Apache+tomcat或Nginx+tomcat集群搭建

Apache+tomcat集群搭建

1.http://httpd.apache.org/下载apache,本博客以httpd-2.4.12-x86-vc11-r2版本为例(第一个发行版中的)

2.http://mirror.bjtu.edu.cn/apache/tomcat/tomcat-connectors/jk/binaries/windows/ 下载mod_jk

3.注意Apache和mod_jk的版本,32bit后者64bit要统一

4.apache的httpd.conf文件可能有点问题,换做我同学的这个文件就好了。在里面添加mod_jk.conf文件

  1 #
  2 # This is the main Apache HTTP server configuration file.  It contains the
  3 # configuration directives that give the server its instructions.
  4 # See <URL:http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.4/> for detailed information.
  5 # In particular, see 
  6 # <URL:http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.4/mod/directives.html>
  7 # for a discussion of each configuration directive.
  8 #
  9 # Do NOT simply read the instructions in here without understanding
 10 # what they do.  They're here only as hints or reminders.  If you are unsure
 11 # consult the online docs. You have been warned.  
 12 #
 13 # Configuration and logfile names: If the filenames you specify for many
 14 # of the server's control files begin with "/" (or "drive:/" for Win32), the
 15 # server will use that explicit path.  If the filenames do *not* begin
 16 # with "/", the value of ServerRoot is prepended -- so "logs/access_log"
 17 # with ServerRoot set to "/usr/local/apache2" will be interpreted by the
 18 # server as "/usr/local/apache2/logs/access_log", whereas "/logs/access_log" 
 19 # will be interpreted as '/logs/access_log'.
 20 #
 21 # NOTE: Where filenames are specified, you must use forward slashes
 22 # instead of backslashes (e.g., "c:/apache" instead of "c:\apache").
 23 # If a drive letter is omitted, the drive on which httpd.exe is located
 24 # will be used by default.  It is recommended that you always supply
 25 # an explicit drive letter in absolute paths to avoid confusion.
 26 
 27 #
 28 # ServerRoot: The top of the directory tree under which the server's
 29 # configuration, error, and log files are kept.
 30 #
 31 # Do not add a slash at the end of the directory path.  If you point
 32 # ServerRoot at a non-local disk, be sure to specify a local disk on the
 33 # Mutex directive, if file-based mutexes are used.  If you wish to share the
 34 # same ServerRoot for multiple httpd daemons, you will need to change at
 35 # least PidFile.
 36 #
 37 
 38 Define SRVROOT "D:\ClusterTest\Apache24"
 39 ServerRoot "${SRVROOT}"
 40 
 41 #
 42 # Mutex: Allows you to set the mutex mechanism and mutex file directory
 43 # for individual mutexes, or change the global defaults
 44 #
 45 # Uncomment and change the directory if mutexes are file-based and the default
 46 # mutex file directory is not on a local disk or is not appropriate for some
 47 # other reason.
 48 #
 49 # Mutex default:logs
 50 
 51 #
 52 # Listen: Allows you to bind Apache to specific IP addresses and/or
 53 # ports, instead of the default. See also the <VirtualHost>
 54 # directive.
 55 #
 56 # Change this to Listen on specific IP addresses as shown below to 
 57 # prevent Apache from glomming onto all bound IP addresses.
 58 #
 59 #Listen 12.34.56.78:80
 60 Listen 80
 61 
 62 #
 63 # Dynamic Shared Object (DSO) Support
 64 #
 65 # To be able to use the functionality of a module which was built as a DSO you
 66 # have to place corresponding `LoadModule' lines at this location so the
 67 # directives contained in it are actually available _before_ they are used.
 68 # Statically compiled modules (those listed by `httpd -l') do not need
 69 # to be loaded here.
 70 #
 71 # Example:
 72 # LoadModule foo_module modules/mod_foo.so
 73 #
 74 # php5 support
 75 #LoadModule php5_module "D:/Program Files (x86)/php-5.6.8/php5apache2_4.dll"
 76 #AddType application/x-httpd-php .php .html .htm
