C# GridView 排序及分页

如果你在GridView控件上设置 AllowPaging="true" or AllowSorting="true" 而没有使用使用数据源控件 DataSource (i.e. SqlDataSource, ObjectDataSource),运行则会出现下列错误:

当你在GridView控件上单击下一页时:

The GridView 'GridViewID' fired event PageIndexChanging which wasn't handled.

当你点击排序时,则回出现:

The GridView 'GridViewID' fired event Sorting which wasn't handled.

如果你没有设置GridView的DataSourceID 的属性,你必须添加一个操作才可以排序及分页。。



smile.gif  点这里查看下面的例子

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<% dot.gif @ Page Language="C#"  %>
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<% dot.gif @ Import Namespace="System.Data"  %>
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<% dot.gif @ Import Namespace="System.Data.OleDb"  %>
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< script  runat ="server" > dot.gif     
InBlock.gif
InBlock.gif    private 
void PopulatePublishersGridView()
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ExpandedSubBlockStart.gifContractedSubBlock.gif    
dot.gif{
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InBlock.gif        string connectionString 
= AccessConnectionString();
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InBlock.gif        OleDbConnection accessConnection 
= new OleDbConnection(connectionString);
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InBlock.gif
InBlock.gif        string sqlQuery 
= "SELECT [PubID], [Name], [Company Name], [Address], [City], [State], [Zip], [Telephone], [Fax], [Comments] FROM Publishers ORDER BY [Name] ASC;";
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InBlock.gif        OleDbCommand accessCommand 
= new OleDbCommand(sqlQuery, accessConnection);
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InBlock.gif        OleDbDataAdapter publishersDataAdapter 
= new OleDbDataAdapter(accessCommand);
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InBlock.gif        DataTable publishersDataTable 
= new DataTable("Publishers");
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InBlock.gif        publishersDataAdapter.Fill(publishersDataTable);
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int dataTableRowCount = publishersDataTable.Rows.Count;
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if (dataTableRowCount > 0)
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dot.gif{
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InBlock.gif            gridViewPublishers.DataSource 
= publishersDataTable;
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InBlock.gif            gridViewPublishers.DataBind();
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ExpandedSubBlockEnd.gif        }

InBlock.gif
ExpandedSubBlockEnd.gif    }

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InBlock.gif    private string AccessConnectionString()
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dot.gif{
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InBlock.gif        string accessDatabasePath 
= Server.MapPath("~/App_Data/biblio.mdb");
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return String.Format("Provider=Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0;Data Source={0};", accessDatabasePath);
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ExpandedSubBlockEnd.gif    }

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InBlock.gif    private string GridViewSortDirection
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dot.gif{
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ExpandedSubBlockStart.gifContractedSubBlock.gif        get 
dot.gifreturn ViewState["SortDirection"] as string ?? "ASC"; }
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ExpandedSubBlockStart.gifContractedSubBlock.gif        set 
dot.gif{ ViewState["SortDirection"= value; }
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ExpandedSubBlockEnd.gif    }

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InBlock.gif    private string GridViewSortExpression
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ExpandedSubBlockStart.gifContractedSubBlock.gif    
dot.gif{
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ExpandedSubBlockStart.gifContractedSubBlock.gif        get 
dot.gifreturn ViewState["SortExpression"] as string ?? string.Empty; }
InBlock.gif
ExpandedSubBlockStart.gifContractedSubBlock.gif        set 
dot.gif{ ViewState["SortExpression"= value; }
InBlock.gif
ExpandedSubBlockEnd.gif    }

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InBlock.gif    private string GetSortDirection()
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dot.gif{
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switch (GridViewSortDirection)
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ExpandedSubBlockStart.gifContractedSubBlock.gif        
dot.gif{
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case "ASC":
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InBlock.gif                GridViewSortDirection 
= "DESC";
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break;
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case "DESC":
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InBlock.gif                GridViewSortDirection 
= "ASC";
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break;
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ExpandedSubBlockEnd.gif        }

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InBlock.gif 
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return GridViewSortDirection;
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ExpandedSubBlockEnd.gif    }

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InBlock.gif    protected 
void gridViewPublishers_PageIndexChanging(object sender, GridViewPageEventArgs e)
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ExpandedSubBlockStart.gifContractedSubBlock.gif    
dot.gif{
InBlock.gif
InBlock.gif        gridViewPublishers.DataSource 
= SortDataTable(gridViewPublishers.DataSource as DataTable, true);
InBlock.gif
InBlock.gif        gridViewPublishers.PageIndex 
= e.NewPageIndex;
InBlock.gif
InBlock.gif        gridViewPublishers.DataBind();
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ExpandedSubBlockEnd.gif    }

