步步为营 SharePoint 开发学习笔记系列 九、SharePoint web service 开发(上)

概要

    Sharepoint中提供了很多开箱即用的Web Service,使用这些web service我们可以进行远程调用, 在"web server extensions\12\ISAPI"(其通常位于C:\Program Files\Common Files\Microsoft Shared\web server extensions\12\ISAPI")之下的"Microsoft Shared"目录中有大部分Web Services的物理文件。用于管理中心工具的管理Web Service位于ADMISAPI文件夹中,其在管理中心控制台里是一个名为"_vti_adm"的虚拟目录。当你创建了一个SharePoint站点时,它将包含一个名为"_vti_bin"的虚拟目录,以指向这个位置。IIS不为子站点包含任何应用程序或虚拟目录,它们只是包含通过 SharePoint元数据和HttpModules实现的对_vti_bin虚拟目录的映射。

先看下Lists.asmx中的一些常用功能

1

首先我们先连接web Service

        public static NetworkCredential GetCredentials(SiteType type)
        {

                return new System.Net.NetworkCredential(ConfigurationManager.AppSettings["Source_SPWSUserName"],
                    ConfigurationManager.AppSettings["Source_SPWSUserPassword"], ConfigurationManager.AppSettings["Source_SPWSDomain"]);
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// Get the list webservice based on the url
        /// </summary>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public static SPListWS.Lists GetListWebService(ListBE listProperty)
        {
            string wsUrl = GetWSUrl(listProperty) + "_vti_bin/Lists.asmx";
            SPListWS.Lists ws = new SPListWS.Lists();
            ws.Url = wsUrl;
            ws.Credentials = WSHelper.GetCredentials(listProperty.Type);

            return ws;
        }

再把web service引用进来

image

Lists.GetListItems的用法

根据条件来查询的query语句

        private string GetCondition
        {
            get
            {
                return @"<Where>
                          <And>
                             <And>
                                <Geq>
                                   <FieldRef Name='Created' />
                                   <Value Type='DateTime'>{0}</Value>
                                </Geq>
                                <Leq>
                                   <FieldRef Name='Created' />
                                   <Value Type='DateTime'>{1}</Value>
                                </Leq>
                             </And>
                             <Gt>
                                <FieldRef Name='ID' />
                                <Value Type='Counter'>0</Value>
                             </Gt>
                          </And>
                    </Where>";
            }
        }

而后再调用Lists.GetListItems方法,返回的是XmlNode的结果集

        /// <summary>
        /// 
        /// </summary>
        /// <returns></returns>
        private List<ListItemBE> GetSourceListItems(DateTime startDate, DateTime endDate)
        {
            int rowLimit = 8000;
            XmlDocument xmlDoc = new System.Xml.XmlDocument();
            XmlElement query = xmlDoc.CreateElement("Query");
            XmlElement viewFields = xmlDoc.CreateElement("ViewFields");
            XmlElement queryOptions = xmlDoc.CreateElement("QueryOptions");

            /*Use CAML query*/
            query.InnerXml = string.Format(GetCondition, SPUtility.CreateISO8601DateTimeFromSystemDateTime(startDate), SPUtility.CreateISO8601DateTimeFromSystemDateTime(endDate));
            viewFields.InnerXml = GetColumnFieldRef(MigrateProperty.AllColumn);
            queryOptions.InnerXml = "<ViewAttributes Scope=\"RecursiveAll\" />";
            MigrateProperty.AllColumn.Remove("ID");
            System.Xml.XmlNode nodes = _ws.GetListItems(_listProperty.ListName, string.Empty, query, viewFields, rowLimit.ToString(), queryOptions, null);
            return GetListItemListFromXml(nodes);
        }

