方法,然后对获取的value值进行XSS处理。

    public class XsslHttpServletRequestWrapper extends HttpServletRequestWrapper {  

         HttpServletRequest xssRequest = null;    

        public XsslHttpServletRequestWrapper(HttpServletRequest request) {  
            super(request);  
            xssRequest = request;  
        }  


         @Override    
         public String getParameter(String name) {    
              String value = super.getParameter(replaceXSS(name));    
                if (value != null) {    
                    value = replaceXSS(value);    
                }    
                return value;    
         }    

         @Override  
        public String[] getParameterValues(String name) {  
             String[] values = super.getParameterValues(replaceXSS(name));  
             if(values != null && values.length > 0){  
                 for(int i =0; i< values.length ;i++){  
                     values[i] = replaceXSS(values[i]);  
                 }  
             }  
            return values;  
         }  

         @Override    
         public String getHeader(String name) {    

                String value = super.getHeader(replaceXSS(name));    
                if (value != null) {    
                    value = replaceXSS(value);    
                }    
                return value;    
            }   
         /** 
          * 去除待带script、src的语句,转义替换后的value值 
          */  
        public static String replaceXSS(String value) {  
            if (value != null) {  
                try{  
                    value = value.replace("+","%2B");   //'+' replace to '%2B'  
                    value = URLDecoder.decode(value, "utf-8");  
                }catch(UnsupportedEncodingException e){  
                }catch(IllegalArgumentException e){  
            }  

                // Avoid null characters  
                value = value.replaceAll("\0", "");  

                // Avoid anything between script tags  
                Pattern scriptPattern = Pattern.compile("<script>(.*?)</script>", Pattern.CASE_INSENSITIVE);  
                value = scriptPattern.matcher(value).replaceAll("");  

                // Avoid anything in a src='...' type of e­xpression  
                scriptPattern = Pattern.compile("src[\r\n]*=[\r\n]*\\\'(.*?)\\\'", Pattern.CASE_INSENSITIVE | Pattern.MULTILINE | Pattern.DOTALL);  
                value = scriptPattern.matcher(value).replaceAll("");  

                scriptPattern = Pattern.compile("src[\r\n]*=[\r\n]*\\\"(.*?)\\\"", Pattern.CASE_INSENSITIVE | Pattern.MULTILINE | Pattern.DOTALL);  
                value = scriptPattern.matcher(value).replaceAll("");  

                // Remove any lonesome </script> tag  
                scriptPattern = Pattern.compile("</script>", Pattern.CASE_INSENSITIVE);  
                value = scriptPattern.matcher(value).replaceAll("");  

                // Remove any lonesome <script ...> tag  
                scriptPattern = Pattern.compile("<script(.*?)>", Pattern.CASE_INSENSITIVE | Pattern.MULTILINE | Pattern.DOTALL);  
                value = scriptPattern.matcher(value).replaceAll("");  

                // Avoid eval(...) e­xpressions  
                scriptPattern = Pattern.compile("eval\\((.*?)\\)", Pattern.CASE_INSENSITIVE | Pattern.MULTILINE | Pattern.DOTALL);  
                value = scriptPattern.matcher(value).replaceAll("");  

                // Avoid e­xpression(...) e­xpressions  
                scriptPattern = Pattern.compile("e­xpression\\((.*?)\\)", Pattern.CASE_INSENSITIVE | Pattern.MULTILINE | Pattern.DOTALL);  
                value = scriptPattern.matcher(value).replaceAll("");  

                // Avoid javascript:... e­xpressions  
                scriptPattern = Pattern.compile("javascript:", Pattern.CASE_INSENSITIVE);  
                value = scriptPattern.matcher(value).replaceAll("");  
                // Avoid alert:... e­xpressions  
                scriptPattern = Pattern.compile("alert", Pattern.CASE_INSENSITIVE);  
                value = scriptPattern.matcher(value).replaceAll("");  
                // Avoid onload= e­xpressions  
                scriptPattern = Pattern.compile("onload(.*?)=", Pattern.CASE_INSENSITIVE | Pattern.MULTILINE | Pattern.DOTALL);  
                value = scriptPattern.matcher(value).replaceAll("");  
                scriptPattern = Pattern.compile("vbscript[\r\n| | ]*:[\r\n| | ]*", Pattern.CASE_INSENSITIVE);    
                value = scriptPattern.matcher(value).replaceAll("");  
            }             
            return filter(value);  
        }  

            /** 
             * 过滤特殊字符 
             */  
            public static String filter(String value) {  
                if (value == null) {  
                    return null;  
                }          
                StringBuffer result = new StringBuffer(value.length());  
                for (int i=0; i<value.length(); ++i) {  
                    switch (value.charAt(i)) {  
                        case '<':  
                            result.append("<");  
                            break;  
                        case '>':   
                            result.append(">");  
                            break;  
                        case '"':   
                            result.append(""");  
                            break;  
                        case '\'':   
                            result.append("'");  
                            break;  
                        case '%':   
                            result.append("%");  
                            break;  
                        case ';':   
                            result.append(";");  
                            break;  
                        case '(':   
                            result.append("(");  
                            break;  
                        case ')':   
                            result.append(")");  
                            break;  
                        case '&':   
                            result.append("&");  
                            break;  
                        case '+':  
                            result.append("+");  
                            break;  
                        default:  
                            result.append(value.charAt(i));  
                            break;  
                    }    
                }  
                return result.toString();  
            }  

    }  

转载:https://blog.csdn.net/qq924862077/article/details/62053577

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