 77 # configure the path to php.ini
 78 #PHPIniDir "D:\Program Files (x86)\php-5.6.8"
 79 
 80 #控制server回送给客户端的回应头域所包含的服务器的信息
 81 ServerTokens Prod
 82 
 83 #LoadModule access_compat_module modules/mod_access_compat.so
 84 LoadModule actions_module modules/mod_actions.so
 85 LoadModule alias_module modules/mod_alias.so
 86 LoadModule allowmethods_module modules/mod_allowmethods.so
 87 LoadModule asis_module modules/mod_asis.so
 88 LoadModule auth_basic_module modules/mod_auth_basic.so
 89 #LoadModule auth_digest_module modules/mod_auth_digest.so
 90 #LoadModule auth_form_module modules/mod_auth_form.so
 91 #LoadModule authn_anon_module modules/mod_authn_anon.so
 92 LoadModule authn_core_module modules/mod_authn_core.so
 93 #LoadModule authn_dbd_module modules/mod_authn_dbd.so
 94 #LoadModule authn_dbm_module modules/mod_authn_dbm.so
 95 LoadModule authn_file_module modules/mod_authn_file.so
 96 #LoadModule authn_socache_module modules/mod_authn_socache.so
 97 #LoadModule authnz_fcgi_module modules/mod_authnz_fcgi.so
 98 #LoadModule authnz_ldap_module modules/mod_authnz_ldap.so
 99 LoadModule authz_core_module modules/mod_authz_core.so
100 #LoadModule authz_dbd_module modules/mod_authz_dbd.so
101 #LoadModule authz_dbm_module modules/mod_authz_dbm.so
102 LoadModule authz_groupfile_module modules/mod_authz_groupfile.so
103 LoadModule authz_host_module modules/mod_authz_host.so
104 #LoadModule authz_owner_module modules/mod_authz_owner.so
105 LoadModule authz_user_module modules/mod_authz_user.so
106 LoadModule autoindex_module modules/mod_autoindex.so
107 #LoadModule buffer_module modules/mod_buffer.so
108 #LoadModule cache_module modules/mod_cache.so
109 #LoadModule cache_disk_module modules/mod_cache_disk.so
110 #LoadModule cache_socache_module modules/mod_cache_socache.so
111 #LoadModule cern_meta_module modules/mod_cern_meta.so
112 LoadModule cgi_module modules/mod_cgi.so
113 #LoadModule charset_lite_module modules/mod_charset_lite.so
114 #LoadModule data_module modules/mod_data.so
115 #LoadModule dav_module modules/mod_dav.so
116 #LoadModule dav_fs_module modules/mod_dav_fs.so
117 #LoadModule dav_lock_module modules/mod_dav_lock.so
118 #LoadModule dbd_module modules/mod_dbd.so
119 #LoadModule deflate_module modules/mod_deflate.so
120 LoadModule dir_module modules/mod_dir.so
121 #LoadModule dumpio_module modules/mod_dumpio.so
122 LoadModule env_module modules/mod_env.so
123 #LoadModule expires_module modules/mod_expires.so
124 #LoadModule ext_filter_module modules/mod_ext_filter.so
125 #LoadModule file_cache_module modules/mod_file_cache.so
126 #LoadModule filter_module modules/mod_filter.so
127 #LoadModule headers_module modules/mod_headers.so
128 #LoadModule heartbeat_module modules/mod_heartbeat.so
129 #LoadModule heartmonitor_module modules/mod_heartmonitor.so
130 #LoadModule ident_module modules/mod_ident.so
131 #LoadModule imagemap_module modules/mod_imagemap.so
132 LoadModule include_module modules/mod_include.so
133 LoadModule info_module modules/mod_info.so
134 LoadModule isapi_module modules/mod_isapi.so
135 #LoadModule lbmethod_bybusyness_module modules/mod_lbmethod_bybusyness.so
136 #LoadModule lbmethod_byrequests_module modules/mod_lbmethod_byrequests.so
137 #LoadModule lbmethod_bytraffic_module modules/mod_lbmethod_bytraffic.so
138 #LoadModule lbmethod_heartbeat_module modules/mod_lbmethod_heartbeat.so
139 #LoadModule ldap_module modules/mod_ldap.so
140 #LoadModule logio_module modules/mod_logio.so
141 LoadModule log_config_module modules/mod_log_config.so
142 #LoadModule log_debug_module modules/mod_log_debug.so
143 #LoadModule log_forensic_module modules/mod_log_forensic.so
144 #LoadModule lua_module modules/mod_lua.so
145 #LoadModule macro_module modules/mod_macro.so
146 LoadModule mime_module modules/mod_mime.so