从XmlNode取得我们需要的数据

        /// <summary>
        /// 
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="nodes"></param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        private List<ListItemBE> GetListItemListFromXml(XmlNode nodes)
        {
            UserOperations userOperations = new UserOperations(_listProperty);
            List<ListItemBE> result = new List<ListItemBE>();
            ListItemBE listItem;
            foreach (XmlNode node in nodes)
            {
                if (node.Name == "rs:data")
                {
                    for (int i = 0; i < node.ChildNodes.Count; i++)
                    {
                        if (node.ChildNodes[i].Name == "z:row")
                        {
                            listItem = GetListItemBEFromXmlNode(node.ChildNodes[i], userOperations);
                            if (node.ChildNodes[i].Attributes.GetNamedItem("ows_ParentFolderId") == null)
                            {
                                listItem.ColumnValue.Add("FSObjType", "1");
                                listItem.ColumnValue.Add("BaseName", listItem.ColumnValue["Title"]);
                                result.Add(listItem);
                            }
                            else
                            {
                                listItem.ColumnValue.Add("FileRef", node.ChildNodes[i].Attributes["ows_FileRef"].Value);
                                secondListItem.Add(listItem);
                            }
                        }
                    }
                }
            }
            return result;
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="node"></param>
        /// <param name="userOperations"></param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        private ListItemBE GetListItemBEFromXmlNode(XmlNode node, UserOperations userOperations)
        {
            ListItemBE listItem = new ListItemBE();
            listItem.Id = node.Attributes["ows_ID"].Value;
            foreach (KeyValuePair<string, string> column in MigrateProperty.AllColumn)
            {
                string nodeValue = string.Empty;
                if (node.Attributes.GetNamedItem("ows_" + column.Key) != null)
                    nodeValue = node.Attributes["ows_" + column.Key].Value;
                if (string.Equals(column.Key, "Attachments", StringComparison.InvariantCultureIgnoreCase))
                {
                    GetAttachmentFromNode(nodeValue, listItem.Id);
                    continue;
                }
                if (string.Equals(column.Key, "Author", StringComparison.InvariantCultureIgnoreCase)
                    || string.Equals(column.Key, "Editor", StringComparison.InvariantCultureIgnoreCase))
                {
                    listItem.ColumnValue.Add(column.Value, userOperations.GetUserNameByOriginalName(nodeValue));
                    continue;
                }
                if (node.Attributes.GetNamedItem("ows_" + column.Key) != null)
                    listItem.ColumnValue.Add(column.Value, nodeValue);
                else
                    listItem.ColumnValue.Add(column.Value, string.Empty);
            }
            return listItem;
        }

MigrateProperty.AllColumn定义如下

        public Dictionary<string,string> AllColumn
        {
            get
            {
                Dictionary<string,string> listColumn = new Dictionary<string,string>();
                listColumn.Add("ID", "ID");
                listColumn.Add("Title", "Title");
                listColumn.Add("Author", "Author");
                listColumn.Add("Created", "Created");
                listColumn.Add("Editor", "Editor");
                listColumn.Add("Modified", "Modified");
                listColumn.Add("Attachments", "Attachments");
                listColumn.Add("ContentType", "ContentType");
                listColumn.Add("Body", "Body");
                listColumn.Add("ThreadIndex", "ThreadIndex");
                listColumn.Add("ParentFolderId", "ParentFolderId");
                listColumn.Add("TrimmedBody", "TrimmedBody");
                return listColumn;
            }
        }

而我们ListItemBE的定义如下,保存返回的结果集

    public class ListItemBE
    {
        public ListItemBE()
        {
            ColumnValue = new Dictionary<string, string>();
        }

        public string Id { get; set; }

        public Dictionary<string, string> ColumnValue { get; set; }

    }

如上所示的步骤,我们就可以根据自定义的query语句通过web service来取得结果集。

Lists.UpdateListItems的用法

首先看下Insert item的xml格式

<Batch OnError="Continue" ListVersion="1" 
ViewName="270C0508-A54F-4387-8AD0-49686D685EB2">
   <Method ID="1" Cmd="New">
      <Field Name='ID'>New</Field>
      <Field Name="Title">Value</Field>
      <Field Name="Date_Column">2007-3-25</Field>
      <Field Name="Date_Time_Column">
         2006-1-11T09:15:30Z</Field>
   </Method>
</Batch>

如果插入的item是folder时,插入的xml格式如下

<Batch OnError="Continue" PreCalc="TRUE" 
ListVersion="0" 
ViewName="{EF2F5A21-0FD0-4654-84ED-112B4F5A48F8}">
   <Method ID="1" Cmd="New">
      <Field Name="ID">New</Field>
      <Field Name="FSObjType">1</Field>
      <Field Name="BaseName">Name</Field>
   </Method>
</Batch>

