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Latest Announcements(Last updated 05/04/08)

·Please note that each student has 25

min for his/her presentation on May 5, 2008. Also please have your slides on a USB

memory key to avoid delays in presentations. Also e-mail me your slides atmthajiaghayiATgmailDOTcomfor grading by May 5.

·The due date for final projects isMay 12, 2008.

Please e-mail your final project by this time, or you may get incomplete for

the grade.

·Pease e-mail me your slides for

presentation by 4/14/08 such that I can put them in this website. Use email

address mthajiaghayiATgmailDOTcom only for this purpose.

·Notice the mid-term exam on 3/31/08

in the class (it starts at 4pm). Mid-term exam is open-book (but not

open-laptop).

·The second assignment is due March

3 in the class; in this assignment you are supposed to find two real-world

network applications for probabilistic embedding of graph metrics into trees. I

expect a write-up of 1.5 to 2 pages.

·Please send me scribe notes within

5 days of the class when you have still fresh mind about the topic. We will

finalize them within a week then.

·Please e-mail me the topic of your project by 2/25/08.

·Please

note to the change of the classroom to Hill Center 120.

·Select

papers for presentations from the list below by Feb 17 and send me an e-mail

regarding them before the class. We are deciding about the matching in the

class.

·The

first assignment is due Feb 11 in the class; in this assignment you are supposed

to find two real-world network applications for two of set cover, unique

coverage, and budgeted maximum coverage. I expect a write-up of 1 to 1.5 pages

in total including both applications.

·Please

see me or send me an e-mail regarding the topic of your project by Feb 25 to

hopefully finalize it by March 1.

·First

lecture on January 28, 2008.

·Templates.tex.styto scribe.

Course Description

Network Design or more

generally networking with its many variants is one of the most active research

areas in computer science involving researchers from System, Networks, Algorithm

Design, Graph Theory, Discrete Optimization, Game Theory and Information

Theory. Especially mathematical modeling of networks plays a vital role in the

understanding of computer and communication networks and provides insights into

questions such as allocation of network

resources, analysis and effects of competitive and/or cooperative agents,

Internet protocols, wireless network protocols, network dynamics, queuing

systems, performance optimization, and network traffic and topology. These

models shed light onto fundamental performance limits and trade-offs in

practical scenarios. In addition, new problems in this area are constantly

propounded by practitioners working in various aspects of network design such

as construction, routing and staged deployment. Furthermore, many new design

paradigms such as ATM, Ad hoc and Wireless networking add rich new flavors to

existing problems. On the other hand, many of the key algorithmic challenges in

the context of the internet, the largest

network in the world, require considering the objectives and interests of

the different participants involved.These include problems ranging from pricing goods and resources, to

improving search, to routing, and more generally to understanding how

incentives of participants can be harnessed to improve the behavior of the

overall system.As a result, Mechanism Design and Algorithmic Game Theory,

which can be viewed as ``incentive-aware algorithm design'', have become an

increasingly important part of network design in recent years.

Recent results

show a strong relation between network design and game theory, and techniques

from each seem well-poised to help with key problems of the other.My first goal in this course is to study

these connections which produce powerful mechanisms for adaptive and networked

environments, and improve the experience of users of the Web and internet.

However we also focus on active area of applications of algorithms in

networking to understand current trends, identify understudied areas, and

potentially formulate new directions for further investigation. Below I

highlight some of the main selection of topics and their corresponding

references that we will cover in this course (we may add more references later

to this list).

Reference Books:

Roughgarden, Tardos, and Vazirani, Cambridge

University Press, 2007.

Approximation

Algorithms, by Vazirani, Springer, 2001

Randomized

Algorithms, by Motwani and Raghavan, Cambridge University Press, 2000.

Algorithm

Design, by Kleinberg and Tardos,

Addison-Wesley, 2006.

DetailedSchedule (see the references below):

1/28/08:Review of course description,

review of different approximation algorithms for set cover.

My scanned handwritten notes:pages

Scribeby students

2/04/08:Review of maximum coverage

with budget and unique coverage.