147 #LoadModule mime_magic_module modules/mod_mime_magic.so
148 LoadModule negotiation_module modules/mod_negotiation.so
149 #LoadModule proxy_module modules/mod_proxy.so
150 #LoadModule proxy_ajp_module modules/mod_proxy_ajp.so
151 #LoadModule proxy_balancer_module modules/mod_proxy_balancer.so
152 #LoadModule proxy_connect_module modules/mod_proxy_connect.so
153 #LoadModule proxy_express_module modules/mod_proxy_express.so
154 #LoadModule proxy_fcgi_module modules/mod_proxy_fcgi.so
155 #LoadModule proxy_ftp_module modules/mod_proxy_ftp.so
156 #LoadModule proxy_html_module modules/mod_proxy_html.so
157 #LoadModule proxy_http_module modules/mod_proxy_http.so
158 #LoadModule proxy_scgi_module modules/mod_proxy_scgi.so
159 #LoadModule proxy_wstunnel_module modules/mod_proxy_wstunnel.so
160 #LoadModule ratelimit_module modules/mod_ratelimit.so
161 #LoadModule reflector_module modules/mod_reflector.so
162 #LoadModule remoteip_module modules/mod_remoteip.so
163 #LoadModule request_module modules/mod_request.so
164 #LoadModule reqtimeout_module modules/mod_reqtimeout.so
165 #LoadModule rewrite_module modules/mod_rewrite.so
166 #LoadModule sed_module modules/mod_sed.so
167 #LoadModule session_module modules/mod_session.so
168 #LoadModule session_cookie_module modules/mod_session_cookie.so
169 #LoadModule session_crypto_module modules/mod_session_crypto.so
170 #LoadModule session_dbd_module modules/mod_session_dbd.so
171 LoadModule setenvif_module modules/mod_setenvif.so
172 #LoadModule slotmem_plain_module modules/mod_slotmem_plain.so
173 #LoadModule slotmem_shm_module modules/mod_slotmem_shm.so
174 #LoadModule socache_dbm_module modules/mod_socache_dbm.so
175 #LoadModule socache_memcache_module modules/mod_socache_memcache.so
176 LoadModule socache_shmcb_module modules/mod_socache_shmcb.so
177 #LoadModule speling_module modules/mod_speling.so
178 LoadModule ssl_module modules/mod_ssl.so
179 LoadModule status_module modules/mod_status.so
180 #LoadModule substitute_module modules/mod_substitute.so
181 #LoadModule unique_id_module modules/mod_unique_id.so
182 #LoadModule userdir_module modules/mod_userdir.so
183 #LoadModule usertrack_module modules/mod_usertrack.so
184 #LoadModule version_module modules/mod_version.so
185 #LoadModule vhost_alias_module modules/mod_vhost_alias.so
186 #LoadModule watchdog_module modules/mod_watchdog.so
187 #LoadModule xml2enc_module modules/mod_xml2enc.so
188 
189 <IfModule unixd_module>
190 #
191 # If you wish httpd to run as a different user or group, you must run
192 # httpd as root initially and it will switch.  
193 #
194 # User/Group: The name (or #number) of the user/group to run httpd as.
195 # It is usually good practice to create a dedicated user and group for
196 # running httpd, as with most system services.
197 #
198 User daemon
199 Group daemon
200 
201 </IfModule>
202 
203 # 'Main' server configuration
204 #
205 # The directives in this section set up the values used by the 'main'
206 # server, which responds to any requests that aren't handled by a
207 # <VirtualHost> definition.  These values also provide defaults for
208 # any <VirtualHost> containers you may define later in the file.
209 #
210 # All of these directives may appear inside <VirtualHost> containers,
211 # in which case these default settings will be overridden for the
212 # virtual host being defined.
213 #
214 
215 #
216 # ServerAdmin: Your address, where problems with the server should be
217 # e-mailed.  This address appears on some server-generated pages, such
218 # as error documents.  e.g. admin@your-domain.com
219 #
220 ServerAdmin admin@example.com
221 
222 #
223 # ServerName gives the name and port that the server uses to identify itself.