我们生成xml时做如下处理,根据我们定义的ListItemBE方法来做如下处理

        /// <summary>
        /// Returns the XML that will be used to batch insert items
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="batch"></param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        private string GetInsertXML(List<ListItemBE> batch)
        {
            StringBuilder xml = new StringBuilder();
            xml.Append(string.Format(@"<Batch OnError=""Continue""  {0}>", _listProperty.RootUrl));
            foreach (ListItemBE listItem in batch)
            {
                xml.AppendFormat(@"<Method ID=""{0}"" Cmd=""New"">", listItem.Id);
                xml.Append(GetInsertInnerXml(listItem));
                xml.Append("</Method>");
            }
            xml.Append("</Batch>");

            return xml.ToString();
        }

调用方式如下:

        /// <summary>
        /// Insert the items
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="batch"></param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        private UpdateResultBE InsertItems(List<ListItemBE> batch)
        {
            //Get the Insert XML Node
            XmlNode batchNode = GetInsertXmlNode(batch);
            XmlNode result = null;

            _logger.Log("Started batch uploading list Items");
            try
            {
                //Call the webservice
                result = _ws.UpdateListItems(_listProperty.ListName, batchNode);
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                _logger.Log(String.Format("Error Inserting Items. Exception: {0}. Stack Trace: {1}", ex.Message, ex.StackTrace));
            }

            _logger.Log("Finished batch uploading list items");

            //Transform the result into an object

            UpdateResultBE insertResult = new UpdateResultBE(result, _listProperty);
            LogInsertResult(insertResult);

            return insertResult;
        }

我们的UpdateResultBE定义如下,它是用来获取返回我们想要的结果集。

返回结果集格式如下:

     * <Results xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/sharepoint/soap/">
   <Result ID="1,Update">
      <ErrorCode>0x00000000</ErrorCode>
      <z:row ows_ID="4" ows_Title="Title" 
         ows_Modified="2003-06-19 20:31:21" 
         ows_Created="2003-06-18 10:15:58" 
         ows_Author="3;#User1_Display_Name" 
         ows_Editor="7;#User2_Display_Name" ows_owshiddenversion="3" 
         ows_Attachments="-1" 
         ows__ModerationStatus="0" ows_LinkTitleNoMenu="Title" 
         ows_LinkTitle="Title" 
         ows_SelectTitle="4" ows_Order="400.000000000000" 
         ows_GUID="{4962F024-BBA5-4A0B-9EC1-641B731ABFED}" 
         ows_DateColumn="2003-09-04 00:00:00" 
         ows_NumberColumn="791.00000000000000" 
         xmlns:z="#RowsetSchema" />
   </Result>
   <Result ID="2,Update">
      <ErrorCode>0x00000000</ErrorCode>
      <z:row ows_ID="6" ows_Title="Title" 
         ows_Modified="2003-06-19 20:31:22" 
         ows_Created="2003-06-18 19:07:14" 
         ows_Author="2;#User1_Display_Name" 
         ows_Editor="6;#User2_Display_Name" ows_owshiddenversion="4" 
         ows_Attachments="0" ows__ModerationStatus="0" 
         ows_LinkTitleNoMenu="Title" 
         ows_LinkTitle="Title" ows_SelectTitle="6" 
         ows_Order="600.000000000000" 
         ows_GUID="{2E8D2505-98FD-4E3E-BFDA-0C3DEBE483F7}" 
         ows_DateColumn="2003-06-23 00:00:00" 
         ows_NumberColumn="9001.00000000000000" 
         xmlns:z="#RowsetSchema" />
   </Result>
   ...
</Results>

我们取结果的方式如下:

    /// <summary>
    /// Class that holds the UpdateListItems webservice method result
    /// </summary>
    internal class UpdateResultBE
    {
        public List<SingleResultBE> Result { get; set; }
        /// <summary>
        /// Contructor that uses the result xml to load into objects
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="resultXml"></param>
        public UpdateResultBE(XmlNode resultXml, ListBE properties)
        {
            Result = new List<SingleResultBE>();
            SingleResultBE singleResult;
            if (resultXml == null)
                return;

            foreach (XmlNode node in resultXml.ChildNodes)
            {
                singleResult = new SingleResultBE();
                try
                {
                    singleResult.Id = node.Attributes["ID"].Value.Split(',')[0];
                    singleResult.Operation = node.Attributes["ID"].Value.Split(',')[1];