My scanned handwritten notes:pages(see the slides of 2/11 for

more details on unique coverage)

Scribeby students

2/11/08:An overview of algorithms for wireless

networks and cell breathing.

2/18/08:Review ofprobabilistic embedding into trees: definitions and

applications.

My scanned handwritten notes:pages

Scribeby students

2/25/08:Review of Bartal-FRT proof forprobabilistic embedding into trees, also another application of this

technique for network design

My scanned handwritten notes:pages

Scribeby students

Scanned handwritten notes: pagesabcdefghijk

Scribenotesby students

3/10/08: Review of algorithms for facility

location and connected facility location (single-sink rent-or-buy network

design)

Scanned

handwritten notes: pagesabcde

Scribenotesby students

3/17/08: Spring break

3/24/08: Review of algorithms for single-sink

and multi-commodity non-uniform buy-at-bulk network design

Scanned

handwritten notes: pagesabc(for

single-sink),Myslides(for multi-commodity)

Scribenotesby students

4/07/08: Review of Price of Anarchy

results for networks

Scanned

handwritten notes: pagesabcde

Scribenotesby students

4/14/08: Paper presentations by

students. Please choose your paper to present from the following list (the

preferable list) OR papers in the references:

Slidesby students

E. Anshelevich, A. Dasgupta, J. Kleinberg, E. Tardos,

T. Wexler, and T. Roughgarden,The Price of Stability for Network

Design with Fair Cost Allocation, FOCS '04.

Slidesby students

Katrina Ligett,

Avrim Blum, MohammadTaghi Hajiaghayi, and Aaron Roth, Regret,Minimization and the Price of Total Anarchy. STOC 2008

Slidesby students

R. Johari and J.N. Tsitsiklis.Efficiency loss in a network

resource allocation game, Mathematics of Operation Research, 29(3):

407-435

Slidesby students

Chandra Chekuri,

Julia Chuzoy, Liane Lewin-Eytan, Seffi Naor and Ariel Orda,Non-Cooperative Multicast and Facility Location Games, ACM EC 2006.

Slidesby students

Naveen Garg, Goran Konjevod

and R. Ravi,A Polylogarithmic Approximation Algorithm for the Group

Steiner Tree Problem, SODA 1998 OR Chandra Chekuri,

Guy Even, and Guy Kortsarz,A greedy

approximation algorithm for the group Steiner problem, Discrete

Applied Mathematics, 154(1):15--34, 2006.

Slidesby students

E.D. Demaine; M.T. Hajiaghayi; H. Mahini; S. Oveisgharan; A. Sayedi; M. Zadimoghadam;Minimizing movement, SODA2007.

Slidesby students

4/21/08: Guest lecturer: MohammadHossein Bateni,

Review of network creation games

Scanned

handwritten notes: pagesabc

Scribenotesby students

4/28/08: Review of oblivious routing

algorithms

Scanned

handwritten notes: pagesabcde

Scribenotesby students

5/05/08: Last day of the class: project

presentations by students.

Tentative

Course Topics and References:

Set cover, maximum coverage and unique

coverage:

•Above

bookApproximation

Algorithms, by Vazirani, 2001.

•The Budgeted Maximum Coverage Problem, Samir Khuller, Anna Moss, Joseph

(Seffi) Naor, Information

Processing Letters, 1997.

•E.D.

Demaine, U. Feige, M.T. Hajiaghayi;M.R. Salavatipour;Combination can be hard: approximability of the unique coverage problem, SIAM Journal

on Computing. A preliminary version appeared in the 17th Annual ACM-SIAM

Symposium on Discrete Algorithms (SODA), Vancouver, Miami, Florida,

January 22-24, 2006, pp. 162-171.

Technique of probabilistic embedding into

trees:

STOC 2003, J. Comput. Syst. Sci. 69(3): 485-497 (2004).

•Michael

Elkin, Yuval Emek, Daniel Spielman

and Shang-Hua Teng,Lower-Stretch

Spanning Trees, 37th ACM Symposium on Theory of Computing,2005.

Planar Networks:

•E.D.