224 # This can often be determined automatically, but we recommend you specify
225 # it explicitly to prevent problems during startup.
226 #
227 # If your host doesn't have a registered DNS name, enter its IP address here.
228 #
229 ServerName 127.0.0.1:80
230 
231 #
232 # Deny access to the entirety of your server's filesystem. You must
233 # explicitly permit access to web content directories in other 
234 # <Directory> blocks below.
235 #
236 <Directory />
237     AllowOverride all
238     Require all denied
239 </Directory>
240 
241 #
242 # Note that from this point forward you must specifically allow
243 # particular features to be enabled - so if something's not working as
244 # you might expect, make sure that you have specifically enabled it
245 # below.
246 #
247 
248 #
249 # DocumentRoot: The directory out of which you will serve your
250 # documents. By default, all requests are taken from this directory, but
251 # symbolic links and aliases may be used to point to other locations.
252 #
253 DocumentRoot "${SRVROOT}/htdocs"
254 <Directory "${SRVROOT}/htdocs">
255     #
256     # Possible values for the Options directive are "None", "All",
257     # or any combination of:
258     #   Indexes Includes FollowSymLinks SymLinksifOwnerMatch ExecCGI MultiViews
259     #
260     # Note that "MultiViews" must be named *explicitly* --- "Options All"
261     # doesn't give it to you.
262     #
263     # The Options directive is both complicated and important.  Please see
264     # http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.4/mod/core.html#options
265     # for more information.
266     #
267     Options FollowSymLinks
268 
269     #
270     # AllowOverride controls what directives may be placed in .htaccess files.
271     # It can be "All", "None", or any combination of the keywords:
272     #   Options FileInfo AuthConfig Limit
273     #
274     AllowOverride None
275 
276     #
277     # Controls who can get stuff from this server.
278     #
279     Require all granted
280 </Directory>
281 
282 #
283 # DirectoryIndex: sets the file that Apache will serve if a directory
284 # is requested.
285 #
286 <IfModule dir_module>
287     DirectoryIndex index.html
288 </IfModule>
289 
290 #
291 # The following lines prevent .htaccess and .htpasswd files from being 
292 # viewed by Web clients. 
293 #
294 <Files ".ht*">
295     Require all denied
296 </Files>
297 
298 #
299 # ErrorLog: The location of the error log file.
300 # If you do not specify an ErrorLog directive within a <VirtualHost>
301 # container, error messages relating to that virtual host will be
302 # logged here.  If you *do* define an error logfile for a <VirtualHost>
303 # container, that host's errors will be logged there and not here.
304 #
305 ErrorLog "logs/error.log"
306 
307 #
308 # LogLevel: Control the number of messages logged to the error_log.
309 # Possible values include: debug, info, notice, warn, error, crit,
310 # alert, emerg.
311 #
312 LogLevel warn
313 
314 <IfModule log_config_module>
315     #
316     # The following directives define some format nicknames for use with
317     # a CustomLog directive (see below).
318     #
319     LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b \"%{Referer}i\" \"%{User-Agent}i\"" combined
320     LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b" common
321 
322     <IfModule logio_module>
323       # You need to enable mod_logio.c to use %I and %O
324       LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b \"%{Referer}i\" \"%{User-Agent}i\" %I %O" combinedio
325     </IfModule>
326 
327     #
328     # The location and format of the access logfile (Common Logfile Format).
329     # If you do not define any access logfiles within a <VirtualHost>
330     # container, they will be logged here.  Contrariwise, if you *do*