                    XmlNode errorCodeNode = FindChildNode(node, "ErrorCode");
                    if (errorCodeNode != null)
                    {
                        singleResult.ErrorCode = errorCodeNode.InnerText;
                    }

                    XmlNode errorTextNode = FindChildNode(node, "ErrorText");
                    if (errorTextNode != null)
                    {
                        singleResult.ErrorMessage = errorTextNode.InnerText;
                    }

                    XmlNode zRow = FindChildNode(node, "z:row");
                    if (zRow != null)
                    {
                        singleResult.Attachments = Convert.ToInt32(zRow.Attributes["ows_Attachments"].Value);
                        singleResult.Created = DateTime.Parse(zRow.Attributes["ows_Created"].Value);
                        singleResult.ListItemId = Convert.ToInt32(zRow.Attributes["ows_ID"].Value);
                        singleResult.ModerationStatus = Convert.ToInt32(zRow.Attributes["ows__ModerationStatus"].Value);
                        singleResult.Modified = DateTime.Parse(zRow.Attributes["ows_Modified"].Value);
                        singleResult.ListItemGuid = zRow.Attributes["ows_UniqueId"].Value;
                        if (zRow.Attributes.GetNamedItem("ows_Title") != null)
                            singleResult.Title = zRow.Attributes["ows_Title"].Value;
                        singleResult.BaseName = zRow.Attributes["ows_BaseName"].Value;
                        singleResult.FileDirRef = zRow.Attributes["ows_FileDirRef"].Value;
                        singleResult.FileRef = zRow.Attributes["ows_FileRef"].Value;
                        if (zRow.Attributes.GetNamedItem("ows_BaseName") != null)
                            singleResult.BaseName = zRow.Attributes["ows_BaseName"].Value;
                    }

                    Result.Add(singleResult);
                }
                catch (Exception ex)
                {
                    Logger.Logger logger = Logger.LoggerFactory.GetLogger();
                    logger.Log(String.Format("Error when parsing the result. Exception: {0} \n XML: {1}", ex.Message, node.InnerXml));
                }
            }

        }



        /// <summary>
        /// Find the Child node specified by name
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="parent">Parent Node</param>
        /// <param name="childNodeName">Child node name</param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        private XmlNode FindChildNode(XmlNode parent, string childNodeName)
        {
            foreach (XmlNode node in parent.ChildNodes)
            {
                if (node.Name == childNodeName)
                    return node;
            }

            return null;
        }
    }

SingleResultBE就是我们想要的结果集.

    /// <summary>
    /// Class that holds the properties for each result returned by the UpdateListItems webservice
    /// </summary>
    public class SingleResultBE
    {
        public string Id { get; set; }
        public string Operation { get; set; }
        public string ErrorCode { get; set; }
        public int ListItemId { get; set; }
        public string Title { get; set; }
        public DateTime Modified { get; set; }
        public DateTime Created { get; set; }
        public int Attachments { get; set; }
        public int ModerationStatus { get; set; }
        public string ErrorMessage { get; set; }
        public string ListItemGuid { get; set; }
        public string FileDirRef { get; set; }
        public string FileRef { get; set; }
        public string ServerUrl { get; set; }
        public string EncodedAbsUrl { get; set; }
        public string BaseName { get; set; }
        public const string NO_ERROR = "0x00000000";
        public const string Exist_ERROR = "0x8107090d";
    }

返回结果集里的ErrorCode是0x00000000表示插入成功,如果是0x8107090d表示插入的item己经存在。

接下来我们讲解update item做法和UserGroup的用法

作者:spring yang

出处:http://www.cnblogs.com/springyangwc/

本文版权归作者和博客园共有,欢迎转载,但未经作者同意必须保留此段声明,且在文章页面明显位置给出原文连接,否则保留追究法律责任的权利。

转载于:https://www.cnblogs.com/springyangwc/archive/2011/08/01/2123551.html

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