Demaine; M.T. Hajiaghayi; K

Kawarabayashi;Algorithmic

Graph Minor Theory: Decomposition, Approximation, and Coloring, In

Proceedings of the 46th Annual IEEE Symposium on Foundations of Computer

Science (FOCS), Pittsburgh, PA, October 23-25, 2005, pp.637-646.

•Philip

N. Klein,A linear-time

approximation scheme for TSP for planar weighted graphs, Proceedings,

46th IEEE Symposium on Foundations of Computer Science(2005), pp. 647--656.

A servey in Computer

Journal, To appear.

Oblivious routing:

•Harald Räcke.Minimizing

Congestion in General Networks. In Proc. of the 43rd FOCS, pp. 43-52, 2002.

•Yossi Azar, Edith Cohen, Amos

Fiat, Haim Kaplan, and Harald

Räcke.Optimal

Oblivious Routing in Polynomial Time. In Proc. of

the 35th STOC, pp. 383-388, 2003.

•A.

Gupta; M.T. Hajiaghayi;H. Raecke;Oblivious

Network Design, In Proceedings of the 17th Annual ACM-SIAM

Symposium on Discrete Algorithms (SODA), Vancouver,Miami, Florida, January 22-24, 2006, pp.

970-979.

Cost sharing:

•Anupam Gupta, Amit Kumar, Martin Pál and Tim Roughgarden

Approximation Via Cost-Sharing:A Simple

Approximation Algorithm for the Multicommodity

Rent-or-Buy Problem. J. ACM, 54(3), March 2007

Buy-at-bulk network design:

•Adam

Meyerson, Kamesh Munagala, and Serge Plotkin:Cost-Distance:

Two-Metric Network Design. IEEE Symposium on Foundations

of Computer Science (FOCS) 2000.

•Adam

Meyerson.Online Facility

Location. FOCS

2001.

•Sudipto Guha, Adam Meyerson, and Kamesh Munagala:Hierarchical Placement and Network

Design Problems. IEEE Symposium on Foundations of Computer

Science (FOCS) 2000.

•David

B. Shmoys, Éva Tardos, Karen Aardal:Approximation

Algorithms for Facility Location Problems. STOC 1997:

265-274

•C.

Chekuri; M.T. Hajiaghayi;

G. Kortsarz; M. R. Salavatipour:Approximation

algorithms for node–weightedbuy-at-bulk networks, InProceedings ofthe 18th Annual

ACM-SIAM Symposium on Discrete Algorithms (SODA),New Orleans, LA, January 7-9, 2007, pp.

1265--1274.

•C.

Chekuri; M.T. Hajiaghayi;

G. Kortsarz; M. R. Salavatipour:Approximation algorithms for

non-uniform buy-at-bulk network designproblemsIn Proceedings of the 47th Annual IEEE

Symposium on Foundations of Computer Science (FOCS), Berkeley, PA, October

22-24, 2006, pp. 677—686.

Price of anarchy and selfish routing:

•T.

Roughgarden,The Price of

Anarchy Is Independent of the Network Topology, Journal of

Computer and System Sciences, 67(2):341--364, 2003. (Conference

version in STOC 2002.)

•E.

Tardos,lecture notesfrom Cornell

CS684.

•J.

R. Correa, N. E. Stier Moses, and A. S. Schulz,Selfish Routing

in Capacitated Networks, Mathematics of Operations Research, 2004 (to

appear).

•J.

R. Correa, N. E. Stier Moses, and A. S. Schulz,A geometric approach to the price

of anarchy in nonatomic congestion games, Games and

Economic of Behavior, to appear, 2008.

•T.

Roughgarden and E. Tardos,How Bad Is

Selfish Routing?, Journal of the ACM, 49(2):236--259, 2002.

Network creation and formation games:

•E.

Tardos and T. Wexler, Network Formation Games, inAlgorithmic

Game Theorybook above.

•Alex

Fabrikant, Ankur Luthra, Elitza N. Maneva, Christos H. Papadimitriou, Scott Shenker:On a network

creation game. PODC 2003: 347-351.

•E.D.