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InBlock.gif    protected DataView SortDataTable(DataTable dataTable, bool isPageIndexChanging)
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dot.gif{
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if (dataTable != null)
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ExpandedSubBlockStart.gifContractedSubBlock.gif        
dot.gif{
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InBlock.gif            DataView dataView 
= new DataView(dataTable);
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InBlock.gif            
if (GridViewSortExpression != string.Empty)
InBlock.gif
ExpandedSubBlockStart.gifContractedSubBlock.gif            
dot.gif{
InBlock.gif
InBlock.gif                
if (isPageIndexChanging)
InBlock.gif
ExpandedSubBlockStart.gifContractedSubBlock.gif                
dot.gif{
InBlock.gif
InBlock.gif                    dataView.Sort 
= string.Format("{0} {1}", GridViewSortExpression, GridViewSortDirection);
InBlock.gif
ExpandedSubBlockEnd.gif                }

InBlock.gif
InBlock.gif                
else
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ExpandedSubBlockStart.gifContractedSubBlock.gif                
dot.gif{
InBlock.gif
InBlock.gif                    dataView.Sort 
= string.Format("{0} {1}", GridViewSortExpression, GetSortDirection());
InBlock.gif
ExpandedSubBlockEnd.gif                }

InBlock.gif
ExpandedSubBlockEnd.gif            }

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InBlock.gif            
return dataView;
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ExpandedSubBlockEnd.gif        }

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else
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ExpandedSubBlockStart.gifContractedSubBlock.gif        
dot.gif{
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return new DataView();
InBlock.gif
ExpandedSubBlockEnd.gif        }

InBlock.gif
ExpandedSubBlockEnd.gif    }

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InBlock.gif 
InBlock.gif
InBlock.gif    protected 
void gridViewPublishers_Sorting(object sender, GridViewSortEventArgs e)
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ExpandedSubBlockStart.gifContractedSubBlock.gif    
dot.gif{
InBlock.gif
InBlock.gif        GridViewSortExpression 
= e.SortExpression;
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InBlock.gif        
int pageIndex = gridViewPublishers.PageIndex;
InBlock.gif
InBlock.gif        gridViewPublishers.DataSource 
= SortDataTable(gridViewPublishers.DataSource as DataTable, false);
InBlock.gif
InBlock.gif        gridViewPublishers.DataBind();
InBlock.gif
InBlock.gif        gridViewPublishers.PageIndex 
= pageIndex;
InBlock.gif
ExpandedSubBlockEnd.gif    }

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InBlock.gif 
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InBlock.gif    protected 
void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
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ExpandedSubBlockStart.gifContractedSubBlock.gif    
dot.gif{
InBlock.gif
InBlock.gif        PopulatePublishersGridView();
InBlock.gif
ExpandedSubBlockEnd.gif    }

InBlock.gif
InBlock.gif 
ExpandedBlockEnd.gif
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</ script >
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<! DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd" >
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< html  xmlns ="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
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< head  runat ="server" >
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< title > GridView Sorting/Paging without a DataSourceControl DataSource </ title >
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</ head >
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< body >
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< form  id ="form"  runat ="server" >
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< div >
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< asp:GridView  ID ="gridViewPublishers"  AllowPaging ="true"  AllowSorting ="true"  AutoGenerateColumns ="false"
None.gif
None.gif                EmptyDataText
="No records found"  PagerSettings-Mode ="NumericFirstLast"  PageSize ="25"
None.gif
None.gif                OnPageIndexChanging
="gridViewPublishers_PageIndexChanging"  OnSorting ="gridViewPublishers_Sorting"
None.gif
None.gif                runat
="server" >
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< AlternatingRowStyle  BackColor ="LightGray"   />
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< HeaderStyle  BackColor ="Gray"  Font-Bold ="true"  Font-Names ="Verdana"  Font-Size ="Small"   />
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< PagerStyle  BackColor ="DarkGray"  Font-Names ="Verdana"  Font-Size ="Small"   />
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< RowStyle  Font-Names ="Verdana"  Font-Size ="Small"   />
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< Columns >
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< asp:BoundField  DataField ="PubID"  HeaderText ="Publisher ID"  SortExpression ="PubID"   />
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< asp:BoundField  DataField ="Name"  HeaderText ="Name"  SortExpression ="Name"   />
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< asp:BoundField  DataField ="Company Name"  HeaderText ="Company Name"  SortExpression ="Company Name"   />
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< asp:BoundField  DataField ="Address"  HeaderText ="Address"  SortExpression ="Address"   />
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< asp:BoundField  DataField ="City"  HeaderText ="City"  SortExpression ="City"   />
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< asp:BoundField  DataField ="State"  HeaderText ="State"  SortExpression ="State"   />
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< asp:BoundField  DataField ="Zip"  HeaderText ="Zip"  SortExpression ="Zip"   />
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< asp:BoundField  DataField ="Telephone"  HeaderText ="Telephone"  SortExpression ="Telephone"   />
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< asp:BoundField  DataField ="Fax"  HeaderText ="Fax"  SortExpression ="Fax"   />
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< asp:BoundField  DataField ="Comments"  HeaderText ="Comments"  SortExpression ="Comments"   />
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</ Columns >
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</ asp:GridView >
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</ div >
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</ form >
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</ body >
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</ html >

转载于:https://www.cnblogs.com/cygoodyu/archive/2006/12/10/588085.html

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