331     # define per-<VirtualHost> access logfiles, transactions will be
332     # logged therein and *not* in this file.
333     #
334     CustomLog "logs/access.log" common
335 
336     #
337     # If you prefer a logfile with access, agent, and referer information
338     # (Combined Logfile Format) you can use the following directive.
339     #
340     #CustomLog "logs/access.log" combined
341 </IfModule>
342 
343 <IfModule alias_module>
344     #
345     # Redirect: Allows you to tell clients about documents that used to 
346     # exist in your server's namespace, but do not anymore. The client 
347     # will make a new request for the document at its new location.
348     # Example:
349     # Redirect permanent /foo http://www.example.com/bar
350 
351     #
352     # Alias: Maps web paths into filesystem paths and is used to
353     # access content that does not live under the DocumentRoot.
354     # Example:
355     # Alias /webpath /full/filesystem/path
356     #
357     # If you include a trailing / on /webpath then the server will
358     # require it to be present in the URL.  You will also likely
359     # need to provide a <Directory> section to allow access to
360     # the filesystem path.
361 
362     #
363     # ScriptAlias: This controls which directories contain server scripts. 
364     # ScriptAliases are essentially the same as Aliases, except that
365     # documents in the target directory are treated as applications and
366     # run by the server when requested rather than as documents sent to the
367     # client.  The same rules about trailing "/" apply to ScriptAlias
368     # directives as to Alias.
369     #
370     ScriptAlias /cgi-bin/ "${SRVROOT}/cgi-bin/"
371 
372 </IfModule>
373 
374 <IfModule cgid_module>
375     #
376     # ScriptSock: On threaded servers, designate the path to the UNIX
377     # socket used to communicate with the CGI daemon of mod_cgid.
378     #
379     #Scriptsock logs/cgisock
380 </IfModule>
381 
382 #
383 # "${SRVROOT}/cgi-bin" should be changed to whatever your ScriptAliased
384 # CGI directory exists, if you have that configured.
385 #
386 <Directory "${SRVROOT}/cgi-bin">
387     AllowOverride None
388     Options None
389     Require all granted
390 </Directory>
391 
392 <IfModule mime_module>
393     #
394     # TypesConfig points to the file containing the list of mappings from
395     # filename extension to MIME-type.
396     #
397     TypesConfig conf/mime.types
398 
399     #
400     # AddType allows you to add to or override the MIME configuration
401     # file specified in TypesConfig for specific file types.
402     #
403     #AddType application/x-gzip .tgz
404     #
405     # AddEncoding allows you to have certain browsers uncompress
406     # information on the fly. Note: Not all browsers support this.
407     #
408     #AddEncoding x-compress .Z
409     #AddEncoding x-gzip .gz .tgz
410     #
411     # If the AddEncoding directives above are commented-out, then you
412     # probably should define those extensions to indicate media types:
413     #
414     AddType application/x-compress .Z
415     AddType application/x-gzip .gz .tgz
416 
417     #
418     # AddHandler allows you to map certain file extensions to "handlers":
419     # actions unrelated to filetype. These can be either built into the server
420     # or added with the Action directive (see below)
421     #
422     # To use CGI scripts outside of ScriptAliased directories:
423     # (You will also need to add "ExecCGI" to the "Options" directive.)
424     #
425     #AddHandler cgi-script .cgi .pl
426 
427     # For type maps (negotiated resources):
428     #AddHandler type-map var
429 
430     #
