# 常用的正则表达式一览

 符号 描述 例子(表达式) 例子(匹配的字符串) * Matches the preceding character, subexpression, or bracketed character,0 or more times 匹配0次或多次 a*b* aaaaaaaa,aaabbbbb, bbbbbb + Matches the preceding character, subexpression, or bracketed character,1 or more times 匹配1次或多次 a+b+ aaaaaaaab,aaabbbbb, abbbbbb [] Matches any character within the brackets (i.e., “Pick any one of thesethings”) 匹配中括号内的任何字符 [A-Z]* APPLE,CAPITALS,QWERTY () A grouped subexpression (these are evaluated first, in the “order ofoperations” of regular expressions) 子表达式 (a*b)* aaabaab, abaaab,ababaaaaab {m, n} Matches the preceding character, subexpression, or bracketed characterbetween m and n times (inclusive) 匹配几遍 a{2,3}b{2,3} aabbb, aaabbb,aabb [^] Matches any single character that is not in the brackets 取反 [^A-Z]* apple,lowercase,qwerty | Matches any character, string of characters, or subexpression, separatedby the “I” (note that this is a vertical bar, or “pipe,” not a capital “i”) 或者(匹配其中的任何一个) b(a|i|e)d bad, bid, bed . Matches any single character (including symbols, numbers, a space, etc.) 匹配任意字符(包括字母,数字,空格，其他符号) b.d bad, b9d, bzd, b$d, b d ^ Indicates that a character or subexpression occurs at the beginning of astring 以XX开头 ^a apple, a9bp, asdf, a \ An escape character (this allows you to use “special” characters as theirliteral meaning) 使用特殊转义符 \. \| \\ . | \$ Often used at the end of a regular expression, it means “match this upto the end of the string.” Without it, every regular expression has adefacto “.*” at the end of it, accepting strings where only the first partof the string matches. This can be thougt of as analogous to the ^symbol. 以XX结尾 [A-Z]*[a-z]*$ABCabc, zzzyx, Bob ?! “Does not contain.” This odd pairing of symbols, immediately precedinga character (or regular expression), indicates that that character shouldnot be found in that specific place in the larger string. This can be trickyto use; after all, the character might be found in a different part of thestring. If trying to eliminate a character entirely, use in conjunction witha ^ and$ at either end. 不包含 ^((?![A-Z]).)*$no-caps-here,$ymb0ls a4e f!ne

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