Demaine; M.T. Hajiaghayi;

H. Mahini; M. Zadimoghadam;The price of

anarchy in network creation games, In Proceedings of the 26th Annual ACM Symposium

on Principles of Distributed Computing (PODC), Portland, Oregon, August 2007,

pages 292—298.

Online mechanism design:

•D.

Parkes, On-line Mechanisms, inAlgorithmic

Game Theorybook above.

•M.T.

Hajiaghayi; R.D. Kleinberg; M. Mahdian;

D.C. Parkes;Online Auctions

with Re-usable Goods, In Proceedings of the 6th ACM Conference on

Electronic Commerce (EC), pp. 165-174, Vancouver, Canada, June 5-8, 2005.

•Hajiaghayi, M.T.; Kleinberg, R.; Parkes,

D.C.;Adaptive Limited-Supply Online

Auctions, Proc. ACM Conference on Electronic Commerce

(EC), pp. 71-80, May 17-20, 2004. New

York.

Profit maximization auctions:

•Jason Hartline, Anna Karlin,Profit Maximization in Mechanism Design, in Algorithmic Game Theory book above.

•Andrew Goldberg, Jason Hartline, Anna Karlin,

Mike Saks, and Andrew Wright,Competitive Auctions, Games and Economic Behavior, 2006.

•Venkatesan Guruswami, Jason D.

Hartline, Anna R. Karlin, David Kempe,

Claire Kenyon, Frank McSherry: On

profit-maximizing envy-free pricing, SODA 2005:

1164-1173.

Wireless network design:

•M.T.

Hajiaghayi; N. Immorlica;

V.S. Mirrokni;Power Optimization in

Fault-Tolerant Topology Control Algorithms for Wireless Multi-hop Networks, IEEE/ACM

Transactions on Networking. To appear. A preliminary

version appeared in the Ninth Annual International Conference on Mobile

Computing and Networking (MOBICOM), San

Diego, CA,September 15-18

2003, pp. 300-312.

•M.T.

Hajiahgayi; G. Kortsarz; V.

S. Mirrokni; Z. Nutov;Power Optimization for Connectivity

Problems, A Mathematical Programming, Series B for

selected papers from IPCO 2005. Vol110, No 1, pp. 195--208, 2007.

•J.L.

Bredin; E.D. Demaine; M.T. Hajiaghayi; D. Rus;Deploying Sensor Nets with

Guaranteed Capacity and Fault Tolerance, In

Proceedings of the 6th ACM International Symposium on Mobile Ad Hoc Networking

and Computing (MobiHoc),Urbana-Champaign, IL, May 2005,pp. 309--319.

Prerequisites

A basic course in algorithms is required. Already

passing an advanced course in algorithms or networking can be quite helpful. If

you are unsure of whether you have sufficient background for this course or

not, please contact the instructor in the first week of the class or before.

Tentative

Grading & Evaluation

Each student will be expected to scribe 1-2

lectures and participate in class discussions (10%). There will be two homeworks (7.5% each), one mid-term exam (20%), a paper

presentation in the class (15%) and a (possibly collaborative) project and its

brief presentation in the class (40%). A very strong project can potentially

compensate the low grades in other parts.Details about the project and ideas will be given in the second week of

the class, though the general ideas can be seen from the course topics.

Other Resources (fromhere)

Tips for good

technical writing

•The elements of

styleby William Strunk Jr.

and E. B. White (follow the "External links" at the bottom of this

page for online copies of this book).

•Writing a

technical paper, by Professor Michael Ernst.

•Writing suggestions, by Professor

Barton Miller.

•How to write a

dissertation, by Professor Douglas Comer (most of the content

on this page applies to all forms of technical writing).

Tips for

effective presentation

•Giving a

technical talk, by Professor Michael Ernst.

•Oral

presentation advice, by Professor Mark Hill.

General Information

Lectures:

Mondays from 4pm-6:45pm

Location:

482 Hill Center

Office hours:

By appointment via e-mail OR the hour immediately following class.

Office:

120 Hill Center

Phone:

973-360-7212

Email:

The first 8 letters of instructor’s last name (AT) research

(DOT) att (DOT)com

TA:

None

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