431     # Filters allow you to process content before it is sent to the client.
432     #
433     # To parse .shtml files for server-side includes (SSI):
434     # (You will also need to add "Includes" to the "Options" directive.)
435     #
436     #AddType text/html .shtml
437     #AddOutputFilter INCLUDES .shtml
438 </IfModule>
439 
440 #
441 # The mod_mime_magic module allows the server to use various hints from the
442 # contents of the file itself to determine its type.  The MIMEMagicFile
443 # directive tells the module where the hint definitions are located.
444 #
445 #MIMEMagicFile conf/magic
446 
447 #
448 # Customizable error responses come in three flavors:
449 # 1) plain text 2) local redirects 3) external redirects
450 #
451 # Some examples:
452 #ErrorDocument 500 "The server made a boo boo."
453 #ErrorDocument 404 /missing.html
454 #ErrorDocument 404 "/cgi-bin/missing_handler.pl"
455 #ErrorDocument 402 http://www.example.com/subscription_info.html
456 #ErrorDocument 503 /503.php
457 #
458 
459 #
460 # MaxRanges: Maximum number of Ranges in a request before
461 # returning the entire resource, or one of the special
462 # values 'default', 'none' or 'unlimited'.
463 # Default setting is to accept 200 Ranges.
464 #MaxRanges unlimited
465 
466 #
467 # EnableMMAP and EnableSendfile: On systems that support it, 
468 # memory-mapping or the sendfile syscall may be used to deliver
469 # files.  This usually improves server performance, but must
470 # be turned off when serving from networked-mounted 
471 # filesystems or if support for these functions is otherwise
472 # broken on your system.
473 # Defaults: EnableMMAP On, EnableSendfile Off
474 #
475 #EnableMMAP off
476 #EnableSendfile on
477 
478 #AcceptFilter http none
479 #AcceptFilter https none
480 
481 # Supplemental configuration
482 #
483 # The configuration files in the conf/extra/ directory can be 
484 # included to add extra features or to modify the default configuration of 
485 # the server, or you may simply copy their contents here and change as 
486 # necessary.
487 
488 
489 Include conf/mod_jk.conf
490 
491 # Server-pool management (MPM specific)
492 #Include conf/extra/httpd-mpm.conf
493 
494 # Multi-language error messages
495 #Include conf/extra/httpd-multilang-errordoc.conf
496 
497 # Fancy directory listings
498 Include conf/extra/httpd-autoindex.conf
499 
500 # Language settings
501 #Include conf/extra/httpd-languages.conf
502 
503 # User home directories
504 #Include conf/extra/httpd-userdir.conf
505 
506 # Real-time info on requests and configuration
507 Include conf/extra/httpd-info.conf
508 
509 # Virtual hosts
510 #Include conf/extra/httpd-vhosts.conf
511 
512 # Local access to the Apache HTTP Server Manual
513 #Include conf/extra/httpd-manual.conf
514 
515 # Distributed authoring and versioning (WebDAV)
516 #Include conf/extra/httpd-dav.conf
517 
518 # Various default settings
519 #Include conf/extra/httpd-default.conf
520 
521 # Configure mod_proxy_html to understand HTML4/XHTML1
522 <IfModule proxy_html_module>
523 Include conf/extra/proxy-html.conf
524 </IfModule>
525 
526 # Secure (SSL/TLS) connections
527 # Note: The following must must be present to support
528 #       starting without SSL on platforms with no /dev/random equivalent
529 #       but a statically compiled-in mod_ssl.
530 #
531 <IfModule ssl_module>
532 #Include conf/extra/httpd-ssl.conf
533 Include conf/extra/httpd-ahssl.conf
534 SSLRandomSeed startup builtin
535 SSLRandomSeed connect builtin
536 </IfModule>
537 
538 
539 #<VirtualHost *:80>
540 #ProxyPass /xiaoyou ajp://127.0.0.1:8009/xiaoyou
541 #ProxyPassReverse /xiaoyou ajp://127.0.0.1:8009/xiaoyou
542 #ServerName xiaoyou.sc.neu.edu.cn
543 #</VirtualHost>
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5.mod_jk.conf文件如下

