[Cassandra] 记一次Cassandra集群中一个节点CPU满载问题排查过程

 

现象:Cassandra集群中一个节点CPU满载,Cassandra连接超时报错。该服务器CPU被Cassandra吃完。

排查过程:

1. top命令查看CPU占用最高的进程,确认为Cassandra

[root@VM_centos ~]# top
20772 cassand+  20   0 8299168 4.484g 126280 S 376.6 58.7  23:49.92 java   

2. jstack -l PID命令查看线程活动情况

[cassandra@VM_129_3_centos tmp]$ jstack -l 20772
2019-04-12 20:29:23
Full thread dump Java HotSpot(TM) 64-Bit Server VM (25.172-b11 mixed mode):

"SharedPool-Worker-134" #396 daemon prio=5 os_prio=0 tid=0x00007f907104c1d0 nid=0x58f3 waiting on condition [0x00007f8fbd6b3000]
   java.lang.Thread.State: WAITING (parking)
	at sun.misc.Unsafe.park(Native Method)
	at java.util.concurrent.locks.LockSupport.park(LockSupport.java:304)
	at org.apache.cassandra.concurrent.SEPWorker.run(SEPWorker.java:87)
	at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:748)

   Locked ownable synchronizers:
	- None
...

"Reference Handler" #2 daemon prio=10 os_prio=0 tid=0x00007f90701b2640 nid=0x5193 in Object.wait() [0x00007f9074065000]
   java.lang.Thread.State: WAITING (on object monitor)
	at java.lang.Object.wait(Native Method)
	- waiting on <0x00000006d918e910> (a java.lang.ref.Reference$Lock)
	at java.lang.Object.wait(Object.java:502)
	at java.lang.ref.Reference.tryHandlePending(Reference.java:191)
	- locked <0x00000006d918e910> (a java.lang.ref.Reference$Lock)
	at java.lang.ref.Reference$ReferenceHandler.run(Reference.java:153)

   Locked ownable synchronizers:
	- None

"VM Thread" os_prio=0 tid=0x00007f90701a9200 nid=0x5191 runnable 

"Gang worker#0 (Parallel GC Threads)" os_prio=0 tid=0x00007f907001c630 nid=0x5127 runnable 

"Gang worker#1 (Parallel GC Threads)" os_prio=0 tid=0x00007f907001db40 nid=0x5128 runnable 

"Gang worker#2 (Parallel GC Threads)" os_prio=0 tid=0x00007f907001f050 nid=0x5129 runnable 

"Gang worker#3 (Parallel GC Threads)" os_prio=0 tid=0x00007f9070020560 nid=0x512a runnable 

"Concurrent Mark-Sweep GC Thread" os_prio=0 tid=0x00007f9070062c20 nid=0x518f runnable 

"VM Periodic Task Thread" os_prio=0 tid=0x00007f9070345590 nid=0x519d waiting on condition 

JNI global references: 1050

[cassandra@VM_129_3_centos tmp]$ jstack -l 20772

10进制的进程号20772转成16进制是0x5124,在上面的结果中找到它

 

3. 查看堆内存jmap -heap PID

[cassandra@VM_129_3_centos tmp]$ jmap -heap 20772
Attaching to process ID 20772, please wait...
Debugger attached successfully.
Server compiler detected.
JVM version is 25.172-b11

using parallel threads in the new generation.
using thread-local object allocation.
Concurrent Mark-Sweep GC

Heap Configuration:
   MinHeapFreeRatio         = 40
   MaxHeapFreeRatio         = 70
   MaxHeapSize              = 4294967296 (4096.0MB)
   NewSize                  = 419430400 (400.0MB)
   MaxNewSize               = 419430400 (400.0MB)
   OldSize                  = 3875536896 (3696.0MB)
   NewRatio                 = 2
   SurvivorRatio            = 8
   MetaspaceSize            = 21807104 (20.796875MB)
   CompressedClassSpaceSize = 1073741824 (1024.0MB)
   MaxMetaspaceSize         = 17592186044415 MB
   G1HeapRegionSize         = 0 (0.0MB)

Heap Usage:
New Generation (Eden + 1 Survivor Space):
   capacity = 377487360 (360.0MB)
   used     = 348288016 (332.15333557128906MB)
   free     = 29199344 (27.846664428710938MB)
   92.26481543646918% used
Eden Space:
   capacity = 335544320 (320.0MB)
   used     = 318190024 (303.4496536254883MB)
   free     = 17354296 (16.55034637451172MB)
   94.82801675796509% used
From Space:
   capacity = 41943040 (40.0MB)
   used     = 30097992 (28.70368194580078MB)
   free     = 11845048 (11.296318054199219MB)
   71.75920486450195% used
To Space:
   capacity = 41943040 (40.0MB)
   used     = 0 (0.0MB)
   free     = 41943040 (40.0MB)
   0.0% used
concurrent mark-sweep generation:
   capacity = 3875536896 (3696.0MB)
   used     = 79467816 (75.78641510009766MB)
   free     = 3796069080 (3620.2135848999023MB)
   2.050498244050261% used

28574 interned Strings occupying 5184216 bytes.
[cassandra@VM_129_3_centos tmp]$ 

未完待续...

 

 

注意事项:

如果jstack -l PID命令返回“Unable to open socket file: ”,则需要参考Cassandra官方文档指定CASSANDRA_HEAPDUMP_DIR解决。

参考:https://alexzeng.wordpress.com/2013/05/25/debug-cassandrar-jvm-thread-100-cpu-usage-issue/

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