java 接口发送请求_Java-简单的 发送http get/post请求 调用接口/方法

例子如下:

1.请求参数

srequestUrl 是你要发送的接口

参数用map 存起来

sRet 是返回值 如果发送的接口有的话就写

然后调用 NetUtils.requset请求 (接口,参数,get/post(选择一种发送方式))

String sRequestUrl ="http://weiyi/xxx/xxx/xxxx";

Map params = new HashMap();

params.put("wishing","恭喜你获得大学奖学金!");

params.put("act_name","XX大学");

params.put("remark","红包提现");

String sRet = NetUtils.request(sRequestUrl, params, "POST");

import java.io.BufferedReader;

import java.io.DataOutputStream;

import java.io.IOException;

import java.io.InputStream;

import java.io.InputStreamReader;

import java.io.UnsupportedEncodingException;

import java.net.HttpURLConnection;

import java.net.URL;

import java.net.URLEncoder;

import java.util.Map;

public class NetUtils {

public static final String DEF_CHATSET = "UTF-8";

public static final int DEF_CONN_TIMEOUT = 30000;

public static final int DEF_READ_TIMEOUT = 30000;

public static String userAgent = "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/29.0.1547.66 Safari/537.36";

public static String request(String strUrl, Map params, String method) throws Exception {

HttpURLConnection conn = null;

BufferedReader reader = null;

String rs = null;

try {

StringBuffer sb = new StringBuffer();

if (method == null || method.equals("GET")) {

strUrl = strUrl + "?" + urlencode(params);

}

URL url = new URL(strUrl);

conn = (HttpURLConnection) url.openConnection();

if (method == null || method.equals("GET")) {

conn.setRequestMethod("GET");

} else {

conn.setRequestMethod("POST");

conn.setDoOutput(true);

}

conn.setRequestProperty("User-agent", userAgent);

conn.setUseCaches(false);

conn.setConnectTimeout(DEF_CONN_TIMEOUT);

conn.setReadTimeout(DEF_READ_TIMEOUT);

conn.setInstanceFollowRedirects(false);

conn.connect();

if (params != null && method.equals("POST")) {

try {

DataOutputStream out = new DataOutputStream(conn.getOutputStream());

out.writeBytes(urlencode(params));

} catch (Exception e) {

e.printStackTrace();

}

}

InputStream is = conn.getInputStream();

reader = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(is, DEF_CHATSET));

String strRead = null;

while ((strRead = reader.readLine()) != null) {

sb.append(strRead);

}

rs = sb.toString();

} catch (IOException e) {

e.printStackTrace();

} finally {

if (reader != null) {

reader.close();

}

if (conn != null) {

conn.disconnect();

}

}

return rs;

}

public static String requestUrl(String strUrl, Map params) throws Exception {

HttpURLConnection conn = null;

BufferedReader reader = null;

String rs = null;

try {

StringBuffer sb = new StringBuffer();

URL url = new URL(strUrl + "?" + urlencode(params));

conn = (HttpURLConnection) url.openConnection();

conn.setRequestMethod("GET");

conn.setRequestProperty("User-agent", userAgent);

conn.setUseCaches(false);

conn.setConnectTimeout(DEF_CONN_TIMEOUT);

conn.setReadTimeout(DEF_READ_TIMEOUT);

conn.setInstanceFollowRedirects(false);

conn.connect();

InputStream is = conn.getInputStream();

reader = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(is, DEF_CHATSET));

String strRead = null;

while ((strRead = reader.readLine()) != null) {

sb.append(strRead + "\r\n");

}

rs = sb.toString();

} catch (IOException e) {

e.printStackTrace();

} finally {

if (reader != null) {

reader.close();

}

if (conn != null) {

conn.disconnect();

}

}

return rs;

}

// 将map型转为请求参数型

public static String urlencode(Map data) {

StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();

for (Map.Entry i : data.entrySet()) {

try {

sb.append(i.getKey()).append("=").append(URLEncoder.encode(i.getValue() + "", "UTF-8")).append("&");

} catch (UnsupportedEncodingException e) {

e.printStackTrace();

}

}

return sb.toString();

}

}

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