1 LoadModule jk_module modules/mod_jk.so
2 JkWorkersFile conf/workers.properties
3 JkMount /innerWeb/* controller
4 JkLogFile logs/mod_jk.log  
5 JkLogLevel info  
6 JkLogStampformat "[%a %b %d %H:%M:%S %Y]"  
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6.workers.properties文件如下

 1 # Defining a worker named worker1 and of type ajp13  
 2 worker.list=controller  
 3 # Set properties for worker1  
 4 worker.tomcat1.type=ajp13  
 5 worker.tomcat1.host=localhost  
 6 worker.tomcat1.port=8009  
 7 worker.tomcat1.lbfactor=1 
 8 
 9 worker.tomcat2.type=ajp13  
10 worker.tomcat2.host=localhost  
11 worker.tomcat2.port=9009  
12 worker.tomcat2.lbfactor=1 
13 
14 #========controller,负载均衡控制器========
15 worker.controller.type=lb
16 
17 
18 #指定此负载平衡器负责的Tomcat应用节点。
19 
20 worker.controller.balance_workers=tomcat1,tomcat2   #指定分担请求的tomcat
21 
22 #此处指定集群是否需要会话复制,如果设为true,则表明为会话粘性,不进行会话复制,当某用户的请求第一次分发到哪台
23 #Tomcat后,后继的请求会一直分发到此Tomcat服务器上处理;如果设为false,则表明需求会话复制。
24 
25 worker.controller.sticky_session=false      #设为false,则表明需求会话复制。
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至此Apache已经配置好

7.以管理员权限运行命令行 用 httpd -t 检查配置文件是否正确 之后 httpd -k install 安装服务  httpd -k start ; httpd -k stop 开启/关闭服务

8.tomcat的server.xml配置。<Server port="8005" shutdown="SHUTDOWN"> 端口号不能一样

9.<Connector port="8080" protocol="HTTP/1.1"  端口不能一样

10.<Connector port="8009" protocol="AJP/1.3" redirectPort="8443" />端口要与workers.properties一致

11.<Engine name="Catalina" defaultHost="localhost" jvmRoute="tomcat1">

12. <Cluster className="org.apache.catalina.ha.tcp.SimpleTcpCluster"/> 注释去掉

 

Nginx+tomcat

1.http://nginx.org/en/download.html下载Nginx 最好下载文档版

2.以管理员身份运行命令行 用nginx -t检查配置  用 start nginx 开启Nginx,用nginx -s stop关闭Nginx

3.修改nginx.conf配置文件

  1 #user  nobody;
  2 worker_processes  2;
  3 
  4 #error_log  logs/error.log;
  5 #error_log  logs/error.log  notice;
  6 error_log  logs/error.log  info;
  7 
  8 pid        logs/nginx.pid;
  9 
 10 
 11 events {
 12     worker_connections  1024;
 13 }
 14 
 15 
 16 http {
 17     include       mime.types;
 18     default_type  application/octet-stream;
 19 
 20     #log_format  main  '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" '
 21     #                  '$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '
 22     #                  '"$http_user_agent" "$http_x_forwarded_for"';
 23 
 24     access_log  logs/access.log  ;
 25 
 26     client_header_timeout 3m;
 27     client_body_timeout 3m;
 28     send_timeout 3m;
 29 
 30     client_header_buffer_size 1k;
 31     large_client_header_buffers 4 4k;
 32 
 33     sendfile        on;
 34     tcp_nopush     on;
 35     tcp_nodelay    on;
 36 
 37     #keepalive_timeout  0;
 38     keepalive_timeout  65;
 39 
 40     gzip  on;
 41     gzip_min_length    1000;  
 42     gzip_types         text/plain text/css application/x-javascript;
 43 
 44     #include gzip.conf;
 45 
 46     upstream localhost{
 47     server localhost:18081;
 48     server localhost:18080;
 49     }
 50 
 51     server {
 52         listen       80;
 53         server_name  localhost;
 54 
 55         #charset koi8-r;
 56 
 57         #access_log  logs/host.access.log  main;
 58 
 59         location / {
 60         proxy_connect_timeout 3;
 61         proxy_send_timeout 30;
 62         proxy_read_timeout 30;
 63             proxy_pass http://localhost;
 64             #root   html;
 65            # index  index.html index.htm;
 66         }
 67 
 68         #error_page  404              /404.html;
 69 
 70         # redirect server error pages to the static page /50x.html
 71         #
 72         error_page   500 502 503 504  /50x.html;
 73         location = /50x.html {
 74             root   html;
 75         }
 76 
 77         # proxy the PHP scripts to Apache listening on 127.0.0.1:80
 78         #
 79         #location ~ \.php$ {
 80         #    proxy_pass   http://127.0.0.1;
 81         #}
 82 
 83         # pass the PHP scripts to FastCGI server listening on 127.0.0.1:9000
 84         #
 85         #location ~ \.php$ {
 86         #    root           html;
 87         #    fastcgi_pass   127.0.0.1:9000;
 88         #    fastcgi_index  index.php;
 89         #    fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME  /scripts$fastcgi_script_name;
 90         #    include        fastcgi_params;
 91         #}
 92 
 93         # deny access to .htaccess files, if Apache's document root
 94         # concurs with nginx's one
 95         #
 96         #location ~ /\.ht {
 97         #    deny  all;
 98         #}
 99     }
100 
101 
102     # another virtual host using mix of IP-, name-, and port-based configuration
103     #
104     #server {
105     #    listen       8000;
106     #    listen       somename:8080;
107     #    server_name  somename  alias  another.alias;
108 
109     #    location / {
110     #        root   html;
111     #        index  index.html index.htm;
112     #    }
113     #}
114 
115 
116     # HTTPS server
117     #
118     #server {
119     #    listen       443 ssl;
120     #    server_name  localhost;
121 
122     #    ssl_certificate      cert.pem;
123     #    ssl_certificate_key  cert.key;
124 
125     #    ssl_session_cache    shared:SSL:1m;
126     #    ssl_session_timeout  5m;
127 
128     #    ssl_ciphers  HIGH:!aNULL:!MD5;
129     #    ssl_prefer_server_ciphers  on;
130 
131     #    location / {
132     #        root   html;
133     #        index  index.html index.htm;
134     #    }
135     #}
136 
137 }
View Code

4.添加proxy.conf文件

 1     proxy_redirect          off;  
 2     proxy_set_header        Host $host;  
 3     proxy_set_header        X-Real-IP $remote_addr;  
 4     proxy_set_header        X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;  
 5     client_max_body_size    10m;  
 6     client_body_buffer_size 128k;  
 7     proxy_connect_timeout   300;  
 8     proxy_send_timeout      300;  
 9     proxy_read_timeout      300;  
10     proxy_buffer_size       4k;  
11     proxy_buffers           4 32k;  
12     proxy_busy_buffers_size 64k;  
13     proxy_temp_file_write_size 64k;  
View Code

5.tomcat配置<Server port="18006" shutdown="SHUTDOWN"> 端口号不能一样

6.<Connector port="18081" protocol="HTTP/1.1"    端口号要与nginx.conf中一致

7.<Connector port="8009" protocol="AJP/1.3" redirectPort="8443" />  端口号不能一样

8.<Engine name="Catalina" defaultHost="localhost" jvmRoute="tomcat1"

9.<Cluster className="org.apache.catalina.ha.tcp.SimpleTcpCluster"/> 注释去掉

 

参考文献:

http://ari.iteye.com/blog/833153

http://blog.csdn.net/cclovett/article/details/26377269

 
https://tomcat.apache.org/tomcat-6.0-doc/cluster-howto.html(tomcat官方文档--集群,session)

转载于:https://www.cnblogs.com/dobestself-994395/p/4610149.html

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